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“10” Predictions for the Future of Your (Microbial) Health | Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network | add more | perma
Nash Turley: Microbes cause epigenetic changes in their hosts making (the host’s) offspring pre-adapted to the same microbe community. (20:03 / 2013-12-31)
In a decade, people will begin to question how we possibly considered using them. (19:59 / 2013-12-31)
Systems of Linear Equations - MATLAB & Simulink | add more | perma
If A is symmetric and has real, positive diagonal elements, MATLAB attempts a Cholesky factorization. If the Cholesky factorization fails, MATLAB performs a symmetric, indefinite factorization. If A is upper Hessenberg, MATLAB uses Gaussian elimination to reduce the system to a triangular matrix. If A is square but is neither permuted triangular, symmetric and positive definite, or Hessenberg, then MATLAB performs a general triangular factorization using LU factorization with partial pivoting (see lu). (21:52 / 2013-12-29)
東京風速 | add more | perma
東京都風速 Tokyo Wind Speed ⁂ 2013-12-18 09:00 JST (20:07 / 2013-12-17)
Edwin Chen's answer to Machine Learning: How do random forests work in layman's terms? - Quora | add more | perma
Suppose you're very indecisive, so whenever you want to watch a movie, you ask your friend Willow if she thinks you'll like it. In order to answer, Willow first needs to figure out what movies you like, so you give her a bunch of movies and tell her whether you liked each one or not (i.e., you give her a labeled training set). Then, when you ask her if she thinks you'll like movie X or not, she plays a 20 questions-like game with IMDB, asking questions like "Is X a romantic movie?", "Does Johnny Depp star in X?", and so on. She asks more informative questions first (i.e., she maximizes the information gain of each question), and gives you a yes/no answer at the end. Thus, Willow is a decision tree for your movie preferences. But Willow is only human, so she doesn't always generalize your preferences very well (i.e., she overfits). In order to get more accurate recommendations, you'd like to ask a bunch of your friends, and watch movie X if most of them say they think you'll like it. That is, instead of asking only Willow, you want to ask Woody, Apple, and Cartman as well, and they vote on whether you'll like a movie (i.e., you build an ensemble classifier, aka a forest in this case). Now you don't want each of your friends to do the same thing and give you the same answer, so you first give each of them slightly different data. After all, you're not absolutely sure of your preferences yourself -- you told Willow you loved Titanic, but maybe you were just happy that day because it was your birthday, so maybe some of your friends shouldn't use the fact that you liked Titanic in making their recommendations. Or maybe you told her you loved Cinderella, but actually you *really really* loved it, so some of your friends should give Cinderella more weight. So instead of giving your friends the same data you gave Willow, you give them slightly perturbed versions. You don't change your love/hate decisions, you just say you love/hate some movies a little more or less (you give each of your friends a bootstrapped version of your original training data). For example, whereas you told Willow that you liked Black Swan and Harry Potter and disliked Avatar, you tell Woody that you liked Black Swan so much you watched it twice, you disliked Avatar, and don't mention Harry Potter at all. By using this ensemble, you hope that while each of your friends gives somewhat idiosyncratic recommendations (Willow thinks you like vampire movies more than you do, Woody thinks you like Pixar movies, and Cartman thinks you just hate everything), the errors get canceled out in the majority. Thus, your friends now form a bagged (bootstrap aggregated) forest of your movie preferences. There's still one problem with your data, however. While you loved both Titanic and Inception, it wasn't because you like movies that star Leonardio DiCaprio. Maybe you liked both movies for other reasons. Thus, you don't want your friends to all base their recommendations on whether Leo is in a movie or not. So when each friend asks IMDB a question, only a random subset of the possible questions is allowed (i.e., when you're building a decision tree, at each node you use some randomness in selecting the attribute to split on, say by randomly selecting an attribute or by selecting an attribute from a random subset). This means your friends aren't allowed to ask whether Leonardo DiCaprio is in the movie whenever they want. So whereas previously you injected randomness at the data level, by perturbing your movie preferences slightly, now you're injecting randomness at the model level, by making your friends ask different questions at different times. And so your friends now form a random forest. (12:46 / 2013-12-10)
Thus, your friends now form a bagged (bootstrap aggregated) forest of your movie preferences. (09:32 / 2013-05-31)
So instead of giving your friends the same data you gave Willow, you give them slightly perturbed versions. You don't change your love/hate decisions, you just say you love/hate some movies a little more or less (you give each of your friends a bootstrapped version of your original training data). (09:32 / 2013-05-31) | add more | perma
The Tavels of Ibn Battuta Illustrated The 14 books of Battuta's “Rihla” in pdf-format illustrated with numerous internet photos. The perfect source for a college project! New 2011 History of Indian Art and Architecture A Comprehensive Illustrated History of the Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent New 2011 The Odyssey For Cornelius and his Homeric children. Samuel Butler's translation edited and illustrated with contemporary Greek paintings (19:42 / 2013-12-06)
Massacre: The Story of East Timor | Democracy Now! | add more | perma
An excerpt from Amy Goodman and Allan Nairn’s award-winning documentary on the Santa Cruz massacre, in which the Indonesian military gunned down more than 270 Timorese, and the history of Indonesian and US involvement in East Timor. [includes rush transcript] Excerpt of Massacre: The Story of East Timor" (21:34 / 2013-12-04)
Santa Cruz massacre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
As Stahl filmed the massacre, Goodman and Nairn tried to "serve as a shield for the Timorese" by standing between them and the Indonesian soldiers. The soldiers began beating Goodman, and when Nairn moved to protect her, they beat him with their weapons, fracturing his skull.[13] The camera crew managed to smuggle the video footage to Australia. They gave it to Saskia Kouwenberg, a Dutch journalist, to prevent it being seized and confiscated by Australian authorities, who subjected the camera crew to a strip-search when they arrived in Darwin, having been tipped off by Indonesia. The video footage was used in the First Tuesday documentary In Cold Blood: The Massacre of East Timor,[14] shown on ITV in the UK in January 1992, as well as numerous other, more recent documentaries. Stahl's footage, combined with the testimony of Nairn and Goodman and others, caused outrage around the world (21:27 / 2013-12-04)
Erica Chenoweth - Why Civil Resistance Works: Nonviolence in the Past and Future - YouTube | add more | perma
Professor Erica Chenoweth will discuss her book, co-authored with Maria Stephan, Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, which argues that between 1900 and 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as violent insurgencies. Nonviolent resistance presents fewer obstacles to moral and physical involvement, information and education, and participator commitment, leading to enhanced resilience, a greater probability of tactical innovation, increased opportunity for civic disruption, and shifts in loyalty among opponents' erstwhile supporters. Moreover, nonviolent resistance movements tend to usher in more durable and internally peaceful democracies. (21:00 / 2013-12-04)
Busting Lacto-Fermentation Myths | add more | perma
Most traditionally made sauerkraut and other ferments were cultured at cool temperatures in a cellar or buried vessel. So from day one they would be below 70°F. This allows for a slower fermentation process which can also help develop flavors, retain crunch, and perhaps even change the friendly bacterial count of your cultured vegetables. (17:28 / 2013-12-04)
Fresh vegetables should have friendly bacteria all over them from the soil (17:27 / 2013-12-04)
Epika Avda Međedovića : kritičko izdanje = The epics of Avdo Međedović : a critical edition (Book, 2007) [] | add more | perma
Author: Zlatan Čolaković; Avdo Međedović Publisher: Podgorica : Almanah, 2007. Series: Biblioteka Baština (Almanah (Firm)) (16:06 / 2013-12-04)
Knj. 1. Ženidba Smailagić Meha = The wedding of Smailagić Meho -- knj. 2. Izabrane epske pjesme Avda Međedovića = The selected epic poems of Avdo Međedović (15:57 / 2013-12-04)
When you start to learn a language as separate... - J-List Tumblr | add more | perma
One thing I was surprised by was Japan’s creative use of “sound words.” All languages have onomatopoeia, and Japanese is richly stocked with words like ざあざあ zaa zaa, the sound of rain pouring down, or しんしん shiin shiin, what frosty snow sounds like when falling. But they take it up a notch, assigning sounds to abstract things like niko niko, the “sound” of smiling, where Nicodouga gets its name from; paku paku, eating very quickly, the origin of Pac-man’s name; pera pera, the sound of someone speaking a foreign language fluently; and kyoro kyoro, the sound of a person’s eyes moving from left to right as he looks for something. Some of these sound words can be quite colorful, for example もっこり mokkori is the “sound” of something like a hill sticking up suddenly in the landscape (15:54 / 2013-12-04)
California Slavic Studies - Henrik Birnbaum, Thomas Eekman, Hugh McLean - Google Books | add more | perma
Zlatan Colakovic, "South Slavic Muslim Epic Songs", page 246: Meaningless lines in published text: Pa su mi hodehani s' otvorej', (And then my cmapaign stores were opened,) A 'lebhadije čečve razavej', (And the bakers scattered the winnowed grain,) What the singer sang: Pa su mi hodže hadis otvoril', (And then my priests opened the "hadis,") A levhadžije fečve razavil', (And the carriers of the well-writ scripts unfolded the prophetic texts,) This example demonstrates very well what a difference in the sense of the story may be caused by wrong transcription. The editor invented three non-existent words: "hodehani," "'lebhadije," and "čečve." The first means, according to the editor, "campaign stores," and the second "the bakers," and the third, "winnowed grain." ... The verb "razaviti," to unfold, he understood as "to scatter." (15:45 / 2013-12-04)
Aleko Aleshkovsky's Alija BantyS-Kamenskij Bogoslovskii BoSkovic BoSkovic's century Christian Church circumflex Cossacks culture Cygany death devil Duga Poljana Dutch edition editor epic songs essay Faust film functional load German Gogol Got'e Gypsy Halil Hetman Hrnjica Ibid icons istorii Istorija Rusov Ivanov Jukic Keller Kiev Kizevetter Kizhe Kizhe's Kliuchevskii Kliuchevskii's pupils letter lines literary literature Marjanovic Martic medieval Novgorod Mekhlis Miliukov Milman Parry Milman Parry Collection Moscow Moskve Mujo Muscovite Muslim epic songs myth notes Novgorodian original oxytones Pahlen Pan Twardowski Podporuchik poema Polish political PORUCHIK PORUCHIK KlZHE prosodic prosodic possibilities published PuSkin reference retraction Russian history scholars script sexual Shinel short stress singers Sjenica Slavic Muslim Slavophile Slovene Slovene dialects Smert sobornost social society South Slavic Soviet story StraSnaja Swedish syllables Taras Tatars texts tion tonemic traditional translation Tsar Twardowski Tynianov's Ukrainian ultima Upper Carniolan V. O. Kliuchevskii word writing Zagreb Zemfira (15:43 / 2013-12-04)
Google C++ Style Guide | add more | perma
Spaces vs. Tabs link ▽ Use only spaces, and indent 2 spaces at a time. We use spaces for indentation. Do not use tabs in your code. You should set your editor to emit spaces when you hit the tab key. (15:44 / 2013-12-04)
Clang-Format Style Options — Clang 3.5 documentation | add more | perma
This option is supported only in the clang-format configuration (both within -style='{...}' and the .clang-format file). Possible values: LLVM A style complying with the LLVM coding standards Google A style complying with Google’s C++ style guide Chromium A style complying with Chromium’s style guide Mozilla A style complying with Mozilla’s style guide WebKit A style complying with WebKit’s style guide (15:44 / 2013-12-04)
Own A System Beyond Its Childhood, Or Stay A Bad Programmer | add more | perma
Years ago, while working for the government, I came up with a theory: systems built by contractors are bad because they don't stick around to deal with their past decisions. Today, I'm more sure than ever that you're your own best teacher. Depending on the growth of your system (measured across load and features) it might take some time for the worst consequences to surface. For anything but trivial systems, the real worth of a system (and a developer, for that matter) is how it stands up to the test of time. Time is as corrosive to software as it is to hardware (15:44 / 2013-12-04)
Book: In an Antique Land | add more | perma
The Sidi’s body had led the wonderstruck people of the village into a mosque, and there the Sidi had communicated with them, telling them to build him a domed tomb, a maqâm: they were to celebrate his mowlid there every year. The people of the village had done as he had said, and in the following years the Sidi demonstrated his power to them time and time again, through miracles and acts of grace. Once, for instance, some thieves who were escaping with a herd of stolen water-buffalo were frozen to the ground, buffaloes and all, when they drew abreast of the Sidi’s tomb. Such was the Sidi’s power that anything left touching his tomb was safe: farmers who were late going home in the evening would even leave such valuable things as their wooden ploughs leaning against its walls, knowing that they would not be touched. Once, someone left a plough with leather thongs there, propped up against the tomb. After a while a mouse came along and, since mice like to nibble at leather, it had bitten into the plough’s thongs. But no sooner had its teeth touched the plough than it was frozen to the ground; that was how it was found next morning, with its teeth stuck in the thongs. Even animals were not exempt from the rules of sanctuary that surrounded the Sidi’s tomb. (06:14 / 2013-12-04)
BBC News - Luo Gang: Abducted, then reunited | add more | perma
But slowly the search was being narrowed. Records of heavy rainfall and areas affected by floods in the late 1980s were checked. Another volunteer looked up newspaper cuttings that had announced the construction of new roads. (15:43 / 2013-12-03) | add more | perma
The Return of the Monkey King Traveling solo in China in 1983 with many adventures. (07:58 / 2013-12-03)
CONTRARY BRIN: "Neo-Reactionaries" drop all pretense: End democracy and bring back lords! | add more | perma
It is said that every generation is invaded by a fresh spate of invaders -- their children (07:36 / 2013-12-03)
From Ayn Rand to Harry Potter to Star Wars to Orson Scott Card, how many mythologies have catered to that fantasy, in all its voluptuous, masturbatory solipsism? In contrast, can you count any mythic systems -- other than Star Trek -- that encouraged a different view? Recognition that "I am a member of a civilization"? One that made million miracles possible? Not by unleashing a few demigods, but by stimulating the collaborative and competitive efforts of whole scads of bright folks who are merely way-above-average? (07:31 / 2013-12-03)
Shakespeare's Words | Topics and Themes | William Shakespeare | add more | perma
Child Roland KL III.iv.176 Child Roland to the dark tower came Charlemagne’s most famous knight, as recounted in various ballads Charlemain in HISTORICAL FIGURES Colbrand KJ I.i.225 Colbrand the Giant, that same mighty man? medieval Danish champion giant, killed by Sir Guy of Warwick at Winchester Cophetua FFF IV.i.68 most illustrate King Cophetua set eye upon the pernicious and most indubitate beggar Zenelophon African king of a romantic ballad, who fell in love with a beggar-girl, Zenelophon Corin MND II.i.66 in the shape of Corin sat all day / Playing on pipes of corn, and versing love / To amorous Phillida traditional name given to a love-sick shepherd; Phillida, the corresponding name given to his beloved Dagonet, Sir 2H4 III.ii.271 I was then Sir Dagonet in Arthur's show King Arthur’s fool Florentius TS I.ii.68 Be she as foul as was Florentius' love knight in Gower’s Confessio Amantis who married an ugly woman in return for the answer to a riddle on which his life depended (17:29 / 2013-12-02)
Coding Horror: The Magpie Developer | add more | perma
the process David Megginson outlines sounds awfully familiar: 1. Elite (guru) developers notice too many riff-raff using their current programming language, and start looking for something that will distinguish them better from their mediocre colleagues. 2. Elite developers take their shopping list of current annoyances and look for a new, little-known language that apparently has fewer of them. 3. Elite developers start to drive the development of the new language, contributing code, writing libraries, etc., then evangelize the new language. Sub-elite (senior) developers follow the elite developers to the new language, creating a market for books, training, etc., and also accelerating the development and testing of the language. 4. Sub-elite developers, who have huge influence (elite developers tend to work in isolation on research projects rather than on production development teams), begin pushing for the new language in the workplace. 5. The huge mass of regular developers realize that they have to start buying books and taking courses to learn a new language. 6. Elite developers notice too many riff-raff using their current programming language, and start looking for something that will distinguish them better from their mediocre colleagues. (17:29 / 2013-12-02)
Children's Books in England: Five Centuries of Social Life - Frederick Joseph Harvey Darton - Google Books | add more | perma
Five Centuries of Social Life (19:21 / 2013-11-27)
The Mediaeval Romances first came into the English language by various processes which do not matter here. Some were definitely artificial productions; some, especially those which can be traced to Scandinavian origins, come very close to a basis in folk-lore. When they first appeared in England---in MS., before the invention of printing---they were already literature. Some were well on their way to become proverbial, and to furnish allusions, episodes, and heroes known, by hearsay or oral tradition, to folk who could not even read. Some, again, in their very earliest MS. forms as well as in the incunabula, incorporated details which were older than themselves, an, in a sense, not inherent in their subject (19:18 / 2013-11-27)
Adventures Aesop Alice amusement appeared artist better Boy’s boys century chapbook chiefly child children’s books Christina Rossetti coloured copy Crusoe Darton definitely E. V. Lucas early Edgeworth England English engravings fables fact fairies fairy-tales famous fiction figure find fine firm first first edition folk-lore George Gesta Romanorum girls grown-up Howitt humour illustrations imagination influence invented Isaac Watts juvenile kind known L’Estrange Lamb later Lewis Carroll literary literature lived London magazine Maria Edgeworth Mary meant mind Miss Moral Tale mother natural never Newbery’s nursery Nursery Rhymes Ogilby ohn Newbery original Parley perhaps period persons Peter Peter Pan poems poetry popular printed produced published Puritan readers reprinted rhymes Rohinson romance Rousseau sense Sherwood significant social Songs St Paul’s story Taylor things to-day translated Treasure Island Trimmer verse Victorian volume William William Darton words writers wrote young (19:17 / 2013-11-27)
Maybe There Isn’t a Right Answer » Frontier Livin' | add more | perma
I don’t really like kids and I couldn’t care less about teaching people English that just want to learn it to inch their way up the corporate ladder (08:09 / 2013-11-27)
I noticed this when I was learning Spanish and Portuguese. In Spanish they have a word called “ganas.” You can use it with the verb “to have” as a way to express desire or interest. So, “tienes ganas de salir?” would translate as “Do you want to go out?” But that’s not really what it means. It means something different, it’s almost asking if you have a feeling of wanting to go out. But, this is my point entirely. I can’t explain what it means in English, because there isn’t a word in English. When I was hanging out with bilingual friends in Argentina, we always talked in Spanglish. Maybe it was 90% English/10% Spanish or Maybe it was 10% English/90% Spanish, but either way, no single langauge could let us describe our emotions and experiences as accurately as the two combined. (08:07 / 2013-11-27)
He’s gone back into the primary sources and formulated original thoughts and interpretations about them. That’s doing history. The fact that he didn’t spend a decade in some bullshit PhD program doesn’t change that (08:06 / 2013-11-27)
▶ "L'Allegro" by John Milton (read by Tom O'Bedlam) - YouTube | add more | perma
Your Wild Life – The Belly Buttons Will be Revealed, Slowly | add more | perma
while the skin of humans is collectively diverse, the skin of any particular human need not necessarily be. The skin of some individual humans can host thousands of species, but other humans seem to play host to just tens (08:49 / 2013-11-26)
In terrestrial biomes, the composition of species in any particular patch of habitat (for example, an urban forest lot) depends on a mix of the outcome of competition, cooperation, and dispersal (and which species arrive first) (08:45 / 2013-11-26)
The layer of life living on every piece of human skin resembles a desert, grassland or forest (08:43 / 2013-11-26) replacements - | add more | perma   Many sites above are located in China and Russia. (21:32 / 2013-11-25)
New Homeric Question - Dr. Zlatan Colakovic Homerist, Philologist and Researcher | add more | perma
non-traditional epics, composed orally or in writing, and in a “traditional style” are the most common form of epics, present in many national literatures.[4] The hard task is to find bona fide traditional poems. (It requires a thorough knowledge of a specific tradition, and the proper definition and understanding of the term tradition) (19:32 / 2013-11-25)
a fundamental misunderstanding was introduced by Parry of what is tradition and traditional, and the relation to orality (19:08 / 2013-11-25)
the founders’ wrong equasion: oral = traditional, and in their exaggerated and passé notion of “abyss between oral and written.” (12:21 / 2013-11-24)
Homer’s inversion of tradition gave birth not only to his expression of his own Weltanschauung, but later on greatly contributed to the formation of Greek religion, geography, mythography, mythology, history, tragedy, philosophy, art, science, education and politics… and gave birth to the Western point of view and to the Western literature. Studying Homer with all of this in mind gives us an insight into the beginnings and the origin of the Western essentially post-traditional and non-traditional culture. Our culture stands on feeble legs, as it has been built (and continues its progressive building) on post-traditional sand, not on tradition’s rich soil, which conservatively and wisely looks at progress as re-egress, and is nostalgically turned backwards, toward the idealized past when everything was necessarily better. Homer did a few things right, and many wrong, when he inverted and betrayed his tradition. At some point during the 8th century BC, a few post-traditional and professional poets, among them Homer and Hesiod, started to question their own heroic and religious tradition, and recognized their limits, as some important changes and ideas took hold in their life and in their society.  They have learned of other, much older non-Greek traditions, they traveled wherever they were welcome, and they became well acquainted with various Greek traditions. Some of these poets were very probably able to read and write (both in Greek and in other languages), and they have created their new individual style and ways of creation and performance, built on the imitation of inherited traditional heroic epic singing, and on the improvisation on its themes. (22:28 / 2012-10-10)
Neither the singer, nor his audience, knows exactly what will be the final product of his singing. The singer in his rapid performance necessarily skips some important parts of the plot, and adds some other parts in the moments of inspiration. Experienced collectors have witnessed that the singers are as amazed with their poems, and their own ability to “reproduce” and “revive” them, as is the case with their audience (22:10 / 2012-10-10)
I offer the hypothesis that there was one individual, whom the Greeks decided to call Homer, who “fixed” the texts of his Iliad and Odyssey. (This is not a new answer to the Homeric Question, but rather my attempt to give it back its question mark and its proper deep meaning.)[13] Homer contributed with his fixation, deliberately or unintentionally, to the destruction of his own tradition. Namely, not-to-be-fixed is the essence of tradition. The fixed plot and the fixed text of a poem do not exist in the tradition of heroic epic-making. The fixation appears only when the content and the plot of epic becomes firmly established and thus petrified, when it contains counter-traditional meaning and new or inverted-traditional themes and motifs, and when it is preserved in writing (in order to be non-traditionally learnt by heart and delivered in a non-traditional form of oral performance).[14] The mythic-historic traditional poems of the siege of Troy and the tragic sacrifice of the substitute became, when “fixed,” the Iliad and the poem of Achilles’ anger.[15] The author of the Iliad deprived his creation of its traditional mythic-historic content and deep traditional meaning. On the other hand, the Iliad gained by its transformation: its volume, its poetic and many other values, and its productive strength. (22:06 / 2012-10-10)
I hypothesized that Homer's epics differed from ancient Greek tradition similarly as Međedović's epics differ from the Bosnian tradition (21:53 / 2012-10-10)
To state it bluntly, non-traditional epics, composed orally or in writing, and in a “traditional style” are the most common form of epics, present in many national literatures.[4] The hard task is to find bona fide traditional poems. (It requires a thorough knowledge of a specific tradition, and the proper definition and understanding of the term tradition). Numerous heroic epics, collected from all over the world, as well as a close study of their style in comparison with the style of Homer’s poems,[5] point to the conclusion that Homer’s epics are not traditional. My own collecting experience and study led me to define Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey as post-traditional epics, as they abound with innovations and inverted-traditional themes, and were probably conceived as new poems (see Fowler’s important study Homeric Question) (21:51 / 2012-10-10)
A Midsummer Night's Dream Original Cast | A Midsummer Night's Dream (An Audio Production in the Original Pronunciation) | CD Baby Music Store | add more | perma
A Midsummer Night's Dream (An Audio Production in the Original Pronunciation) by A Midsummer Night's Dream Original Cast © Copyright - Kansas University Theatre/Kansas Public Radio / Paul Meier, Director (885767498563) Download $9.99 A stunning 90-minute audio drama, probably the first Shakespeare play ever performed in the original pronunciation and recorded in this medium. It features the same stunning cast that presented the stage production to such acclaim in 2010. (16:19 / 2013-11-25)
On the day when Saddam was caught, the bond market went up in the morning, and it went down in the afternoon. So here we had two headlines — "Bond Market Up on Saddam News," and in the afternoon, "Bond Market Down on Saddam News" — and then they had in both cases very convincing explanations of the moves. Basically if you can explain one thing and its opposite using the same data you don't have an explanation. It takes a lot of courage to keep silent (14:01 / 2013-11-25)
There are two types of people, people worthy of respect who try to resist explaining things, and people who cannot resist explaining things (14:01 / 2013-11-25)
keyboard shortcuts - Go to Matching Brace in Visual Studio? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
your cursor before or after the brace (your choice) and then press CTRL + ]. (12:17 / 2013-11-25)
Shakespeare's Words | Search | William Shakespeare | add more | perma
untrimmed (adj.) 1 unadorned, lacking ornament untrimmed (adj.) 2 [unclear meaning] unbedded, virgin (23:33 / 2013-11-24)
The Assyro-Babylonian Mythology FAQ | add more | perma
First, some definitions: Mesopotamia, in general, refers to the area of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Assyria, was the northern portion of Mesopotamia, who's capital was Ashur (until 883 BCE, when it was moved to Calah/Nimrud) and whose reach included the major city of Nineveh (Ninua). Sumer refers to the southern delta region, whose primary cities included Ur, Uruk, and Eridu. Akkad was a region north of Sumer which included the area around modern Baghdad as well as the ancient sites of Babylon, Kish, and Nippur. (11:15 / 2013-11-24)
The Mountain Wreath - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Njegoš is angry because, together with other Montenegrins, he is forced to wage a constant battle for survival of the Montenegrin state, its freedom, its traditions and culture against a much stronger opponent (10:17 / 2013-11-24)
free his people and enable them to live in peace and dignity (10:17 / 2013-11-24)
three distinct, opposing civilizations: the heroic-patriarchal classic Montenegro, the oriental-Islamic Ottoman Empire and the west-European Venetian civilization (10:15 / 2013-11-24)
It is a modern epic written in verse as a play, thus combining three of the major modes of literary expression (10:15 / 2013-11-24)
Heroic Epic and Saga: An Introduction to the World's Great Folk Epics - Felix J. Oinas - Google Books | add more | perma
Common terms and phrases Akkadian Alain Renoir Albert Lord Alpamysh among Aratta Ashik ballad Bambara bards battle Beowulf Bricriu Burgundians byliny Cantar cantar de gesta century Chanson de Roland chansons de geste Charlemagne cycle death Drona early Irish literature edition Egils saga Enkidu Enmerkar epic cycle epic poetry epic tradition episodes family sagas Ferdowsi fight Finnish folklore Geats Germanic Gilgamesh Gilgamesh epic gods Grendel Grendel's mother Grettis saga gusle Hagen Heimskringla Heorot hero heroic epic heroic songs hikaye historical Homeric Hrafnkels saga Hrothgar Icelandic Il'ja Iliad Ilmarinen Inanna Iran Iranian Irish Kalevala Kalevipoeg kantele killed King Kirghiz Koroglu Kosovo Kriemhild legendary sagas legends literary literature Louhi Lugalbanda Mahabharata Manas Manas epic manuscripts Marko Kraljevic Martti Haavio Matica hrvatska Medb medieval Menendez Pidal Milman Parry mio Cid mvet Mwindo Epic narration narrative Nibelungenlied Nyanga Odysseus Oghuz Turks Oinas Old English oral tradition original Pandavas Pishdadian poem poet poetry Pohjola prose Rama Ramayana Ramon Menendez Pidal Ravana romance Rostam Russian Sampo Sanskrit Saxon war scholars Scyldings Serbian Serbocroatian Shahnama Siegfried singers singing Sita Snorri Sturluson Song of Roland South Slavic Spanish story Sturlunga saga Sumerian Sunjata Svjatogor tales Tatar Telemachus theme Theoclymenus tion translation Turkic Turkmen University Press Uruk Utnapishtim Vainamoinen verse vols warriors wife Yudhisthira (07:35 / 2013-11-24)
Sects and Violence in the Ancient World | Musings on religion ancient and modern | add more | perma
Why is there something rather than nothing? For some in the western world such a question appears a non-starter, because our culture is biblically suffused. Whether we want to admit it or not, our social ocean veritably bobs with the basic belief that God created the world, end of story (20:49 / 2013-11-23)
Sumerian Religion and Ritual | add more | perma
Some rituals were carried out to the extreme, such as the ritual of the Washing the Mouth. The example of this ritual is again from the book The Quest for Sumer: "You shall draw the curtains shut. On the bull you shall perform the rite of Washing the Mouth. You shall whisper through a reed tube into the bull's left ear the incantation entitled "Alpu ilittu Zi attama." You shall purify the bull, using a brazier and a torch. You shall draw a ring of zisurra-flour around the bull. Standing at its head, you shall sing Nitugki niginna to the accompaniment of a bronze halahlattu....Then you shall cut out open that bull and start a fire with cedar. You shall burn the bull's heart with cedar, cypress and mashatu-flour before the kettledrum. You shall remove the tendon of the left shoulder and shall bury the body of the bull wrapped in a single reed. You shall throw some gunnu-oil on it and arrange it so that its face points to the west..." (14:25 / 2013-11-23)
An overview of mediterranean history from 1200-25 b | add more | perma
1200 Exodus Fall of Troy, dark ages begin (12:46 / 2013-11-23)
Sumerian Mythology FAQ | add more | perma
"What Deities did they worship" <-- this is less interesting (MUCH less interesting) than *how* did they worship, what does it mean to worship? Stupid non-makers. (12:43 / 2013-11-23)
III. What Deities did they worship? (12:40 / 2013-11-23)
see also the Assyro-Babylonian Mythology FAQ. Visit the Canaanite/Ugaritic Mythology FAQ? Visit the Hittite Mythology REF? (12:40 / 2013-11-23)
Sumer was one of the first literate civilizations leaving many records of business transactions, and lessons from schools. They had strong armies, which with their chariots and phalanxes held sway over their less civilized neighbors (Kramer 1963, p. 74). (12:36 / 2013-11-23)
Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
the work of the American Biblical archaeology school under William F. Albright seemed to confirm that even if Genesis and Exodus were only given their final form in the first millennium BCE, they were still firmly grounded in the material reality of the second millennium (12:42 / 2013-11-23)
Wellhausen's formulation was: the Yahwist source ( J ) : written c. 950 BC in the southern Kingdom of Judah. the Elohist source ( E ) : written c. 850 BC in the northern Kingdom of Israel. the Deuteronomist ( D ) : written c. 600 BC in Jerusalem during a period of religious reform. the Priestly source ( P ) : written c. 500 BC by Kohanim (Jewish priests) in exile in Babylon. (15:14 / 2012-12-19)
thematic mapping blog | add more | perma
That's all! Our 3D terrain now looks like this (click to see in WebGL): (13:32 / 2013-11-22)
Quantum GIS (QGIS) Tutorials: Tutorial: Advanced Georeferencing in QGIS using a Reference Layer | add more | perma
Here’s where a command-line tool called ‘cs2cs’ comes handy. If you have installed QGIS from OSGeo4W installer, you will already have it installed on your system. On Linux and Mac too, it comes pre-installed with QGIS. Launch a terminal window and type ‘cs2cs’ to check if it is available. Windows users can find a terminal at Start → OSGeo4W → MSYS. (22:45 / 2013-11-21)
qgis - How to match google openlayer and shapefile data? - Geographic Information Systems Stack Exchange | add more | perma
If you want to use the openlayers plugin, the project CRS must be in EPSG:3857, Web Mercator. That's the format the google tiles are delivered in. It is no problem if your shapefile is in degrees. Set the CRS for that layer to EPSG:4326, and check on-the-fly-reprojection. (21:31 / 2013-11-21)
Quantum GIS (QGIS) Tutorials: Tutorial: Working with Projections in QGIS | add more | perma
Load the 10m_admin0_map_units.shp layer in QGIS via Layer → Add Vector Layer. At the bottom of QGIS window, you will notice the label “Coordinate”. As you move your cursor over the map, it will show you the X,Y coordinates at that location. At the bottom-right corner you will see EPSG:4326 . This is the code for the current ‘Project CRS’. (21:23 / 2013-11-21)
Meme - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Pakistan hijacks YouTube - Renesys | add more | perma
The exact duration of the outage depends on your vantage point on the Internet (07:44 / 2013-11-21)
Since BGP relies on a transitive trust model, validation between customer and provider is important. In this case, PCCW (3491) did not validate Pakistan Telecom’s (17557) advertisement for By accepting this advertisement and readvertising to its peers and providers PCCW was propagating the wrong route. Those who saw this route from PCCW selected it since it was a more specific route. YouTube was advertising before the event started and the /24 was a smaller (and more specific) advertisement. According to usual BGP route selection process, the /24 was then chosen, effectively completing the hijack. (07:43 / 2013-11-21)
When We Lose Antibiotics, Here's Everything Else We'll Lose Too - Wired Science | add more | perma
Before the antibiotic era, 5 women died out of every 1,000 who gave birth. One out of every nine skin infections killed. Three out of every 10 people who got pneumonia died from it. And we’d lose, as well, a good portion of our cheap modern food supply. Most of the meat we eat in the industrialized world is raised with the routine use of antibiotics, to fatten livestock and protect them from the conditions in which the animals are raised (07:36 / 2013-11-21)
Someone Forced World Internet Traffic Through Belarus and Iceland - Arik Hesseldahl - News - AllThingsD | add more | perma
“If you’re watching, this sort of attack is instantly visible to those people who monitor BGP,” Cowie said. “But no one is looking.” (07:34 / 2013-11-21)
This sort of attack should not happen, Renesys contends. But when it does, it leaves a permanent, indelible mark that is visible to those who know how to look for it. (07:34 / 2013-11-21)
Daily Playlist: Classical WETA 90.9 FM | WETA | add more | perma
4:53 pm Joseph Haydn Cello Concerto #1 C Major: III Jean-Guihen Queyras (cello) | Freiburg Baroque Soloists | Petra Muellejans (conductor) Harmonia Mundi 90.1816 (17:02 / 2013-11-20)
7:17 am Sergei Prokofiev Cinderella Suite #1, Op. 107: #2. Pas de chat Royal Scottish National Orchestra | Neeme Jaervi (conductor) (06:27 / 2013-08-20)
Johann Sebastian Bach Sonata, BWV 1033 for Flute and Continuo in C Major Luc Urbain (flute) | Joel Pontet (harpsichord) | Etienne Peclard (cello) Calliope 9624 (20:24 / 2013-01-13)
Ways to make fake data look meaningful | add more | perma
If you are trying to trick somebody with your data, never share the raw data; only share the conclusions. Bonus points if you can't share the data because it is somehow priviledged or a trade secret. The last thing you want is to allow other people to evaluate your analysis and possibly challenge your conclusions. (14:16 / 2013-11-20)
Blame Rich, Overeducated Elites as Our Society Frays - Bloomberg | add more | perma
We should expect many years of political turmoil, peaking in the 2020s. And because complex societies are much more fragile than we assume, there is a chance of a catastrophic failure of some kind (14:15 / 2013-11-20)
There was a wave of terrorism by labor radicals and anarchists. Race issues intertwined with class, leading to the Red Summer of 1919, with 26 major riots and more than 1,000 casualties. It was much, much worse than the 1960s and early 1970s, a period many of us remember well because we lived through it (see chart). (14:15 / 2013-11-20)
Ch'in Dynasty Map - The Art of Asia - History and Maps | add more | perma
This map shows the historic time period relative to present-day political boundaries (13:41 / 2013-11-20)
New Bacterial Life-Form Discovered in NASA and ESA Spacecraft Clean Rooms: Scientific American | add more | perma
scientists launched spores of the bacteria Bacillus subtilis and B. pumilus to the International Space Station in February 2008 and mounted them outside the orbiting laboratory for a year and a half. The experiment, called PROTECT, subjected the organisms to the vacuum of space, extreme temperature fluctuations and a barrage of radiation. Although many spores died, some survived, proving that certain bugs could successfully hitchhike to Mars (13:32 / 2013-11-20)
New Bacterial Life-Form Discovered in NASA and ESA Spacecraft Clean Rooms: Scientific American | add more | perma
“I think these bugs are less competitive, and they just don't do so well in normal conditions,” says Cornell University astrobiologist Alberto Fairén, who was not involved in the analysis of the new genus. “But when you systematically eliminate almost all competition in the clean rooms, then this genus starts to be prevalent.” (13:16 / 2013-11-20)
found it was so different from known organisms that it constituted not just a new species, but a new genus, which they described in a paper published in July in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. “This is the first report of bugs isolated in two different clean rooms, and nowhere else,” (13:13 / 2013-11-20)
How Your Morning Commute Resembles a Fungus | The Artful Amoeba, Scientific American Blog Network | add more | perma
Cross walls, it turns out — even those with big holes — provide structural support to the tubular hypha just like the partitioning walls of a ship. And like the watertight doors in bulkheads on submarines, many fungi have plugs (large proteinaceous crystals or Woronin bodies) located next to their pores that can block the septum should part of the mycelium become damaged or old and in need of sealing (13:12 / 2013-11-20)
But without continued mixing, the nuclei of chimeras tend to re-segregate in different sections of the fungus’s filamentous body, effectively de-chimerizing. This is because in the growing tips of hyphae, one type of nucleus will tend to dominate numerically over time by pure chance. As you saw in the video, actively mixing the contents of the shared cytoplasm is one solution to this problem, and preserves the benefits of chimerism throughout the fungus. The nuclear flow seems to be powered by the same “gentle pressure gradients that drive colony growth,” (13:10 / 2013-11-20)
Fungi also tolerate the presence of extraordinarily dissimilar nuclei in their bodies. Most often, these are mutated versions of their own genomes. (12:40 / 2013-11-20)
201107_Kobayashi.pdf | add more | perma
Dan Kaminsky, who posed the question in the documen - tary, “What are the alternative uses of a fork?” This seemingly simple question contains signifi - cant depth. Students frequently encounter “convergence” ques - tions that seek only a single cor - rect answer. Divergence questions, on the other hand, are open ended and compel students to creatively consider a broad range of answers (09:22 / 2013-11-20)
Caroland-Kobayashi Maru v5-Final.pdf | add more | perma
Teach yourself, your friends and your co - workers to cheat. Our adversaries already do. (09:14 / 2013-11-20)
Security Lessons Learned • Most people are pretty darn good at cheating o Especially the quiet ones • Cheaters, like adversaries ... o Exploit explicit and implicit trust o Exploit laziness o Exploit predictability o Exploit limitations of human senses o Use everyday objects o Look where no one else is looking o Use uncommon skill sets o Have backup plans (09:13 / 2013-11-20)
Nobilis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Instead of the action centering on whether or not the characters succeed, the emphasis is instead on the consequences of those actions (09:06 / 2013-11-20)
BBC - Culture - Sexually explicit Japanese art challenges Western ideas | add more | perma
The exhibition at the British Museum also contains shunga by Torii Kiyonaga, whose Handscroll for the Sleeve (c. 1785) favoured a radically-cropped, horizontally elongated format to enhance the illusion of intimacy, and Suzuki Harunobu, whose 24-sheet narrative series Elegant Erotic Mane’emon (1770) is a comedy of manners in which the hero, having drunk a divine potion that shrinks his body down to the size of a bean, travels around different provinces observing various types of lovemaking. After seeing the pumpkin-sized testicles of a randy old farmer, the bean man Mane’emon informs us that things are different in the country. (09:05 / 2013-11-20)
Ansatsu Kyōshitsu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
following the daily lives of an extremely powerful squid-like teacher and his students dedicated to the task of assassinating him to prevent Earth from being destroyed (09:05 / 2013-11-20)
Sered's lives | add more | perma
For us in The Netherlands, CNN became famous when they covered evens such as the fall of the Berlin wall and the 1991 Gulf war in Kuwait and Iraq. The fact that you could watch history unfold, live on TV, was still new to a lot of people back then. For a while, CNN became the household name for live coverage of 'breaking news' evens and to some extend it still is - although I get the latest news facts through Twitter, these days. For Eve Online, many war stories have been told (and told well I have to say) and some events were frapsed so that we could view them on Youtube later. But as far as I know, there has not been a lot of live war coverage. (09:04 / 2013-11-20)
7 Girl Bands » Polygon Pi | add more | perma
They have a very catchy melodic electro/goth sound (09:04 / 2013-11-20)
Crunchyroll - Fruits Basket - Overview, Reviews, Cast, and List of Episodes - Crunchyroll | add more | perma
The series became a huge fan-favorite in Japan, jumping to the top of manga sales. Takaya won one of the manga world’s highest recognitions, the prestigious Kodansha Manga Award (09:04 / 2013-11-20)
2. Kaleidoscope: Implementing a Parser and AST — LLVM 3.4 documentation | add more | perma
Daniel Kish - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
an American expert in human echolocation (09:03 / 2013-11-20)
matplotlib basemap toolkit — Basemap Matplotlib Toolkit 1.0.7 documentation | add more | perma
Value Description cea Cylindrical Equal Area mbtfpq McBryde-Thomas Flat-Polar Quartic aeqd Azimuthal Equidistant sinu Sinusoidal poly Polyconic omerc Oblique Mercator gnom Gnomonic moll Mollweide lcc Lambert Conformal tmerc Transverse Mercator nplaea North-Polar Lambert Azimuthal gall Gall Stereographic Cylindrical npaeqd North-Polar Azimuthal Equidistant mill Miller Cylindrical merc Mercator stere Stereographic eqdc Equidistant Conic rotpole Rotated Pole cyl Cylindrical Equidistant npstere North-Polar Stereographic spstere South-Polar Stereographic hammer Hammer geos Geostationary nsper Near-Sided Perspective eck4 Eckert IV aea Albers Equal Area kav7 Kavrayskiy VII spaeqd South-Polar Azimuthal Equidistant ortho Orthographic cass Cassini-Soldner vandg van der Grinten laea Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area splaea South-Polar Lambert Azimuthal robin Robinson (13:41 / 2013-11-19)
Converting to and from map projection coordinates — Basemap Matplotlib Toolkit 1.0.7 documentation | add more | perma
lon, lat = -104.237, 40.125 # Location of Boulder # convert to map projection coords. # Note that lon,lat can be scalars, lists or numpy arrays. xpt,ypt = m(lon,lat) # convert back to lat/lon lonpt, latpt = m(xpt,ypt,inverse=True) (10:39 / 2013-11-19)
xpt,ypt = m(lon,lat) # convert back to lat/lon lonpt, latpt = m(xpt,ypt,inverse=True) (10:35 / 2013-11-19)
proj=tpers – PROJ.4 | add more | perma
Tilted Perspective Tilted Perspective is similar to  Near-Sided Perspective Projection (nsper) in that it simulates a  perspective view from a hight. Where nsper projects onto a plane tangent to the surface, Tilted Perspective orients the plane towards the direction of the view. Thus, extra parameters azi and tilt are required beyond nsper's h. As with nsper, lat_0 & lon_0 are also required for satellite position. h: height (in meters) above the surface azi: bearing (in degrees) from due north tilt: angle (in degrees) away from nadir lat_0: latitude (in degrees) of the view position lon_0: longitude (in degrees) of the view position The PROJ.4 code for the Tilted Perspective projection is: +proj=tpers +proj=tpers +lat_0=%f +lon_0=%f +h=%f +tilt=%f +azi=%f (10:31 / 2013-11-19)
thenightwatch.pdf | add more | perma
All of these people will play a role in my ultimate success as a dystopian warlord philosopher. (08:29 / 2013-11-19)
Thank insects and microbes that we aren’t over our knees in feces | Science News | add more | perma
Let us all pause a moment to admire the dedication of volunteers who weighed out cow pats for science. (08:26 / 2013-11-19)
D3 Globe with Canvas, WebGL, and Three.js | TechSlides | add more | perma
if you are only using D3 to translate lat and lon into x and y position on a sphere, I would consider dropping d3 and trying things like the WebGL Globe Project or other webGL Globe libraries (05:28 / 2013-11-19)
Three.js also has many examples and this earth demo is put together with not much code (05:28 / 2013-11-19)
Jason Davies has a different approach (05:28 / 2013-11-19)
Image Processing Software Engineer, Washington DC or San Francisco | MapBox | add more | perma
Qualities we're looking for Pixel master. You've got extensive experience working with and developing software for raster data, and aren’t scared of multispectral imagery, enormous datasets, etc. Flexibility is vital. You might spend the morning optimizing bitwise operations and the afternoon helping a designer color-correct satellite photos. Wise coder. You move up and down the ladder of abstraction, sometimes sweating the details of one line of code, sometimes contemplating how to change the world by building something new. Self-taught learner. You’ll be surrounded by teammates with deep experience in strategy, data, code, and design, but we expect to be learning just as much from you. (17:14 / 2013-11-18)
Playlist: Nov/18/13 « WBJC | add more | perma
Gerald Finzi — Eclogue for piano and strings Conductor: William Boughton Ensemble: English String Orchestra Martin Jones, piano Nimbus, 5366 (17:11 / 2013-11-18)
A Cloudless Atlas — How MapBox Aims to Make the World's 'Most Beautiful Map' | Wired Design | | add more | perma
Making a Cloudless Atlas, Step 3. At no point in the history of the United Kingdom has it looked like this. Yet this is exactly what it looks like. This is the average of the darkest pixels, but it’s not the end. “For the final rendered layer, we use even more input data and do some post-processing to remove minor artifacts from the satellite sensors, but I think this illustrates the process well,” says Loyd. (15:46 / 2013-11-18)
Europa Universalis IV: Conquest of Paradise - Developer Diary 3: The Tribes | add more | perma
the sophistication of the Powhatan culture, marked by its walled capital, and the fact that the Mi’kmaq nation of Eastern Canada had trade connections with other nations in the Ohio Valley. Giving these societies the recognition that they are due is part of our mission as a strategy game developer (15:04 / 2013-11-18)
Cornish America? : eu4 | add more | perma
I didn't get all of Genoa in a war, there was a piece missing. Years later I find it ... on Crimea. Then some later the locals revolt and suddenly there is Greece on the southern tip of Crimea. Still haven't found the rest of the Papal State. (13:54 / 2013-11-18)
Europa Universalis IV | add more | perma
'Europa Universalis IV': Playing with the World | PopMatters | add more | perma
As Europe moved out of the Middle Ages, it left behind a world based on the local interests of local men and shifted to a world view that viewed the lives of men as a more abstract idea: that the collective, the people of a region, were now a nation (13:15 / 2013-11-18)
The Project Gutenberg eBook of Punch, December 29th, 1920. | add more | perma
Nurse. "Little gentlemen, Master Eric, leave the last mince-pie to their sisters." Generous Little Girl. "O Nurse, do let him be a little cad." (12:37 / 2013-11-18)
A scientist has succeeded in putting a pea to sleep with electro-magnetism. The clumsy old method of drowning it in a plate of soup should now be a thing of the past. (11:44 / 2013-11-18)
We are informed that, on and after the 1st of January, Mr. Churchill cannot undertake to refute the opinions of any writer who has not been officially recognised as a best seller. (11:44 / 2013-11-18)
People step out into the road and never look to right or left, says a London coroner. This makes things far too easy for motorists. Dr. A. Graham Bell recently told a Derby audience how he invented the telephone. We note that he still refuses to say why. (11:44 / 2013-11-18)
The Morning Post has remarked that nowadays the Eton boy is often reduced to travelling third-class. It is hoped to persuade Sir Eric Geddes to disguise himself as an Eton boy during the holidays to see how it feels. (11:38 / 2013-11-18)
It is rumoured that the repeated assassinations of General Villa have made it necessary for him to resign his position as Permanent Chief Insurgent to the State of Mexico. (11:37 / 2013-11-18)
It is stated that rabies does not exist in Ireland. Our opinion is that it wouldn't be noticed if it did. (11:36 / 2013-11-18)
Mme. Delysia has been bitten by a dog in New York. The owner's defence, that the animal had never tasted famous dancer before, is not likely to be accepted. (11:35 / 2013-11-18)
A New York policeman has been arrested in the act of removing a safe from a large drapery store. It is said that upon being seen by another policeman he offered to run and fetch a burglar. (11:35 / 2013-11-18)
Readers should not be alarmed if a curious rustling noise is heard next Saturday morning. It will be simply the sound of new leaves being turned over. (11:34 / 2013-11-18)
Readers should not be alarmed if a curious rustling noise is heard next Saturday morning. It will be simply the sound of new leaves being turned over. (11:34 / 2013-11-18)
Our magistrates appear to be made of poor stuff these days. A man named Snail was last week summoned before the Feltham magistrates for exceeding the speed limit, yet no official joke was made. Incidentally, why is it that Mr. Justice Darling never gets a real chance like this? (11:34 / 2013-11-18)
1066 and All That - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The book is full of examples of half-remembered and mixed-up facts (11:28 / 2013-11-18)
Punch (magazine) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Historian Richard Altick writes that "To judge from the number of references to it in the private letters and memoirs of the 1840s...Punch had become a household word within a year or two of its founding, beginning in the middle class and soon reaching the pinnacle of society, royalty itself" (11:26 / 2013-11-18)
A conversation with Terry Pratchett, author of The Carpet People - Boing Boing | add more | perma
The Tiffany Aching series is what I would most like to be remembered for, and I couldn’t have written Tiffany Aching when I was seventeen. I just wouldn’t have had the tools. (11:24 / 2013-11-18)
I think the he had a go, and it wasn’t bad. And then he was clever enough to read a hell of a lot of books and every bound volume of Punch. But when I was younger, I didn’t have the anger. I think you have to have the anger. It gives an outlook. And a place from which to stand. When you get out of the teens, well out of the teens, you begin to have some kind of understanding, you’ve met so many people, heard so many things, all the bits that growing up means. And out of that lot comes wisdom—it might not be very good wisdom to start with, but it will be a certain kind of wisdom. It leads to better books. (11:24 / 2013-11-18)
Ultimately, it comes down to the builders, the wreckers, and the free spirits (11:21 / 2013-11-18)
I know a lot of the stuff. I know how they talk, I know the history. It doesn’t really matter if I put a bit of fantasy in to make the pie rise (11:19 / 2013-11-18)
How Ideas Spread - Global Trends - Credit Suisse | add more | perma
everyone – governments, corporations, marketers, policymakers – is in the business of trying to change people's minds (11:18 / 2013-11-18)
Occasionally something is able to rise above the noise, and everybody hears about it and pays attention to it. But that is extraordinarily rare and somewhat arbitrary (11:17 / 2013-11-18)
in ideas, it's always a contest. Everything that's spreading at a time, in ideas, it's always a contest. Everything that's spreading on Twitter is fighting for oxygen with everything else (11:17 / 2013-11-18)
So when something becomes popular, is it a "broadcast" or is it "viral"? Intuitively, you might guess one or the other. But when we looked, we found tremendous diversity: some popular things are pure broadcasts, and some display pure viral spreading. We also found about every conceivable mixture of the two. There's no typical way in which things become popular (11:16 / 2013-11-18)
People who study diffusion are generally looking for a critical threshold where ideas go from not spreading to spreading like wildfire. And what have you found? Initially, we found that nothing really spreads like that (11:15 / 2013-11-18)
we can, to some approximation, observe everything (11:15 / 2013-11-18)
We're attracted to the Enlightenment idea of ourselves as independent individuals who decide what we want to do and go out and do it (11:14 / 2013-11-18)
In an Antique Land - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
In the village dialect, the same word meant "communist", "adulterer" & "atheist". (11:13 / 2013-11-18)
defies easy description and has been called "generically indefinable" and could be labeled as "narrative, travel book, autobiographical piece, historical account". (08:08 / 2013-10-24)
Book Details | add more | perma
the world’s foremost authorities in several areas of pre-Islamic Iranian history, language and culture (11:10 / 2013-11-18)
InkMark Productions®: بشار بن برد - منَ المشهورِ بالحبِّ "Whoever would be Renowned in Love" by Bashar ibn Burd | add more | perma
today I dropped her, in all seriousness and no hoax (11:09 / 2013-11-18)
Washington DC Apartments for Rent Washington DC Apartments - The Kennedy Warren | add more | perma
Designed by Washington architect, Joseph Younger in 1930, The Kennedy-Warren is considered the most important privately owned example of Art Deco Style in the Nation’s Capital. The exterior of the building is remarkable for its attention to detail, from the carved limestone eagles embellishing the front entrance, to the geometric aluminum spandrels flanked by saw-tooth patterns of multicolor tan brick. Although the exterior appears seamless, the Kennedy-Warren consists of two wings with separate addresses (09:40 / 2013-11-18)
41849.pdf | add more | perma
onsensus Monte Carlo The idea behind consensus Monte Carlo is to break the data into groups (called \shards"), give each shard to a worker machine which does a full Monte Carlo simulation from a posterior distribution given its own data, and then combine the posterior simulations from each worker to produce a set of global draws representing the consensus belief among all the workers (09:31 / 2013-11-18)
Why Should Engineers and Scientists Be Worried About Color? | add more | perma
the colormap has been designed so that equal steps in the data variable will be perceived as equal steps in the representation.  Since the data has a threshold value or boundary of interest to the user of the data (i.e., sea level), this characteristic of these interval data is also explicitly incorporated into the colormap (09:20 / 2013-11-18)
You can't beat politics with technology, says Pirate Bay cofounder Peter Sunde (Wired UK) | add more | perma
grew up in East Germany under constant Stasi surveillance. "When bad people have all of the information about you -- even though that information might not seem incriminating -- it can be abused," Sunde explains. In the case of Eastern Germany, the Stasi went too far and there was a revolution. "It's better to stop right now than having to break down another wall." (09:06 / 2013-11-18)
"But there's a faith in technology as the saviour, as the new Messiah, and that's definitely not the case. I really don't see any revolution happening." (09:04 / 2013-11-18)
He says that you are not going to stop the police from chasing you just because you have the best encryption in the world. "You actually need to go somewhere and vote and make sure you don't have corrupt police," he explains. (09:04 / 2013-11-18)
"The distrust of the political system is unhealthy," (09:04 / 2013-11-18)
Why A Frozen Head Slows My Films Right Down | Strange Company | add more | perma
New technology comes with hidden overheads, as I’ve shown in this article (09:00 / 2013-11-18)
One of the biggest speed-ups for any 3D process is, simply, having done it before. (09:00 / 2013-11-18)
It’s strange for such a technophile artform to celebrate innovation slowing down. But for Machinima, “nothing much new” might actually herald a golden age of productivity. (08:59 / 2013-11-18)
dataset: databases for lazy people — dataset 0.3 documentation | add more | perma
Although managing data in relational database has plenty of benefits, they’re rarely used in day-to-day work with small to medium scale datasets. But why is that? Why do we see an awful lot of data stored in static files in CSV or JSON format, even though they are hard to query and update incrementally? (04:00 / 2013-11-18)
Tin sources and trade in ancient times - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Known sources of tin exploited in ancient times include: the southeastern tin belt running from Yunnan province in China down the Malaysian Peninsula, Devon and Cornwall in England, Brittany in France, the border between Germany and Czech Republic, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Central and Southern Africa (Wertime 1979, p. 1; Muhly 1979). Other minor sources of tin have been suggested in Iran, Syria, and Egypt, but the archaeological evidence is inconclusive. (22:16 / 2013-11-16)
For true panoramic images, toss this camera in the air. Seriously | Cutting Edge - CNET News | add more | perma
A user tosses a Panono in the air, and just at the moment it reaches its peak height, all 36 lenses fire simultaneously. Immediately, a low-res version of the image is viewable on a smartphone app, and within a couple of minutes, the full 72-megapixel image is available (13:10 / 2013-11-15)
File:Cilician Armenia-en.svg - Wikimedia Commons | add more | perma
English: Map of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the XIII century. (21:14 / 2013-11-14)
Why You Aren't as Creative as You'd Like to Think - Wired Science | add more | perma
Taking small iterative steps away from the current paradigm and connecting disparate streams of thought, that’s where the magic happens (15:24 / 2013-11-14)
Our collective mythology subscribes to what Pagel labels “the great thinker view of innovation – if we just think long and hard enough, a flash of inspiration will come into our mind.” But it’s just not true: “There are virtually no great leaps. Almost all technology builds on previous technology.” In place of the lone genius theory, Pagel traces the sum of human ingenuity to a simple three-step process: copy, modify, combine. (15:23 / 2013-11-14)
we’re largely disconnected from the processes that generate the things we use. “If we’re honest with ourselves,” Pagel continued, “most of us are just glorified karaoke singers in most aspects of our lives, using things that other people have made and we don’t really understand.” (15:22 / 2013-11-14)
This Death-Defying Sculpture Is a Bouncy Castle for Adults | Wired Design | | add more | perma
Croatian-Austrian design collective Numen/For Use has made a bouncy castle for adults (13:22 / 2013-11-14)
Chou Dynasty Map - The Art of Asia - History and Maps | add more | perma
(λove (print (eval (read)))) | add more | perma
Apple moved away from the very notion of "wheels of the mind" in favor of building systems for consumers. Objective C, the iPad and iCloud are no longer "wheels for the mind" but are instead simply "training wheels for the mind." (12:21 / 2013-11-13)
Common Lisp is a language that can host its own evolution (11:46 / 2013-11-13)
This drives Scheme programmers crazy. That is, the extra ceremony around passing and calling functions is viewed as inelegant by many in the Scheme community. Whether you agree with this view or not is not the point however. Instead, I'd like to show that Common Lisp is flexible enough to facilitate a more Scheme-like ideal. (11:46 / 2013-11-13)
A language that doesn't let you affect the way it thinks is not worth growing (11:46 / 2013-11-13) | add more | perma
The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Foundations of Science: Science and Hypothesis, The Value of Science, Science and Method, by Henri Poincaré. | add more | perma
The English teach mechanics as an experimental science; on the continent it is always expounded as more or less a deductive and a priori science. The English are right, that goes without saying; but how could the other method have been persisted in so long? Why have the continental savants who have sought to get out of the ruts of their predecessors been usually unable to free themselves completely? On the other hand, if the principles of mechanics are only of experimental origin, are they not therefore only approximate and provisional? Might not new experiments some day lead us to modify or even to abandon them? Such are the questions which naturally obtrude themselves, and the difficulty of solution comes principally from the fact that the treatises on mechanics do not clearly distinguish between what is experiment, what is mathematical reasoning, what is convention, what is hypothesis. (05:50 / 2013-11-13)
The Art of Looking: What 11 Experts Teach Us about Seeing Our Familiar City Block with New Eyes | Brain Pickings | add more | perma
neophilia — the allure of the new and unfamiliar, which for them includes just about everything that we, old and jaded, have deemed familiar and thus uninteresting (19:16 / 2013-11-12)
What I saw and attended to was exactly what I expected to see (19:04 / 2013-11-12)
Daily Playlist: Classical WETA 90.9 FM | WETA | add more | perma
Antonin Dvorák Rondo in G Minor, Op. 94 Milos Sadlo (cello) | Czech Philharmonic Orchestra | Vaclav Neumann (conductor) Supraphon 4025 (17:17 / 2013-11-12)
Playlist: Nov/12/13 « WBJC | add more | perma
Ernest Bloch — Baal Shem: Suite Conductor: David Zinman Ensemble: Baltimore Symphony Orchestra Joshua Bell, violin London, 452851 (17:14 / 2013-11-12)
Switzerland’s Proposal to Pay People for Being Alive - | add more | perma
activists delivered 125,000 signatures — enough to trigger a Swiss public referendum (13:37 / 2013-11-12)
Why Japanese Web Design Is So Bad | add more | perma
Walking around Tokyo, I often get the feeling of being stuck in a 1980′s vision of the future and in many ways it’s this contradiction which characterises the design landscape in Japan. On one side we have enormous conglomerates churning out uninspiring mass-produced conformity while on the other side we see master craftspeople making things of incredible beauty and functionality. (13:33 / 2013-11-12)
UNESCO Collection of History of Civilizations of Central Asia : Volume IV | add more | perma
"Examples of the oral folk tradition of the Turkic peoples and some fragments of literary works in Turkic are to be found in the Middle Turkic-Arabic dictionary Diwān lughāt al-Turk [Compendium of the Turkic Dialects] compiled in 1071-4 by Mahmūd b. Husayn b. Muhammad al-Kāshghari, who lived in the town of Balasaghun, in the heart of the Karakhanid state. He laboured for many years collecting material for his work, visiting all the regions in which Turkic peoples lived, from China to Transoxania, Khwarazm, Bukhara and Ferghana." "A poetic description of early summer: "The storm has brought heavy clouds. Raindrops fall splattering, "Pushing aside the light blue clouds. "It is uncertain where they will go." (p 379) (23:24 / 2013-11-11)
"Another prose work from this time that is worthy of attention is the Sarguzasht-i Mahsati [The Adventures of Mahsati], written by Jawhari Zargari Bukhāri (second half of the twelfth century), of which manuscripts are preserved in St Petersburg and Baku. ... The thirteenth-century Mongol invasions destroyed or temporarily submerged many of the ancient literary centres of Transoxania and Khurasan, and many great writers fled or were killed. Hence in southern Iran, Anatolia, India and other places, new literary centres began to function" (p 377). (23:18 / 2013-11-11)
"Awhad al-Din Anwari (1090-1175) ... wrote a famous ode, The Tears of Khurasan, reflecting the tragic events of 1153, the invasion of the Turkish Oghuz and their pillaging of the towns of Khurasan, and expressing the theme of the passing of Iranian grandeur and splendour." (19:08 / 2013-11-11)
"From the end of the tenth century to the first quarter of the thirteenth century - that is, until the Mongol conquest - literary circles emerged and disappeared at various provincial courts, such as Ghazna, under the patronage of Sultan Mahmūd and his descendants; the title 'Prince of Poets' or laureate was created for `Unsuri by Mahmūd. Significant literary circles also appeared in other cities, under the patronage of local princes and governors, including those at Merv, Samarkand, Urgench, Isfahan, Nishapur, Tabriz, Khujand and as far as Lahore in north-western India." (p 374) (19:02 / 2013-11-11)
"The collecting of stories and legends about the reigns of the ancient Iranian rulers and their systematic arrangements, culminating in the writing of the Shāh-nāmas, must have responded to certain spiritual and social needs of the time. ... The greatest national epic of the Iranian people is of course the Shāh-nāma of Abu 'l-Qāsim Firdawsi, the first version of which was completed by the author in 994." (p 373) (18:58 / 2013-11-11)
"Bashshār b. Burd, a descendant of Iranians from Tukharistan, vaunted his Persian ancestry. In his poems he sang of the bravery, courage and heroism of his ancestors, describing slave girls, musicians and women of the street. Bashshār b. Burd called himself a zindīq (free-thinker); he resorted to hyperbole, describing wine and banqueting, was free in his speech and imitated madness, and yet his lucid, enchanting comparisons and metaphors and the profound philosophical content of his works testify to his intelligence." (p 370) (21:17 / 2013-11-10)
At first, the Islamic faith and culture had to compete with older established faiths in Central Asia such as Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, Christianity and Buddhism. For over four centuries, the advance of Islam was gradual, but it was to have far-reaching consequences as it extended north-eastwards. During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Islam and Islamic culture achieved dominance over all its rivals in Transoxania and the area to its north and also established a firm footing in north-western India and southwards through the subcontinent. Thus arose a unique moment in history for the interchange of ideas and aspects of material culture, in which Central Asia acted as an intermediary. The faiths of the West and the South, of the Near East, of the Iranian world and the Indian, now had an impact on the lands further east and north. In the reverse direction, commerce, highly skilled crafts such as ceramics, and technological achievements such as silk production and woodblock printing, spread from China to the Islamic world and thence to Europe. C. E. Bosworth (21:11 / 2013-11-10)
Part Two The search for knowledge through translation: translations of Manichaean, Christian and Buddhist literature into Chinese, Turkic, Mongolian, Tibetan and other languages P. Zieme (21:08 / 2013-11-10)
Part One The contribution of eastern Iranian and Central Asian scholars to the compilation of hadîths A. Paket-Chy (21:08 / 2013-11-10)
Chapter 15 Oral tradition and the literary heritage Part One Persian literature A. Afsahzod Part Two Literature of the Turkic peoples A. Kayumov Part Three Tibetan and Mongolian literature G. Kara Part Four The literatures of north-western India C. Shackle Part Five The Kyrgyz epic Manas R. Z. Kydyrbaeva (21:07 / 2013-11-10)
Time Commanders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Rome: Total War designer and writer Mike Brunton said, "Time Commanders did use Rome code pretty much 'as is', with tweaks for different troop types and camera controls".[1] The televised programmes contained no reference to the origin of the software powering the 3D visuals, due to the BBC's rules against product placement; (23:12 / 2013-11-11)
The History of Iran Podcast | the temporary house of the podcast | add more | perma
"Without any gaps: and he actually mentions almost every detail that you could think of." (21:29 / 2013-11-11)
"Iran, or you could say the greater Near-East and Central Asia". Huh, how did I not find the History of Byzantium podcast earlier? (21:05 / 2013-11-11)
I am not going to give you a usual, dynastic based history of Iran (you know, Achaemenids to the present deal!). I am going to keep the dynastic framework as a useful way of organising the narrative, but I am also going to stop at certain points and explain and elaborate on certain points. So, do expect episodes dedicated to a specific point, to a subject of interested, or to a matter of historiography or sources (20:24 / 2013-11-11)
Matt Mitrovich, Author | The official writing blog of Matt Mitrovich | add more | perma
There was no single place to get information about the genre itself. Most SF websites will cover an alternate history work at some point, but it is rare and they are often ignored by most genre fans. Even worse, the forums and wikis alternate historians congregated at seemed to be full of people who professed a love of the genre, but were ignorant of the authors, works and history of the genre itself. So I set out to rectify that problem. I wanted to keep people up to date, but I wanted to start slow. I decided to post a summary of the week’s alternate history news every Monday. It wasn’t a stretch after that to call it “Alternate History Weekly Update”. Afterwards, I was amazed to discover how easy it was to write an article once a week. Last June I was writing 10 articles a week (21:29 / 2013-11-11)
The History of Rome | add more | perma
March 18, 2012 172- Showdown In 451 Atilla the Hun invaded the West. He was repelled by a coalition of forces lead by the General Aetius.  Maps! (whoops!) (21:04 / 2013-11-11)
The History of Byzantium | A podcast telling the story of the Roman Empire from 476 AD to 1453 | add more | perma
St. Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai in Egypt. The Monks complained to Justinian about raiders and so he built them these impressive walls which still stand today (21:04 / 2013-11-11)
The History of Iran Podcast by Khodadad Rezakhani — Kickstarter | add more | perma
nationality (which I don't believe we have, but we just say we do). (20:54 / 2013-11-11)
concentrate on late antique and early mediaeval economic history (anywhere west of the Jaxartes is fair game), and I love the Vikings (20:54 / 2013-11-11)
The Other Side of History: Daily Life in the Ancient World | add more | perma
The Other Side of History moves systematically through history, with significant stops in ancient Egypt, Greece, Persia, Rome, and medieval Britain. In each location, Professor Garland explores life from all angles: What did the citizens do for a living? What was their home like? What did they eat? What did they wear? What did they do to relax? What were their beliefs about marriage? Religion? Death and the afterlife? (20:19 / 2013-11-11)
Killer whales attack and eat sharks - Telegraph | add more | perma
Dawkins, in *Ancestor's Tale*, talks about even catfish evolution being possibly driven by learned and taught behaviors, so it's awesome that the sea-going mammals are one-upping the fish. (19:26 / 2013-11-11)
Several populations of skilled orcas around the world have learned how to overcome sharks using a combination of superior brain power and brute force. (19:21 / 2013-11-11)
The Journal of Philology - Google Books | add more | perma
"In the present year (1186) all the Christian nations, both Greek and Latin, were terrified with the expectation of the evils which would follow the conjunction of most of the planets in the sign Libra, on the 16th of September. A pestilential wind, accompanied with earthquakes, was to sweep the face of the earth, overturning trees and houses, and burying in sand the towns of Egypt, Ethiopia, and Arabia, and other arid regions. The Mahometan astrologers in Spain derided these predictions. They contended that the malignant influence of Saturn and Mars would be balanced by the benignity of Venus and Jupiter, and that the worst that could happen, would be a scanty harvest, many shipwrecks, and much bloodshed in battle. ... Fortunately Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, to avert these calamities ordered a fast of three days throughout his province (Gervase 1479); and as the season proved more than usually serene the astrologers, to save their credit, were enabled to ascribe to the piety of the people the non-accomplishment of their predictions." (19:11 / 2013-11-11)
Oh gentle Zephyr! if o'er Samarcand Some dewy morning thou should'st chance to blow, Then waft this letter to our monarch's hand Wherein Khorassan tells her tale of woe (19:09 / 2013-11-11)
ANWARI – Encyclopaedia Iranica | add more | perma
In Europe Anwarī became known for the first time through the English translation of “The Tears of Khorassan” by William Kirkpatrick, published in Asiatick Miscellany I, Calcutta, 1785, pp. 286-310. The same poem, together with a few more by Anwarī, was also translated by E. H. Palmer (Song of the Reed and Other Poems, London, 1877). (19:10 / 2013-11-11)
J-List side blog | add more | perma
For example, the square root of 5 is 2.2360679 which maps out somehow to 富士山麓にオウム鳴く Fuji-sanroku ni ohmu naku, or "at the base of Mt. Fuji, a parrot squawks." Another fun information memorization tool is a 500-year-old game called Karuta (from the Portuguese word for "card") in which players will line up cards with phrases on them, and when a "reader" starts to speak that phrase the players will try to grab the corresponding card before anyone else. It's used to teach hiragana to small children, though you can teach just about any information using the game -- my kids learned the vocabulary of music notation using a version called Musical Karuta, for example. The most famous Karuta game is 百人一首 Hyakunin Isshu ("100 people, 100 poems"), a collection of waka poems based on historical figures from the Heian Period (794-1185) making it something like Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, but there's a local version for J-List's home prefecture of Gunma called Joumou Karuta, which teaches respect for the various cultural treasures of our prefecture. Before switching to computer games, Nintendo manufactured these cards, and until 1963 they were known as the Nintendo Karuta Corporation. (17:27 / 2013-11-11)
When Japanese retailer "Gentleman's Fashions no Aoki" opened branches in Taiwan, they inadvertently altered the local language: the の particle is so convenient to write it caught on with the Taiwanese, who started substituting it for 的 teki, the character that performs the same grammatical function in Chinese. (17:26 / 2013-11-11)
▶ Phoenix - Lisztomania Official Video (Best Quality + Lyrics) - YouTube | add more | perma
So sentimental Not sentimental no ! Romantic not disgusting yet (15:14 / 2013-11-11)
Why the Mongols? | Haquelebac | add more | perma
Over the centuries the Kushans were followed by7 the Hephthalites in the same area, various small states in northern China and in Xinjiang, the Toba Wei (Northern Wei) in much of northern China, the Turk empires (which briefly controlled the route from China to the Crimea), and the Bulgar and Khazar trade city-states (vestiges of the Turk empire) on the Volga and the Black Sea. Starting about 700 A.D., a number of mostly-Persian states in central Asia and the Middle East were taken over by usurping Turkish mercenaries, and the resulting states combined Persian urban life, agriculture, and political institutions with a Turkish military. (21:35 / 2013-11-10)
At approximately the beginning of the Christian era this area, formerly Bactrian Greece, was conquered by nomads from the north –  Iranian-speaking Sakas,  Tokharians, or both. The Kushans played a key role in the early Silk Road trade and a major role in the development and propagation of Mahayana Buddhism, but they left no written records — even their dates are guesswork –  and they are the least known of  the great civilizations (21:35 / 2013-11-10)
the first literate, urban society to be ruled by nomads was the Kushan Empire in Afghanistan and neighboring areas (21:35 / 2013-11-10)
Tajik people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
"the peoples of Central Asia, whether Iranian or Turkic speaking, have one culture, one religion, one set of social values and traditions with only language separating them."[19] (20:29 / 2013-11-10)
Persian people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The terms Parsi, Tajik, and Tat have been used interchangeably for Persian and Persian-speakers during the Middle Ages, forexample in the Mughal, Safavid and Qajar[28][29] era. (20:26 / 2013-11-10)
Itinerarium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Todo: itinerarium (road map) of the Silk/Steppe/Spice Roads. (20:24 / 2013-11-10)
The Romans and ancient travelers in general did not use maps. They may have existed as specialty items in some of the libraries, but they were hard to copy and were not in general use. On the Roman road system, however, the traveller needed some idea of where he was going, how to get there, and how long it would take. The itinerarium filled this need. In origin it was simply a list of cities along a road: "at their most basic, itineraria involve the transposition of information given on milestones, which were an integral feature of the major Roman roads, to a written script."[1] It was only a short step from lists to a master list. To sort out the lists, the Romans drew diagrams of parallel lines showing the branches of the roads. Parts of these were copied and sold on the streets. The very best featured symbols for cities, way stations, water courses, and so on. The maps did not represent landforms but they served the purpose of a simple schematic diagram for the user. (20:21 / 2013-11-10)
Turkish PM ups rhetoric over violence in Xinjiang | add more | perma
a tour to the Xinjiang region last month, Gül said the days he spent in Urumqi proved once again the deeply rooted ties between Anatolian Turks and Uighur Turks. (09:37 / 2013-11-10)
Ways of Interpreting Myth | add more | perma
some philosophers like the Roman Stoic Seneca (4 BC-65 AD) ridiculed allegory  as "foolishness" (Seznec 85), (19:24 / 2013-11-09)
The Greek philosopher Xenophanes (fl. c. 530 BC) wrote:  "Homer and Hesiod have attributed to the gods all the things that are shameful and scandalous among men:  theft, adultery, and mutual treachery"  (quoted in Curtius 204). (19:24 / 2013-11-09)
reading_9_3.pdf | add more | perma
It argues that these trans-ecological exchanges have been as important to the history of the Silk Roads as the more familiar trans-civilizational exchanges. A clear understanding of these trans- ecological exchanges suggests that the Silk Roads should be seen as a complex network of exchanges that linke d different ecological zones of the Afro-Eurasian landmass into a single system. It also suggests that the Silk Roads were much older than is usually re cognized, that their real origins lie in the emergence of Inner Eurasian pa storalism from the fourth millennium B . C . E . The paper explores the prehistory of the Silk Roads (09:14 / 2013-11-09)
trans-ecological exchanges mediated by the Silk Roads linked all regions of the Afro-Eurasian landmass, from its agrarian civilizations to its many stateless communities of woodland forag ers and steppe pastoralists, into a single system of exchanges that is seve ral millennia old. As a result, despite its great diversity, the history of Af ro-Eurasia has always preserved an underlying unity, which was expressed in common technologies, styles, cultures, and religions, even disease patterns. (17:53 / 2013-10-29)
a revised understanding of the role and history of the Silk Roads shows the extent to which the entire Afro-Eurasian landmass has been linked by complex networks of exchange since at least the Bronze Age. It reminds us that Afro- Eurasia has a common history despite the ecological and cultural variety of its many different regions (17:50 / 2013-10-29)
If You Played Songs The Way You Read Books, You Would Hate Music | AJATT | All Japanese All The Time | add more | perma
I can read Japanese in large part because the first 9 volumes of the Evangelion manga are so good. I wanted to read them so badly, I had to become literate. I’d read what of them had been translated into English, but that wasn’t enough for me. (16:45 / 2013-11-08)
[RANDOKU] Multipass Reading: Be Sloppy the First Ten Times, Because You Can Always Come Back | AJATT | All Japanese All The Time | add more | perma
Don’t not read properly, just postpone it. Read badly 9~99 times first (16:39 / 2013-11-08)
The Samurai Archives Citadel // View topic - Guns In Japan In 1368? | add more | perma
The chronicle of the Hojo family of the kanto, hojo godai-ki, tells us that a gun- teppo- from china was presented to Ujitsuna, the hojo daimyo, by a monk in 1510. This gun may not, however be chinese, but rather a weapon from SE asia that was originally turkish design but had been modified at least several times as it was transmitted eastward from turkey. There are other scattered records of accounts in the records of firearms - perhaps chinese or SE asian - in japan before 1543, although none of these gives a clear idea of what these weapons may have been like. (footnote: In an unpublished paper, Needham suggests the possibility that "turkish guns" first made their way to china from the country's northwest via the Uighurs. See Science and Civilization in China, vol. 5, P. 440) (06:49 / 2013-11-08)
Remote | add more | perma
update the status of a project in your online collaboration tool; create a screen cast discussing a newly implemented feature; post in a team-only chat room; or even send an email (14:25 / 2013-11-07)
Northwest Coast - Ancient People of the Northwest Coast - Guide to the American Northwest | add more | perma
Open sea waters, islands and coastlines were the main resource and represented the everyday landscapes for these people. (11:44 / 2013-11-05)
Hunting-Gathering-A Revised Perspective | add more | perma
The relative permanence of their villages allowed owed many complex hunter-gatherers to develop more elaborate technologies than more mobile hunter-gatherers. This is often seen, as on the Northwest Coast, in a proliferation of large, durable, and heavy ground-stone tools, such as mauls, heavy celts (adz blades); stone bowls, mortars, and pestles; and even stone sculptures. Specialized tool kits on the coast included, for example, tackle for use only against particular kinds of sea mammals, such as whales and seals. Much of the region's magnificent art was the work of specialists; others were skilled at felling trees, hunting particular animals, healing the sick, or fighting. (11:42 / 2013-11-05)
Jomon village sites are sometimes quite large (up to 95 acres), with houses having been rebuilt many times, but not in exactly the same spot, suggesting that villages were regularly abandoned and reoccupied (11:41 / 2013-11-05)
The Calusa hunted land mammals, but fishing in shallow bays and estuaries was the foundation of their economy. While they caught as many as 30 species of fish, they focused on capturing small fish in very large numbers using nets and traps. They also ate a wide array of plants, including peppers, acorns, papaya, water lilies, and tubers. (11:39 / 2013-11-05)
Peoples on the Northwest Coast made use of literally hundreds of species of fish (especially salmon), sea mammals, land mammals, plants, and marine mollusks. As early as 1000 B.C., the Indians of western Oregon were burning extensive areas to encourage the growth of good deer forage and oak groves for acorns. Farther north, people burned to maintain berry patches. Women collected roots, weeding and tilling to increase productivity. This food was processed so it would keep, and storage facilities were needed to prevent it from being eaten by rodents, insects, or other vermin. For the Natufians, subsistence included harvesting the wild forebears of wheat and collecting almonds, acorns, and other wild seeds and fruits. They may also have culled antelope herds, selecting particular animals to kill to maintain the health and quality of the herds. While it is extremely likely that Natufians stored grain, remains of storage facilities are rare. By ca. 9700 B.C., they began cultivating the progenitors of grains such as barley einkorn, and emmer wheat and established farming villages, making them the first people known to have domesticated plants. (11:39 / 2013-11-05)
In the 1968 volume Man the Hunter, edited by Lee and DeVore, hunter-gatherers are described as living in small societies of perhaps 25 to 50 people who moved often to harvest food and had no permanent settlements. Their possessions were few, limited to what they could carry, though their technologies (given that limitation) were quite sophisticated. They had little or no private property, and social relationships were egalitarian, with no permanent inequality. Their population densities were quite low. Even as the Man the Hunter picture was coalescing, archaeologists and anthropologists recognized that some hunter-gatherers did not fit this picture. Chief among these were the Indians of the Northwest Coast of North America. These people, whose descendants still inhabit the region, lived in permanent towns of up to 1,000 people. They developed an elaborate and rich technology and one of the world's great artistic traditions, and they had I specialists such as wood-carvers, canoe-makers, and whalers, as well as permanent social classes comprising slaves, commoners, and a chiefly elite. They built fortresses and carried out warfare and long-distance trade. These traits were universally regarded by anthropologists as requiring agriculture. But the Northwest Coast was blessed with a rich environment, legendary for its once massive salmon runs. Environmental wealth, it was argued, had permitted these peoples to transcend their economy and develop a complex society otherwise impossible without agriculture. They were an anomaly, the exception that proved the rule. The discovery of complex hunter-gatherers happened during the 1970s, when archaeologists tried to apply the Man the Hunter model to modern and ancient cultures. They found that many such societies had more in common with the Northwest Coast peoples than with small, mobile groups. Among them were the Natufians in the Levant (13,400-10,500 B.C.), the Jomon in Japan (10,000-300 B.C.), and the Calusa in Florida (A.D. 800-1600). Watson Brake's unknown builders are an important addition to this list. (11:38 / 2013-11-05)
Brazilian jiu-jitsu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Sport Brazilian jiu-jitsu's focus on submissions without the use of strikes while training allows practitioners to practice at full speed and with full power, resembling the effort used in a real competition (14:25 / 2013-11-04)
Model Analysis - Features - Source: An OpenNews project | add more | perma
This is the untold story of low-performance interpreted languages: though it’s faster to mechanically iterate (to write) the code, tremendous time is lost when you have to repeatedly run slow code over a large amount of data. You have to accept worse results because trial and error grinds to a crawl. (12:39 / 2013-11-04)
The Ridge Behind the Goldmine, or Unnamed 13,772. | add more | perma
Middle Mountain is on the right Altitude 12,033 ft (3,668 m) -map- (08:26 / 2013-11-04) | add more | perma
'The focus of the peacetime military was dominated by the diplomatic gamesmanship between President Andrew Jackson and France which ultimately placed an emphasis on the United States Navy and coastline fortifications of the United States. The quarrel was over a promise from France to pay recompense to the United States for damages done to United States ships during Napoleon Bonaparte’s rule of France. When France neglected to fulfill this pledge, President Jackson proceeded to seek Congressional approval to punish France for their lack of payment. In turn, France was offended by such an illicit threat to its interests bringing the two nations precipitously close to open naval warfare and thus putting military focus in the United States to the Navy and to the defense of the shores. This resulted in less of a focus on the defense of the territories and frontier, and more of a containment approach to the trouble with the “Indian Question”.' 'By the end of the war, every US Army Regular regiment had rotated through and seen combat in the war in Florida even as the professional army saw extensive expansion as a result of the war.' (11:22 / 2013-11-02)
Combat Studies Institute | add more | perma | add more | perma
"To get the belief system right means good strategy, victory, stable civil- military relations, and organizational wellbeing". NO IT DOESN'T. (11:06 / 2013-11-02)
Combat Studies Institute | add more | perma
two kinds of freedom | add more | perma
There are a small number of attractive sentiments here (maybe one). But the rest is such much vague, incomplete, partial junk that I am reminded powerfully of the natural weakness of arguments made by academics. Nate's deconstruction of the battle of Nagashino, that goes against the armchair historians', might turn out to be a good metaphor for he worthlessness of standard academic arguments. (20:18 / 2013-11-01)
Francis Fukuyama in State Building (2) has pointed out that, while in the past the main threats to freedom came from overpowerful states (the nazis, fascists and communists), today the main threats come from weak, ineffective failed states. Instead of mighty states that terrorized and exploited their citizens, we have feeble states that are unable to prevent their citizens for terrorizing and exploiting each other. (09:12 / 2013-11-01)
all through the last century the idea has been gaining ground that the best way to live is to be as free as possible from constraints. Poets, by and large, no longer accept the constraints of the traditional poetic forms. Architects want nothing to do with the classical rules of symmetry, proportion and ornament that governed Western architecture from the heyday of ancient Greece down to the nineteenth century (09:02 / 2013-11-01)
javascript - Bookmarklet which captures selected content including html tags - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
Want to Write a Compiler? Just Read These Two Papers. | add more | perma
Crenshaw's series has one major omission: there's no internal representation of the program at all. That is, no abstract syntax tree (05:05 / 2013-10-31)
A Nanopass Framework for Compiler Education [PDF] by Sarkar, Waddell, and Dybvig (05:05 / 2013-10-31)
there are still the thick chapters about converting regular expressions into executable state machines and different types of grammars and so on. After slogging through it all you will have undoubtedly expanded your knowledge, but you're no closer to actually writing a working compiler. (03:58 / 2013-10-31)
Getting Past the Cloning Instinct | add more | perma
Choosing to make something that already exists shifts the problem from one of design to one that's entirely engineering driven (04:03 / 2013-10-31)
Roboseyo | add more | perma
The internet is so full of trash. Case in point: how on earth can you know what's really 'best for the kids' (answer: you can't, what's best changes with your time horizon, even if you could predict) and why is a social & collective approach to deciding that not valid? Ahmed, stop reading the internet again, it's not doing you any favors. (03:26 / 2013-10-31)
"stage mother superficiality" - making parenting decisions based on what the other moms in the sewing circle will think, rather than what's best for the kids (03:08 / 2013-10-31)
La Place de la Concorde Suisse: John McPhee: 9780374519322: Books | add more | perma
"Above the observers’ heads, there is an occasional high hum, a soft whistle, as fifteen kilograms complete their parabola and zap the hapless alp. There is no concern whatever that if the shell miss the alp it might go whistling into Italy. The shell is not going to miss." p15 "Four Haflingers---short and shaggy Austrian mountain horses---graze by the station. In the Swiss Army, a Haflinger is a small, tough four-wheel drive vehicle. It is made in Austria and looks like a cross between a mule and a jeep." p18 (03:02 / 2013-10-31) | add more | perma
There will be other tricks that you'll see as you go. Most of them can't be found in any compiler textbook, but they work. (20:15 / 2013-10-30)
I also will skip over most of the theory that puts people to sleep. Don't get me wrong: I don't belittle the theory, and it's vitally important when it comes to dealing with the more tricky parts of a given language. But I believe in putting first things first. Here we'll be dealing with the 95% of compiler techniques that don't need a lot of theory to handle. (20:12 / 2013-10-30)
Some articles on compilers show you examples, or show you (as in the case of Small-C) a finished product, which you can then copy and use without a whole lot of understanding of how it works. I hope to do much more than that. I hope to teach you HOW the things get done, so that you can go off on your own and not only reproduce what I have done, but improve on it. (20:11 / 2013-10-30)
Startup Idea: The 6 Step To Solve Personal Analytics | add more | perma
more data will matter more than a fancier algorithm (20:14 / 2013-10-30)
No rules in this game | Derek Sivers | add more | perma
For every rule they tell you, there’s an exception. They are just telling you their specific past, not your specific future. (08:00 / 2013-10-30)
Seth's Blog: Naming a business | add more | perma
All your friends will hate it. GOOD. They would have hated Starbucks too (you want to name your store after something from Moby Dick!??) If your friends like it, run. (08:00 / 2013-10-30)
Proudly exclude some people | Derek Sivers | add more | perma
Loudly leave out 99% of the world. When someone in your target 1% hears you excluding the part of the population they already feel alienated from, they'll be drawn to you. (07:59 / 2013-10-30)
Heisig Kanji Index | add more | perma
東 #543! (20:26 / 2013-09-05)
The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A Study of T'ang Exotics: Edward H. Schafer: 9780520054622: Books | add more | perma
"In 879 the prince of rebels, Huang Ch`ao, sacked the city, slaughtered the foreign traders, destroyed the mulberry groves which fed the silkworms, producers of the nation's chief export, and so brought about the great decline of Canton's wealth and prestige, which, despite a brief rejuvenation at the end of the century, she never completely recovered. Under the Sung empire, the argosies from the South China sea began more and more to turn to the ports of Fukien and Chekiang..." (p 16). (20:51 / 2013-10-29)
Silk Road Links | add more | perma
Articles by Valerie Hansen (Yale University): "The Impact of the Silk Road Trade on a Local Community: The Turfan Oasis, 500-800" "How Business was Conducted on the Chinese Silk Road during the Tang Dynasty, 618-907" "Religious Life in a Silk Road Community: Niya During the Third and Fourth Centuries" "The Hejia Village Horde: A Snapshot of China's Silk Road Trade" "The Astonishing Finds from the Turfan Oasis: What They Reveal about the History of the Silk Road" "Introduction: Turfan as a Silk Road Community" "A Brief History of the Turfan Oasis" (20:48 / 2013-10-29)
Nimrod Manual | add more | perma
The language constructs are explained using an extended BNF, in which (a)* means 0 or more a's, a+ means 1 or more a's, and (a)? means an optional a. Parentheses may be used to group elements. & is the lookahead operator; &a means that an a is expected but not consumed. It will be consumed in the following rule. The |, / symbols are used to mark alternatives and have the lowest precedence. / is the ordered choice that requires the parser to try the alternatives in the given order. / is often used to ensure the grammar is not ambiguous. (14:19 / 2013-10-29)
Orson Welles’ War of the Worlds panic myth: The infamous radio broadcast did not cause a nationwide hysteria. | add more | perma
Despite repeated assertions to the contrary in the PBS and NPR programs, almost nobody was fooled by Welles’ broadcast. How did the story of panicked listeners begin? Blame America’s newspapers. Radio had siphoned off advertising revenue from print during the Depression, badly damaging the newspaper industry. So the papers seized the opportunity presented by Welles’ program to discredit radio as a source of news (12:53 / 2013-10-29)
My Korean Husband | add more | perma
Koreans seem to have this open dialogue about people’s looks that I’m not that used to. As a society they tend to be image focused and people’s attractiveness comes up a lot in normal conversations. I think my husband has unnerved some Australian guys more than once by leaning in and saying, “You are very handsome” to them. That is completely normal for Korean guys though. (11:57 / 2013-10-29)
▶ Russia, the Kievan Rus, and the Mongols: Crash Course World History #20 - YouTube | add more | perma
The preface to Rivoli's "The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy" discusses this well also. (09:18 / 2013-10-29)
I watched #17, 19, and 20, on the Mongols, on the relationship between the Venetians and the Ottomans, and this one on Russia. I think the writers do a great job indicating a diversity in scholarly opinion, e.g., (paraphrasing) "Curse you truth for making history not simple"; in the Mongol episode, they say, "How you view the Mongol empire is a reflection of your values: do you value artistic patronage over freedom of religion? Is short-lived imperialism better than everlasting imperialism? Are there some kinds of warfare that are just wrong?" This kind of history will certainly make you smart in the "broadly knowledgeable" sense of recognizing connections. But if I were to be reborn as a historian, I'd advocate for a style of history that emphasizes extremely clear visions of as many kinds of people in the past. Of their material culture, of what they wore and ate and how they spent their time, if we can reconstruct a minute-by-minute "GPS trace" over a day (as long as possible really, probabilistic of course), what modes of travel were available to them and how often they availed themselves, how they spoke and in what language and to whom (and to whom did they *not* speak), etc. Fictionalized semi-reconstructed narratives are fine: see "Life along the Silk Road" by Whitfield; Ibn Batuta, Zhang Qian, Rabban Bar Sauma are fine as "upper bounds" on travel. The goal is to get as clear of a vision of individuals to avoid thinking of "empires" or "merchants" or "slaves" or "the Venetians" or "builders", etc., as some kind of unitary entity. To boot out of historic thinking purely imaginary constructs (replacing them with slightly less imaginary reconstruction of individuals). In summary, jointly emphasizing diversity and clarity. (22:54 / 2013-10-26)
how Russia evolved from a loose amalgamation of medieval principalities known as the Kievan Rus into the thriving democracy we know today. As you can imagine, there were a few bumps along the road. It turns out, our old friends the Mongols had quite a lot to do with unifying Russia (22:39 / 2013-10-26)
The Secret Life of Everything: Where Your Stuff Comes From - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | add more | perma
I called it quits. Later I did come across a book, Pietra Rivoli’s The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy, which apparently does accomplish what I’d hoped. Per one Amazon reviewer it involved, “years of international adventure and research.” For a T-shirt (5). (09:09 / 2013-10-29)
Unlike product manufacturers, supply chain people turned out to be quite approachable, perhaps because their feats, so fundamental to modern business, aren’t always appreciated as such, at least by people outside the business world (08:33 / 2013-10-29)
“If you are trying to scientifically identify every supplier to Toyota,” Rubenstein said, “you will find that job impossible.” (08:30 / 2013-10-29)
It was unrealistic. “Capturing all the logistics linkages for a mobile phone would take years,” said Linden. Even focusing on one part, a single display or chip, would be a daunting: They’re too complicated, and the companies secretive and distant (08:28 / 2013-10-29)
logistics cluster. As car manufacturers once gathered in Detroit, or Internet companies in Silicon Valley, logistics—supply chain managers, IT providers, warehouses, shippers and truckers and dispatchers, the myriad businesses that support them—now concentrates in places like Memphis, Tenn.; Zaragoza, Spain; and Rotterdam, Holland, which in a few decades might be considered archetypal 21st century cities, our new Detroits. Vivek Sehgal, a product strategist at Manhattan Associates, which counts Wal-Mart and Adidas among its customers, likened them to the Silk Road of antiquity (08:27 / 2013-10-29)
what I really didn’t get was that supply chains don’t just carry components and ingredients, but synchronize their movements. Shipping a box of pens to Staples is the obvious part. Coordinating the arrival of barrels, caps, boxes, ink cartridges, and nibs (through which ink flows) at the pen factory—and also metal to the nib factory, oil to the plastics-maker, and so on—is the bulk of what supply chains do (08:09 / 2013-10-29)
Japan to 1600: A Social and Economic History: William Wayne Farris: 9780824833794: Books | add more | perma
"By 600, the social and economic buildiung blocks of Japan were in place. The population was dense and growing, and the area under cultivation was expanding. Industries such as salt making, ceramics, lacquerware, metallurgy, stone carving and fitting, weapon and tool making, and woodworking were all established. ... Important artifacts of daily life, such as the pit dwelling, hemp and silk clothing, storage warehouses, and a new boiler were widely used" (p. 26). (09:08 / 2013-10-29)
Seducing the Innocent: Fredric Wertham and the Falsifications that Helped Condemn Comics | Carol Tilley - | add more | perma
the mission for these clinics quickly expanded to treat conditionsconsistent with Meyer’s ideal psychiatric purview. Ralph Truitt, a psychiatrist who studied under Meyer and a leader in the child guidance movement, characterized the scope of conditionsrelevant to these clinics as including “undesirable habits” (e.g. masturbation, nightmares),“personality traits” (e.g. daydreaming, restlessness), and “undesirable behaviors” (e.g. truancy,disobedience) (08:44 / 2013-10-29)
the relationship among children,gatekeepers of children’s reading, and comics during the mid-twentieth century in the UnitedStates (07:59 / 2013-10-29)
free of offensive content such as poor grammar, excessive violence, andsupernatural beings. 5 Even though comics publishers also faced increasing competition from thenascent television industry for children’s attention, the CMAA’s code effectively marked the endof comics’ reign as the most popular print medium among children in history (07:58 / 2013-10-29)
This paper documents specific examples of how Wertham manipulated, overstated, compromised, andfabricated evidence—especially that evidence he attributed to personal clinical research withyoung people—for rhetorical gain (07:55 / 2013-10-29)
Clarity Is Missing Link in Supply Chain - | add more | perma
But Mr. Grestoni is still waiting. "We've probably hit the bottom," he says. "Now the question is, how long are we going to stay here." (08:40 / 2013-10-29)
The effects ricocheted across Asia. In Japan, the economy shrank at an annualized pace of 12.7% in the final three months of last year, the fastest drop in nearly 35 years. In China, many of Zoran's factory customers furloughed their workers, says Mr. Gerzberg. In recent months, some 20 million Chinese migrant workers have lost their jobs. (08:38 / 2013-10-29)
"There was a lot of guessing going on," says Mr. Pederson of Zoran. "Everybody under-bet to a certain extent." (08:38 / 2013-10-29)
If Best Buy felt ambushed, its suppliers had even less insight into consumer demand. The slashing began. Two or three links down the chain, chip designer Zoran quickly felt the pain. Even before last fall's crisis hit, Zoran's customers were getting nervous, executives say. When Best Buy and other retailers cut their orders in October, it turned into a rout. "Everyone was looking at others, asking, 'How much money do they have? Can they survive?'&nbsp;" recalls Mr. Gerzberg, Zoran's CEO. (08:38 / 2013-10-29)
Vitelli, the merchandising chief, abandoned Best Buy's prior forecasts and slashed orders to electronics giants such as Japan's Toshiba and South Korea's Samsung Electronics Co. Demand was shrinking so rapidly, he says, he wasn't even sure how deeply to cut. "You actually had to pick a number with no knowledge whatsoever, because nobody knows anything," he recalls (08:38 / 2013-10-29)
Zoran is the kind of niche firm spawned by the widely dispersed global tech industry: It designs specialized video- and audio-processing chips for products such as cameras, TVs and cellphones. Its customers are mainly little-known Asian companies -- rent-a-factories, basically -- that manufacture the world's gizmos on behalf of brand-name giants like Toshiba Corp. (08:37 / 2013-10-29)
Forced to guess at demand for their products in a plummeting market, everyone hit the brakes, hard. An examination of the electronics supply chain -- from retailers all the way back to makers of factory machinery -- shows that, at almost every stage, companies were flying blind as they cut. (08:35 / 2013-10-29)
Because modern industry rewards suppliers with the leanest inventories and fastest reaction times, when economic crisis struck, tech companies up and down the line contracted as sharply as possible in hopes of being the ones to survive. (08:35 / 2013-10-29)
View From the Inside: How Gang Members Use Secret Codes - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | add more | perma
Sometimes gang leaders used the language to send out important messages and instructions to their respective gang on the streets. But most often, AROCKS said, gangs would use their secret language for common things: writing letters to their girlfriends back home, using it for small talk from one gang member to another. (08:07 / 2013-10-29)
In New York’s correctional facility in Otisville, where he served the majority of his sentence, he witnessed the ongoing development of the Bloods’ language. He learned the complicated written codes, including various non-letter symbols and words with hidden meanings, and also the non-written language, consisting mostly verbal calls, slang words, and hand gestures. It was a long process he completed behind the authorities’ backs, hidden away in moments between the rote tasks of prison life (08:07 / 2013-10-29)
Many major gangs can trace their roots back to the boom in prison populations starting in the 1960s (08:06 / 2013-10-29)
The Prison Guard With a Gift for Cracking Gang Codes - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | add more | perma
What have you learned about gang culture—their manners, how they treat their own members or other gangs—based on their languages? Through the years, I have developed an appreciation for the complexity of their communication. Gangs are their own cultures and societies. Some of the larger gangs have their own holidays. And they have their own laws. They have their own way of meting out justice. You’ll get a beating or termination [get killed] depending upon the severity of the violation. I’ve come to appreciate their belief systems and just how complex and intelligent they are.  (08:01 / 2013-10-29)
The jurisdictions that I work with rarely get back to me. One of the frustrating things is that I help them but I never hear the rest of this story. My little part is to decipher the code so they can continue monitoring communications. (08:01 / 2013-10-29)
Usually someone senior will come up with new codes after the old one was decoded. Then, by word of mouth, the leaders will tell the other gang members, “here’s our new code.” (07:39 / 2013-10-29)
And once I had seven letters I could figure out the rest. And that was the first code I ever deciphered. With every code, you have to first understand what’s important to the writer. (07:38 / 2013-10-29)
Since “the third crown” was important to the author, I took a guess and associated the five different symbols to the five letters in the English language that make up the word “crown.” Then I had another breakthrough. The letters “ADR” kept coming up. The phrase “Amor De Ray” is common in the Kings’ jargon because it means “love the crown.” So now I had seven letters of the alphabet, the five symbols that corresponded to C R O W N and then A D (07:38 / 2013-10-29)
Main/New Media Are Evil - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
St. Ambrose (4th century) once freaked out St. Augustine by demonstrating his ability to read in silence. To quote Augustine, "His eyes scanned the page and his heart sought out the meaning, but his voice was silent and his tongue was that often, when we came to visit him, we found him reading like this in silence, for he never read aloud." (07:56 / 2013-10-29)
Comic books' real-life supervillain: psychiatrist Fredric Wertham - Boing Boing | add more | perma
Although there have long been critics of Wertham's methods and reasoning in Seduction of the Innocent, I am a reluctant witness to his reputation's final descent (07:54 / 2013-10-29)
I didn't want to write the scholarly paper on Wertham and the problems I found in his evidence, but not to write it seemed a disservice to the young people whose words and experiences Wertham distorted to help make his case against comics. That many of these young people were socially and culturally marginalized - living in poverty, abused, of color, learning disabled, and the like - makes it more important to correct the record. (07:53 / 2013-10-29)
the intersection of libraries, reading, kids, and comics (07:52 / 2013-10-29)
I wasn't even really that interested in Fredric Wertham as a subject (he's been vilified, discredited, mocked, and even re-habilitated in part) (07:52 / 2013-10-29)
more than 95% of elementary-school aged kids - girls and boys, black, white, yellow, and brown, rich and poor -- counted as regular comics readers, sometimes reading dozens of titles each week. Teens and adults read comics too (07:51 / 2013-10-29)
A New York City-based forensic psychiatrist and pioneering mental health advocate, Wertham also was a prolific cultural critic, who decried the potential effects on readers and viewers of violent images and racial stereotypes in the mass media. Between 1948 and 1955, this German-born doctor was also among the most vocal opponents of the nascent comics industry. He was certainly not alone: teachers, librarians, parents, police officers, religious leaders, and other adults lent their voices to the anti-comics movement. But Wertham was different from many of the others in that he had a scientific / medical background and could enrich his arguments with examples from case studies of children. (07:50 / 2013-10-29)
Main/Cowboy Bebop at His Computer - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
Everything you read in the newspapers is absolutely true except for that rare story of which you happen to have firsthand knowledge. —Erwin Knoll (07:41 / 2013-10-29)
FFTW - Tutorial | add more | perma
For in much wisdom is much grief, and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow. [Ecclesiastes 1:18] (21:06 / 2013-10-28)
About Nimrod's features - Dominik Picheta's Blog | add more | perma
Nimrod has a very rich standard library. Ranging from parsers for JSON and XML to HTTP clients and database wrappers (10:46 / 2013-10-28)
Imaginary/Real: Nimrod: The Return of Pascal | add more | perma
Andreas describes how Nimrod can be compiled with a stripped-down library with no OS support, and compiled on a 16bit AVR processor. Nimrod is probably the only new language which has the minimal attitude and metaprogramming capability to be an effective contender in this space, which is traditionally the last bastion of C. (10:41 / 2013-10-28)
This makes it a good fit for CGI since they will load as fast as C (10:41 / 2013-10-28)
The How and Why of Argentina's Currency Black Market | add more | perma
in 2011 when companies and individuals were prohibited from purchasing dollars for savings purposes. Predictably, this hunger never wavered, and only encouraged more illegal banking on the streets. (10:34 / 2013-10-28)
Argentina has one of the world's highest "unofficial" inflation rates which perpetually devalues the worth of their currency. This high inflation rate paired with poor economic decision-making has destroyed all loyalty and confidence toward the peso. Until the underlying economic and political issues are resolved, a parallel Black Market will continue to dominate the country's hold on foreign currency. (10:34 / 2013-10-28)
The Tourist: Supplying the Demand Without a constant flow of tourists supplementing the existing float with their foreign cash, the entire underground market would collapse (10:33 / 2013-10-28)
For instance, in a year, savings of $1,000 USD will still be worth relatively the same amount. Argentinian's do not feel the same about their own national currency. (10:32 / 2013-10-28)
Since government restrictions have made it nearly impossible to legally acquire US dollars, Argentinians turn to the Black Market to escape the uncertainty of the peso. Fear of Another Debt Crisis In 2002, there was a run on the banks where everyone tried to withdraw their savings at the same time. This exacerbated the country's economic issues, causing the government and banks to put restrictions on how much residents could withdraw. (10:31 / 2013-10-28)
Saint Seiya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Saint Seiya began to be known in the West as Knights of the Zodiac after it became successful in France in 1988, where it was given the name of Les Chevaliers du Zodiaque (10:22 / 2013-10-28)
The evolution of superstitious and superstition-like behaviour | add more | perma
an intuitive inequality—akin to an amalgam of Hamilton's rule and Pascal's wager—-that shows that natural selection can favour strategies that lead to frequent errors in assessment as long as the occasional correct response carries a large fitness benefit. It follows that incorrect responses are the most common when the probability that two events are really associated is low to moderate: very strong associations are rarely incorrect, while natural selection will rarely favour making very weak associations (09:15 / 2013-10-28)
Hussman Funds - Weekly Market Comment: The Grand Superstition - October 28, 2013 | add more | perma
One of the differences between a pigeon and a human being is the ability to think about the mechanisms that drive cause and effect, rather than being ruled by superstitions that may be based on completely spurious correlations (09:12 / 2013-10-28)
The worst market declines on record have been accompanied by a “friendly Fed.” At the time, I quoted Stevie Wonder: “When you believe in things that you don’t understand, then you suffer.” (09:12 / 2013-10-28)
In 2001, after the market had lost a quarter of its value, a major brokerage took out a full-page ad in Barron’s arguing for a one-year price target that was more than 50% above then-prevailing market levels, saying “Stocks should soon be benefiting from the sweet spot of a friendly Fed: low interest rates and improved earnings visibility.” Yet despite the friendly Fed, the market went on to lose another third of its value in just over a year. (09:12 / 2013-10-28)
There is, in fact, a strong inverse relationship between unemployment and real wage inflation (09:11 / 2013-10-28)
The correlation between any two diagonal lines is nearly always greater than 90% (09:01 / 2013-10-28)
Don’t misunderstand. Quantitative easing has undoubtedly been the primary driver of stock prices since 2010. But the benefit of having a human intelligence is the ability to evaluate the extent to which there is any mechanistic link between the cause and the effect. If there is not, investors may be resting their confidence on little more than perception and superstition (08:57 / 2013-10-28)
Importantly, the impact of the FAS 157 change is easier to appreciate in hindsight than it was in the fog of war. (08:55 / 2013-10-28)
The balance sheet of a major bank looks like this: for every $100 of assets, the bank typically owes about $60 to depositors and $30 to bondholders, with the other $10 representing retained earnings and “equity” capital obtained by issuing stock. With $100 in assets against $10 in capital, a bank like this would be “leveraged 10-to-1” against its equity capital. At non-banks like Bear Stearns and Lehman, the leverage ratios were 30-to-1 or higher. Given 30 times leverage, it only takes a decline of just over 3% in the value of the assets to completely wipe out the capital and leave the company insolvent (as the remaining value of assets would be unable to pay off the existing obligations to customers and bondholders). In such an environment, a “run” on the institution can force asset sales, which accelerate capital losses and increase the likelihood of insolvency. (08:54 / 2013-10-28)
the larger the events, the more important the events are to survival, and the closer in proximity those events occur, the more likely an organism is to believe those events are tied together by cause and effect. This makes the 2008-2009 credit crisis an ideal playground for superstition (08:47 / 2013-10-28)
The ability to infer cause and effect, based on the frequency with which one event co-occurs with some other event, is called “adaptive” or “Bayesian” learning. Humans, pigeons, and many animals have this ability to learn relationships in their world. Still, one thing that separates humans from animals is the ability to evaluate whether there is really any actual mechanistic link between cause and effect (08:46 / 2013-10-28)
Classics in the History of Psychology -- Skinner (1948) | add more | perma
Fig. 1. 'Reconditioning' of a superstitious response after extinction. The response of hopping from right to left had been thoroughly extinguished just before the record was taken. The arrows indicate the automatic presentation of food at one-min. intervals without reference to the pigeon's behavior. (09:09 / 2013-10-28)
Their appearance as the result of accidental correlations with the presentation of the stimulus is unmistakable (09:09 / 2013-10-28)
Science has lost its way, at a big cost to humanity - | add more | perma
scientists believe that the way you succeed is having splashy papers in Science or Nature — it's not bad for them if a paper turns out to be wrong, if it's gotten a lot of attention. (07:42 / 2013-10-28)
Traveller's History of Britain and Ireland: R. Muir: Books | add more | perma
Book Club Edition edition (1983) (19:45 / 2013-10-27)
All Japan: The Catalogue of Everything Japanese: Liza Dalby: 9780688025304: Books | add more | perma
October 1984 (18:19 / 2013-10-27)
All Japan: The Catalogue of Everything Japanese: Liza Dalby: 9780688025304: Books | add more | perma
October 1984 (18:12 / 2013-10-27)
"Beyond [the writing system], another barrier: the highly idiomatic and thoroughly socialized quality of Japanese expression. Japanese was never meant to be anybody's international language. It is of, by, and for a particular people, and you must walk their walk, to an unusual extent if you want to talk their talk." (p 200) On calligraphy: "Beautiful writing was a romantic obsession in the classical world of Genji. The grace with which a lady traced out her soul's promptings on paper was a far more potent spur to love than a mere glimpse of her face." (18:11 / 2013-10-27)
"In this scene from Yasujirō Ozu's film *Tokyo Story*, three friends chat over *sake*. These middle-aged former classmates speak in an abrupt, plain style without circumlocutions; their language is Japanese at its most down-to-earth and egalitarian. At right, in another scene from the same film, an elderly couple relaxes with their daughter-in-law. In this situation, formality levels are at issue. The man may use plain forms in addressing both women, while his wife's speech to him will be more formally respectful. The daughter-in-law will be deferential to both elderly people. Needless to say, these speech issues do not affect the cheerfulness and ease of the party." (p. 202) "the fact that Japanese *keigo* (honorifics) are explicit and generally obligatory may indeed mean that they are taken for granted if observed, and less time is spent by speakers warily watching for signs of correct behavior in one another." (p. 202) 'A student stood up and demanded, in a deliberately provocative plain form studded with slang and topped off by the plainest of plain verbs: "Hey Reischauer, what about Hiroshima? You got something to say about that?" Reischauer replied with an equally slangy crack about Pearl Harbor. The point was made, though. A people brought up to know their place in a sometimes hypocritical and stifling system of obligations and deferences are also natural experts at using the power of straight speech to break through the web.' (p. 203) "Suppose you feel the love and make the commitment and learn the language. You'll delight the Japanese, right? and they will reward your efforts. Well, not exactly. You'll delight one in twenty. Others may feel invaded and threatened by your knowledge of their national secret code. At the very lease, they will feel the sort of embarrassment we feel when a Hungarian says something like 'Catch you later, bro'' in a thick accent. They may refuse to speak to you in anything but their own broken English." (p. 200) (15:38 / 2013-10-27)
by Liza Dalby (15:23 / 2013-10-27)
Kanji details for 己 - Denshi Jisho | add more | perma
Kokoro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
changing roles and ideals of women (15:59 / 2013-10-27)
Symbology in Japanese Culture | add more | perma
Chrysanthmum (15:51 / 2013-10-27)
Ceramic frogs are often sold at shrines as the Japanese word for ‘frog’ is the same as ‘to return’ (15:47 / 2013-10-27)
Twenty-seven species of frog are found in Japan. Due to an agricultural economy based on the flooded rice paddy, the presence of frogs is considered to bring good fortune (15:47 / 2013-10-27)
Butterflies The Japanese view butterflies as souls of the living and the dead. They are considered symbols of joy and longevity. (15:46 / 2013-10-27) Anime - Tytania :: | add more | perma
In a future where mankind is scattered across the stars, the Empire of Valdana is under the control of the Tytania family, who forged its influence through intimidation and economic might. In the year 446, Tytania dispatches a large fleet to seize a new piece of technology from the city-state Euriya. Much to everyone's surprise, Euriya decides to resist and wins. Their isolated act of rebellion sets into motion a sequence of events that strains the careful alliances and treaties within the empire, as various factions seek to exploit the situation to their own advantage. In the ensuing turmoil, ambitious members of the Tytania royalty begin moving against each other in an effort to settle old grievances and seize control of the family. What started as an act of rebellion by Euriya quickly expands into a civil war - with the wealth and power of the empire up for grabs to whoever is bold enough to seize it. (15:16 / 2013-10-27)
Japanese example sentence: しかし、人間はちがっている。 | add more | perma
しかし 、 人間にんげん は ちがっ て いる 。 (10:35 / 2013-10-27) | add more | perma
【一節】子曰、 學而時習之、不亦說乎。【二節】有朋自遠方來、不亦樂 乎。【三節】人不知而不慍、不亦君子乎。 CHAPTER I. 1. The Master said, 'Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? 2. 'Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?' 3. 'Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?' (10:14 / 2013-10-27)
Japanese Kanji Dictionary | add more | perma
風車(ふうしゃ) / a windmill こんな風に(こんなふうに) / like this, in this way, in this manner サラリーマン風の男(さらりーまんふうのおとこ) / a man looking like a white-collar (salaried worker) お風呂に入る(おふろにはいる) / take a bath そよ風(そよかぜ) / a breeze, a soft wind 風が強い(かぜがつよい) / It's windy. 風上(かざかみ) / the windward ☆⇔風下(かざしも) / the leeward, the lee (10:06 / 2013-10-27)
Lu Xun - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Lu Xun's works also appear in high school textbooks in Japan. He is known to Japanese by the name Rojin (ロジン in Katakana or 魯迅 in Kanji). (09:41 / 2013-10-27)
At the time, I hadn't seen any of my fellow Chinese in a long time, but one day some of them showed up in a slide. One, with his hands tied behind him, was in the middle of the picture; the others were gathered around him. Physically, they were as strong and healthy as anyone could ask, but their expressions revealed all too clearly that spiritually they were calloused and numb. According to the caption, the Chinese whose hands were bound had been spying on the Japanese military for the Russians. He was about to be decapitated as a 'public example.' The other Chinese gathered around him had come to enjoy the spectacle (09:40 / 2013-10-27) The Silk Road: A New History eBook: Valerie Hansen: Kindle Store | add more | perma
When Rivers Flowed Through the Taklamakan Desert Most riverbeds in the Taklamakan Desert today are bone dry, but in 1899 the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin used this 38-foot boat to explore the waterways of the region. (08:37 / 2013-10-27)
The Silk road in cartoons (Book, 1994) [] | add more | perma
The Silk road in cartoons Author: Zhongzheng Yu; Changguang Cao; Lang Su; Guangduo Pei Publisher: Beijing : Chinese Literature Press : distributed by China International Book Trading Corporation, 1994. Edition/Format:  Book : English : 1st ed (22:59 / 2013-10-26)
Zhang Qian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Yiping Zhang (2005). Story of the Silk Road. 五洲传播出版社. p. 22. ISBN 7-5085-0832-7. Retrieved 2011-04-17 (22:58 / 2013-10-26)
his missions opened up to China the many kingdoms and products of a part of the world then unknown to the Chinese. Zhang Qian's accounts of his explorations of Central Asia are detailed in the Early Han historical chronicles, Records of the Grand Historian or Shiji, compiled by Sima Qian (16:32 / 2013-03-12)
Hyperion: Dan Simmons: 9780553283686: Books | add more | perma
Dan Simmons has a character group, the Ousters, imagined as barbarians. It must be hard for a modern author, living in a world mapped from space and by space-filling governments, to visualize clearly, say, Celtic barbarians, outsiders to civilization, continually testing the Roman borders. Or the Mongol whirlwind, utterly unknown and appearing out of nowhere (as Dan Carlin has said) to subjugate whole nations. Or Persians without a concept of the polis, alien. But the unknown, the other, is not necessary a geographic place or a group with whom we lack social intercourse: today we have fundamentalists and cultists and simply left and right wings. The edge of barbarity is in our minds and it is always with us. Dan Simmons might just need to read some AQ propaganda. (21:43 / 2013-10-26)
Hyperion: Dan Simmons: 9780553283686: Books | add more | perma
Outside-In Origin For Your Teeth – Phenomena: Laelaps | add more | perma
Our teeth probably got their start as hard external scales made of dentine that were embedded in the skin of these prehistoric swimmers. From there, teeth moved into the mouth just about the time that vertebrates evolved the ability to bite. Stop and think about that for a moment – the teeth in your mouth started as body armor. (19:53 / 2013-10-25)
Day 16: gzip + poetry = awesome - Julia Evans | add more | perma
Here’s a visualization of what actually happens when you decompress “The Raven”. It highlights the bits of text that are copied from previously in the poem. (09:21 / 2013-10-25)
HUMANS all come FROM AFRICA: HERPES does not lie • The Register | add more | perma
"There is a population bottleneck between Africa and the rest of the world. Very few people were involved in the initial migration from Africa, (09:11 / 2013-10-25)
Sagemath - Help | add more | perma
terminal (12:52 / 2013-10-24)
split view editing, vim and emacs keybindings (12:50 / 2013-10-24)
stereopsis: know your FPU | add more | perma
single precision affects exactly two calls: divides and sqrts. It won't make trancendentals any faster (10:26 / 2013-10-24)
typing "float" does not change anything that goes on in the FPU internally. If you don't actively change the chip's precision, you're probably doing double-precision arithmetic while an operand is being processed. The x86 FPU does have precision control, which will stop calculation after it's computed enough to achieve floating point accuracy. But, you can't change FPU precision from ANSI C. (10:26 / 2013-10-24)
IMG_1530.jpg (1600×1200) | add more | perma
types - Which is the first integer that an IEEE 754 float is incapable of representing exactly? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
2mantissa bits + 1 + 1 The +1 is because if the mantissa contains abcdef... the number is actually 1.abcdef..., proving an extra implicit bit of precision. For float, it is 16,777,217 (224 + 1). For double, it is 9,007,199,254,740,993 (253 + 1). (09:41 / 2013-10-24)
Dr. Arjun Srinivasan: We’ve Reached “The End of Antibiotics, Period” | Hunting the Nightmare Bacteria | FRONTLINE | PBS | add more | perma
I think this is clearly an area where drug companies have to remain active. They’re the companies that bring these drugs to market. They make them. They produce them. They know how to do this kind of research. But we can’t rely on them exclusively to do this work. We have to view this as something that all of us bear a stake in, so that means we may need to explore ways that we can have better public-private partnerships to develop new antibiotics, to bring them to market (09:18 / 2013-10-24)
Infections are not that common compared to other types of conditions like high blood pressure or high cholesterol. It’s a reality that many of the drug companies left this market because of financial realities that are placed on them. These are companies that are for-profit companies, and like you said, they have to answer to people. They have to develop drugs that will make money, and that’s not an antibiotic. (08:51 / 2013-10-24)
What that means is that we’ve had to actually reach back into the archives, if you will. We’ve had to dust off the shelves [and revisit] some older antibiotics that we haven’t used in many, many years (08:43 / 2013-10-24)
Elite: The Dark Wheel | add more | perma
Elite: The Dark Wheel Robert Holdstock (08:19 / 2013-10-24)
Abdul Rahman Munif - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
so Munif chronicles the economic, social, and psychological effects of the promise of immeasurable wealth drawn from the deserts of nomad and oasis communities (08:03 / 2013-10-24)
Workshop Details - GIS and Maps - Library Guides at Johns Hopkins University | add more | perma
FREE from the MSE Library Each Tuesday we will begin the workshop promptly at 4pm in the GIS & Data Services area on Level-A of the MSE library.    Upcoming Workshops: 10/8 - Introduction to ArcGIS Online This workshop will introduce users to web mapping functionality You will: Author and publish maps on the internet Browse Hopkins ArcGIS Online account 10/15 - Finding Geospatial Data  This workshop will teach users how to use  free and subscription based resources. You will learn how to use resources such as: Social Exporer SimplyMap Census website (if not shut down) 10/22 - Joining and Geocoding This workshop will extend last week's workshop by showing how to make data "spatial" so it can be used in GIS  Join non-spatial tabular datasets Geocode address files Join based in spatial location (07:30 / 2013-10-24)
Playlist: Oct/23/13 « WBJC | add more | perma
4:38 PM Heitor Villa-Lobos — Bachianas Brasileiras No. 1 for an Ensemble: Cellists of the Berlin Phil. Angel/EMI, 56981 (07:27 / 2013-10-24)
7:44 AM Jacques Offenbach — La Belle Helene: Fantasie-Mosaic Conductor: Marcel Cariven Ensemble: Orchestre Lyrique de la RTF Vanguard, 1034 (07:27 / 2013-10-24)
Aleksi Eeben - The Four Tales [mtk201] : Aleksi Eeben : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive | add more | perma
But if first track 'Minor Tale' - all sweetly sliding lead and pitter-patter bass - doesn't convert you to his way of thinking, then there's clearly something wrong here. Later on, 'Grand Tale' rocks the majestic rock synth crossover, all paradiddles and strange incidentals. (12:38 / 2013-10-23)
Neil Gaiman: Why our future depends on libraries, reading and daydreaming | Books | | add more | perma
They treated me as another reader – nothing less or more – which meant they treated me with respect. I was not used to being treated with respect as an eight-year-old. (11:44 / 2013-10-23)
during your escape, books can also give you knowledge about the world and your predicament, give you weapons, give you armour: real things you can take back into your prison. (11:43 / 2013-10-23)
Fiction can show you a different world. It can take you somewhere you've never been. Once you've visited other worlds, like those who ate fairy fruit, you can never be entirely content with the world that you grew up in (11:42 / 2013-10-23)
I was in China in 2007, at the first party-approved science fiction and fantasy convention in Chinese history. And at one point I took a top official aside and asked him Why? SF had been disapproved of for a long time. What had changed? It's simple, he told me. The Chinese were brilliant at making things if other people brought them the plans. But they did not innovate and they did not invent. They did not imagine. So they sent a delegation to the US, to Apple, to Microsoft, to Google, and they asked the people there who were inventing the future about themselves. And they found that all of them had read science fiction when they were boys or girls. (11:42 / 2013-10-23)
A hackneyed, worn-out idea isn't hackneyed and worn out to them. This is the first time the child has encountered it. (11:40 / 2013-10-23)
It's tosh. It's snobbery and it's foolishness. There are no bad authors for children (11:39 / 2013-10-23)
The prison industry needs to plan its future growth – how many cells are they going to need? How many prisoners are there going to be, 15 years from now? And they found they could predict it very easily, using a pretty simple algorithm, based on asking what percentage of 10 and 11-year-olds couldn't read. (11:38 / 2013-10-23)
r - Logistic regression: maximizing true positives - false positives - Cross Validated | add more | perma
Now, that estimator has a name! It is named the maximum score estimator (09:41 / 2013-10-23)
"Legendary Patriot or Corrupt Egotist? An Analysis of Tōyama Mitsuru T" by Peter T. Siuda | add more | perma
The objective of this thesis is to reveal that, despite the nigh-messianic image Tōyama Mitsuru (1855-1944) had among rightists and militarists for his staunch expansionist beliefs during the Taishō period (1912-1926), he was a rather inconsequential, boorish figure who had little impact on Japan’s political or economic spheres (13:37 / 2013-10-21)
YBlog - Learn Haskell Fast and Hard | add more | perma
while learning Haskell, it really doesn’t matter much if you don’t understand syntax details. If you meet a >>=, <$>, <- or any other weird symbol, just ignore them and follows the flow of the code (11:19 / 2013-10-21)
The Melancholy of Subculture Society | add more | perma
All of this reticence is infuriating. In America people post a video of themselves whistling Free Bird in a tutu and they’re heartbroken if they’re not immediately invited on The View. It’s different in Japan, though. There, they haven’t yet cottoned to the idea that the whole point of the Internet is not only that it might make you famous and universally loved but that it might make you famous and universally loved overnight, and for no real reason, and that then it would give you fairly precise metrics for just how famous and loved you were, and for how long. For the Japanese, the Internet is primarily not about self-promotion and exposure but about restraint and anonymity. (10:52 / 2013-10-21) | add more | perma
"Still poring over the letter? Must be a very long one, I imagine," she said. "Yes, this is an important letter, so I'm reading it with the wind blowing it about," I replied—the reply which was nonsense even for myself (08:09 / 2013-10-21)
The room had become a little dark, and this rendered it harder to read it; so finally I stepped out to the porch where I sat down and went over it carefully. The early autumn breeze wafted through the leaves of the banana trees, bathed me with cool evening air, rustled the letter I was holding and would have blown it clear to the hedge if I let it go. I did not mind anything like this, but kept on reading. (08:09 / 2013-10-21)
To compromise is a method used when no decision can be delivered as to the right or wrong of either side. It seemed to me a waste of time to hold a meeting over an affair in which the guilt of the other side was plain as daylight. (07:49 / 2013-10-21)
the fact that I accept another's favor without saying anything is an act of good-will, taking the other on his par value, as a decent fellow. Instead of chipping in my share, and settling each account, to receive munificence with grateful mind is an acknowledgment which no amount of money can purchase. I have neither title nor official position but I am an independent fellow, and to have an independent fellow kowtow to you in acknowledgment of the favor you extend him should be considered as far more than a return acknowledgment with a million yen. (07:42 / 2013-10-21)
If I wished to dodge the punishment, I would not start it. Mischief and punishment are bound to go together. We can enjoy mischief-making with some show of spirit because it is accompanied by certain consequences. (14:50 / 2013-10-16)
Montgomery Parks: Trails - Park Trail Maps | add more | perma
Park Trail Maps View trail maps by clicking on the yellow dots (14:24 / 2013-10-19)
Attack on Titan | gg | add more | perma
"You have endured your fear." (12:45 / 2013-10-19)
gg we'll be here even after the world ends (15:21 / 2013-09-29)
htpasswd(1) Mac OS X Manual Page | add more | perma
Viewport Sized Typography | CSS-Tricks | add more | perma
1vw = 1% of viewport width (12:05 / 2013-10-19)
Wisdom literature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The following Biblical books are classified as wisdom literature: Book of Job [2] Psalms [3] Proverbs [2] Ecclesiastes [2] Song of Songs [3] Wisdom (also known as Wisdom of Solomon) [2] Sirach (also known as Ben Sira or Ecclesiasticus) [2] (Wisdom and Sirach are deuterocanonical books, placed in the Apocrypha by Protestant Bible translations.) [4] The genre of mirror-of-princes writings, which has a long history in Islamic and Western Renaissance literature, represents a secular cognate of biblical wisdom literature. In Classical Antiquity, the advice poetry of Hesiod, particularly his Works and Days has been seen as a like-genre to Near Eastern wisdom literature (13:33 / 2013-10-17)
The Sengoku Field Manual: The Operational Level of War, from Horseback | add more | perma
"Early modern military history tends to be split between two views of how wars were decided. The traditional view, recently revived by Wanklyn and Jones for the English Civil War, was that wars were decided by decisive battles, and that these battles were decisive because of the superior ability of Great Captains and/or their soldiers. For the English Civil War, this usually means Oliver Cromwell and his Ironsides. This kind of history does narrate campaigns, but tends to treat them like moves in a board game, without paying much attention to logistics. Wanklyn is good on geography and makes vague allusions to ‘cavalry support’ being necessary on the march, but hasn’t really got to the bottom of how operations worked. The other view, associated with the War and Society school, is that battles are not important because wars are determined by economic resources. These two opinions also happen to coincide roughly with Whig and Marxist views of history. It might be going too far to say that there was a debate between them, because they’re more like two sets of unquestioned prejudices which casually dismiss each other."  This pretty much sums up the different audiences I see on the Japanese history side of things (11:00 / 2013-10-17)
The Sengoku Field Manual: What does it mean to win? Effectiveness vs. Progress | add more | perma
Much of my perspective of military planning and thinking was forged during late-night mission analysis or military decision making process marathons in Korea in 2003. As the S2, or intelligence officer, of 4th Squadron, 7th Cav Regiment, most of the initial work in any exercise planning cycle was on my shoulders, as it's hard for the operations side of the house, the S3, and other staff sections to shape their plans unless they know what we expect the enemy to be, what we expect them to do, and where we expect them to do it. Putting together Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) products to feed into the mission analysis process as we planned for unit exercises against simulated enemies was most of my life for that year, and became ingrained into my thinking. Ever since then, it has been hard to look at any sort of military engagement, current or historical, and not go through the steps of mission analysis in my head as I read about it: "So...what was the terrain like, and what effect did it were each side organized...what was their mission and did they communicate..." etc. (09:47 / 2013-10-17)
The Roots of the Government Shutdown | Stratfor | add more | perma
I've written in the past pointing out that political vituperation has been common in the United States since its founding. Certainly nothing today compares to what was said during the Civil War, and public incivility during the Vietnam War was at least as intense. (09:00 / 2013-10-17)
Stay Put, Young Man by Timothy Noah | The Washington Monthly | add more | perma
Similarly, after the Civil War, huge, downtrodden populations left mid-Atlantic cities like Philadelphia or Baltimore to seek the living wages offered in then-frontier cities like St. Louis and Chicago. For others, even the prospect of busting sod on a homestead in the Oklahoma Territories beat trying to make a living in New Jersey. (08:57 / 2013-10-17)
Eventually, the economy improved in New York—in no small measure because so many people did scatter to other parts. (08:56 / 2013-10-17)
Obduction by Cyan, Inc. — Kickstarter | add more | perma
as anyone who ever played Myst or Riven knows, exploring everything around you allows you to read between the lines and to begin to answer your questions. Why is there an old, abandoned farmhouse - complete with white picket fence - in the middle of an alien landscape? You'll find out. From this point on the story becomes your story (08:55 / 2013-10-17)
Japan's Medieval Population: Famine, Fertility, and Warfare in a Transformative Age | add more | perma
demography is an invaluable approach to the past because it provides a way—often the only way—to study the mass of people who did not belong to the political or religious elite (08:32 / 2013-10-17)
EUdict | rekishi | Japanese-English dictionary | add more | perma
rekishi history (08:32 / 2013-10-17)
I used to work for a defense company that eventually got bought by a mega defens... | Hacker News | add more | perma
uuilly 2036 days ago | link | parent I used to work for a defense company that eventually got bought by a mega defense company. It was ~3000 people in various parts of the country and it was started by a man who deeply believed in the power of the entrepreneurial spirit. It had that free for all structure that PG says he'd never seen in a tech company. It was the wild west. We had different groups competing for the same government contracts. Managers and hackers alike got whopping bonuses for beating out other groups and they got to decide which contracts they wanted to bag. Entire groups were fired if they didn't bring in revenue. Fist fights, rancor and IP theft between teams were commonplace. But with all that they created some truly mind expanding tech for their time. They owned every angle of a highly lucrative market and showed no signs of slowing down... Until they got bought. The good news is, the fist fights, duplicate (and sometimes triplicate) efforts were stopped and everyone is one big happy family that hasn't done anything new in 7 years. Their market share is in free fall but they say it's fine b/c they are moving away from products in to large scale integration which is too boring to even type about. All the cowboys have gone to other places and I went to a startup. It was fun while it lasted. (07:02 / 2013-10-17)
The Russia Left Behind | add more | perma
Mr. Chertkov has begun to crave order, something he imagines existed under Stalin (14:21 / 2013-10-16)
quoted a line from Pushkin: “Russia will arise from her age-old sleep,” it goes, “and our names will be inscribed on the wreckage of despotism.” It was a stirring line of poetry, but it was written 99 years before the October Revolution. (14:19 / 2013-10-16)
Compared with populist steps like raising salaries and pensions, spending on infrastructure does little to shore up Mr. Putin’s popularity, said Natalya Zubarevich, a sociologist at Moscow’s Independent Institute of Social Policy. If something goes wrong, the Kremlin can always fire a regional official. (14:18 / 2013-10-16)
A visiting dignitary will express public and sputtering rage at the city’s condition. He will fix the mayor — often, a loyal member of his own political team — with a glare like an ice pick. The mayor will look at his shoes and remain silent. Moral responsibility is in that way transferred downward, the public mollified. The name for this spectacle, among the most cherished in Russian political life, is, “I am the boss, you are a fool.” (14:17 / 2013-10-16)
the death of a village is a slow process (14:16 / 2013-10-16)
The past was tugging on all of them. Before the Soviet Union collapsed, the Education Ministry insisted that all children attend school, but not now. Forty percent of the children here do not study at all, said Stephania Kulayeva of St. Petersburg’s Memorial Anti-Discrimination Center. The vacuum has allowed the tradition of child marriage to come roaring back. (09:38 / 2013-10-16)
Driving the highway, the M10, today, one finds beauty and decay. There are places where wild boars roam abandoned villages, gorging themselves on the fruit of orchards planted by men. (09:37 / 2013-10-16)
A Mole of Moles | add more | perma
The moles would have a surface gravity about one-sixteenth as strong as Earth’s—similar to that of Pluto. The planet would start off uniformly lukewarm—probably a bit over room temperature—and the gravitational contraction would heat the deep interior by a handful of degrees. (08:08 / 2013-10-14)
let’s gather the moles in interplanetary space. Gravitational attraction would pull them into a sphere. Meat doesn’t compress very well, so it would only undergo a little bit of gravitational contraction, and we’d end up with a mole planet a bit larger than the moon (08:08 / 2013-10-14)
Meet the Craftsman Who Makes the World's Coolest Globes | Wired Design | | add more | perma
he prefers to keep the details under wraps. “Most of fine details I don’t really tell anyone, as it took so long for me to learn,” he says. “We don’t even apply for patents or copyrights because that would just give the methods away.” (08:05 / 2013-10-14)
a serious lack of artisanal, well-crafted globes on the market (07:55 / 2013-10-14)
Relativistic Baseball | add more | perma
an expanding bubble of incandescent plasma. The wall of this bubble approaches the batter at about the speed of light—only slightly ahead of the ball itself (07:53 / 2013-10-14)
Normally, air would flow around anything moving through it. But the air molecules in front of this ball don’t have time to be jostled out of the way. The ball smacks into them so hard that the atoms in the air molecules actually fuse with the atoms in the ball’s surface. Each collision releases a burst of gamma rays and scattered particles (07:52 / 2013-10-14)
Yoda | add more | perma
Lastly, we need to know the strength of gravity on Dagobah. Here, I figure I’m stuck, because while sci-fi fans are obsessive, it’s not like there’s gonna be a catalog of minor geophysical characteristics for every planet visited in Star Wars. Right? Nope. I’ve underestimated the fandom. Wookieepeedia has just such a catalog, and informs us that the surface gravity on Dagobah is 0.9g. (07:50 / 2013-10-14)
To Pee, Or Not To Pee? That Is The #ChemSummer Question | Newscripts | add more | perma
“Once outside of the body,” he adds, “urine is very quickly colonized by bacteria that thrive on its rich cocktail of excretion products.” That’s why urine can generate unpleasant odors after some time. (07:49 / 2013-10-14)
Asteroid Database and Mining Rankings - Asterank | add more | perma
This database is created and maintained by Ian Webster. Asterank was acquired by Planetary Resources in May 2013. The code is available on github. (21:07 / 2013-10-13)
DIMANCHE : Définition de DIMANCHE | add more | perma
Moûlu rentre, rose et frais, avec un air de dimanche (Sartre, Mort ds âme,1949, p. 257). (12:39 / 2013-10-13)
DIMANCHE, subst. masc. (12:38 / 2013-10-13)
Sengoku Period | add more | perma
And in their final Sengoku installment of their History of Japan series, a point was raised about counterfactuals and hypotheticals. To risk understatement, I am interested in these and how to exploit them, and I think about them from chaotic systems, quantum randomness and brownian motion, from cumulative advantage and path-dependent mathematics. There are certainly sources of physical randomness that affect us all the time, e.g., brownian motion affecting which sperm fertilizes an ovum (asked this question on Physics StackExchange), and chaotic systems like the weather. These can introduce a single change which, since this world appears chaotic, snowballs and affects everything else. Then there are network sources of randomness, where (due to some initializing physical random event) one alternative gets slightly more support in the beginning and keeps building on that slight lead to swallow up all competitors. Other than in MusicLab experiments, where this latter social network randomness was very elegantly studied, we simply cannot imagine alternative worlds, and that's why we recoil against counterfactuals in history. If we had experiments allowing us to visualize or experience alternatives of physical randomness or just the stories resulting thereof, we would be more amenable to thinking about our current situations as fluid. EVE Online is potentially one testbed for such experimentation, but I don't yet know how to make it convincing. (08:42 / 2013-10-13)
In one of the podcasts on their History of Japan series on the Sengoku, Chris (I think) related modern history's timeline to the Sengoku's by overlapping the two timelines at 1600 and 2010. It was extremely interesting. I think it would be interesting to have a 2D version of this: one dimension is the shift of the origin (how many years back do you move today) and the second is moving along the shifted timeline. It would be interesting then to see what modern times looked like, post hoc and ad hoc. (07:50 / 2013-10-12)
Coding For Fun: Creating A Javascript Function Inside A Loop | add more | perma
The reason that this is true is somewhat complex, but in basic terms, the function is only actually created once (instead of once each iteration of the loop) and that one function points to the last known values of the variables it uses (22:07 / 2013-10-12)
C2: Clojure(Script) data visualization | add more | perma
C2 is a Clojure and ClojureScript data visualization library heavily inspired by Mike Bostock’s Data Driven Documents (10:37 / 2013-10-12)
--about聖蹟桜ヶ丘--  ☆☆せいせき☆☆ | add more | perma
PDF版はこちら≫PDF(1.5MB) (10:14 / 2013-10-12)
Power of Pilgrimage | From Europe to Jerusalem and Mecca 2011 – 2012 | add more | perma
It is also shocking to meet a normal (for us) couple with a women who speaks for herself. It is difficult not to find the meeting comfortable and acceptable. They have a high quality map, bought in a shop – which would not have been possible since North Italy. When we tell them where we started – in Jericho – “the Arab town” as the lad describes it, they visibly recoil, imagining terrible things of us, and quickly they are gone on their way. It is a curious thing – we have been judged as belonging to “the other side” by each of those sides in just a few hours (09:23 / 2013-10-12)
Seiseki-Sakuragaoka in Tokyo | Tokyo | Japan Tourist, by Haruka Saijo | add more | perma
The Whisper of the Heart guide map (08:41 / 2013-10-12)
Tama New Town - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The Studio Ghibli film Whisper of the Heart is set in Tama New Town. Many places near Seiseki-Sakuragaoka Station appear in the film, although the area is depicted as more developed than it was when the film was made.[1] Pom Poko, another Ghibli film, depicts the expansion of the New Town from the eyes of tanuki (raccoon dogs) and their attempts to stop it. (08:39 / 2013-10-12)
FM Tama G-Wind (77.6 MHz/10W) is the radio station dedicated to the local area. (08:39 / 2013-10-12)
Slow performance occurs when you copy data to a TCP server by using a Windows Sockets API program | add more | perma
Method 2: Make the Socket Send Buffer Size Larger Than the Program Send Buffer Size (11:50 / 2013-10-11)
Symon Semeonis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
James of Ireland (fl.1316-1330), companion of Odoric of Pordenone, travelled to Sumatra and China. (07:59 / 2013-10-11)
Classics Ireland | add more | perma
we have records of 570 written narratives of pilgrimages undertaken between 300 and 1500CE (07:53 / 2013-10-11) | add more | perma
The most probable position reveals itself like a lethal wound. (06:22 / 2013-10-11)
Finding Bayes actions is equivalent to finding parameters that optimize not parameter accuracy but an arbitrary performance measure, however we wish to define performance (loss functions, AUC, ROC, precision/recall etc.). (21:04 / 2013-10-10)
Welcome to Avalon Japan | add more | perma
A person interested in Viking culture would look at armour based primarily on chainmail and a spangenhelm (07:36 / 2013-10-10)
6VDT: The CFC Battle Report | | add more | perma
'This was my first major nullsec battle... what an anticlimax. Even though we apparently won it was actually pretty boring and time dilation was terrible. Information wasn't being passed to the grunts, so essentially we hadn't a clue what was going on and we were told to be quiet when asking questions... and for what? Since coming down to null I'm skint... all we've achieved is to inflate the guys in charge egos...' (07:25 / 2013-10-10)
That was the fight of 6VDT from my perspective. (07:24 / 2013-10-10)
Shogun-ki | add more | perma
Then I went to the Inter-University Center (IUC) in Yokohama, and, not to sound like I'm shilling for them or whatever, but, whatever they did, it worked amazingly. We were given a number of Kanji to learn every day, and were basically just left to our own devices to learn them, and to submit quizzes proving we learned them. It was left up to us whether we did one quiz a day, or five once a week, or ten quizzes at once only handing them in once every two weeks; and then we would go over the quizzes with our sensei, briefly, once a week, one-on-one. Since we didn't have a "Kanji class" or anything and were pretty much left to our own, I guess I can't say that anything special happened there either with methods, but I guess just being forced to work on it so intensively (ten characters a day or whatever it was, every day for a full school year), while being immersed in language classes - reading and writing in Japanese for so much else of what we did every day - made it work. (11:34 / 2013-10-09)
People don't realize that reading and writing are two unrelated skills.  Currently I can easily read three or four times as many Kanji as I can write. I see it and can read it, but since I don't ever write anything by hand (computers don't count), I've gotten pretty limited in what I can recall in order to write out by hand without looking it up. (11:32 / 2013-10-09)
Shogun-ki: A Graphic Approach to Musashi and Demons: Shambhala’s “The Book of Five Rings” and “The Demon’s Sermon on the Martial Arts” | add more | perma
As warfare and its weapons disappeared from the life of the samurai, they increasingly began to infuse their sword training with concepts borrowed from Buddhism and Confucianism to enrich their spiritual life and change their focus to civilian administration (the idea of turning away from the ‘death-giving sword’ to the ‘life-giving sword’, the subject of an upcoming review we’ll be doing). (11:21 / 2013-10-09)
Alms and Vagabonds: Buddhist Temples and Popular Patronage in Medieval Japan: Janet R. Goodwin: 9780824815479: Books | add more | perma
First of all, the concrete details of this phenomenon, in which itinerant monks went about soliciting donations from rich and poor for the building, rebuilding, and maintenance of Buddhist temples and the like is interesting in its own right. How did it develop? What was its rationale? Who were these monks and how did they make their pitch? Who were the donors, and what was in it for them? There's a real story here, (11:17 / 2013-10-09)
Shogun-ki: Interview with John Bender, Sengoku Student and Analyst | add more | perma
Finally, the random category was kind of a catch-all that was to be used only in an emergency, when the situation could not be adequately explained in the previous chapters. I think I had to turn to random events only twice: once because of an unexpected death (Takeda Shingen), and once because of the weather (the battle of Okehazama). (11:08 / 2013-10-09)
Tottori champions sign language | The Japan Times | add more | perma
The prefectural government has allocated around ¥22 million in its fiscal 2013 extraordinary budget to host sign language lessons for its residents and compile a guidebook to teach it at public elementary and junior high schools. (10:21 / 2013-10-09)
Backlash against Miyazaki is generational | The Japan Times | add more | perma
There are deep generational tremors afoot. At 72, some of Miyazaki’s first memories were formed during wartime, and the extreme poverty and suffering of the aftermath. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, 58, and his peers are better acquainted with a more recent (albeit far less violent and destructive) national trauma: the collapse of Japan’s bubble economy of the 1980s and the nation’s slow slide since then into financial and global irrelevance. The need to feel a resurgent national pride may be exacerbated by the double-whammy of a rising Asia and decline of Japan’s main ally, the United States. (10:12 / 2013-10-09)
Princess Knight - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The original Japanese animation was created by Osamu Tezuka, the "God of manga", who is probably best known in the West as the creator of Tetsuwan Atom, also known as Astro Boy. Princess Knight had a similar animation and character design style as Astro Boy (10:03 / 2013-10-09)
Burying the truth to survive in postwar, modern Japan | The Japan Times | add more | perma
The rot, however, in family and in nation, is well hidden. The Tenges imprison the child Ayako in a cellar for over a decade, afraid that she will reveal what she knows about family crimes. Most of the Tenge family is complicit in the little girl’s imprisonment: They have to do it, they tell themselves, for the family to survive. Similar buried truths underlie modern Japan, Tezuka hints, but is never blunt enough to say. (10:00 / 2013-10-09)
Ebizo rethinks kabuki's strategy | The Japan Times | add more | perma
“What’s really important is to create works that people outside Japan enjoy so much that they will want to come to Japan to watch more kabuki — and to create a system that enables that.” (09:56 / 2013-10-09)
Taiga drama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Taira no Kiyomori (2012) – about Taira no Kiyomori, head of the Taira clan in the mid-12th century, who dominated the Court for a time, but whose clan was then defeated and destroyed in the Genpei War (1180–1185). Gō (2011) – about Ogō, niece of Oda Nobunaga, wife of Tokugawa Hidetada and sister of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's second wife Yodo-Dono (09:49 / 2013-10-09)
Language Log » Food logistics: a sign of the times | add more | perma
First, there is no such thing as the Chinese language: Chinese is a language family, and there are far fewer people who are fluent in the politically dominant member, Mandarin, than the Chinese authorities would like you to think. (09:46 / 2013-10-09)
Language Log » From the American Association for the Advancement (?) of Science (?) | add more | perma
So let’s get this straight: an article that deals with a 4500-year old civilization that most people outside of South Asia have never heard of is of broad general interest if it purports to use some fancy computational method to make some point about that civilization. Forget the fact that the method is not fancy, is not even novel, and is in any case naively applied and that the results are based on data that are at the very least highly misleading. But if a paper comes along that is based on much more solid data, tries a variety of different methods, shows — unequivocally — that the previous published methods do not work, and even reverses the conclusions of that previous work, then that is of no general interest. (09:26 / 2013-10-09)
Although there were no concerns raised about the technical aspects of the study, the consensus view was that your results would be better received and appreciated by an audience of sophisticated specialists. (09:25 / 2013-10-09)
I knew from what I had already seen that Science seems to like papers that purport to present some exciting new discovery, preferably one that uses advanced computational techniques (or at least techniques that will seem advanced to the lay reader).  The message of Rao et al.’s paper was simple and (to those ignorant of the field) impressive looking. Science must have calculated that the paper would get wide press coverage, and they also calculated that it would be a good idea to pre-release Rao’s paper for the press before the official publication. (09:24 / 2013-10-09)
Language Log » Annals of overgeneralization | add more | perma
The real question here is why Science chose to publish a study with such obvious methodological flaws. And the answer, alas, is that Science is very good at guessing which papers are going to get lots of press; and that, along with concern for their advertising revenues from purveyors of biomedical research equipment and supplies, seems empirically to be the main motivation behind their editorial decisions. (09:16 / 2013-10-09)
Explaining weird stuff in the Bible: The She-Bear incident | Whosoever Desires | add more | perma
The Old Testament is filled with many genres.  Most of Genesis is myth and legend.  Exodus is a mixture of legend, myth, story, epic, etc.  There is poetry, song, proverb.  There are even three works of fictions, short fiction stories: Tobit, Judith, and Jonah. (09:08 / 2013-10-09)
InstAldebrn | add more | perma
"scientific studies"  have taken over the place that bible stories used to occupy. It's only fundamentalists like me who worry about whether they're true. For most people, it's enough that they can be interpreted to be morally instructive. (08:46 / 2013-10-09)
ctags -R -e --c-kinds=cdefglmnpstuvx (13:49 / 2013-09-16)
So the abstractions save us time working, but they don't save us time learning (11:12 / 2013-06-26)
‘M-*’ (‘pop-tag-mark’) – jump back (08:28 / 2013-06-26)
I find for myself that my first thought is never my best thought. My first thought is always someone else’s; it’s always what I’ve already heard about the subject, always the conventional wisdom. It’s only by concentrating, sticking to the question, being patient, letting all the parts of my mind come into play, that I arrive at an original idea. By giving my brain a chance to make associations, draw connections, take me by surprise. And often even that idea doesn’t turn out to be very good. I need time to think about it, too, to make mistakes and recognize them, to make false starts and correct them, to outlast my impulses, to defeat my desire to declare the job done and move on to the next thing. (08:18 / 2013-05-28)
It wasn't hard to learn Ruby. In fact after a few days with it, Ruby felt as comfortable as languages I'd been using for years. (22:50 / 2013-05-09)
To me, the most interesting part of the entertainment known as history is learning more about what people ate and how they earned their livelihood (to pay for their food and for the entertainment that they crave after their bellies are full). (09:47 / 2013-04-03)
plant a garden, connect two chickens to their kitchen, install a vermicomposter, construct a simple solarium on the south side of their house, or plant vegetables in pots on the patio (12:58 / 2013-03-16)
There are just two pieces of dogma in my feminist tent: Society deals with gender in a way that, on balance, harms women. This is a problem that must be corrected. (08:58 / 2013-03-09)
How can our mental maps of the past be so radically distorted (04:59 / 2012-12-06)
the dangers of human memory (04:58 / 2012-12-06)
carto-linguistic digital intelligence (calidin) (20:00 / 2012-12-05)
People use Twitters as (i) web clippers, (ii) instant messaging, (iii) content announcements (PR, go here to see the main article). They use blogs for (i) and (iv) content itself. Blogs are Twitters are terrible for all these purposes. (21:27 / 2012-10-22)
Malcolm Gladwell critique: David and Goliath misrepresents the science. | add more | perma
Accessorizing your otherwise inconsistent or incoherent story-based argument with pieces of science is a profitable rhetorical strategy because references to science are crucial touchpoints that help readers maintain their default instinct to believe what they are being told (08:42 / 2013-10-09)
Malcolm Gladwell critique: David and Goliath misrepresents the science. | add more | perma
an idea that people feel like they already knew is much different from an idea people really did know all along. (08:35 / 2013-10-09)
Real lessons from virtual worlds - | add more | perma
One way Juha Tolvanen, a doctoral student at Princeton University, uses data from Eve Online is to study how insurance is used. Players within the game can insure their spaceships and Mr Tolvanen analyses what happens to the players who choose not to buy extra insurance (07:55 / 2013-10-09)
Real Economist Takes Lessons From Virtual World in EVE Online - Real Time Economics - WSJ | add more | perma
people tend to forget that the world we live in is just a game designed by our governments. Our economic systems are just a game. (07:48 / 2013-10-09)
EVE Fanfest 2013: The Richest Man In Space | Rock, Paper, Shotgun | add more | perma
who’d played the game for five years and written a book about it (20:01 / 2013-10-08)
I don’t know, i feel he overemphasizes the backstabbing and stuff. The general player never takes anyones assets and only a small minority take part in activities like ganking and scamming. It is just that only that minority ever gets covered in media. Noone cares for the thousands of players just doing their stuff, trusting their corpmembers and allies and rightfully so. Or the hundreds of older players in the help channels of all different languages who go out of their way to answer the questions of new players and often even assisting them in space. But if one guy steals from an alliance vallet, that gets all the coverage. In fact pretty much like in the real world where the media also paints a much darker picture of reality than reality itself. (19:56 / 2013-10-08)
Eve Online: Audience With The King Of Space | Rock, Paper, Shotgun | add more | perma
The purpose of the autocrat is to essentially let the people who are experts do their jobs, make large strategic decisions and be a figurehead, but a lot of it’s just human resources work. Resolving disputes, hiring good people, firing bad people. (19:47 / 2013-10-08)
It’s essentially about delegation. People will show up and be good leaders, but they’ll try and do everything, then they’ll burn out, disappear and their alliance dies. For example, in Goonswarm we have a team structure. I’m the autocrat, but we have a finance team, a fleet commander team, a logistics team and so on, and these teams don’t have heads. These teams simply work together to solve common problems, and that removes single person dependencies which are a huge problem in alliances. In some ways, it’s a lot more complicated than running a small business. Most small businesses are between a hundred and two hundred employees, or less. We run an organisation of six thousand people in a coalition of ten thousand. (19:46 / 2013-10-08)
Later, after watching so many failure cascades, I saw some commonalities in what made good and bad leaders. Through my spy network and watching the mistakes of others I developed into what I would call a good leader. (19:45 / 2013-10-08)
Failure cascades just fascinate me. That’s why I play the game, really- to tear social groups apart. That’s the stuff that’s interesting about Eve. The political and social dimensions. Not the brackets shooting brackets shit. That’s why we say Eve is a bad game. (19:44 / 2013-10-08)
During the Great Wars 1 and 2 we had destroyed Band of Brothers and taken their space, but they were still a cohesive social force and simply reformed. It was only most recently during the Fountain campaign that they went into true failure cascade, and are now three or four different alliances which hate each other’s guts now. Which is great! (19:44 / 2013-10-08)
You can’t kill an alliance unless you break up the social bonds that hold it together. Espionage is only ever a means to an end to induce a failure cascade. (19:43 / 2013-10-08)
I would like Eve to be a better game. Eve has always been a vision, an idea of a universe, that’s always been poorly realised through the medium of a game client. I almost never log on to Eve Online itself because I run a spy network. For me, Eve Online is talking to people in a Jabber client. (19:42 / 2013-10-08)
RPS: For my money, Eve might be the most fascinating game in existence today. But that doesn’t stop it from being interminably boring as well. MT: Right. I mean most Eve players are stuck in high security space mining, and a lot of the core PvE in Eve has you sitting there are watching three grey bars slowly turn red. Goonfleet is a socialist alliance. We give people ships so that rather than being forced to rat [fight low-powered AI NPCs] they can take part in PvP, we teach them how to scam so that they don’t have to mine, we teach them how to make ISK most effectively, we give them a lot of ISK and we reimburse their losses. This way they can focus on the fun aspects of the game, like griefing and warfare, so they’re not forced to endure derp-derp-ing around high sec. (19:22 / 2013-10-08)
Also, at the time Goonswarm owned half the galaxy. We controlled all of these regions, but as soon as we disbanded Band of Brothers we abandoned everything and all moved into what had been their territory. Over the course of two very bloody months we purged them and took all their space. RPS: You hated them that much? MT: Well, this goes back to the T20 scandal and these people declaring us a cancer on Eve. The entire Great War took four years, so yeah, maybe we were a little vengeful. (19:17 / 2013-10-08)
Interview: Istvaan Shogaatsu | Kill Ten Rats | add more | perma
If fate has written that the time has come for us to fall, I will fall happy in the knowledge that we have done a great thing in our prime, and congratulate those skilled enough to bring us down. (14:31 / 2013-10-08)
David Graeber: On the Invention of Money – Notes on Sex, Adventure, Monomaniacal Sociopathy and the True Function of Economics « naked capitalism | add more | perma
Thus we find that in actual villages, rather than thinking only about getting the best deal in swapping one material good for another with their neighbors, people are much more interested in who they love, who they hate, who they want to bail out of difficulties, who they want to embarrass and humiliate, etc.—not to mention the need to head off feuds. (13:39 / 2013-10-08)
in the Welsh case, the exact value of every object likely to be found in someone’s house were worked out in painstaking detail, from cooking utensils to floorboards—despite the fact that there appear to have been, at the time, no markets where any such items could be bought and sold (13:38 / 2013-10-08)
how else might a system of pricing, of proportional equivalents between the values of any and all objects, potentially arise? Here again, anthropology and history both provide one compelling answer, one that again, falls off the radar of just about all economists who have ever written on the subject. That is: legal systems. If someone makes an inadequate return you will merely mock him as a cheapskate. If you do so when he is drunk and he responds by poking your eye out, you are much more likely to demand exact compensation. And that is, again, exactly what we find. Anthropology is full of examples of societies without markets or money, but with elaborate systems of penalties for various forms of injuries or slights (13:38 / 2013-10-08)
So even if some sort of rough system of fixed equivalences, measured by silver, might have emerged in the process of trade (note again: not a system of actual silver currency emerging from barter), it was the Temple bureaucracies that actually had some reason to extend the system from a unit used to compare the value of a limited number of rare items traded long distance, used almost exclusively by members of the political or administrative elite, to something that could be used to compare the values of everyday items. The development of local markets within cities, in turn, came as a side effect of these systems (13:36 / 2013-10-08)
But look at the historical record and there they are. Sumerian Temples (and even many of the early Palace complexes that imitated them) were not states, did not extract taxes or maintain a monopoly of force, but did contain thousands of people engaged in agriculture, industry, fishing, and herding, people who had to be fed and provisioned, their inputs and outputs measured. All evidence that exists points to money emerging as a series of fixed equivalent between silver—the stuff used to measure fixed equivalents in long distance trade, and conveniently stockpiled in the temples themselves where it was used to make images of gods, etc.—and grain, the stuff used to pay the most important rations from temple stockpiles to its workers (13:34 / 2013-10-08)
non-state bureaucracies are a phenomenon that no economic model would even have anticipated existing. It’s off the map of economic theory (13:31 / 2013-10-08)
A desert nomad band might not attack a caravan carrying lapis lazuli, especially if the only potential buyers were temples which would probably know all the active merchants and know that you had stolen the stuff (and even if you could trade for them, what are you going to do with a big pile of woolens anyway, you live in a desert?) (13:30 / 2013-10-08)
it was not used mainly as a medium of transactions, but rather, primarily as a means of account (13:29 / 2013-10-08)
In ancient times, if you do see regular exchange between strangers, it’s because there are specific goods that each side knows they want or need. One has to bear in mind that under ancient conditions, long-distance trade was extremely dangerous. You don’t cross mountains, deserts, and oceans, risking death in a dozen different ways, so as to show up with a collection of goods you think someone might want, in order to see if they happen to have something you might want too. You show up because you know there are people who have always wanted woolens and who have always had lapis lazuli. (13:27 / 2013-10-08)
it’s almost impossible to see how any of this would lead to a system whereby it’s possible to measure proportional values. After all, even if, as sometimes happens, the party owing one favor heads you off by presenting you with some unwanted present, and one considers it inadequate—a few chickens, for example—one might mock him as a cheapskate, but one is unlikely to feel the need to come up with a mathematical formula to measure just how cheap you consider him to be. As a result, as Chris Gregory observed, what you ordinarily find in such ‘gift economies’ is a broad ranking of different types of goods—canoes are roughly the same as heirloom necklaces, both are superior to pigs and whale teeth, which are superior to chickens, etc—but no system whereby you can measure how many pigs equal one canoe (13:23 / 2013-10-08)
But it’s almost impossible to see how any of this would lead to a system whereby it’s possible to measure proportional values. (13:22 / 2013-10-08)
Indeed, on both US and UK Amazon, I have seen fans of Austrian economics appear to inform potential buyers that I am an economic ignoramus whose work has been entirely discredited (12:35 / 2013-10-08)
What if people told European history like they told Native American history? | An Indigenous History of North America | add more | perma
Many wars were fought over disagreements about the details of this religion, each group believing their interpretation was the right one that should be spread across the land. Now imagine that is part of a textbook that has entire chapters on the Mississippian polities of the 1200s and a detailed account of the diplomatic situation of the southeastern provinces in the 1400s and 1500s, an enormous section that goes through the history of the rise of the Triple Alliance in Mexico and goes through the rule of each tlatoani and their policies, the heritage of Teotihuacan and its legacy in later Mesoamerican politics, elaborate descriptions of the trade routes that connected and drove various nations in North America. (13:10 / 2013-10-08)
Gambler's House | Chaco Canyon, Its World, and Ours | add more | perma
I am not Native myself, and the Native groups I discuss here are generally fairly satisfied with their knowledge of their own history (which is of course sometimes quite different from how white people see that same history) and often reluctant to share that knowledge with outsiders. (13:09 / 2013-10-08)
CCP: players' attempt to destroy Eve Online economy is "f***ing brilliant" • News • | add more | perma
According to Touborg, the attempt to destroy the game's economy may even prove beneficial in the long run. "The people they're going to hurt now are people who have quite a lot of security," he said. "There's not a lot of turnaround on ships and goods in Empire. I think it might be healthy if we lose a lot of this industrial power, if they have to go back and save up for their ships again and be a part of the cycle of life everyone else is a part of. "I don't like complete security, and I do like when a large group of players who live in complete security have that pulled away temporarily. It's going to be healthy." (12:50 / 2013-10-08)
Nowhere is safe in EVE Online as Goonswarm suicide-bombs galactic trade hub | News | PC Gamer | add more | perma
The members of GSF were told in advance about our plans and have all pre-purchased billions of ISK worth of minerals at the lower prices available before the patch and now the “Burn Jita” campaign. In other words, anyone that pre-bought minerals is going to make a lot of money off of the inflation caused by this invasion (12:44 / 2013-10-08)
The idea originated with a member of Goonswarm directorate that goes by the name Aryth. Aryth is the guy that we in the Goons call a super-economist. His first major manipulation was the Oxygen Isotope collapse in which GSF (Goonswarm Federation) paid its members to kill anyone in EVE that was mining Oxygen isotopes (the most widely used isotope in the game), thereby cutting off the supply and causing the price to rise 5 times over, going from 450 a unit to 1500+ a unit. (12:43 / 2013-10-08)
That was before last night (12:19 / 2013-10-08)
It is far from the dangers of null sec, an incredibly safe zone guarded by a deadly NPC police force with impeccable response time. Hundreds of billions of ISK move between players every day as the rich traders and industrial overlords manufacture the goods that fuel the entire game and trade them on the well-protected markets in Jita, the heart of the Empire. (12:19 / 2013-10-08)
EVE Fanfest 2013: The Invisible Hand of EVE Online | Rock, Paper, Shotgun | add more | perma
You seem not to understand what “pay to win” is about. You can not pay to win in eve. you can pay to lose more. (12:22 / 2013-10-08)
You can buy all the ISK you want, but without investing a significant amount of time into training skills, you can’t do much of anything with it. (12:22 / 2013-10-08)
RPS: I want to see what currencies are the best. I have here a selection of currencies. [Gets up and lays out seven ‘currencies’ on the seat] This is a dollar. I’ve got an Icelandic króna. A one pound coin. I think this one is a Russian ruble. Then this is, uh, play-money. Dr Eyjó: [picks up and inspects plastic disc with ‘£1’ stamped on it] Ah yes, okay. RPS: This one’s a watch battery. And then finally, this paper represents ISK – Interstellar Kredits. Dr Eyjó: Mm-hmm. RPS: So which is the best one? (12:16 / 2013-10-08)
RPS: But then, where did you get the PLEXs for yourself from? Did CCP just ‘print’ those? Dr Eyjó: No. We don’t print those because we only allow PLEXs to go into the system that are bought with real life money. So, our way to do it is to buy it off the [in-game] market and keep it in stock ourselves – so exchange ISK for PLEXs. Or we can reutilise PLEXs that are found on, uh… *other* accounts. That are perma-banned. We can acquire those assets. RPS: So you’re not printing money. It’s a completely different thing? Dr Eyjó: It’s a completely different thing (12:14 / 2013-10-08)
RPS: EVE is mostly about players being nasty… well, not ‘nasty’ but it is about them getting one over on their enemies – Dr Eyjó: No, I think that’s a misunderstanding because, if you think about it, there are Alliances that have two, three, four thousand members. RPS: But a lot of it is about the pursuit of ISK, right? Dr Eyjó: No, ISK is a means to an end. They want to control the universe (12:11 / 2013-10-08)
No, it’s basically what happens when stuff evolves – you get more stuff in and a lot of stuff that used to be good is not so good anymore, so everything just inflates (12:10 / 2013-10-08)
No governments have, in the long run, been able to withstand the temptation of printing more money. It’s a really, really difficult temptation to withstand (12:07 / 2013-10-08)
A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Real-Money Trade in the Products of Synthetic Economies by Edward Castronova :: SSRN | add more | perma
when some players use real money to buy game assets, the game itself is damaged in much the same way that the experience of playing Monopoly would be damaged if some players traded properties for real US dollars (12:01 / 2013-10-08)
EVE Online | EVE Insider | Forums | add more | perma
We’re not even completely sure that he only managed to abscond with 250b; he may have gotten away with more. It is possible the bank has been running at a deficit since its inception – we have no evidence to disprove this. (11:49 / 2013-10-08)
Eve Tribune | add more | perma
Without giving away any of your trade secrets, please tell our readers about what large scale market manipulation entails and why it's a valid investment strategy. (11:47 / 2013-10-08)
VideoGame/EVE Online - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
extraordinary feats of sabotage, theft and other devious exploits (11:19 / 2013-10-08)
MCMC in Python: PyMC Step Methods and their pitfalls | Healthy Algorithms | add more | perma
Geometrically speaking, Metropolis is bad when the sample space is, for example, a diagonal strip, instead of an axis-aligned square: This is the setting where Adaptive Metropolis really wins big. By updating its proposal distribution after a bit of exploring, Adaptive Metropolis effectively converts this long, narrow diagonal region back into a square (08:36 / 2013-10-08)
With Love from Japan, Eustacia: Book Review: Living Abroad in Japan by Ruth Kanagy | add more | perma
I don't know about you, but I'm not expecting to go to Japan and be welcomed with open arms. (08:03 / 2013-10-08)
numpy.expand_dims — NumPy v1.7 Manual (DRAFT) | add more | perma
The following is equivalent to x[np.newaxis,:] or x[np.newaxis]: (14:28 / 2013-10-07)
machine learning - Categorical value "stuck" during sampling of my model - Cross Validated | add more | perma
For example, if your objects are vehicles and your two styles are "racecar" and "minivan", you'll have a lot of trouble getting from one to the other. Imagine trying to update the style variables one at a time--you'd have to traverse lots of wildly improbable states like a sports car with 7 seats or a minivan with no safety features and a giant spoiler. Your Markov chain doesn't want to sample those intermediate states, so it stays where it is. (13:34 / 2013-10-07)
Git - Stashing | add more | perma
Creating a Branch from a Stash (12:53 / 2013-10-07)
python - How do I merge a list of dicts into a single dict? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
You don't ever find a tool or environment that is perfect. All you do is forgive their foibles. If you never forgive things' foibles, you go and make something new for yourself, whose foibles you readily forgive, and try to convince others to do so as well. These adopters, ignorant of its foibles, use it and some, after learning its foibles, some will find some areas where they aren't intolerable. (09:23 / 2013-10-07)
dict((k,v) for d in L for (k,v) in d.items()) (11:15 / 2013-10-05)
Our Biotech Future by Freeman Dyson | The New York Review of Books | add more | perma
I predict that the domestication of biotechnology will dominate our lives during the next fifty years at least as much as the domestication of computers has dominated our lives during the previous fifty years. (09:05 / 2013-10-07)
Green technology could replace most of our existing chemical industries and a large part of our mining and manufacturing industries. Genetically engineered earthworms could extract common metals such as aluminum and titanium from clay, and genetically engineered seaweed could extract magnesium or gold from seawater. Green technology could also achieve more extensive recycling of waste products and worn-out machines, with great benefit to the environment. (09:01 / 2013-10-07) | add more | perma
Example: Estimating household radon levels (21:37 / 2013-10-06)
Non-parametric Clustering with Dirichlet Processes - lecture7.dirichlet.pdf | add more | perma
Stick Breaking Construction (20:01 / 2013-10-06)
CRP is the corresponding distribution over partitions (20:01 / 2013-10-06)
Urn Representation (20:01 / 2013-10-06)
Chinese Restaurant Process (20:01 / 2013-10-06)
() - 1202.3665v3.pdf | add more | perma
That means that when using emcee if the acceptance fraction is getting very low, something is going very wrong . Typically a low acceptance fraction means that the posterior proba bility is multi-modal, with the modes separated by wide, low probability “valleys.” In situatio ns like these, the best idea (though expensive of human time) is to split the space into d isjoint single-mode regions and sample each one independently, combining the independe ntly sampled regions “properly” (also expensive, and beyond the scope of this documen t) at the end. (14:58 / 2013-10-05)
Burn-In | add more | perma
One rule that is unarguable is Any point you don't mind having in a sample is a good starting point (06:23 / 2013-10-05)
Austin Rochford - Prior Distributions for Bayesian Regression Using PyMC | add more | perma
The final Bayesian regression method we consider in this post is the LASSO. It is also based off the prior belief that most coefficients should be (close to) zero, but expresses this belief through a different, more exotic, prior distribution. (21:00 / 2013-10-04)
PersonalizedReview - LindseyShroyerPashlerMozer2013.pdf | add more | perma
Improving students’ long-term knowledge retention through personalized review Robert V. Lindsey ⇤ Je ↵ D. Shroyer ⇤ Harold Pashler + Michael C. Mozer (20:20 / 2013-10-04)
‘If You Are Normal, You Search for Mushrooms’ - | add more | perma
The day we went to Beloostrov was bright and beautiful. The leaves of the aspens trembled and winked. (19:43 / 2013-10-04)
Beloostrov is grooved with anti-tank trenches, left over from World War II, which are ideal for mushrooms (19:43 / 2013-10-04)
There were mushrooms everywhere that morning — fields of orange trumpet-shaped chanterelles that Russians call “little foxes”; large, brown-capped porcini that are so treasured they are named the “czar’s mushrooms.” The porcini smelled like cream. One was enormous. I cut it down the center of its spongy cap to see if the insides were white and healthy. As I carried it around with me in a wicker basket, the aroma was so intense, it was as if I were carrying a bucket of milk. (19:43 / 2013-10-04)
In Russian literature, mushroom hunting often represents the interior landscape, love of family, freedom from tyranny, a connection to the sacred. Soon, Mr. Shashilov was sounding like a character out of Turgenev or Nabokov (19:42 / 2013-10-04)
We backtracked south to an area near Suzdal, a small thousand-year-old town that through various tricks of fate was left alone by both the Soviets and the industrialization of the 19th century. The town is so beautiful and well preserved that directors shoot historical movies in its streets. There are 54 churches and five monasteries for a population of 12,000. (19:41 / 2013-10-04)
‘If You Are Normal, You Search for Mushrooms’ - | add more | perma
Because edible and poisonous mushrooms can resemble each other so closely, only a madman would go looking for mushrooms on his own in an unfamiliar forest (16:31 / 2013-10-04)
Henan Knife Attack and US School Shooting, Chinese Reactions – chinaSMACK | add more | perma
Politicians of course have their dark sides. After all, without ruthlessness and tricks, how could you govern a nation and become president? With a pure and kind heart? However, on the basis of having the most basic humanity, please don’t go questioning [Obama's tears]. (08:13 / 2013-10-04)
Iroha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
reveals a hidden sentence, toka [=toga] nakute shisu (咎無くて死す), which means "die without wrong-doing". (12:24 / 2013-10-03)
Clever Commuter Praised For Using Toilet Plunger On Train - japanCRUSH | add more | perma
もうやだこの国 (08:36 / 2013-10-03)
Glossary – koreaBANG | add more | perma
멘붕 [men-boong] slang. A compound word that joins 멘탈 [men-tal] (‘mental’) and 붕괴 [boong-gwi] (‘collapse’, ‘implosion’) referring to a psychological shock one experiences when encountering an unexpected and shocking event. Initially used by StarCraft viewers in 2011. Sometimes written as 멘탈붕괴 (08:34 / 2013-10-03)
What a Plant Knows: A Field Guide to the Senses: Daniel Chamovitz: 9780374533885: Books | add more | perma
"An elm tree has to know if its neighbor is shading it from the sun so that it can find its own way to grow toward the light that’s available. A head of lettuce has to know if there are ravenous aphids about to eat it up so that it can protect itself by making poisonous chemicals to kill the pests. A Douglas fir tree has to know if whipping winds are shaking its branches so that it can grow a stronger trunk. Cherry trees have to know when to flower." (08:18 / 2013-10-03)
Curious About Astronomy: How do we feel heat? | add more | perma
We often think of infrared as "heat radiation" because many of the objects that we have daily contact with (anything with a temperature less than about 500 degrees centigrade) radiate most of their energy in the infrared (08:18 / 2013-10-03)
warning: I am not a biologist, but I've supplemented my vague memories from my high school Anatomy & Physiology class by reading some websites (08:16 / 2013-10-03)
National Geographic Magazine - | add more | perma
Mosques of Marzipan In the beginning, on the island of New Guinea, where sugarcane was domesticated some 10,000 years ago, people picked cane and ate it raw, chewing a stem until the taste hit their tongue like a starburst. A kind of elixir, a cure for every ailment, an answer for every mood, sugar featured prominently in ancient New Guinean myths. In one the first man makes love to a stalk of cane, yielding the human race. At religious ceremonies priests sipped sugar water from coconut shells, a beverage since replaced in sacred ceremonies with cans of Coke. Sugar spread slowly from island to island, finally reaching the Asian mainland around 1000 B.C. By A.D. 500 it was being processed into a powder in India and used as a medicine for headaches, stomach flutters, impotence. For years sugar refinement remained a secret science, passed master to apprentice. By 600 the art had spread to Persia, where rulers entertained guests with a plethora of sweets. When Arab armies conquered the region, they carried away the knowledge and love of sugar. It was like throwing paint at a fan: first here, then there, sugar turning up wherever Allah was worshipped. “Wherever they went, the Arabs brought with them sugar, the product and the technology of its production,” writes Sidney Mintz in Sweetness and Power. “Sugar, we are told, followed the Koran.” (22:29 / 2013-10-02)
Jared Diamond’s Guide to Reducing Life’s Risks - | add more | perma
I try to think constantly like a New Guinean, and to keep the risks of accidents far below 1 in 1,000 each time (21:58 / 2013-10-02)
I first became aware of the New Guineans’ attitude toward risk on a trip into a forest when I proposed pitching our tents under a tall and beautiful tree. To my surprise, my New Guinea friends absolutely refused. They explained that the tree was dead and might fall on us. Yes, I had to agree, it was indeed dead. But I objected that it was so solid that it would be standing for many years. The New Guineans were unswayed, opting instead to sleep in the open without a tent. I thought that their fears were greatly exaggerated, verging on paranoia. In the following years, though, I came to realize that every night that I camped in a New Guinea forest, I heard a tree falling. And when I did a frequency/risk calculation, I understood their point of view. (21:56 / 2013-10-02)
What a Plant Knows (and other things you didn’t know about plants) | Coursera | add more | perma
Learner reports: Tomasz P. Szynalski | Antimoon | add more | perma
It’s ridiculous how limited the Internet is for someone who doesn’t understand English (20:55 / 2013-10-02)
With English, I can learn more about anything I’m interested in. I can read technical articles on programming. I can listen to video lectures by great thinkers (20:55 / 2013-10-02)
But I could usually express my basic meaning with few mistakes and pretty good pronunciation, even if I sounded like a little kid. (20:53 / 2013-10-02)
Linux shell (Bash) | add more | perma
alias dateslash="date +%Y-%m-%d-%H.%M.%S.local" (08:20 / 2013-10-02)
svn ls --recursive | grep -v "/$" | xargs git add (08:49 / 2013-08-27)
cscope -kqR -L3 SetEvent (13:51 / 2013-08-13)
cat syslog.txt | egrep 'XXX|YYY|abc' | awk -F x '{if ($2=="") {print $1;} else; print $2}' (13:48 / 2013-08-13)
IFS=':'; for i in $PATH; do echo $i; done (23:43 / 2013-05-03)
$ grep -Hn -A3 -B3 cprintf *m (14:51 / 2013-04-09)
Famous Anti-War Manga Removed From City's School Libraries - japanCRUSH | add more | perma
Masanori Yoshida : What on earth…Precisely because even parents today have no proper sense of these things that we need materials for children that they can seem themselves and understand. Kunihiko Toyoba: When I was a child, my mother got the entire series, plonked it before me, and just told me “READ THIS!” I even wrote a book report about it back then. I’ve got all the books back home, so someday I’ll have to make the kids read it. (08:13 / 2013-10-02)
Kabe-don! Cornering Women Against the Wall Goes Viral - japanCRUSH | add more | perma
KOOL(歌い手): People say that wall-smack makes girls’ hearts flutter, but I’d always thought that this was a result of reading too much manga and having love on the brain. I thought damn, this is stupid. But when I thought about being wall-smacked by a babe, it gave me butterflies and I realized that I was completely wrong, I’m sorry. (07:58 / 2013-10-02)
Disbelief as Korea is Ranked 108th in Global Gender Equality - koreaBANG | add more | perma
the Korean internet (07:33 / 2013-10-02)
Rebuttal: Why Korea is Ranked 108th in Gender Equality - koreaBANG | add more | perma
Our project will encourage public awareness and effective bystander intervention. Next year we will use the stories of street harassment to prepare a report and recommendations to address sexual violence (07:33 / 2013-10-02)
koreaBANG - Hot internet stories, pictures, & videos in Korea | add more | perma
About – chinaSMACK | add more | perma
In 2012, chinaSMACK expanded with sister sites covering Korea, Indonesia, Russia, and Japan with the same editorial mission and format. (07:28 / 2013-10-02)
who share a common passion for what Chinese internet culture can reveal about Chinese society today, and the belief that what is revealed ultimately shows that Chinese people and “foreigners” are not so different after all (07:26 / 2013-10-02)
Started in July 2008, chinaSMACK began as a personal project for Fauna (coyly pictured above), a young Shanghainese girl committed to improving her English language skills by translating the Chinese internet stories, pictures, and videos that were popular online. Despite English being taught to nearly every schoolchild in China, she knew her English would never be functional without daily practice. She hopes you’ll never go back and judge her earliest translations. (07:25 / 2013-10-02)
japanCRUSH - Hot internet stories, pictures, & videos in Japan | add more | perma
Denshi Jisho - Online Japanese dictionary | add more | perma
Denshi Jisho — Online Japanese dictionary (07:13 / 2013-10-02)
Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion (Collins Business Essentials): Robert B., PhD Cialdini: 9780061241895: Books | add more | perma
The Langer, Blank, Chanowitz study has apparently been shown to not fully replicate, as expected. There's a lot of crap logic here. (14:43 / 2013-10-01)
CIALDINI (14:28 / 2013-10-01)
A Wealth of Data in Whale Breath - | add more | perma
“I suspect that everything that’s in the blood is in the blow, just at much lower concentration, a little harder to measure,” said Kathleen Hunt, a research scientist at the New England Aquarium in Boston. “All kinds of goodies that we could learn a lot from that we’ve never been able to get from these animals.” (04:26 / 2013-10-01)
Normal dolphin breath has a fishy smell; rotten-egg scents signal digestive problems, and sweet ones indicate bacterial pneumonia (04:20 / 2013-10-01)
List destructuring — The Adventures of a Pythonista in Schemeland v0.1 documentation | add more | perma
Moreover, tuple unpacking is even more powerful in Python 3.0, where it is possible to split an iterable into its head (car) and tail (cdr) (04:06 / 2013-10-01)
Strong Inference | Implementing Dirichlet processes for Bayesian semi-parametric models | | add more | perma
Though this is a very flexible approach to accounting for county-level variance, one might be worried about imposing such a restrictive (thin-tailed) distribution like the normal on this variance. If there are counties that have extremely low or high levels (for whatever reason), this model will fit poorly. To allay such worries, we can hedge our bets by selecting a more forgiving functional form, such as Student's t or Cauchy, but these still impose parametric restrictions (e.g. symmetry about the mean) that we may be uncomfortable making. So, in the interest of even greater flexibility, we will replace the normal county random effect with a non-parametric alternative, using a Dirichlet process (04:00 / 2013-10-01)
Strong Inference | Burn-in, and Other MCMC Folklore | | add more | perma
What the MCMC practitioner fears is using a chain for inference that has not yet converged to its target distribution. Unfortunately, diagnostics cannot reliably alert you to this, nor does starting a model in several chains from disparate starting values guarantee this (03:57 / 2013-10-01)
Thorstein of the Mere by W.G. Collingwood | add more | perma
For in these dales the dream of Unna came true, that saw love abiding and labour continuing, heedless of glory and fearless of death. SO ENDS THE STORY OF THORSTEIN. (13:56 / 2013-09-30)
Legburthwaite (13:50 / 2013-09-30)
reasonings of unknown things, piecing together his scraps of learning with her, as an old wife plans patchwork: for all the bits must fit into the pattern, whether or no they matched. (13:45 / 2013-09-30)
when she would have to be as any other house-mistress, and his the less: judged by their words and fettered by their ways. Then life would no longer be so free and so loving as it was to the wood-biders. (13:43 / 2013-09-30)
After the worry and weariness of the court, where there was no true friend to count on, it was the merriest company. The loneliness was when she was lost in the crowd. (13:41 / 2013-09-30)
while Thorstein was away in the boat fishing. He was never so far but she could climb upon a rock and spy him, a speck on the broad water-line. Then she would wave to him, and if he was not so busy with a fish he would wave back. So it was not lonely. (13:41 / 2013-09-30)
It was no wedding at all, the heathen Northmen would have said, this of the outlaw to the stranger, unwitnessed and unwarranted. But then, to the Christian the bridals of the Northmen were nothing, no more than a manner of partnership in trade, that could be on and off like any other bargain in worldly matters (13:39 / 2013-09-30)
"Hark to the wind," said Raineach (13:37 / 2013-09-30)
it was no new story for a stranger, man or wench, to be sold off as useless or troublesome rubbish (13:25 / 2013-09-30)
They were grand times for the women-folk. A wife could turn off her husband like a hired servant, for almost anything that displeased her. And there was nothing a man could do in law that the woman could not do as well, or better. (13:23 / 2013-09-30)
"King," he said, "I will slay thy foes for thee, and spend my heart's blood for thee. And I will take thy faith, and break Thor down from the temple yonder, if thou wilt." (17:52 / 2013-09-24)
hardened into sturdy lads, fit for the give and take of the world they dwelt in. (17:28 / 2013-09-24)
How they wrought for him at ship-smithying, and fought for him in raids on the Scots and on rough neighbours, and how they saw many a roof burnt and many a limb lopped, and how they hunted and drank and quarrelled and escaped (17:28 / 2013-09-24)
When they came out of the firth of Clyde they rounded Satiri's mull, the Mull of Cantire: and sailed to the Hebrides, which they called Il-ey and Myl, Tyrwist and Skidh, Iwist and Liodhus (17:27 / 2013-09-24)
They sailed from Galloway up the firth of Clyde, and by the Kumreyar or Isles of the Welsh, to Alclyde, which was also called Dun-breton, where was the chief city of king Domhnall (17:26 / 2013-09-24)
great bights of Galloway (17:24 / 2013-09-24)
And as they scudded out of Dublin Bay, they thanked their luck, and cursed all kings' houses for downright wolf-traps (17:23 / 2013-09-24)
Northman's keel strake strand (17:21 / 2013-09-24)
On salt shores, where farming alone could never thrive; on bleak headlands among the seamews' nests; on lone islands veiled in the mist or girdled with the surf,-- homes where any but a race of sailors would have hungered slowly to death, or pined into dismal savagery,-- there they bred and multiplied, and sang through the winter, and throve through the summer; their wit and wisdom and valour putting to shame (though little they knew it) the follies and the vices and the idleness of the South (17:20 / 2013-09-24)
farming alone could never thrive (17:20 / 2013-09-24)
The age of the vikings was over, and it was now the turn of cooler heads and wiser counsels to set to rights the new order of things, and to establish the kingdoms and governments which had arisen out of the disorder and wreck of the old world. By these days the Northmen had left being nought but rovers and robbers: they had become settlers and traders and rulers of realms on the seaboard of all the northern lands. And not only in the North; for scarce a spot was there between Greenland and Constantinople where they or their children were not found, like bees in a garden, at once gathering honey for themselves, and sowing for others the seeds of new life and strength; the busiest and brightest of the all the kindreds of the age. (17:20 / 2013-09-24)
and even across the sea there was a lull, so to say, in the turmoil of the nations (17:19 / 2013-09-24)
unwonted peace (17:19 / 2013-09-24)
the rowan thival (17:13 / 2013-09-24)
she kept her head, while the other women-folk were shrieking and scurrying; and she was dry-eyed while they were weeping; or sober while they giggled like fools. But even for that they thought worse of her, as one who had not the feelings of other folk, and never laughed nor greeted when she ought, nor was shocked like a decent lass, nor disgusted like a dainty one (17:06 / 2013-09-24)
for her people were grave and staid, though forceful and rapid in speech and gesture: while the Northmen, slow of speech and drawling, were ready with rough jokes and childish fooling. (16:54 / 2013-09-24)
It took at least five millennia between the invention of the wheel and the innovation of putting wheels under suitcases. It is sometimes the simplest technologies that are ignored. (09:52 / 2013-09-30)
counter to intuition 2) be very short term, in order to properly capture the long term (09:50 / 2013-09-30)
reducing the costs per attempt, compensate by multiplying the number of trials and allocating 1/N of the potential investment across N investments, and make N as large as possible. This allows us to minimize the probability of missing rather than maximize profits should one have a win, as the latter teleological strategy lowers the probability of a win. A large exposure to a single trial has lower expected return than a portfolio of small trials. (09:49 / 2013-09-30)
The beneficial properties have to reside in the type of exposure, that is, the payoff function and not in the "luck" part: there needs to be a significant asymmetry between the gains (as they need to be large) and the errors (small or harmless) (20:17 / 2013-09-26)
logically, neither trial and error nor "chance" and serendipity can be behind the gains in technology and empirical science attributed to them (20:17 / 2013-09-26)
The driver is neither luck nor direction, but must be in the asymmetry (or convexity) of payoffs, a simple mathematical property that has lied hidden from the discourse, and the understanding of which can lead to precise research principles and protocols (20:17 / 2013-09-26)
Food Practice Shooter trains kids to eat their veggies (and like it) (Wired UK) | add more | perma
the classic carrot-and-stick analogy: "Horses like carrots, but kids don't like carrots," he said. "But kids like videogames." (08:16 / 2013-09-30)
User:Ravpapa/Tilt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The Wikipedia is a tremendous tool for propaganda. (08:07 / 2013-09-30)
▶ となりのトトロより【さんぽ】を歌ってみた【BB】~Orchestra version~ - YouTube | add more | perma
となりのトトロより【さんぽ】を歌ってみた【BB】~Orchestra version~ (19:24 / 2013-09-29)
Deathstalker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Neurotoxins in L. quinquestriatus venom include: Chlorotoxin Charybdotoxin Scyllatoxin Agitoxins type 1, 2 and 3 (05:32 / 2013-09-28)
Download Transformers Beast Wars II - Lio Convoy's Close Call! [H264] [ARR] torrent - BakaBT | add more | perma
Between seasons 1&2 of Beast Wars, Japan got bored and wanted more Beast Wars, so they made it for themselves as an anime called Beast Wars 2. It's mostly about what Optimus Prime (called Convoy in Japan) and Galvatron were doing in some other part of the universe during Beast Wars. The movie in this torrent is a movie sequel to Beast Wars 2. And then between seasons 2&3 of Beast Wars, Japan got bored again, so they made Beast Wars Neo, another sequel series to Beast Wars 2. (05:25 / 2013-09-28)
List of Chinese Radicals (Bushou) | add more | perma
List of Chinese Radicals Chinese characters can be decomposed into components called radicals or bushou. The most commonly accepted table of radicals for traditional Chinese characters consists of 214 entries. These 214 radicals were popularized back in the reign of Qing emperor Kangxi, who commissioned what is now known as the Kangxi Zidian, a character dictionary listing over 47,000 entries. Tables with fewer or greater number of radicals have been devised for simplified characters. Being able to recognize the common radicals helps in the learning and recognition of new characters. Some but not all radical are complete characters in their own right. Some radicals have more than one form. Finally, simplified characters have resulted in additional variants. In the following table, the English names were taken from the Unihan database, a database of international characters. The stroke count refer to the main form of the radical only. (05:06 / 2013-09-28)
Tonga's King George Tupou V to end feudal rule and embrace democracy - Telegraph | add more | perma
the Lord Chamberlain and palace spokesman, Fielakepa, who like many Tongans uses only one name (04:43 / 2013-09-28) | add more | perma
If the encoder builds up a large bit reservoir, the data for frame N can actually be stored 4088 bits back in the bitstream. Then if a very hard-to-encode passage comes up, then the encoder is free to use the normal bits for this frame plus up to 4088 more. The resulting data will then take up several frames. (16:53 / 2013-09-27)
select function (Windows) | add more | perma
In summary, a socket will be identified in a particular set when select returns if: readfds: If listen has been called and a connection is pending, accept will succeed. Data is available for reading (includes OOB data if SO_OOBINLINE is enabled). Connection has been closed/reset/terminated. writefds: If processing a connect call (nonblocking), connection has succeeded. Data can be sent. exceptfds: If processing a connect call (nonblocking), connection attempt failed. OOB data is available for reading (only if SO_OOBINLINE is disabled). (15:55 / 2013-09-27)
const-correctness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
everything to the left of the star can be identified as the pointee type and everything to the right of the star are the pointer properties (08:39 / 2013-09-27)
For pointer and reference types, the meaning of const is more complicated – either the pointer itself, or the value being pointed to, or both, can be const. Further, the syntax can be confusing. (08:36 / 2013-09-27)
Nassim Taleb: 'The Black Swan' author in praise of the risk-takers - Business Analysis & Features - Business - The Independent | add more | perma
the enemy of a devil is not necessarily a saint; in fact, rarely a saint (20:07 / 2013-09-26)
"If you take risks and face your fate with dignity, there is nothing you can do that makes you small; if you don't take risks, there is nothing you can do that makes you grand, nothing." (20:06 / 2013-09-26)
Longplayer - Longplayer Letters | add more | perma
For the place of the state is not to get distracted in trying to promote things and concentrate errors, but in protecting our safety. It is hard to understand how we can live in a world where minor risks are banned by the states, say marijuana or other drugs, but systemic threats such as those represented by GMOs encouraged by them. (20:05 / 2013-09-26)
How Chris McCandless Died : The New Yorker | add more | perma
“Tanaina Plantlore / Dena’ina K’et’una: An Ethnobotany of the Dena’ina Indians of Southcentral Alaska,” by Priscilla Russell Kari (19:08 / 2013-09-25)
occasional consumption of foodstuffs containing ODAP “as one component of an otherwise balanced diet, bears not any risk of toxicity.” Lambein and other experts warn, however, that individuals suffering from malnutrition, stress, and acute hunger are especially sensitive to ODAP, and are thus highly susceptible to the incapacitating effects of lathyrism after ingesting the neurotoxin (18:35 / 2013-09-25)
His hunch derived from his knowledge of Vapniarca, a little-known Second World War concentration camp in what was then German-occupied Ukraine (18:23 / 2013-09-25)
Hot air? | add more | perma
He asked a colleague to break wind directly onto two Petri dishes from a distance of 5 centimetres, first fully clothed, then with his trousers down. (18:44 / 2013-09-25)
Forensic analyst debunks food claims using DNA - The Western Producer | add more | perma
In 2012, a similar examination for the FDA of salami for sale showed traces of lion meat mixed with pig or wild boar and American black bear. (18:41 / 2013-09-25)
File:Thirleme 069.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
A Herdwick grazing above Thirlmere. (08:22 / 2013-09-25)
Fell Walking with the Romantic Poets | Scholarly Sojourns | add more | perma
magical English Lakeland walking among the very fells, lakes, and valleys (08:01 / 2013-09-25)
List of 2013 'Genius Grant' recipients - | News, Sports, Jobs, Escanaba Information | The Daily Press | add more | perma
— Robin Fleming, 57, Chestnut Hill, Mass. A medieval historian at Boston College who's written extensively on the lives of common people in Britain in the years after the fall of the Roman Empire. (07:51 / 2013-09-25)
UdpCommunication - Python Wiki | add more | perma
Now it makes sense. bind() is called only if you want to receive UDP packets on a specific port; after bind(), recvfrom() will receive something and give you (i) the contents of the packet and (ii) the address of the sender (which you can conveniently use in sendto() to reply). If you just want to send to a given host and port, just sendto() it without any bind(). (14:35 / 2013-09-24)
Here's simple code to receive UDP messages in Python: Toggle line numbers 1 import socket 2 3 UDP_IP = "" 4 UDP_PORT = 5005 5 6 sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, # Internet 7 socket.SOCK_DGRAM) # UDP 8 sock.bind((UDP_IP, UDP_PORT)) 9 10 while True: 11 data, addr = sock.recvfrom(1024) # buffer size is 1024 bytes 12 print "received message:", data (11:01 / 2013-09-24)
Numerical Recipes | Just another weblog | add more | perma
I had something much more modest in mind, such as “all primes below 100″, since the way I figured it out this was to be solved treating it as a variation of the knapsack problem and then using dynamic programming on it. An approach that will see you die of old age if you try it for the proposed value… But I then had the pleasure of witnessing how xan, hk and started coming up with alternative, much more sophisticated and elegant methods, that pushed the question all the way up to were it is now. It is both a humbling and edifying experience to see these people at work, so if you have an idea for a problem, do propose it to them. (13:45 / 2013-09-24)
Welcome to DataThief | add more | perma
DataThief III is a program to extract (reverse engineer) data points from a graph. Typically, you scan a graph from a publication, load it into DataThief, and save the resulting coordinates, so you can use them in calculations or graphs that include your own data. (12:21 / 2013-09-24)
Interactive Data Visualization for the Web > 2. Introducing D3 > What It Doesn’t Do : Safari Books Online | add more | perma
Prior to this plug-in, geomapping with D3 meant either going all-SVG and avoiding tiles or using D3 to create SVG visuals on top of a base layer of map tiles (which would be managed by another library, like Leaflet or Polymaps (12:19 / 2013-09-24)
D3 doesn’t generate predefined or “canned” visualizations for you. This is on purpose. D3 is intended primarily for explanatory visualization work, as opposed to exploratory visualizations. Exploratory tools help you discover significant, meaningful patterns in data. These are tools like Tableau and ggplot2, which help you quickly generate multiple views on the same data set. That’s an essential step, but different from generating an explanatory presentation of the data, a view of the data that highlights what you’ve already discovered. Explanatory views are more constrained and limited, but also focused, and designed to communicate only the important points. (12:19 / 2013-09-24)
UdpCommunication - Python Wiki | add more | perma
Here's simple code to post a note by UDP in Python: Toggle line numbers 1 import socket 2 3 UDP_IP = "" 4 UDP_PORT = 5005 5 MESSAGE = "Hello, World!" 6 7 print "UDP target IP:", UDP_IP 8 print "UDP target port:", UDP_PORT 9 print "message:", MESSAGE 10 11 sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, # Internet 12 socket.SOCK_DGRAM) # UDP 13 sock.sendto(MESSAGE, (UDP_IP, UDP_PORT)) (11:01 / 2013-09-24)
Statistics Toolbox - Bayesian Analysis for a Logistic Regression Model Demo | add more | perma
This example shows how to use the slice sampler as part of a Bayesian analysis of the mileage test logistic regression model, including generating a random sample from the posterior distribution for the model parameters, analyzing the output of the sampler, and making inferences about the model parameters. The first step is to generate a random sample. initial = [1 1]; nsamples = 1000; trace = slicesample(initial,nsamples,'pdf',post,'width',[20 2]); (04:54 / 2013-09-24) | add more | perma
6. In reviewing flashcards, a process Heisig strongly recommends, he insists you review ONLY from the English keyword to the kanji, and not the reverse. (Since reading is a strong objective, most of us-- I at least-- tend to review from the Japanese to the English). I have no idea why, but reviewing from the English to kanji works extremely well, just as Heisig claims it will. (19:18 / 2013-09-23)
2. Heisig also realizes that learning kanji is not equivalent to learning vocabulary. (The task of learning kanji seems to me to be closer to learning to spell, admittedly using an extremely complex system). (19:17 / 2013-09-23)
Review of James Heisig's Remembering the Kanji | add more | perma
You can expect Japanese people, including native speaker teachers of Nihongo at schools outside Japan, to be dumbfounded and baffled as long as you live. You will also be ready to buy a copy of Heisig's Volume II, "Reading," and start to learn how the kanji are used to form compounds and how they are pronounced. You might also want to start a subscription to the Asahi Shimbun or the Yomiuri Shimbun to hone your kanji skills with. Or read Japanese novels for your enjoyment. (19:17 / 2013-09-23)
For instance, the author teaches you that his character No. 114, 肖, means "resemblance." He then adds that in other kanji which include 肖 (resemblance) as an element, you should picture 肖 as "spark" or "candle" as opposed to a concept as vague as "resemblance." This technique assists you in learning to recall the writing of his character No. 144 , 消 extinguish, in which you are asked to envision "water" (the three little lines on the left side of 消) being sprayed on 肖 "sparks" to 消 "extinguish" them. ( (19:14 / 2013-09-23)
kc112final | add more | perma
The experience of giving birth, 10 years after coming to this country, enabled me to suss out the difference between 生 and 産, both of which can be pronounced “u-mu,” revolve semantically around “birth,” and are visually similar (note the component 生 at the bottom of 産). 産 is the kanji that means “give birth,” so when my mother-in-law saw me write 「男の子を生んだ」 on a birth announcement, she kindly corrected the message to read 「男の子を産んだ」(Otoko no ko o unda. I gave birth to a baby boy.). (18:55 / 2013-09-23)
Today, after nearly three decades of kanji study, I find 生 to be one of the most intriguing of Japan’s 2,136 general-use characters. With an estimated 200 different pronunciations--more than any other kanji--and dozens of different meanings and nuances, there is always something new to discover about 生. (18:54 / 2013-09-23)
The Friday Rant - Northern Experience Wildlife Tours | add more | perma
“there’s been some snow but roads in Northumberland are driveable” isn’t going to be award-winning journalism (09:53 / 2013-09-23)
The impression of winter chaos was helped by doing the piece to camera next to a narrow road on a forest edge – not the first time in recent winters that this particular dramatic device has been employed; our own favourites have been when they use narrow access tracks to country house hotels and give the impression that that’s the condition of the main roads, despite a clear and driveable main road being just a few metres away (09:51 / 2013-09-23)
おろかな orokana 愚かな foolish or silly or stupid - Japanese to English translation | add more | perma
おろかな - orokana - 愚かな - foolish or silly or stupid (09:20 / 2013-09-23)
With Love from Japan, Eustacia: My New Handphone! | add more | perma
Book Off, a very large used-bookstore chain (whose books like exactly like new!) that sadly, doesn't have an outlet within walking distance. The books are much cheaper than a regular bookstore too! (09:13 / 2013-09-23)
Bu Ji Dao | travelgirl34 | add more | perma
The reality is, the situation is much different than the picture painted. So, typical me, I asked the question. Many of the new teachers asked the same question, with each of us wearing a most bewildered expression, shrugging exasperatedly. The school’s more experienced teachers put their heads down, did their work, and kept quiet, for the most part. (22:37 / 2013-09-22)
There’s No God in Antarctica | VICE United States | add more | perma
Being surrounded by a churning, featureless gray-black monster that has no regard for your life is a sobering experience for a land dweller. (21:33 / 2013-09-22)
While I’m personally not prone to anxious thinking, conditions here breed morbid fantasies: ominous fog banks, white-capped waves, freezing, face-shredding winds capable of knocking you off your feet with no warning (21:33 / 2013-09-22)
Some days, the soundtrack to Antarctica is Sigur Rós (21:32 / 2013-09-22)
Meow Meow Meow | VICE United States | add more | perma
I check the café’s blog regularly because the owner always writes so much about what’s happening here. That’s part of the appeal. (21:30 / 2013-09-22)
Newcomers will be so swept up in the distinct atmosphere that they will just sit there stunned. It looked as if most of them had never had a pet cat or even touched one before and it seemed like they were struggling to come to terms with the unpredictable behavior of real cats while their fantasies of docile, purring balls of love were being shot to hell. In an hour’s stay, most could only manage to touch a passing cat just once. (21:26 / 2013-09-22)
Monkeying with Bayes' theorem | The Endeavour | add more | perma
Statisticians are constantly drawing inference from empirical data without understanding the underlying mechanisms that generate the data (21:14 / 2013-09-21)
Will it Python? Machine Learning for Hackers, Chapter 2, Part 2: Logistic regression with statsmodels | Slender Means | add more | perma
Just for fun, we can also run the logistic regression via a GLM with a binomial family and logit link. This is similar to how I’d run it in R. (21:11 / 2013-09-21)
Abandon MATLAB | add more | perma
The reality is that computer instructions are nothing like human languages, and each one takes less time than the last. (11:20 / 2013-09-21)
What I’d like to do is get people out of the trap where because they struggled so hard with their first language, it puts them off any future ones because they think it will be just as hard. The first one is a struggle for a lot of people. (11:20 / 2013-09-21)
Abandon MATLAB | add more | perma
highly non-pathetic Lego houses and spaceships, there’s a gigantic Sea Serpent in the actual lake, head towering over you, made of something like 80 thousand generic lego blocks. It’s wonderful. Dumb people buy Lego sets for Camelot or Battlestars or whatever, because the sets have beautiful pictures on the front that scream: “Look what you can build!” (11:17 / 2013-09-21)
Is this the reason that Matlab (and R?) is popular in schools and organizations? The old guard of engineering, refugees from "low-productivity" languages like C and Fortran, finding Matlab a land of milk and honey, vow to never look back but also wind up never looking ahead? (06:30 / 2012-06-06)
old hands, you know, the academics who gave up on learning anything new right after they switched from Fortran or C to Matlab (08:47 / 2012-06-05)
It’s enough to recall B.F. Skinner’s pigeons — the ones who memorized a whole sequence of exaggerated movements, just because they happened to produce that movement sometime close to when they received a reward (11:32 / 2012-05-30)
Some folks at Mathworks read this blog. I know because I get referrals from Mathworks internal wikis and bug trackers. I also know because I’ve seen a few documentation changes (11:28 / 2012-05-30)
Updating packages in Emacs - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
Doing package-list-packages will also update the list of packages. You can update all installed packages with U x in the *Packages* buffer. (01:42 / 2013-09-21)
Input hypothesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The five hypotheses that Krashen proposed are as follows: The input hypothesis. This states that learners progress in their knowledge of the language when they comprehend language input that is slightly more advanced than their current level. Krashen called this level of input "i+1", where "i" is the language input and "+1" is the next stage of language acquisition. The acquisition–learning hypothesis claims that there is a strict separation between acquisition and learning; Krashen saw acquisition as a purely subconscious process and learning as a conscious process, and claimed that improvement in language ability was only dependent upon acquisition and never on learning. The monitor hypothesis states that consciously learned language can only be used to monitor language output; it can never be the source of spontaneous speech. The natural order hypothesis states that language is acquired in a particular order, and that this order does not change between learners, and is not affected by explicit instruction. The affective filter hypothesis. This states that learners' ability to acquire language is constrained if they are experiencing negative emotions such as fear or embarrassment. At such times the affective filter is said to be "up". (00:27 / 2013-09-21)
Learning Japanese with Sentences | add more | perma
One of the major components of my Japanese study is sentences. I add sentences written in Japanese to my spaced repetition program, Anki (00:22 / 2013-09-21)
Anki 2 annotated schema | add more | perma
Anki 2 annotated schema (19:39 / 2013-09-20)
Chapter 1: Going Digital - Software and Silicon | add more | perma
Silicon may be the space in which digital society grows, but knowledge is its blood and software its muscles (09:01 / 2013-09-20)
A User's Guide to the Digital Revolution - Software and Silicon | add more | perma
there was a huge incentive for those involved to not think it through (05:21 / 2013-09-20)
A vital new technology enters society as an expensive item for the wealthy elite, who use it to expand their power base. But it's the middle classes who build the products. The technology falls into their hands and they improve it aggressively. They compete for customers by making it faster, cheaper, more reliable. It enters mass production, and becomes available to all. The farmer and the laborer suddenly get access to this new power. Society shifts like bubbles in a lava lamp, new businesses emerge, and power moves from old to new. Of course, old money fights back, tries to squash the newcomers. It buys oppressive laws, builds police states, crushes the commercial middle classes. Old money sometimes wins, but not for very long. Political systems crash, and are replaced by new ones. The page turns and the story starts again. (14:36 / 2013-05-15)
Cost gravity doesn't just explain why so many things are cheaper than ever before. It also sets human history in context. It takes emperors' toys and turns them into commoners' tools, and as it does this, it drives profound social, economic, and political change (14:35 / 2013-05-15)
the real answer is that it represents three and a half billion years of cost gravity at work. (14:33 / 2013-05-15)
Cost gravity affects our whole human world. It's driven by the spread of information and knowledge, inevitable and unstoppable. Every two years, any given technology will become twice as available, half the cost, twice as powerful, half as bulky. Any old technology is today effectively free except for natural resources and friction. Cost gravity has existed and will exist as long as life itself. Superficially, technology is a human thing. But broadly, all life is information-based, and subject to cost gravity. (14:33 / 2013-05-15)
This mechanism, which I call "cost gravity", pushes the down the price of any given technology by about half every two years. (14:32 / 2013-05-15)
Brock Biology of Microorganisms (13th Edition): Michael T. Madigan, John M. Martinko, David Stahl, David P. Clark: 9780321649638: Books | add more | perma
"Plasmids typically contain genes that confer a special property (such as a unique metabolism) on a cell, rather than essential genes. This is in contrast to genes on the chromosome, most of which are needed for basic survival." (21:02 / 2013-09-19)
"Virtually any alcoholic liquid can be distilled, and each yields a characteristic distilled beverage. The distillation of malt brews yields whiskey, distilled wine yields brandy, distilled fermented molasses yields rum, distilled fermented grain or potatoes yields vodka, and distilled fermented grain and juniper berries yields gin" (p 427) (21:04 / 2013-09-17)
▶ OST - Flower - YouTube | add more | perma
OST - Flower (11:38 / 2013-09-19)
Support Vector Machines and Hadoop: Theory vs. Practice Distil Networks | add more | perma
One can simply take the training data set and split it into subsets, training an SVM on each of these subsets.  These trained SVMs yield “support vectors” (separating vectors used in the classification).  Once these support vectors have been found, the entire set of support vectors (from each training subset) can be compiled into a global list of support vectors. This initial global list is unlikely to be the optimal solution, however.  Luckily, getting to the optimal solution is a matter of repetition.  The original training set can be split into pieces again, this time the global list of support vectors being added into each training subset.  A new set of support vectors will be derived from this process, as in the first pass, and the process can continue along indefinitely (11:29 / 2013-09-19)
[erlang-questions] Software Estimation and Progress Tracking - Google Groups | add more | perma
Most time isn't spent programming anyway -  programmer time is spent:     a) fixing broken stuff that should not be broken     b) trying to figure out what problem the customer actually wants solving     c) writing experimental code to test some idea     d) googling for some obscure fact that is needed to solve a) or b)     e) writing and testing production code e) is actually pretty easy once a) - d) are fixed. But most measurements of productivity only measure lines of code in e) and man hours. (11:26 / 2013-09-19)
If you implement the same thing N times in the same language, each implementation should take less effort and code than the last time you did it. What can you learn from this? (11:26 / 2013-09-19)
Invisible Life » Rhodopseudomonas palustris | add more | perma
He showed that organisms that derived energy from rocks, ammonia or other inorganic (without carbon) compounds could use that energy to turn the carbon dioxide gas in the air into solid carbon in their bodies (autotrophs).  The discovery of rock and nitrogen eaters led to revelations about how microbes affect the world around us; they degrade rocks; they alter elemental cycles; they reshape the Earth and the sky and connect all species on Earth as they do so2 (08:13 / 2013-09-19)
The Game Crash of 2013? | The Escapist | add more | perma
like a lot of kids I didn't really register that something had happened until a year or so later when I saw all those $40 games sitting in giant bins with $3 price tags. What was amazing to me wasn't the low price, but the fact that I didn't want any of them. Not even for $3. That moment - the moment where I realized I didn't want anything they were selling - was when the crash really hit home. It used to be that new games were the only thing I ever wanted, and now I didn't care. (19:55 / 2013-09-18)
TCP, UDP, Unicast, Multicast? I thought this blog was supposed to be about portal. (BPM, E2.0 @Oracle) | add more | perma
at layer 2, devices always know exactly how to send to every device on the network. At layer 2, either you know exactly how to get data to your destination (btw, usually represented by a "MAC address") or it's not possible to get it there. (For example, Ethernet and WiFi simply broadcast the entire packet onto the whole network, and the destination is expected to be listening for its MAC address and pick up the packet. If it's not there or not listening, Ethernet can't get it there. [And btw, network "sniffers" works by taking advantage of this broadcasting.] (14:36 / 2013-09-18)
"UDP multicast might seem a bit exotic, but it's actually more common that you think. ... it is used for a lot for discovery and automatic confguration in apps like Skype, iTunes, and uPnP. It's also used in a few places in the WCI portal. (11:45 / 2013-09-18)
You might think that UDP is unreliable, because, you know, TCP is supposed to be the reliable one of the siblings. But in fact, over the same network segment, or over LANs with good quality gear and not excessive traffic, UDP is in practice very reliable. If there's no packet loss and packets arrive in order (which is almost always the case on a short LAN link), there's no need for any retransmissions of packets, so all the acknowledgements and waiting around of TCP is just a bunch of wasted overhead, creating latency. (11:38 / 2013-09-18)
Programming udp sockets in python | add more | perma
The simplest form of a udp server can be written in a few lines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 import socket port = 5000 s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM) s.bind(("", port)) print "waiting on port:", port while 1:     data, addr = s.recvfrom(1024)     print data (12:17 / 2013-09-18)
Use ncat again to send messages to the udp server and the udp server replies back with "OK..." prefixed to the message. (19:19 / 2013-09-11)
The 20 Smartest Things Jeff Bezos Has Ever Said (AMZN) | add more | perma
I almost never get the question: 'What's not going to change in the next 10 years?' (07:28 / 2013-09-18)
Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Insect list - Wikibooks, open books for an open world | add more | perma
Male Strepsiptera have wings, legs, eyes, and antennae, and look like flies, though they generally have no useful mouthparts. Females, in all families except the Mengenillidae, never leave their host and lack wings and legs. Males have a very short adult lifetime (usually less than five hours) and do not feed as adults. Many of their mouth parts are modified into sensory structures (21:08 / 2013-09-17)
Microsoft WAVE soundfile format | add more | perma
8-bit samples are stored as unsigned bytes, ranging from 0 to 255. 16-bit samples are stored as 2's-complement signed integers, ranging from -32768 to 32767. (12:07 / 2013-09-17)
Extensibility in the Acme text editor | add more | perma
It means I can write code in any language that can manipulate this text. Read this out loud (10:46 / 2013-09-17)
What are you changing this string for? Did you wait to think about it or you just changed it, compiled it, checked it and went back to square one? (10:45 / 2013-09-17)
Emacs and vim make easy changing what's there. Multiple-marks, text objects, quick jumps. All this is there just to make changing stuff fast. Agree? Ok, go on. If you don't, no problem. Go on anyway. Now the revelation: most of the time I'm writing, I'm creating new stuff, not rewriting or moving old stuff. Shocking? Watch your own coding/writing habits (10:45 / 2013-09-17)
2 bedroom condo with bonus den in Pines of Kings Contrivance | add more | perma
nestled in the trees (10:05 / 2013-09-17)
C++ and Node.js: An Unholy Combination….But Oh So Right | add more | perma
My reasons for attempting C++ in Node.js are basically the only reasons anyone ever introduces C++ into something else. It’s fast. I have a C++ library that I’d like to use and I’m not smart enough or don’t have the time to rewrite it. (09:05 / 2013-09-17)
LAME (Lame Aint an MP3 Encoder) / Support Requests / #17 compiler errors when using Lame | add more | perma
As already pointed, you compiled libmp3lame with decoding support enabled, but forgot to link against mpglib. (08:49 / 2013-09-17)
Miyazaki on Spirited Away // Interviews // | add more | perma
-Do you have any ideas on how today's children, such as Chihiro, can regain their energy? M: If you let me have my own way, I'd first reduce the amount of manga, video games, and weekly magazines. I would drastically reduce the number of businesses that target children. Our work is part of them, but I think we should let our children watch animation only once or twice a year, and ban cram school as well. If we let children have more of their own time and have their own way, they'll become more lively in a year or so. There are too many people who make money off of children. There is evidence we can live without such things here in this park, yet there are too many things around us to relieve our unsatisfied hearts and boredom. This is the fault of adults; it's adults who are in the wrong shape. Children are just mirrors, so no wonder they are in the wrong shape. (20:14 / 2013-09-16)
Still, it is true that the creators of fantasy are getting emotionally weaker. Surely more and more people are saying, "I can't believe such a thing." But it's just that a fantasy that can confront this complicated era has not been created yet. (20:13 / 2013-09-16)
*Edo Tokyo Tatemonoen: A park with Japanese houses and shops from the Meiji and Taisho era (about 120 to 70 years ago). Miyazaki-San loves the park and often visits there. The interview took place in the park. (20:10 / 2013-09-16)
Until now, I made "I wish there was such a person" leading characters. This time, however, I created a heroine who is an ordinary girl (20:05 / 2013-09-16)
it's not a story in which the characters grow up, but a story in which they draw on something already inside them, brought out by the particular circumstances... I wanted to tell such a story in this movie. I want my young friends to live like that, and I think they, too, have such a wish (20:04 / 2013-09-16)
So, I read the shoujo manga such as Nakayoshi or Ribon which they left at my mountain cabin. I felt this country only offered such things as crushes and romance to 10-year-old girls, though, and looking at my young friends, I felt this was not what they held dear in their hearts, not what they wanted (20:03 / 2013-09-16)
ENT 425 | General Entomology | Resource Library (Tutorials) | add more | perma
Ants, bees, termites, caterpillars, water bugs, beetle larvae, flies, crickets, katydids, cicadas, and dragonfly nymphs are among a long list of edible insects that provide nutrition for the people of Australia, Africa, South America, the Middle East, and the Far East (13:51 / 2013-09-16)
It's not the morphine, it's the size of the cage: Rat Park experiment upturns conventional wisdom about addiction - garry's subposthaven | add more | perma
So, if Rat Park is to be believed, drug addiction is a situation that arises from poor socioeconomic conditions. From literally being a rat in a cage. If you're a rat in a park, you'd rather hang out with your friends and explore the world around you.  (09:03 / 2013-09-16)
When Alexander's rats were given something better to do than sit in a bare cage they turned their noses up at morphine because they preferred playing with their friends and exploring their surroundings to getting high (09:02 / 2013-09-16)
Immigrants lacking papers work legally — as their own bosses - | add more | perma
someone who hires an independent contractor isn't obligated by immigration law to verify that person's legal status (09:01 / 2013-09-16)
Reading with Maps – A Plea : Ein Literarischer Atlas Europas | add more | perma
Reading with Maps. Plea for a viualised Geography of Fiction (Original title: Mit Karten lesen. Plädoyer für eine visualisierte Geographie der Literatur) (08:37 / 2013-09-16)
The geography of literature | add more | perma
The symbolism for settings without precise boundaries was a particular challenge. “The highest possible precision is aimed at in cartography – therefore vague positionings are almost a contradiction of cartography itself,” (08:32 / 2013-09-16)
Barbara Piatti had already used the Lake of Lucerne and Gotthard region as a model region in her doctoral thesis. This region appears particularly often in literature. Piatti found more than 150 works of literature by authors from all parts of the world that are wholly or partly set in this area. The centres of gravity in this internationally moulded literary landscape are Lucerne, the Lake of Uri and the Gotthard region. The region has an even denser literary population if journeys through it are drawn in. The plan is for the atlas of literature to display these movements of the characters through the territory as well. (08:24 / 2013-09-16)
Snowdonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
In the Middle Ages the title Prince of Wales and Lord of Snowdonia (Tywysog Cymru ac Arglwydd Eryri) was used by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (08:17 / 2013-09-16)
Swallows and Amazons series - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
It contributes to the tourist industry in the Lake District and Norfolk Broads areas of England, where many of the books are set. There are also several societies dedicated to the study and promotion of Ransome's work which are largely inspired by the series. The first one to be founded was the Arthur Ransome Club in Japan. (07:44 / 2013-09-16)
Invisible Life » Staphylococcus (MRSA) | add more | perma
To those of us who take antibiotics for granted, the idea of dying from a scratch may sound like a bad joke.  But it was commonplace before World War II, and every mother lived in fear of losing her child to “blood poisoning.” (20:33 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Pseudomonas | add more | perma
"a resistance that has evolved because of the overuse and improper use of antibiotics" <-- a nice ugly inversion of logic, of the "Halo Effect" type. Overuse and abuse of antibiotics is defined by resistance arising. (20:17 / 2013-09-14)
a resistance that has evolved because of the overuse and improper use of antibiotics (20:15 / 2013-09-14)
One monkish species of Pseudomonas can even grow in distilled water (20:13 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Prevotella | add more | perma
Farther south in the landscape of a human body is a more populous ecosystem (20:08 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Phages | add more | perma
The extent of phage diversity is still a grand mystery. About 95 percent of bacteria can’t be grown in a lab—we, in essence, don’t know what they eat—and so the phages that infect those bacteria can’t be grown either (20:07 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Phages | add more | perma
the deep oceans where life is dependent on these protoplasmic fireworks. Phages help provide nutrients by making bacterial cells burst. These nutrients are essential to the food pyramid in those depths where no plants live. The food provides the materials needed to grow more microbial cells, many of which are consumed by larger organisms, so the bacteria + phage combination forms an unending loop of life promoting more life. In other words they are essential drivers of life in the oceans. (07:40 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Mycoplasma | add more | perma
Mycoplasmas have a mutation rate 50% higher than that of the bacteria they evolved from, which may have allowed them to more quickly and easily shrink the size of their DNA at the same time they were able to experiment more easily with “rare evolutionary possibilities” – like, say, an entirely new cellular propulsion system. (07:12 / 2013-09-14)
Invisible Life » Lactobacillus | add more | perma
So to bacteria, every person is a country, and a stomach, armit, mouth, & vagina are the biggest cities there. (22:06 / 2013-09-13)
There are other species of Lactobacillus that are equally specialized for a rich environment that is very hospitable to bacteria: your large intestine (22:05 / 2013-09-13)
we can also look deep into the DNA of different strains of Lactobacillus for clues about how they evolved for life in yogurt. In the genomes of different Lactobacillus strains we can see evolution in action. There are over one hundred different species in the Lactobacillus genus, each specialized for the different environments where they’re found, from milk to cabbage to the human body. Lactobacillus bulgaricus is the most common type of yogurt bacteria, and its genome has evolved through the millennia of yogurt making to be specialized for digesting lactose. While the ancestral species lives on plants and can survive in many different conditions, L. bulgaricus slowly lost the genes that aren’t strictly necessary for life in milk and its genome is much smaller and simpler than other species. (22:04 / 2013-09-13)
Invisible Life » Frankia | add more | perma
Every day, we swim in a sea of nitrogen. Nearly 80 percent of the air you are breathing right now is composed of the stuff. Yet for most of their lives, plants are probing the soil for every scrap of nitrogen they can get their root hairs on, and they often have a hard time finding enough. They desperately need nitrogen to make protein. Plant proteins are the ultimate source of all the proteins in you, so getting nitrogen out of the air and into plants is obviously very important to all of us. But the two atoms in nitrogen gas are joined by triple bonds, so prying them apart requires lots of energy. Scads of energy. Humans did not discover a way to do it until 1909, and it requires 500 degrees C and 300 atmospheres of pressure to get the job done. But humans were late to the game by several billion years. Bacteria began fixing nitrogen soon after life evolved by lucking into one of the most important enzymes on earth: nitrogenase. Nitrogenase splits nitrogen gas into its pieces and reincorporates the nitrogen atoms into ammonia. Plants can easily use ammonia to make protein. But nitrogenase is quirky. While it requires lots of energy to do its job, it cannot tolerate oxygen, the usual source of the power to do it. Scientists call this quandry the “oxygen dilemma of nitrogen fixation.” Plants and microbes would presumably call it a bummer. But some of them have evolved their way out of this dilemma. One group of free-living bacteria – the blue-green algae – stuff their nitrogenase into a special swollen, fortified cells that serve as anti-oxygen chambers. Another solution arose from a cooperative agreement between plants called legumes (like beans or peas) and root-dwelling bacteria called Rhizobia. In this case, the plant provides both the power for nitrogenase and protection from oxygen. Instead of hiding nitrogenase in an oxygen-free cell, legumes make an enzyme that mops up any oxygen that gets too close to nitrogenase. Frankia has taken a best-of-both-worlds approach. Like blue-green algae, it builds thick-walled spherical or club-shaped anti-oxygen chambers at the ends of some of its filaments. Unlike blue-green algae, at some point starting about 100 million years ago, it began to crawl inside the roots of certain woody trees and shrubs. There, it sponges the energy to run nitrogenase in return for a providing a cut of the goods. (21:40 / 2013-09-13)
like some fungi called mycorrhizae (a term that Dr. Frank, after whom Frankia are named, coined), Frankia can grow inside the roots of some woody shrubs and trees for their mutual benefit. But there is one thing Frankia can do that fungi cannot. Frankia can “fix” nitrogen. And this is a rare Earth superpower indeed (21:39 / 2013-09-13)
Invisible Life » Fungus | add more | perma
Taking antibiotics to control bacteria can sometimes tip the balance between fungi and bacteria in the fungus’s favor, leading to fungus flare-ups like diaper rash, which is a yeast infection (21:30 / 2013-09-13)
Fungi are able to compete with bacteria to gain a foothold on our skin by feeding on keratin, a tough protein in skin, hair and nails that bacteria can’t stomach. (21:30 / 2013-09-13)
After 2 Years Scientists Still Can’t Solve Belly Button Mystery, Continue Navel-Gazing | Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network | add more | perma
it may be that part of what determines who lives on you is stochastic (21:23 / 2013-09-13)
none of the variables we have considered appear to explain these different groups; not age, not gender, not ethnicity, not innie vs. outie, not where you live now, not where you grew up, not whether or not you have a dog. No, no, no, none of it. We see hints of things (a hint, for example, of an influence of the region you grew up in), but such hints have so far proven illusory and depend on just how we run the analysis (21:23 / 2013-09-13)
none of the variables we have considered appear to explain these different groups; not age, not gender, not ethnicity, not innie vs. outie, not where you live now, not where you grew up, not whether or not you have a dog. No, no, no, none of it. We see hints of things (a hint, for example, of an influence of the region you grew up in), but such hints have so far proven illusory and depend on just how we run the analysis (21:23 / 2013-09-13)
Some people’s belly buttons have beech forests, or at least their bacterial cognates, others have maple forests (21:23 / 2013-09-13)
Question: is this true: that probability of a microbe strain being found on separate people is proportional to it's population on a person (relative to other strains), and the converse holds: very populous strains on one person are likely to be found on other people. And that one may replace "person" with "disjoint population". (21:20 / 2013-09-13)
Such individuals are probably more representative of the state in which our bodies existed until a few generations ago when it became popular to bathe regularly (21:17 / 2013-09-13)
One participant self-reported he had not washed in years (On its own, this was a “find,” though not really the type we anticipated). Interestingly, he was one of just two people on which we found not only Bacteria but also Archaea (21:17 / 2013-09-13)
If a species was found on very few individuals at Science Online, the odds were that it would also be found on very few people visiting the Museum of Natural Sciences (21:16 / 2013-09-13)
In some tropical rain forests, even though there are many species of trees, a few species are both present in most forests and common when present. Those species have been called oligarchs; the belly buttons seemed to also have oligarchs too (21:15 / 2013-09-13)
as we sample more belly buttons, we continue to find more species (21:14 / 2013-09-13)
lemurs don’t really have belly buttons (21:11 / 2013-09-13)
We were finding hundreds and then thousands of species, many of which appear new to science. They included strange species, such as one species found on my body that appears to prefer to break down pesticides (21:11 / 2013-09-13)
We expected that in employing this more complete method of sampling that the species in different belly buttons would become more similar from one belly button to the next (as we got a more complete sample of who was present in each). They got more different (21:10 / 2013-09-13)
New Revelations about the Biodiversity of Belly Buttons | Guest Blog, Scientific American Blog Network | add more | perma
"science never reaches the truth, it just approaches it ever more closely" <-- wrong, science always finds more falsehoods to weed out. That's got nothing to do with truth. (21:00 / 2013-09-13)
"thousands of species live on skin, but ... only a minority is predictably [there]" (20:59 / 2013-09-13)
thousands of species live on skin, but if only a minority is predictably important (20:58 / 2013-09-13)
verdant cloak (20:57 / 2013-09-13)
Your skin is covered in life, a fine featheriness of single-celled organisms, your verdant cloak of existence, a cloak so woven into your existence that it is not clear where it ends and you begin (20:57 / 2013-09-13)
Meet the Microbes Living In Your Home | | add more | perma
Of all the houses the team has so far examined, about 40, I am the only person with H. effusa around. But outlier homes like mine—with a bacterium no one else seems to have—are not unusual. They’re actually very, very common, Dunn says. It’s in the nature of microbes that some sneak in unexplained; a different flavor for everyone. (20:24 / 2013-09-13)
Hydrocarboniphaga effusa. When I search for it, I turn up a 2004 paper announcing the discovery of this bacterium not too far from where I live, in soil contaminated by a fuel oil leak in New Jersey, where it was happily digesting the spill. What it was eating at my house is not clear. Perhaps it stowed away on a fossil-fuel-based substance, a fertilizer or a pesticide that was contaminating produce I brought in. (20:23 / 2013-09-13)
“You touch the fecal bacteria of strangers ALL THE TIME,” wrote Dunn in an email, with unsettlingly capitalized emphasis. “And so long as you aren’t talking about pathogens, that isn’t actually a big deal.” (20:23 / 2013-09-13)
In general, the frame’s trend towards skin bacteria is characteristic of apartments, while houses tend to have more soil there. “In apartments you’re losing a lot of this stuff that you would see in a house,” says Dunn, “a lot of the soil stuff goes away, and in some cases it really becomes this whole world dominated by the stuff that falls off of us.” (20:22 / 2013-09-13) | add more | perma
WAVE form Registration Number (hex): 0x0055 Codec ID in the IANA Namespace: audio/vnd.wave;codec=55 WAVE form wFormatTag ID: WAVE_FORMAT_MPEGLAYER3 (09:22 / 2013-09-12)
Studio Dust MP3 RIFF Header Generator | add more | perma
MP3 files with RIFF headers will play on most normal MP3 players and media programs. They ignore the RIFF header and play the MP3 audio data in its entirety. Programs such as WinAmp, QuickTime Player (on both Windows and Macintosh) and SoundApp (for Macintosh) are examples of MP3 players that will play the full MP3 data. One notable exception is the Microsoft Windows Media Player. Although it will play MP3 files with the RIFF header, it uses the same system codec as the Palace. Therefore it will only play the amount of data specified in the RIFF header and ignore the remaining MP3 data (07:42 / 2013-09-12)
Know your TCP system call sequences | add more | perma
Figure 1: TCP client: socket, bind, connect, send, receive TCP server: socket, bind, listen, accept, receive, send (20:46 / 2013-09-11)
linux - UDP-Broadcast on all interfaces - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
First of all, you should consider broadcast obsolete, specially INADDR_BROADCAST (19:55 / 2013-09-11)
The dark side of Dubai - Johann Hari - Commentators - The Independent | add more | perma
"I miss my country, my family and my land. We can grow food in Bangladesh. Here, nothing grows. Just oil and buildings." (11:17 / 2013-09-11)
Johann Hari: How to spot a lame, lame argument - Johann Hari - Commentators - The Independent | add more | perma
This argument is almost always disingenuous. How do I know? Because when you write back and explain that, why, I do actually criticize Islamists/Israel/the US/China/whoever-you-have-picked-out-randomly, and here are the articles where I do it, nobody ever writes back and says: fair enough; you consistently condemn human rights abuses, no matter who commits them. No. They scrape around for another "what about." What about Tibet? What about Sri Lanka? What about North Korea? This list never ends, as the other side tries to draw your attention further and further from what you were discussing. (11:13 / 2013-09-11)
Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Turkish liberals: Turkey has a diverse, irreverent, and progressive generation rising. - Slate Magazine | add more | perma
They have yet to learn that having civilians running the show isn't any better. Life stays the same, no matter who is at the top. Thank you Terry Pratchett & the Buddha. (09:58 / 2013-09-11)
These Turks are young (or youngish), and what they know of modern countries tells them that it’s not a good idea to have the Army running things behind the scenes (09:51 / 2013-09-11)
JSTOR: PMLA, Vol. 90, No. 1 (Jan., 1975), pp. 9-21 | add more | perma
The Writer's Audience Is Always a Fiction Walter J. Ong (09:37 / 2013-09-11)
The Works of J. L. Austin. Electronic edition. :: How To Do Things With Words :: How to do Things with Words | add more | perma
WHAT I shall have to say here is neither difficult nor contentious; the only merit I should like to claim for it is that of being true, at least in parts. (09:34 / 2013-09-11)
Kyōiku kanji - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
First grade (80 kanji) (07:59 / 2013-09-11)
Furigana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
For example, in a work of science fiction, some astronaut could use the word ふるさと, furusato, meaning "my hometown", when referring to planet Earth. To clarify that for the reader, the word furusato (hometown) might be written in hiragana over the kanji for chikyuu (Earth). (07:52 / 2013-09-11)
Some writers use furigana to represent slang pronunciations, particularly those that would become hard to understand without the kanji to provide their meaning. Another use is to write the kanji for something which had been previously referenced, but write furigana for sore (それ) or are (あれ), meaning "that". This means that the actual word used was "that", but the kanji clarify for the reader what "that" refers to. In karaoke it is extremely common for furigana to be placed on the song lyrics. The song lyrics are often written in kanji pronounced quite differently from the furigana. The furigana version is used for pronunciation. (07:51 / 2013-09-11)
夏目漱石 吾輩は猫である | add more | perma
吾輩は猫である 夏目漱石 +目次 一  吾輩わがはいは猫である。名前はまだ無い。 (07:46 / 2013-09-11)
Natsume Sōseki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
he was given the lectureship in English literature, subsequently replacing Koizumi Yakumo (Lafcadio Hearn) (07:38 / 2013-09-11)
Japan panics about the rise of "herbivores"—young men who shun sex, don't spend money, and like taking walks. - Slate Magazine | add more | perma
Fukasawa sees grass-eating boys as a positive development for Japanese society. She notes that before World War II, herbivores were more common: Novelists such as Osamu Dazai and Soseki Natsume would have been considered grass-eating boys (07:33 / 2013-09-11)
Japan panics about the rise of "herbivores"—young men who shun sex, don't spend money, and like taking walks. - Slate Magazine | add more | perma
Office lechery, which had been socially acceptable, became stigmatized as seku hara, or sexual harassment (07:26 / 2013-09-11)
Inside the MP3 Codec - Frames | add more | perma
Just as the movie industry has a standard that specifies the number of frames per second in a film in order to guarantee a constant rate of playback on any projector, the MP3 spec employs a similar standard. Regardless of the bitrate of the file, a frame in an MPEG-1 file lasts for 26ms (26/1000 of a second). This works out to around 38fps. If the bitrate is higher, the frame size is simply larger, and vice versa. In addition, the number of samples stored in an MP3 frame is constant, at 1,152 samples per frame. (11:08 / 2013-09-10)
Why are people on Windows still using cmd.exe? : webdev | add more | perma
Microsoft themselves are headed further in this direction - Virtually the entire Server 2012 platform can be configured directly via Powershell. (10:17 / 2013-09-10)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about the "LIVE555 Streaming Media" libraries | add more | perma
"Why do you discriminate against people who use unprofessional email addresses ("" etc.)?" Wow, this is so incredibly douchy and misguided, and this was first posted to the site (according to Wayback Machine) in December 2010! (10:03 / 2013-09-10)
If you're streaming over a LAN, then you should continue to use multicast - it's simpler, and allows more than one receiver to access the stream, without data duplication. The only time you should consider using unicast is if you are streaming over a wider-area network that does not support multicast routing (09:51 / 2013-09-10)
Therefore, although it's true to say that the code is not 'thread safe', it's also somewhat misleading. It's like saying that a high-speed rail carriage is not 'airworthy'. (09:31 / 2013-09-10)
Hussman Funds - Weekly Market Comment: The Lesson of the Coming Decade - September 9, 2013 | add more | perma
a severe market decline is really nothing more than a spike in risk premiums from previously inadequate levels (09:42 / 2013-09-10)
The Lewis Model explains world cultures through language. | add more | perma
Linear-actives—those who plan, schedule, organize, pursue action chains, do one thing at a time. Germans and Swiss are in this group. Multi-actives—those lively, loquacious peoples who do many things at once, planning their priorities not according to a time schedule, but according to the relative thrill or importance that each appointment brings with it. Italians, Latin Americans and Arabs are members of this group. Reactives—those cultures that prioritize courtesy and respect, listening quietly and calmly to their interlocutors and reacting carefully to the other side's proposals. Chinese, Japanese and Finns are in this group. (07:57 / 2013-09-10)
Here's the chart that explains the world: (07:56 / 2013-09-10)
No one deserves to be famous - | add more | perma
Unlike the spread of a biological disease, threshold contagion does not spread through well-connected nodes. In fact, these nodes tend to resist the message (07:41 / 2013-09-10)
Thomas Schelling in his work on racial segregation. Threshold behavior works like this: If enough of your friends believe in something, then so do you (07:39 / 2013-09-10)
Just as real forests must be ready to burn before a forest fire can erupt, the key condition for spreading in social networks is a global one: Many average, trusting people need to be able to experience and then want to share choices in their social networks, far away from the source (07:39 / 2013-09-10)
This is a patently ridiculous story—a single match is not the entire reason for a wildfire starting and spreading. But that’s exactly how we naturally think about social wildfires: that the match is the key. In fact, there are two requirements: a local requirement (a spark), and a global requirement (the ability of the fire to spread). And it’s the second component that is actually the bottleneck: If a forest is dangerously dry, any spark can start a fire. Sparks are easy to come by, and are not intrinsically special. (07:33 / 2013-09-10)
there is no such thing as fate, only the story of fate. This idea is encoded in the etymology of the word: “fate” derives from the Latin fatus, meaning “spoken”—talk that is done—in direct opposition to the root of “fame,” which is fāma, meaning “talk.” (07:31 / 2013-09-10)
This line hard-reminds me of Lei's response to stupid cultural questions, that there are approximately as many views of Mao in China as there are people in China. That critical diversity of viewpoints and horizons of expectation are tragically ignored by historians. (07:31 / 2013-09-10)
But social groups are far more complicated than any individual story. Networked, distributed, conflicting, and changing, they do not simply map onto an individual. (07:27 / 2013-09-10)
Toshokan Sensou Novel Translation | add more | perma
Toshokan Kakumei, page 216 Sep. 6th, 2013 at 8:51 AM melithiel In the shadow of a building at the bottom of the hill, Touma distanced himself from them and Doujou and Iku lay in wait. When their pursuers caught up with them, they demonstrated just how effective their daily training regimen was, holding nothing back. Their opponents were three in number; they had probably figured that since there was a woman in the group, equal numbers would be plenty. It took less than a minute from when the Improvement agents had rounded the corner for Doujou and Iku to put all of them down on the ground. (19:30 / 2013-09-09)
Toshokan Sensou Novel Translation (19:30 / 2013-09-09)
Linux vs. Bullshit | Linux Journal | add more | perma
too much of what goes on at those things is all about manipulating the customer. These manipulations are highly complex and therefore come at high costs to the stores (15:43 / 2013-09-09)
I mean bullshit seriously, as does the philosopher Harry Frankfurt in his landmark book On Bullshit (Princeton University Press, 2005). Back when I first read the book, I page-flagged this passage: Wittgenstein once said that the following bit of verse by Longfellow could serve him as a motto: In the elder days of art Builders wrought with greatest care Each minute and unseen part, For the Gods are everywhere. (15:43 / 2013-09-09)
Animated romance day - Ansuz - mskala's home page | add more | perma
this seems like a good opportunity to post some thoughts about romance in anime. This may contain spoilers for Inuyasha, FLCL, and Saikano, and if you aren't familiar with those series, you probably won't get most of it anyway. (16:50 / 2013-09-08)
Why there is no Hitchhiker’s Guide to Mathematics for Programmers | Math ∩ Programming | add more | perma
the overwhelming resources of the internet and all its inhabitants (13:07 / 2013-09-08)
Clever proofs are what mathematicians strive for above all else, and once a clever proof is discovered, the immediate first step is to try to turn it into a general method for proving other facts. Fully flushing out such a process (over many years, showcasing many applications and extensions) is what makes one a world-class mathematician. (13:02 / 2013-09-08)
people feel like they can understand the content of mathematics without being able to write or read proofs. (12:58 / 2013-09-08)
Main/Forever War - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
To go even further, the series almost always (with a couple notable exceptions such as Gundam 00) compounds the reality that no matter how many times the heroes win the war, another will come eventually as if war is tied to humanity's existence. (10:14 / 2013-09-08)
Japan ranks 22nd of 54 countries in EF Global English Proficiency Index ‹ Japan Today: Japan News and Discussion | add more | perma
The results showed that once learners leave school, it is difficult for them to enhance English skills themselves through further education. This is in contrast to China, where English proficiency rises steadily from the early 30s. (20:42 / 2013-09-07)
MPlayer Keyboard Shortcuts | add more | perma
# (DVD, MPEG, Matroska, AVI and libavformat only) Cycle through the available audio tracks. (09:16 / 2013-09-07)
j Cycle through the available subtitles. (09:15 / 2013-09-07)
RFC 3551 - RTP Profile for Audio and Video Conferences with Minimal Control | add more | perma
generic Comfort Noise (CN) (19:08 / 2013-09-06)
CUDA Performance: Maximizing Instruction-Level Parallelism | add more | perma
Some degree of ILP is beneficial for older GPUs, but it is essential for peak performance for the new Kepler (CC 3.x) GPUs. It is especially important for low compute intensity kernels which spend more time in memory operations than in compute operations. However, it seems writing high-performance code means sacrificing readibility. We, the NumbaPro team, do not think the tradeoff is necessary. Through an optimizing JIT compiler and an intelligent runtime, we believe NumbaPro can address this tradeoff problem (16:32 / 2013-09-06)
C Bit Fields | add more | perma
Bit fields defined as int are treated as signed. A Microsoft extension to the ANSI C standard allows char and long types (both signed and unsigned) for bit fields. Unnamed bit fields with base type long, short, or char (signed or unsigned) force alignment to a boundary appropriate to the base type. (10:35 / 2013-09-06)
c++ - View array in Visual Studio debugger? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
If pArray is of type void* you can type (char*) pArray, 10 which will display the content of the array interpreted as char (06:08 / 2013-09-06)
For example if pArray is the array, type pArray,10 in the watch window. (06:08 / 2013-09-06)
netcat: localhost resolution not working when sending UDP packets at Mark Needham | add more | perma
nc -l -u 8125 (13:36 / 2013-09-05)
ffmpeg - Crop MP3 to first 30 seconds - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
ffmpeg -t 30 -acodec copy -i inputfile.mp3 outputfile.mp3 (13:35 / 2013-09-05)
Possible to add spacing every 4 characters in vi? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
:%s/\(....\)/\1 /g If you Google "VIM Substitution" you should end up with some useful examples. Example: To add a space every 4 characters you could use becomes To a dd a spa ce e very 4 c hara cter s yo u co uld use (14:13 / 2013-09-05)
c - Can you bind() and connect() both ends of a UDP connection - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
UDP is connectionless, so there's little sense for the OS in actually making some sort of connection. In BSD sockets one can do a connect on a UDP socket, but this basically just sets the default destination address for send (instead giving explicitly to send_to). (10:54 / 2013-09-05)
Sockets Tutorial | add more | perma
The steps involved in establishing a socket on the client side are as follows: Create a socket with the socket() system call Connect the socket to the address of the server using the connect() system call Send and receive data. There are a number of ways to do this, but the simplest is to use the read() and write() system calls. The steps involved in establishing a socket on the server side are as follows: Create a socket with the socket() system call Bind the socket to an address using the bind() system call. For a server socket on the Internet, an address consists of a port number on the host machine. Listen for connections with the listen() system call Accept a connection with the accept() system call. This call typically blocks until a client connects with the server. Send and receive data (13:29 / 2013-09-05)
listen(sockfd,5); The listen system call allows the process to listen on the socket for connections. The first argument is the socket file descriptor, and the second is the size of the backlog queue, i.e., the number of connections that can be waiting while the process is handling a particular connection. This should be set to 5, the maximum size permitted by most systems. If the first argument is a valid socket, this call cannot fail, and so the code doesn't check for errors. Click here to see the man page for listen. (09:44 / 2013-09-05)
CS 352 Documents | add more | perma
type of service. This is selected according to the properties required by the application: SOCK_STREAM (virtual circuit service), SOCK_DGRAM (datagram service), SOCK_RAW (direct IP service). Check with your address family to see whether a particular service is available. (13:29 / 2013-09-05)
RTP, RTSP, Unicast, Multicast...sheesh! | add more | perma
Unicasting is simply sending packets from one source to one destination.  For example, from one web server to one (or each) person viewing a page on a web browser.  What may be new to you is the idea that one VBrick can send video via unicast to many viewers.  More on this in a moment.  Data (or video) can be sent via UDP or TCP, with RTP and RTSP, and can be sent via Unicast.  So, Unicast is a method, not a protocol.   Analogy: Mailing a letter (although we assume IP is faster!) (10:48 / 2013-09-05)
With you in the room, bacteria counts spike -- by about 37 million bacteria per hour | add more | perma
I would love to have the tech to do this with regular air, and try it out outside my window to see what bacteria float through to my mead! (09:52 / 2013-09-05)
"We live in this microbial soup, and a big ingredient is our own microorganisms," said Jordan Peccia, associate professor of environmental engineering at Yale and the principal investigator of a study recently published online in the journal Indoor Air. "Mostly people are re-suspending what's been deposited before. The floor dust turns out to be the major source of the bacteria that we breathe." (09:44 / 2013-09-05)
Mar. 28, 2012 — A person's mere presence in a room can add 37 million bacteria to the air every hour -- material largely left behind by previous occupants and stirred up from the floor -- according to new research by Yale University engineers. (09:43 / 2013-09-05)
Microsoft Word - THESISv3FINALl.doc - navalekar.pdf | add more | perma
a prototype modem is developed, whi ch interfaces with an analog radio without a requirement for any modifications. Furthe rmore, the data rates achievable are comparable with those achieved using digital radios . The modem uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technique to generate an audio band signal which is fed to the radio. Thus the digital data is morphed into an audio band analog signal eliminating any need for modifications to th e radio. The OFDM technique used to generate the audio band signal from data bits ensur es maximum bandwidth efficiency (08:37 / 2013-09-05)
Is there any LAME c++ wraper\simplifier (working on Linux Mac and Win from pure code)? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
lame_t lame = lame_init(); lame_set_in_samplerate(lame, 44100); lame_set_VBR(lame, vbr_default); lame_init_params(lame); (13:26 / 2013-09-04)
Cornell Alumni Magazine - It's Complicated | add more | perma
meaning is different from explanation. It's true that if we re-ran history, some other painting would be famous and not the Mona Lisa. It's probably true for your life, your relationships; how I met my girlfriend was a total accident that could easily not have happened. Almost anything of importance—meeting Strogatz—was a random fluke. But meaning is a different thing. To say that something is random is not to say that it's not meaningful. Meaning is a construct that we place on the event once we know it's important (11:40 / 2013-09-04)
how unscientific we are about how we go about solving these big social and economic problems—that we leave it to our instincts to make these weighty and consequential decisions (11:39 / 2013-09-04)
you learn in the Navy is that you never want to use the chain of command, even though you're always supposed to, because it breaks; everything goes up and gets jammed," he says. "So instead you go horizontally. You find the person over in Supply Squadron who was a classmate of a friend of yours, and get them to help you get whatever you need. Whereas, if you go through your commander's commander's commander, nothing will ever happen." (11:33 / 2013-09-04)
if an answer and its opposite can seem equally obvious through the right mental gymnastics, there's something wrong with the idea of "obviousness" in the first place. "We make this mistake so often, and it really hurts us," Watts says. "We can't understand the social world just by telling a bunch of cute stories (10:32 / 2013-09-04)
ContinuumIO/Bokeh | add more | perma
output JSON state to be stored in a Redis-backed Plot Server. (Both forms can be embedded in IPython Notebook.) The latter "server-based" mode is very powerful because view state is stored on the server, and provides a much richer level of collaboration in exploratory web-based graphics than is anything else we are aware of. (08:02 / 2013-09-04)
BBC News - Tomorrow's cities: Just how smart is Songdo? | add more | perma
The city has been planned around a central park, and designed so that every resident can walk to work in the business district. Mrs Kwon moved here from Seoul three years ago and says her daily commute is a 15-minute walk across the park to her job as a translator. "After lunch I walk with my co-workers in the park - it's an important element in my life now," she told me. "When I lived in Seoul, I had to drive to see my friends, or my son's friends; living here in Songdo, my son can ride his bike to his friends' houses and I can walk to hang out with mine. It's brought me closer to my neighbours." (11:44 / 2013-09-03)
a water-recycling system that prevents clean drinking water being used to flush office toilets (11:43 / 2013-09-03)
NHK 番組表 | BS世界のドキュメンタリー シリーズ 土と生きる「菌類のチカラが人類を救う」 | 人類が直面するさまざまな問題を、菌類が解決してくれる―?石油を含む汚泥を分解するキノコや物流ネットワークに貢献する粘菌など、菌類が持つ知られざるチカラを紹介する | add more | perma
BS世界のドキュメンタリー シリーズ 土と生きる「菌類のチカラが人類を救う」 (07:30 / 2013-09-03)
These Funky Microbes Make Your Favorite Foods More Delicious - Wired Science | add more | perma
In sake production, the sugars created by A. oryzae become food for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same yeast used to brew beer and wine. (16:44 / 2013-08-30)
Math | add more | perma
Relationship between fft(x) and fft(conj(x)): ```octave N=12; x=randn(N,1)+1j*randn(N,1); xf=fft(x); xcf=fft(conj(x)); assert(0==norm(xf - conj([xcf([1 N:-1:2])]))) ``` Works for even and odd `N`. (09:53 / 2013-08-30)
>> c=3e8; meters_per_inch = 0.0254; sidelobe = @(amp_inch_peak2peak, idx) besselj(idx, 4*pi*234e9/c * (amp_inch_peak2peak/2) * meters_per_inch); sidelobe(3.2e-2, 1) (14:41 / 2013-04-25)
A bit more about fftshifted vectors. If you have code that indexes into an fftshifted vector and you want to avoid the =fftshift= call, you can do some wraparound magic (handy for CUDA textures). Matlab example (hence indexes are +1'd), works for even and odd =N=: N = 11; fast = randn(N,1); good = fftshift(fast); idx = round(rand(1000,1)*(N-1)); norm(good(idx+1) - fast(mod(ceil((idx/N+.5)*N),N)+1)) (20:00 / 2012-10-17)
The =fftshift= call for a start-to-center shift in a shifted FFT can be replaced by a modulation of the input by +1 and -1, i.e., =cos(pi*[0:N-1])=: for vector =foo=, you can =assert(0==norm(fftshift(ifft(foo)) - ifft(foo.*(-1).^[0:length(foo)-1]')))= (20:46 / 2012-09-05)
Schneier on Security: More on the NSA Commandeering the Internet | add more | perma
Protection rackets are easier when you have the law backing you up. (08:39 / 2013-08-30)
Toshokan Sensō - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
is initially ranked Library Clerk First Class, but is later promoted to Library Clerk Supervisor (12:57 / 2013-08-29)
Book of Germs: The Quest for a Field Guide to Microbes - Wired Science | add more | perma
people still aren't certain it works, but you plug it into your computer and then add some DNA sample to the other end. It does the sequencing and dumps the data into your computer. According to the company, you can do this now. In a couple of years people will be able to walk around and sample their soil. People could go to their backyards. We could get every high school biology class in the country to collect pond water samples. We would have a map like nobody has ever had before. (09:52 / 2013-08-29)
These Funky Microbes Make Your Favorite Foods More Delicious - Wired Science | add more | perma
European brewers have been making sour beers for centuries by allowing whatever microbes happen to blow in through the brewery windows to have a go at their fermenting grains. (08:01 / 2013-08-29)
Moserware: The First Few Milliseconds of an HTTPS Connection | add more | perma replies with a handshake record that's a massive two packets in size (2,551 bytes). The record has version bytes of 0x0301 meaning that Amazon agreed to our request to use TLS 1.0. This record has three sub-messages with some interesting data: (06:57 / 2013-08-29)
What Programming a Game in 48 Hours Taught Me About Programming Games | add more | perma
Changing my work schedule to a pattern of high-intensity days and calming days could be interesting: Monday-Tuesday is a 48 project in microcosm; Wednesday is relatively calm; Thursday-Friday is another intense 48-hour project. Then the weekend. Would this burn me out or make me super fast and happy? (06:49 / 2013-08-29)
Every task begets more tasks at the code level (typing, commenting, optimization) and the quality level (testing, debugging, refining). It’s almost mathematical. For every hour you spend working, you must spend another 10 minutes responding to or expanding that work. After six hours of working you have accumulated an additional 1 hour of this metawork, which of course—being work—needs its own 10 minutes of response and expansion. Six hours of metawork later, you’ve accumulated an hour of metametawork, which needs yet another layer of response and expansion, and so on. Each layer of metawork is another layer of snow on the snowball. The larger the tasks get, the larger the tasks get. (06:48 / 2013-08-29)
in every game there are systems that have no serious likelihood of bottlenecking—you will gain mental energy back by essentially ignoring performance. You cannot do this in C++: it requires an awareness of execution and memory costs at every step. This is another argument in favor of never building a game without a good scripting language for the highest-level code (06:47 / 2013-08-29)
It’s remarkable how subtle and constant the performance concern is. A good C++ programmer—especially one working on a relatively slow platform like mobile phones—is continually assessing the cost of what he or she is writing. Should I use a vector here? A map? An unordered_map? Will it be faster to pass this argument by reference? Should I reserve() this vector so that it doesn’t overshoot its necessary size? You use C++ because you want to squeeze frame rate out of tightly constrained hardware. Every variable, every function becomes a potential choke point, and a seasoned programmer is always measuring the ramifications of each choice. The C++ programmer is a deer sniffing the air for the scent of boots and gunpowder: everything’s an opportunity for gain; everything’s an opportunity for calamity. (06:47 / 2013-08-29)
C++ headers. More than once during the competition I would reach a point in the code and think, “Argh, I don’t want to have to add/change/look up/remove that function because it would mean having to mess with the header file.” Then I thought, “Oh wait, this isn’t C++. There are no header files.” The feeling of liberation and simplicity that hit me in those moments convinced me that for a great deal of coding situations, headers are a serious bane. They impart a constant agony of redundancy onto everthing you write. (06:41 / 2013-08-29)
Easy object placement and animation tools. The UI work in particular went incredibly fast and this was entirely due to working in Flash. I could drag a bitmap into Flash to import it, then place it, position it, add filters, animate it, and attach the animations to code all in one tight motion, all within Flash. Tasks that can take a whole day took minutes. I need this all the time. (06:41 / 2013-08-29) | add more | perma
All three paths approach the value 4.5, but just flirt with it as N gets large. Mathematicians and statistician have another name for flirting: convergence. (08:05 / 2013-08-28)
Tachibana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Tachibana clan (kuge) (橘氏) - a clan of kuge (court nobles) prominent in the Nara and Heian periods (710–1185) Tachibana clan (samurai) (立花氏) - a clan of daimyō (feudal lords) prominent in the Muromachi, Sengoku and Edo periods (1333–1868) (19:51 / 2013-08-27) | add more | perma
If these surfaces describe our prior distributions on the unknowns, what happens to our space after we incorporate our observed data X? The data X does not change the space, but it changes the surface of the space by pulling and stretching the fabric of the prior surface to reflect where the true parameters likely live. More data means more pulling and stretching, and our original shape becomes mangled or insignificant compared to the newly formed shape. Less data, and our original shape is more present. Regardless, the resulting surface describes the posterior distribution. (11:12 / 2013-08-27) | add more | perma
More generally, we can see that as the temperature nears 60 degrees, the CI's spread out over [0,1] quickly. As we pass 70 degrees, the CI's tighten again. This can give us insight about how to proceed next: we should probably test more O-rings around 60-65 temperature to get a better estimate of probabilities in that range. Similarly, when reporting to scientists your estimates, you should be very cautious about simply telling them the expected probability, as we can see this does not reflect how wide the posterior distribution is. (10:36 / 2013-08-27)
Hildur Hedvig Maria Snöbohm (1867 - 1929) - Genealogy | add more | perma
Place of Burial: Ronehamn (09:22 / 2013-08-27)
Place of Burial: Ronehamn (09:19 / 2013-08-27)
SQLite Manager :: Add-ons for Firefox | add more | perma
Visual Anthropology of Japan: Homeless in Shinjuku Station | add more | perma
The first, and most obvious to me, was the level of organization and ingenuity displayed by people in Tokyo that is completely absent in most American homeless. Here in Shinjuku station we see that many people have constructed small cardboard homes out of various supplies, and have with them many necessities for daily living. At another time, I saw one man who had built an extremely large box house with multiple rooms, dishes, silverware, a gas stove, and even a TV. I’ve never seen anything of this sort in America. (09:21 / 2013-08-26)
I’m Thinking. Please. Be Quiet. - | add more | perma
even when people stayed asleep, the noise of planes taking off and landing caused blood pressure spikes, increased pulse rates and set off vasoconstriction and the release of stress hormones. Worse, these harmful cardiovascular responses continued to affect individuals for many hours after they had awakened and gone on with their days (08:53 / 2013-08-26)
Moekanji | add more | perma
Moekanji is a set of 87 illustrated cards to help you learn first grade Japanese Kanji which include the “On” and “Kun” readings written in hiragana. Join Mirai Suenaga and friends in learning kanji and basic Japanese! (18:55 / 2013-08-24)
KanjiTastic - Detecting Kanji, Hiragana, and/or Katakana with Javascript | add more | perma
01. // matches a single kanji character 02. String.prototype.isaKanji = function(){ 03. return !!this.match(/^[\u4E00-\u9FAF]$/); 04. } (13:49 / 2013-08-24)
iTunes App Storeで見つかる iPhone 3GS、iPhone 4、iPhone 4S、iPhone 5、iPod touch (第4世代)、iPod touch (第5世代)、iPad 2 Wi-Fi、iPad 2 Wi-Fi + 3G、iPad (3rd generation)、iPad (3rd generation)、iPad Wi-Fi + 4G、iPad (4th generation)、iPad Wi-Fi + Cellular (4th generation)、iPad mini、およびiPad mini Wi-Fi + Cellular 対応のもやしもん さわきのめ 無料版 | add more | perma
もやしもん さわきのめ 無料版 開発: NSK NEXT この開発者による他の App を見る App を購入、ダウンロードするには iTunes を開いてください。 (22:08 / 2013-08-23)
What We Know About Leadership.pdf | add more | perma
At the historical level one might reflect on the horrific consequences of the leadership of Adolph Hitler in Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Joseph Stalin in Russia from 1927 to 1953. Millions of people suffered and died as a consequence of the megalomaniacal visions of these two flawed geniuses, and the baleful consequences of their rule persist even today. (22:06 / 2013-08-23)
as often happens when high-level leadership fails, the details were covered up for years (22:06 / 2013-08-23)
persons who can require others to do their bidding because of their power are not leaders. Leadership only occurs when others willingly adopt, for a period of time, the goals of a group as their own (22:04 / 2013-08-23)
leadership involves persuading other peclple to set aside for a period of time their indi- vidual cc)ncerns and to pursue a common goal that is importaDlt for the responsibilities and welfare of a group. This defi)ution is morally neutral. A Somali warlord who is trying 1:0 bring together a group of clansmen to control food suPJ;>lies needs the same skills as an inner-city Chi- cago minister who is trying to bring together a group of parishionlers to help the homeless (22:03 / 2013-08-23)
It is im- portant to distinguish between a person's short-term and long-term self-interest; actions that promote the group also serve an individual's long-term welfare. History mournfully suggests, however, that without an external threat to their group, people largely pursue their short- term interests (22:02 / 2013-08-23)
Why Do So Many Incompetent Men Become Leaders? - Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic - Harvard Business Review | add more | perma
In fact, most leaders — whether in politics or business — fail. That has always been the case: the majority of nations, companies, societies and organizations are poorly managed, as indicated by their longevity, revenues, and approval ratings, or by the effects they have on their citizens, employees, subordinates or members. Good leadership has always been the exception, not the norm. (10:49 / 2013-08-23)
Welcome to the interview; please sit down, and choose a color | add more | perma
Carcassonne: Plenty of interaction, strategy, and some alliance possibilities. Easy to learn for new players, and quick to play. Blokus: Fun & easy to learn with clear strategy. No opportunity for alliances, but plenty of interaction. (20:10 / 2013-08-22)
Jeffrey Singer: The Man Who Was Treated for $17,000 Less - | add more | perma
most people these days don't have health "insurance." They have prepaid health plans. They pay premiums to take advantage of a pre-negotiated fee schedule arranged for and administered by a third party. My patient, on the other hand, had insurance. (14:09 / 2013-08-22)
Most people are unaware that if they don't use insurance, they can negotiate upfront cash prices with hospitals and providers substantially below the "list" price. Doctors are happy to do this. We get paid promptly, without paying office staff to wade through the insurance-payment morass. (14:08 / 2013-08-22)
With Love from Japan, Eustacia: Hokkaido Trip Part 3: Shakotan | add more | perma
can I mention how wonderful sleeping in a 和室(wa-shitsu - Japanese style room) is? I love 畳(tatami), 布団(futons) and everything that comes with it. It's a wonderful feeling (11:24 / 2013-08-22)
Shibuya-kei - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Although some artists rejected or resisted being categorized as "Shibuya-kei," the name ultimately stuck, as the style was favoured by local businesses (09:47 / 2013-08-22)
'Nightmare Bacteria' Attack an ICU and Close a Burn Unit - Wired Science | add more | perma
Four years ago, the same hospital faced a hospital-wide outbreak of MDR-AB colonisations and infections due to the importation of an index case from Tahiti. (08:55 / 2013-08-22)
It’s pretty clear, once you look at the timeline, that the patients could not all have infected each other; there’s not enough overlap. So: a contaminated piece of equipment? A colonized health care worker? Bacteria surviving on a surface — a counter, a bed rail — and then carried unknowingly into another room? (08:54 / 2013-08-22)
BestThinking / Thinkers / Science / Social Sciences / Sociology / Mike Sutton (Blog) - The Selfish Gene Myth is Bust: Richard Dawkins is an Invented Originator | add more | perma
I have an ideme Currently, we have no word in the English language for someone who discovers a word and basic concept and then tweaks the word to coin his own and then claim the concept. So I decided to take the existing word idem, which means 'the same' and take the last letter from meme to create ideme. (08:39 / 2013-08-22)
Paradox of Hoaxes: How Errors Persist, Even When Corrected - Wired Science | add more | perma
An aside, anything that you enjoy or that you'd call a favorite, you can find a well-written and plausible diatribe on the internet against it. You treat the writer as nutty or misguided, because you know that the thing at hand is better than good. But this is a big problem for things that you aren't familiar with to have your own opinions on: with anything new that you encounter, chances are high that you'll first encounter a negative review which will shape your decision to pursue it (since you're satisficing). This is why I treat reviews as toxic. This argument can be turned around to discuss things that you absolutely dislike and have excellent reviews (that horrible modern Jonny Quest retelling). (08:14 / 2013-08-22)
my forthcoming book The Half-Life of Facts (08:10 / 2013-08-22)
'what fascinated me most is that the myth was so easily swallowed by those who (ironically) deployed it to encourage others not to fall for myths ( Ihave named such myths Supermyths' (Sutton) (08:02 / 2013-08-22)
Well, funny thing. This story about correcting a scientific error itself seems to be erroneous. (08:02 / 2013-08-22) The Half-life of Facts: Why Everything We Know Has an Expiration Date (9781591844723): Samuel Arbesman: Books | add more | perma
Just as we know that a chunk of uranium can break down in a measurable amount of time—a radioactive half-life—so too any given field’s change in knowledge can be measured concretely. (08:03 / 2013-08-22)
Stop Thinking That Tech Hacks Will Fix Our Surveillance Problems | Wired Opinion | | add more | perma
our inaction opens the door for such surveillance to become an irreversible and regrettable part of our society (07:52 / 2013-08-22)
Censorship Doesn't Just Stifle Speech — It Can Spread Disease | Wired Opinion | | add more | perma
public-health researchers have believed that Internet chatter—patterns of online discussion about disease—would undercut any attempts at secrecy. But they’ve been disappointed to see that their web-scraping tools have picked up remarkably little from the Middle East (07:46 / 2013-08-22)
Certainly censorship about the spread of disease is nothing new. The largest well-documented pandemic, the great flu of 1918, is called the Spanish Influenza in old accounts not because it started in Spain (it may have begun in Kansas) but because Spain, as a neutral nation during World War I, had no wartime curbs on news reports of deaths. To this day, no one is sure how many people died in the 1918 flu; the best guess hovers around 50 million worldwide. Regardless, since the virus took 11 months to circle the planet, some of those millions might have lived had the later-infected countries been warned to prepare. (07:45 / 2013-08-22)
The wall of silence around what came to be known as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) cracked only by chance. An anonymous man in a chat room, describing himself as a teacher in Guangdong Province, made the acquaintance of a teacher in California. On February 9, 2003, he asked her if she had heard of the illness ravaging his city. She forwarded his message to an epidemiologist she knew, and on February 10 he posted it to ProMED, a listserv that disease experts use as an informal surveillance system. (07:43 / 2013-08-22)
- Wired Science | add more | perma
AAV9 got into the brain through the bloodstream, something that almost no gene therapy vector had done before (13:24 / 2013-08-21)
- Wired Science | add more | perma
Rarely does a whole life’s work crumble in a single week (10:31 / 2013-08-21)
Meet the Animats – Phenomena: The Loom | add more | perma
Extra complexity doesn’t necessary make an animat better at traveling the maze, although it may provide the raw material for further evolutionary advances. (10:29 / 2013-08-21)
Look at the animats at any given level of fitness. Some of them are more complex than others. In other words, some animats can race along at the same speed as other animats that are twice as complex. All that extra complexity seems like a waste (10:28 / 2013-08-21)
As the animats get better at getting through the maze, they get more complex. No 50% animat is less complex than a 20% animat. (10:28 / 2013-08-21)
Both animats don’t even use three of the four parts of their brain–that’s why only the circle marked nine is shown in the diagrams. Each one has evolved different patterns of inputs and outputs. It’s hard to break apart the systems into individual circuits and say that they do anything in particular. The behavior of the animat emerges from the whole network. (10:27 / 2013-08-21)
You might be wondering what those red arrows are in the doorways. They’re clues. Each arrow tells which direction to go to find the next doorway. The doorway sensor can respond to those signals, but at the start of the experiment, the animats have no way to use the information. But after thousands of generations, some of the animats evolved the ability to pick up the clues. Their brain evolved a wiring allow it to store the information they picked up in each doorway and use it guide their movements till they got to the next doorway–whereupon they kicked out the old information and recorded the information in the new doorway. Once the animats evolved this simple memory, their performance skyrocketed. (10:27 / 2013-08-21)
Watching Bacteria Evolve, With Predictable Results - | add more | perma
He speculated that, in his lab, the bacteria gained an ability to swim fast at the expense of some other trait that they need in nature (10:06 / 2013-08-21)
each population of the bacteria rapidly turned into pure hyperswarmers. (10:06 / 2013-08-21)
To determine how the bacteria had gained their tails, Dr. Xavier and his colleagues sequenced the DNA of 24 lines of hyperswarmers. In 24 out of 24 cases, they discovered that they have gained a mutation in the same gene, called FleN. FleN encodes a protein that controls other genes involved in building tails. Somehow — Dr. Xavier doesn’t yet know how — the mutations cause FleN to produce a multitude of tails, all of which are fully functional. (10:05 / 2013-08-21)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (09:54 / 2013-08-21)
Moyashimon - P. aerunginosa | add more | perma
This bacterium is first seen in the hospital at the end of Episode 4. The doctors are concerned that Sawaki Tadayasu has contracted E. coli from the food, not understanding that he is suffering the effects of lactose intolerance. (09:54 / 2013-08-21)
Dynamic evolution of venom proteins in squamate reptiles : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group | add more | perma
suggesting early ancestral recruitment into venom followed by reverse recruitment of toxins back to physiological roles. These results provide evidence that protein recruitment into venoms from physiological functions is not a one-way process, but dynamic, with reversal of function and/or co-expression of toxins in different tissues (09:49 / 2013-08-21)
On The Origin of Venom – Phenomena: The Loom | add more | perma
But in pit vipers, one of these natriuretic venoms is produced inside their brain. No one knows what this venom is doing inside the snake’s brain. But it’s obvious what it’s not doing: killing prey. It’s likely that the venom, borrowed from other parts of the body, has now been borrowed back. (09:48 / 2013-08-21)
The targets fall into two main categories: the channels and receptors on neurons, and the molecules involved in clotting blood. For example, cone snails, scorpions, and anemones have all evolved venoms that attack channels on neurons that pump out potassium. Snakes and bees have evolved the ability to block platelets from clumping together, a crucial step in blood clotting. These results show that there are a limited number of ways to kill your victim quickly. No matter what genes you borrow for the evolution of venom, they will end up very similar to other venoms. (09:46 / 2013-08-21)
Venoms did not pop out of the void. They started out as genes for other functions. Venom genes are closely related to other genes that carry out entirely different jobs, both in venomous animals and non-venomous ones.  Some venoms are closely related to immune system proteins, for example, which attack bacteria invading the body. Others are closely related to digestive enzymes How does an enzyme end up as a venom? There are a number of ways. A common type of mutation causes DNA to get duplicated. At first, the duplication just means that twice as much of the original protein gets made. But then the extra gene can mutate again without harming the function of the original one. A mutation can, for example, change the signal a gene gets about where it should make its protein. Instead of becoming active in the pancreas, for example, it might start making proteins in the mouth. When an animal bites its prey, the enzyme can then get into the wound. It might happen to have a harmful effect. Even a small effect could help the animal catch more prey, and thus be favored by natural selection (09:45 / 2013-08-21)
Iglesia Profetica De Restauracion Nueva Jerusalen | add more | perma
Love the name of this church on the side of a van that's often seen on the way to work. Very Canticle for Leibowitz to me. (08:21 / 2013-08-21)
Hussman Funds - Weekly Market Comment: A Warning Regarding Broken Speculative Peaks - August 19, 2013 | add more | perma
Collective belief can create its own reality (11:13 / 2013-08-20)
Language Log » Character Amnesia | add more | perma
zhā 皻 or 齇 ("red flecks on the nose of a drunk person") (10:28 / 2013-08-20)
Language Log » The Base, Al Qaeda, and gays in China | add more | perma
Moreover, as Brendan has already pointed out, 基 in the sense of "gay" is highly productive in Cantonese, forming numerous Cantonesey compounds, many of which have subsequently — like gei1 基 itself — been taken up in Mandarin. (09:53 / 2013-08-20)
Language Log » Stupid FBI threat scam email | add more | perma
why a scammer would be so stupid as to write such an atrocious email, and even mention Nigeria in it. The answer is: to reduce the "victim density". He has to make sure that only the most utterly gullible and stupid recipients will respond. If we all wrote back to the scammer and he had to try and correspond with millions of us to see if we were going to supply the details he wants, his work would be unending and his profit would shrink to nothing. Strange though it may seem, the scammer's best interests are served if the email doing the phishing is ludicrously incompetent and transparently suspicious. (09:47 / 2013-08-20)
Language Log » Science bible stories, take 27 | add more | perma
These studies fill one with a sense of envy for the analysts, who apparently feel no requirement to read a book before asking computer programs to come to conclusions about it (09:37 / 2013-08-20)
I read Paul Krugman's assessment of the quality of traditional journalistic judgment ("The Good Web", NYT 8/15/2013): Pundits like Samuelson seem to long for an age when wise men, from their platforms at major news orgs, sifted truth from falsehood and delivered sound judgment to the masses. The trouble is, that age never existed. I read a lot of economics reporting in the pre-Internet era, and by and large it was terrible. In part this was because the reporters and pundits often knew little economics — in fact, there was a sort of bias against having reporters with too much expertise, on the grounds that they wouldn’t be able to relate to the readership. In part it was because there wasn’t an effective mechanism for checking facts and interpretations: a reporter or pundit could say something that everyone who knew anything about the subject realized was all wrong, but those with better knowledge had no way of getting that knowledge out in real time. I'd add a third important factor: by and large, the "wise men" (and now the "wise women") don't really care about whether the empirical and theoretical foundations of their opinions are sound . They care about readers, ratings, and reputation — and in some cases about political outcomes or cultural values —  with truth relevant only insofar as it affects those goals. (09:36 / 2013-08-20)
As I observed a few years ago, "scientific studies"  have taken over the place that bible stories used to occupy. It's only fundamentalists like me who worry about whether they're true. For most people, it's enough that they can be interpreted to be morally instructive. (09:35 / 2013-08-20) | add more | perma
the micro-ecosystems of the never ending vernal pools scattered along Billy Goat Trail (08:26 / 2013-08-20)
Groklaw - Forced Exposure ~pj | add more | perma
Can we move on past fairy tales? (08:25 / 2013-08-20)
My hope was always to show you that there is beauty and safety in the rule of law, that civilization actually depends on it. How quaint. (08:23 / 2013-08-20)
a statement of "how not to dehumanize people" might read: Don't terrorize or humiliate. Don't starve, freeze, exhaust. Don't demean or impose degrading submission. Don't force separation from loved ones. Don't make demans in an incomprehensible language. Don't refuse to listen closely. Don't destroy privacy. Terrorists of all sorts destroy privacy both by corrupting it into secrecy and by using hostile surveillance to undo its useful sanctuary. (08:21 / 2013-08-20)
The totalitarian state watches everyone, but keeps its own plans secret. Privacy is seen as dangerous because it enhances resistance. Constantly spying and then confronting people with what are often petty transgressions is a way of maintaining social control and unnerving and disempowering opposition.... And even when one shakes real pursuers, it is often hard to rid oneself of the feeling of being watched -- which is why surveillance is an extremely powerful way to control people. The mind's tendency to still feel observed when alone... can be inhibiting. ... Feeling watched, but not knowing for sure, nor knowing if, when, or how the hostile surveyor may strike, people often become fearful, constricted, and distracted. (08:20 / 2013-08-20)
It should be. (08:18 / 2013-08-20)
Not that anyone seems to follow any laws that get in their way these days. Or if they find they need a law to make conduct lawful, they just write a new law or reinterpret an old one and keep on going. That's not the rule of law as I understood the term. (08:17 / 2013-08-20)
<4D6963726F736F667420576F7264202D208354836F8343836F838B837D836A83858341838B955C8E862E646F63> - survivalmanual.pdf | add more | perma
8 じしん Jishin (地震)= Earthquake しんど Shindo (震度)= Seismic intensity よしん Yoshin (余震)= Aftershock : A tremor that occurs after a major earthquake. (大きな地震の後で続いて起きる地震) つなみ Tsunami (津波)= Tidal waves : A very large wave that may follow an earthquake. (地震の後に起きるとても高い波) はっせい Hassei (発生)= To occur or happen. けいかい Keikai (警戒)= Vigilance けいほう Keiho (警報)= Warning of an impending disaster or hazardous situation and call for appropriate actions. The level of urgency of a “keiho” is greater than that of a “chuiho. ( ” 災害や危険の迫ったことを告げ、警戒を呼びかける知らせ。 「 ちゅういほう (注意報) 」より警戒度が 高い。 ) ちゅういほう Chuiho (注意報)= These are issued by weather offices when people should be aware that a 獡獴敲慹m捣⁔桥癥氠潦⇆牧湣礠潦❹ₓ捨澔⁩猠〄桡〄桡琠潦❹鍫敩 ( ” 災害の起こるおそれがある場合、注意を促すため、気象官署から発表される知らせ。 「 けいほう (警報) 」より警戒度が低い。 ) < Disaster-Related Japanese Terms 災害に関する日本語 > (13:59 / 2013-08-19)
With Love from Japan, Eustacia: Frequently Asked Questions | add more | perma
please go and check out the kendo team! They're a fun and friendly group, and if the idea of being allowed to scream and hit people with a bamboo sword excites you, you're totally suited (13:11 / 2013-08-19)
Why Silicon Valley Funds Instagrams, Not Hyperloops | Jerzy Gangi | add more | perma
Why is it that all of my peers are inventing little dinky iPhone apps instead of planes, trains, and automobiles? (11:26 / 2013-08-19)
"Journey to Justinia", or How I got my 5 y/o son to sit still and concentrate for almost 4 hours. — Justy! | add more | perma
The family that adventures together stays together. (11:24 / 2013-08-19)
On the Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs | Strike! Magazine | add more | perma
Republicans have had remarkable success mobilizing resentment against school teachers, or auto workers (and not, significantly, against the school administrators or auto industry managers who actually cause the problems) for their supposedly bloated wages and benefits (11:19 / 2013-08-19)
I’m not sure I’ve ever met a corporate lawyer who didn’t think their job was bullshit (11:18 / 2013-08-19)
what does it say about our society that it seems to generate an extremely limited demand for talented poet-musicians, but an apparently infinite demand for specialists in corporate law? (Answer: if 1% of the population controls most of the disposable wealth, what we call “the market” reflects what they think is useful or important, not anybody else.) (11:18 / 2013-08-19)
With Love from Japan, Eustacia: Why I Love Kanji (Sorta) | add more | perma
And this may be my Chinese background speaking (I've never been so grateful that Chinese is compulsory), but a lot of the time, as soon as Aki-Sensei writes the kanji, I'll understand what the word means (09:02 / 2013-08-19)
Teaching Someone To Code Is Partly A Hardware Problem — What I Learned Building… — Medium | add more | perma
My girlfriend soon refused to code without the 30-inch monitor. My apartment is a short bike ride away from downtown Palo Alto, which has lots of Wifi-enabled coffee shops. But she stayed home pretty much all the time, just to make use of the monitor. This might not seem like a good sign, but she did get much faster at coding, and she eventually mastered ⌘+number and ⌘+tab. (06:41 / 2013-08-19)
Black Hole Analogue Discovered in South Atlantic Ocean | MIT Technology Review | add more | perma
These strange objects were first discovered in the early 20th century as mathematical solutions to the equations of general relativity. (It was not until much later that astronomers began to gather observational evidence of their existence.) (06:36 / 2013-08-19)
Combine multiple images using ImageMagick - Super User | add more | perma
montage -mode concatenate -tile 1x in-*.jpg out.jpg (17:50 / 2013-08-18)
What Colour are your bits? - Ansuz - mskala's home page | add more | perma
Of Wizards and Magical Machines | Sealed Abstract | add more | perma
If it is a $1M problem, you start to see articles about how there is a developer “shortage”. These articles are greatly amusing to me, partly because I have this romantic notion of characterizing my fruitless search for a $1.50 car as a “car shortage” and being called for comment by NYT reporters. (20:35 / 2013-08-17)
When the cost of something is subsidized, people tend to forget the true cost and they start to think only about the perceived cost. It is easy to forget, when you install Google Chrome, the millions of man-hours of engineering effort, the billions of dollars, the decades of development time, the companies that have risen, grown, and withered away, that have produced those 35 megabytes. Not to mention the legal battles that have threaten to bankrupt hundred-billion-dollar-corporations, the IP lawyers, people to keep the air conditioning cold and to sweep the floors, and so on. As software developers, we’ve forgotten all this. Even to a developer, the dizzying yet invisible depth of computing borders on actual magic. We’ve forgotten what web browsers cost. We don’t value web browsers. Or text editors. Or HTTP servers. Or operating systems. Or shells. Or programming languages. Or compilers. Because they’re old hat. Just pull it down from GitHub. (20:32 / 2013-08-17)
Letters of Note: People simply empty out | add more | perma
speak to my fellow workers: "Hey, the boss can come in here at any moment and lay all of us off, just like that, don't you realize that?" (07:36 / 2013-08-16)
Yesterday Emily was critiquing the women's lib movement's failure in recognizing the inhumanity of the modern workplace: "Instead of slaving away in the kitchen for a guy, you slave away in the office for The Man." (07:36 / 2013-08-16)
You know my old saying, "Slavery was never abolished, it was only extended to include all the colors." (07:33 / 2013-08-16)
Language Log » Garakei: Galapagos cell phone | add more | perma
non-smartphone mobile phones with Japan-only features like wansegu ワンセグ (1seg ["one segment"] for watching TV), FM radio, o saifukētai おサイフケータイ ("mobile wallet"; phone = credit card), etc (19:52 / 2013-08-15)
The idea is that, like the animals and birds of the Galapagos Islands, which developed unique traits in isolation from mainland species so as to fit their special environment, the garakei ガラケイhas features that were developed solely in and for people of the Japanese islands without regard to global IT trends. Thus, garakei are not known or used in places outside Japan (19:52 / 2013-08-15)
▶ BIGBANG - HARU HARU (하루하루) M/V - YouTube | add more | perma
하루하루 (13:14 / 2013-08-15)
Getting Started · mycozycloud/cozy-setup Wiki | add more | perma
That's all. Now you are ready to do your first modifications and make some new great web applications ! Read our tutorial for a better understanding of your first application development. Database is already configured. To take advantage of Cozy Data system write your schema in the file db/ then refer to the Cozy Adapter README. (09:16 / 2013-08-15)
DEF CON® 21 Hacking Conference - Schedule | add more | perma
Speed of information? (Robert Elder) People dont want to spend money into things that are unlikey? (Robert Elder) Doctrine: harden, maneuver, obfuscate (Robert Elder) WMDs are controlled by circuits, not networks (Robert Elder). Data might be classified to protect the source and the channel: where it came from and how you got it (Mark Weatherford). NHK World. (08:54 / 2013-08-15)
Reed Solomon Overview - rs1.pdf | add more | perma
or DVB this is zero. The RS generator is touched on later. Given n, k, the symbol width m, the Galois field polynomial p and starting root B0 , the Reed-Solomon code is fully specified. (08:42 / 2013-08-15)
ere are many Galois fields, and part of the RS sp ecification is to define which field is used (08:42 / 2013-08-15)
in the Galois field used for the DVB RS codec, only the numbers 0 to 255 exist. The operation 20 times 20 does not result in 400, but gets wrapped around to 13. Don't try and make sense of that result, it is not simple modulo 256. (08:42 / 2013-08-15)
Meet the Dread Pirate Roberts, the man behind Silk Road | Hacker News | add more | perma
meatspace (07:37 / 2013-08-15)
clearnet (07:37 / 2013-08-15)
Now They Tell Us: The Story Of Japan's 'Lost Decades' Was Just One Big Hoax - Forbes | add more | perma
Take output of electricity — a measure that the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund regard as a foolproof indicator  where there is a suspicion that a government is rigging  the  economic growth numbers. Japan’s per-capita output of electricity increased at twice the American rate through the 1990s (07:35 / 2013-08-15)
Meet The Dread Pirate Roberts, The Man Behind Booming Black Market Drug Website Silk Road - Forbes | add more | perma
Just days after Atlantis’ Vladimir insisted that he and his “chief operating officer” communicate with me using an encrypted IM program called Cryptocat, a bug in the program was revealed that could have allowed all of our communications to be read. (07:28 / 2013-08-15)
IT’S A RULE AS TIMELESS as black markets: Where illegal money goes, violence follows (07:26 / 2013-08-15)
Tetrodotoxin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
EXO Fandom Goes Wild… For the First Time Since TVXQ | KpopStarz | add more | perma
On their latest return from Shanghai, EXO had to delay their flight because there were too many fans at the airport. Upon hearing this, almost a hundred passengers suddenly cancelled their tickets. These passengers turned out to be fans that had hoped to get on the same flight as EXO. The sudden mass cancellations resulted in departure being delayed. No matter how hard EXO tries to keep their flight schedules a secret, fans always find out and flood to the site. It's to the point where the airport has asked for advanced notice when anyone from SM Entertainment will be present. (13:09 / 2013-08-14)
▶ Rise - Origa - YouTube | add more | perma
Ali Arain 2 months ago Obama: This is my new counter-terrorism plan: Major Kusanagi and Section 9 Al Qaeda: Oh SHIT!!! (11:46 / 2013-08-14)
The Simply Sensational Sight of Sushi | add more | perma
Pretty soon, the practice of selling the fermented fish became all but obsolete as people raved about the taste of the freshest cuts of fish (09:20 / 2013-08-14)
What I learned from other's shell scripts | add more | perma
User configured value vs Default value (07:08 / 2013-08-14)
To check specific executable exists or not (07:08 / 2013-08-14)
Colors your echo (07:08 / 2013-08-14)
57 startup lessons | add more | perma
Assume the market is efficient and valuable ideas will be discovered by multiple teams nearly instantaneously. (07:01 / 2013-08-14)
Morale is very real and self-perpetuating. If you work too long without victories, your investors, employees, family, and you yourself will lose faith. Work like hell not to get yourself into this position. (07:00 / 2013-08-14)
ウルグ・ベク天文台 - Wikipedia | add more | perma
Well, it's this sophont: go er! (22:52 / 2013-07-13)
This article on an observatory built in the 15th century in Samarakand on the Japanese Wikipedia has detail-parity with the English one. Someone's been a busy little beaver, I wonder who. (22:47 / 2013-07-13)
通潤橋 - Wikipedia | add more | perma
Taxes! Repaying Virtue! Sontoku! | add more | perma
Once again good fortune shined upon this once-common farmer (12:47 / 2013-08-13) | add more | perma
1 鈴木 スズキ 139,627 1 139,627 2.04029% 2 佐藤 サトウ 129,537 2 269,164 3.93315% 3 田中 タナカ 66,348 3 335,512 4.90265% 4 小林 コバヤシ 64,767 4 400,279 5.84906% 5 高橋 タカハシ 63,487 5 463,766 6.77676% 6 渡辺 ワタナベ 63,298 6 527,064 7.7017% 7 加藤 カトウ 59,463 7 586,527 8.5706% 8 斉藤 サイトウ 56,617 8 643,144 9.39791% 9 伊藤 イトウ 55,753 9 698,897 10.2126% 10 中村 ナカムラ 54,415 10 753,312 11.0077% (08:47 / 2013-08-13)
Robbin’s 留学の思い出: Shopping | add more | perma
Japanese people are very good at taking care of their things. Just take a look at Book Off, a popular used bookstore chain throughout Japan. Hundreds of thousands of used books, CDs, DVDs, and games, all for a hugely discounted price! (08:44 / 2013-08-13)
Japanese Names Stink! | add more | perma
I struggle with this a lot in reading Japanese literature, and it always irks me when they don’t provide the pronunciation of the name at least once, when it’s first introduced. So then I decide to look it up, and I get a myriad of possible pronunciations. So I honestly just pick one that sounds cool while I’m reading it to myself and stick with it (08:32 / 2013-08-13)
合コン – Dating in Japan | add more | perma
The 合コン will usually last for about two hours or longer, as people are doing their best to get to know each other or hone in on someone that they liked from the very start. (08:27 / 2013-08-13)
A Linguistic Head-scratcher – English Assimilation | add more | perma
ドンマイ (08:25 / 2013-08-13)
“ショック!” (08:25 / 2013-08-13)
It’s interesting how two words that don’t make a grammatically meaningful phrase on their own in English got converted into a single word that expresses a sentiment that sometimes requires English speakers to make a full sentence (08:25 / 2013-08-13)
Why I Love Kanji | add more | perma
thanks to my friends, I acquired a decent com­mand of spo­ken Japanese in a month (08:06 / 2013-08-13)
Solve for X: Neal Stephenson on getting big stuff done - YouTube | add more | perma
This might be the first time I’ve heard someone explicitly say that the changes from 1968 to today (early 2012) would seem relatively mundane to someone from 1968—relative to, say, the changes between 1900 and 1968. Someone like Stephenson pooh-poohing the internet and mobile. I’ve felt like this for a long time, didn’t know if I was crazy or greedy. Retrogression: antibiotics, human space travel. Stephenson is saying that PCs and the internet are now a cognitive heatsink for technically gifted people: “I saw the best minds of my generation writing spam filters.” He is interested in “what our physical built environment looks like”. Allergic reaction to the amount of change, as well as the environmental catastrophes. A too-conservative attitude towards risk makes things riskier in the longer term. A few needs to shoulder great personal risk in order to reduce civilizational risk, and if they don’t, civilizational risk increases? It’s entirely plausible that in a hundred years, 99% of people will believe that men never landed on the moon, a hoax—and the notion that this really happened would be a conspiracy theory. Emily asks if the moon-hoax people believe satellites are hoaxes—fascinating question: I don’t think so. Scifi from the 1970s on, during which the physical world wasn’t changing, has focused on “social stuff.” “A failure of ambition rather than physics” — well, ambition, money, politics. (08:01 / 2013-08-13)
Solve for X: Neal Stephenson on getting big stuff done (07:37 / 2013-08-13)
Electrical signatures of consciousness in the dying brain | University of Michigan Health System | add more | perma
“ In fact, at near-death, many known electrical signatures of consciousness exceeded levels found in the waking state, suggesting that the brain is capable of well-organized electrical activity during the early stage of clinical death.­­­” (07:27 / 2013-08-13)
Within the first 30 seconds after cardiac arrest, all of the rats displayed a widespread, transient surge of highly synchronized brain activity that had features associated with a highly aroused brain. (07:26 / 2013-08-13)
吉川英治 - Wikipedia | add more | perma
Added 20 and found all 4 new ones! ```python In [213]: test = lambda kstr: test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db, dbdict, n=465, kanji=kstr) In [214]: test(u"敗活書高本武談右前越格的六昭日語連載大品自辻逃金了太水見肺夏月 一名士大三先京市吉川旧有同企泊合寛" + u"政" + u"賊" + u"宝" + u"章芸転立") 54 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 465 You got 54 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji ``` (21:52 / 2013-08-12)
In [195]: test = lambda kstr: test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db, dbdict, n=446, kanji=kstr) In [192]: test(u"敗活書高本武談右前越格的六昭日語連載大品自辻逃金了太水見肺夏月 一名士大三先京市吉川旧有同企泊合寛" + u"政" + u"賊" + u"宝") 50 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 446 You got 50 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji (11:03 / 2013-08-11)
敗戦後の活動[編集] 敗戦後は、その衝撃から筆を執ることができなくなってしまった。親友の菊池寛の求めでようやく書き始め、『高山右近』『大岡越前』で本格的に復活する。ただしこのころ、『宮本武蔵』の版権をめぐって講談社と六興出版(英治の弟晋が勤めていた)との間で騒動が起きた。1950年(昭和25年)より、敗れた平家と日本を重ねた「新・平家物語」の連載を開始する。連載7年におよぶ大作で、この作品で第1回菊池寛賞を受賞。また『文藝春秋』からの強い要望で、1955年(昭和30年)より自叙伝「忘れ残りの記」を連載。なおこのころ身を隠していた辻政信に会い、逃亡資金を渡している。『新・平家物語』終了後は、「私本太平記」「新・水滸伝」を連載する。『私本太平記』は、従来逆賊といわれてきた足利尊氏の見方を改めて描く。1960年(昭和35年)文化勲章受章。しかし通俗作家と見なされ、芸術院には入れられなかった。 「私本太平記」の連載終了間際に肺がんにかかり、翌年夏にがんが転移し悪化。1962年(昭和37年)9月7日、肺がんのため築地国立がんセンターで死去。70歳。法名は、崇文院殿釈仁英大居士。従三位勲一等に叙せられ、瑞宝章を贈られた。疎開先だった東京都青梅市に、吉川英治記念館がある。なお東京都港区赤坂にあった旧吉川邸は講談社の所有となり、(同社での企画出版のための)泊まり込みでの執筆や、座談・打ち合わせに使用された (11:02 / 2013-08-11)
In [95]: kstr=u"下昭軍口多止朝日安田夕連載"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db, dbdict, n=422, kanji=kstr) 13 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 422 You got 13 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji (20:07 / 2013-07-16)
1942年(昭和17年)、海軍軍令部の勅任待遇の嘱託となり、海軍の戦史編纂に携わっていた。山口多聞、加来止男の戦死を受けて、「提督とその部下」を朝日新聞に執筆し、安田義達の戦死後は「安田陸戦隊司令」を毎日新聞夕刊に連載している。[1] (20:06 / 2013-07-16)
``` In [85]: kstr=u"運八太道書万本武誕額寄女安定獄奇小兄昭唄全好大学唱談運白省吾田三百村同月日連載上如一目品下"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db, dbdict, n=422, kanji=kstr) 44 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 422 You got 44 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji ``` Emily helped me with this batch!!! (21:49 / 2013-07-14)
『宮本武蔵』の誕生 こうして巨額な印税が入ったが、貧しいときから寄り添っていた妻やすは、この急激な変化についていけず、次第にヒステリーになっていく。これを危惧し、印税を新居に投じ、さらに養女をもらい家庭の安定を図った。こののち、『万花地獄』『花ぐるま』といった伝奇性あふれる小説や、『檜山兄弟』『松のや露八』などの維新ものを書く。しかし妻のヒステリーに耐えかね、1930年(昭和5年)の春に半年ほど家出し、この間『かんかん虫は唄ふ』などが生まれた。このころから服部之総と交友を結ぶ。1933年(昭和8年)、全集の好評を受け、大衆文学の研究誌・衆文を創刊、1年続き純文学に対抗する。松本学の唱える文芸懇談会の設立にも関わり、また青年運動を開始し、白鳥省吾・倉田百三らと東北の農村を回り講演を開いた。1935年(昭和10年)『親鸞』を発表。同年の8月23日から「宮本武蔵」の連載を始め、これが新聞小説史上かつてない人気を得、4年後の1939年(昭和14年)7月21日まで続いた。剣禅一如を目指す求道者宮本武蔵を描いたこの作品は、太平洋戦争下の人心に呼応し、大衆小説の代表作となる。 (21:48 / 2013-07-14)
I guessed that 関東大震災 was related to the great earthquake of the 1920s that Emily's book on Tokyo started out discussing, due to "east" (which I haven't yet gotten to in Heisig), "big" and "disaster". (21:46 / 2013-07-13)
In [53]: kstr=u"一売大災京夕品談名白連載本吉川女書植運客多読日景完成現学全"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db,dbdict,n=396, kanji=kstr) 29 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 396 You got 29 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji (21:45 / 2013-07-13)
関東大震災により東京毎夕新聞社が解散すると、作品を講談社に送り様々な筆名で発表し、「剣魔侠菩薩』を『面白倶楽部』誌に連載、作家として一本立ちする。1925年(大正14年)より創刊された『キング』誌に連載し、初めて吉川英治の筆名を使った「剣難女難」で人気を得た。このとき本名の「吉川英次」で書くように求められたが、作品が掲載される際に出版社が名を「英治」と誤植してしまったのを本人が気に入り、以後これをペンネームとするようになった。キング誌は講談社が社運をかけた雑誌だが、新鋭作家吉川英治はまさに期待の星であり、「坂東侠客陣」「神洲天馬侠」の2長編を発表し、多大な読者を獲得した。執筆の依頼は増え、毎日新聞からも要請を受け、阿波の蜂須賀重喜の蟄居を背景とした傑作「鳴門秘帖」を完成させた。これを収録した『現代大衆文学全集』もよく売れ、また作品も多く映画化された。 (21:41 / 2013-07-13)
``` In [33]: kstr=u"明京浅草町江書川上介大語談吉子名向連目小母夕"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db,dbdict,n=396, kanji=kstr, printer=True) 24 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 396 You got 22 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 2 kanji ``` I missed 下 because it was embedded in a stream of kana. And I missed 活 because I got excited about seeing "yonder", i.e., 向. Doh! (22:33 / 2013-07-10)
1910年(明治43年)に上京、象眼職人の下で働く。浅草に住み、このときの町並みが江戸の町を書くにあたって非常に印象に残ったという。またこのころから川柳をつくり始め、井上剣花坊の紹介で「大正川柳」に参加する。1914年(大正3年)、「江の島物語」が『講談倶楽部』誌に3等当選(吉川雉子郎の筆名)するが、生活は向上しなかった。のちに結婚する赤沢やすを頼って大連へ行き、貧困からの脱出を目指したが変わらず、この間に書いた小説3編が講談社の懸賞小説に入選。1921年(大正10年)に母が没すると、翌年より東京毎夕新聞社に入り、次第に文才を認められ『親鸞記』などを執筆する。 (22:32 / 2013-07-10)
``` In [12]: kstr=u"高小学時少運母兄中具工負"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db,dbdict,n=396, kanji=kstr, printer=True) 13 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 396 You got 12 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 1 kanji 中 負 具 工 母 兄 小 少 時 落 運 高 学 ``` Dargh, I didn't recognize 落! (21:04 / 2013-07-09)
山内尋常高等小学校に入学。当時騎手の馬屋に近く、将来は騎手になることを考えていた。また10歳のころから雑誌に投稿をするようになり、時事新報社の少年誌に作文が入選した。家運が衰えたのはこのころで、異母兄と父との確執もあり、小学校を中退。いくつもの職業を転々としつつ、独学した。18歳のとき、年齢を偽って横浜ドックの船具工になったが、ドックで作業中船底に墜落、重傷を負う。 (21:03 / 2013-07-09)
1892年(明治25年)8月11日(戸籍面は13日)、神奈川県久良岐郡中村根岸(現在の横浜市)に、旧小田原藩士・吉川直広、イクの次男として生れた。自筆年譜によると出生地は中村根岸となっているが、地名としては中村根岸はなく旧地名で中村町で現在の横浜市中区山元町に当たる。父・直広は県庁勤務の後小田原に戻り箱根山麓で牧畜業を営みさらに横浜へ移って牧場を拓く。イクとは再婚で、先妻との間に兄正広がいた。英治が生まれた当時、直広は牧場経営に失敗し、寺子屋のような塾を開いていた。その後貿易の仲買人のようなことを始め、高瀬理三郎に見出されて横浜桟橋合資会社を設立。一時期安定するが、直広が高瀬と対立し、裁判を起こし敗訴すると、刑務所に入れられ出所後は生活が荒れ、家運が急激に衰えていく。 (20:13 / 2013-07-08)
``` In [139]: kstr=u"明月日川中村現旧小田原士吉直自名町元先兄時牧敗寺子塾高理三見桟合一安運活"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db,dbdict,n=396, kanji=kstr) 36 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 396 You got 36 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji ``` I owned 塾 on the first try with Mac OS X Chinese handwriting recognizer. Go me! (20:12 / 2013-07-08)
```python In [120]: kstr = u"太学活本読大小的品語昭連載"; test_recognition(getkanji(instr), db, dbdict, n=396, kanji=kstr) 13 kanji in input are known if you are at Heisig # 396 You got 13 kanji right You got 0 kanji wrong You missed 0 kanji ``` But I flubbed the English keyword for 連 :-/. (22:08 / 2013-07-07)
様々な職についたのち作家活動に入り、『鳴門秘帖』などで人気作家となる。1935年(昭和10年)より連載が始まった『宮本武蔵』は広範囲な読者を獲得し、大衆小説の代表的な作品となった。戦後は『新・平家物語』、『私本太平記』などの大作を執筆。幅広い読者層を獲得し、「国民文学作家」といわれる。 (22:07 / 2013-07-07)
Why David Brin Hates Yoda, Loves Radical Transparency | Underwire | | add more | perma
I think that Romanticism is an enemy meme (13:58 / 2013-08-12)
Ursula K. Le Guin: Still Battling the Powers That Be | Underwire | | add more | perma
I am old enough that I grew up before there was an internet, and I just am not in the habit of using the internet to see what people think of me. (13:44 / 2013-08-12)
Digital Chosunilbo (English Edition) : Daily News in English About Korea | add more | perma
Jiro Ushiro, touched the core when he said, "Japan's financial unrest has come about because of poor English on the part of (Japanese) politicians and bureaucrats. (10:09 / 2013-08-12)
Builders of Empire: Freemasons and British Imperialism, 1717-1927: Jessica L. Harland-Jacobs: 9780807830888: Books | add more | perma
In this period [of the eighteenth century], the fraternity remained a relatively fluid and inclusive institution that did, at times, live up to its ideology of cosmopolitan brotherhood. Although dominated by white Protestant men, eighteenth-century British Masonry did have room in its lodges for Jews and Muslims, African Americans and South Asians, and other “others.” Eighteenth-century Masonry also included men of a diverse range of political opinions who both supported and challenged the Whig oligarchy running Hanoverian Britain and its growing empire. As Britain withstood the age of revolution and emerged victorious from the Napoleonic Wars, Masonry underwent a major transformation that reflected the strengthening currents of nationalism, capitalism, and imperialism. Like their eighteenth-century brethren, nineteenth-century Freemasons continued to champion Masonry’s ideology of openness, but in practice the brotherhood abandoned, to a great degree, its cosmopolitan and radical pasts. Reacting against Freemasonry’s elasticity during the previous century, grand lodge officials fought and won a struggle to gain control over the brotherhood by consciously identifying the brotherhood with loyalty to the state. Meanwhile, as the Catholic Church waged a sustained campaign against worldwide Freemasonry, the brotherhood became primarily a Protestant institution. (08:17 / 2013-08-12)
Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, and waves of admixture (migration?) - Gene Expression | | add more | perma
a period of demographic and cultural change in which mixture between highly differentiated populations became pervasive before it eventually became uncommon (18:11 / 2013-08-10)
Evolution of word gender in languages - WordReference Forums | add more | perma
It's hard to talk about gender/class systems in general, because there are so many different ones: almost every language with a gender/class system has a way of categorizing, so one must talk about a specific language. If you, gordon e d, want to know a lot more about it, I think you should definitely read the book "Genders," by G. G. Corbett. Through the book he uses examples from more than 200 languages to show how genders work, how genders are categorized, etc. (08:07 / 2013-08-10)
Suppose it simply evolved out of a purely phonetic thing. Like when they began using words like articles they gradually had them fit the nouns in some way like rhyming. Even today we lots of words in the romance languages that end with an "a" and have the article (f) "la". As languages developed and became more complex this turned into an important part of a system. People still deterine gender more by a subjective feeling of the phonetics than by pure logic. In German practically everybody is comfortable with "die CD" (F) even though it is an abrevation of "Comact Disk" - and by this logic it ought to be "der" and not "die". Frequently new words need a lot of time before you can tell what the proper gender is. A word like "Rally" used in German ist a good example. some 40-50 years ago there was really no rule for it. It could be der/die/das Rally. Gradually it was cut down to two possible genders - then, I think, the Swiss did not quite aggree with the Germans or something, and today I don't think you'd hear but "die Rally". The weirdest thing, though, is Danish where some new words seem to change genders over the years. (08:06 / 2013-08-10)
Linguistics 001 -- Lecture 15 -- Language and Gender | add more | perma
Such linguistic differences are part of a cultural (re)construction of a biological difference -- a marking of gender differences (07:11 / 2013-08-10)
Men's form Women's form Gloss hara onaka stomach tukemono okookoo pickles mizu ohiya water bentoo obentoo box lunch kane okane money hasi ohasi chopsticks umai oisii delicious kuu taberu eat kutabaru/sinu nakanaru die (07:10 / 2013-08-10)
Roma in Hungary: A terrible waste of human potential | The Economist | add more | perma
The former Soviet bloc did not experience the social revolutions of the 1960s that changed attitudes towards minorities in the west and made racism socially unacceptable (12:16 / 2013-08-08)
Poland: What communism did to Polish food | The Economist | add more | perma
what passed for a meat cutlet, for example, in one region was completely different elsewhere (12:13 / 2013-08-08)
"To find real Polish food you have to look at pre-war cookbooks," (12:13 / 2013-08-08)
▶ Unique - Képzeld el - YouTube | add more | perma
Hungarian electro pop group Unique (12:09 / 2013-08-08)
Hungarian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Origin of word roots in Hungarian[27] Uncertain    30% Finno-Ugric    21% Slavic    20% German    11% Turkic    9.5% Latin and Greek    6% (11:53 / 2013-08-08)
Why Hungarian is easy - Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips — Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips | add more | perma
speak is “beszél”, but you speak is “beszélsz” (remember, sz is pronounced “s”) (11:49 / 2013-08-08)
Sz represents the “s” sound and S alone represents the “sh” sound, the “c” sound is “ts” like in cats (Esperanto and Slavic languages do this too) and “cs” is “ch” (like chair), j is pronounced as “y”, zs is the French j sound like the s in pleasure, the ö and ü (and corresponding longer versions) are different vowel sounds and the famous gy in the language name itself, magyar is also something we don’t directly have in English, but can be pretty accurately approximated by “dy” and “ly” is pronounced as if it was just “y”. The r is rolled like in Spanish. That’s pretty summarises the most important differences. (11:48 / 2013-08-08)
Old Hungarian alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
TPRUS ENT TPRU NAP EMP (11:43 / 2013-08-08)
Old Hungarian letters were usually written from right to left on sticks. Later, in Transylvania, they appeared on several media. Writings on walls also were right to left and not boustrophedon style (alternating direction right to left and then left to right). (11:42 / 2013-08-08)
After Snowden leaks, feds lose their hacker cred at Def Con | The Verge | add more | perma
Cybersecurity has become a major concern within the US government that eclipses fears of terrorism among some high-ranking officials (11:17 / 2013-08-08)
"The problem is looking at the government like it's one single group of people," he said. "The hard thing is when the government comes to Def Con saying, 'Hey, we need your help making the world safer,' while other guys from the government come saying, 'Hey we need your help to blow stuff up.'" (11:16 / 2013-08-08)
K-Pop takes America: how South Korea's music machine is conquering the world | The Verge | add more | perma
They say that the internet, while giving us endless entertainment and news options, somehow divides us as a nation by denying us the opportunity to bond over the same movies and record albums and episodes of Seinfeld. (10:58 / 2013-08-08)
It's actually harder to think of moves that non-dancers can do, that dancers would appreciate at the same time. When you go to concerts you have the ability to do little movements that make you feel like you're part of the song and the performance (10:56 / 2013-08-08)
[the] model tries to embed more and more foreign singers from strategic markets into larger girl or boy bands. These imported singers are then used to promote their acts back in their respective home countries." (10:52 / 2013-08-08)
Translations of The Hobbit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Irish 2012 An Hobad, nó Anonn agus Ar Ais Arís Nicholas Williams (10:04 / 2013-08-08)
Icelandic 1978 Hobbitinn Úlfur Ragnarsson and Karl Ágúst Úlfsson Reykjavík: Almenna Bókafélagið Icelandic 1997 Hobbitinn eða út og heim aftur Þorsteinn Thorarensen (10:04 / 2013-08-08)
Persian 2002 هابيت (Hābit) فرزاد فربد (Farzad Farbud) (10:04 / 2013-08-08)
Polish 1985 Hobbit, czyli tam i z powrotem Maria Skibniewska 2nd Polish edition, revised translation Polish 1997 Hobbit albo tam i z powrotem (10:03 / 2013-08-08)
Spanish (Spain) 1982 El hobbit (10:03 / 2013-08-08)
Turkish 1996 Hobbit Esra Uzun Turkish 2007 Hobbit Gamze Sari (10:03 / 2013-08-08)
Slavic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
East Slavic branch Old East Slavic (extinct) Old Novgorod (extinct) Ruthenian (extinct) Belarusian Russian Ukrainian Rusyn West Slavic branch Czech & Slovak Czech Slovak Lechitic Old Polish (extinct) Middle Polish (extinct) Polish Silesian[a] Pomeranian (extinct) Kashubian Polabian (extinct) Sorbian Upper Sorbian Lower Sorbian Knaanic (extinct) South Slavic branch Eastern Group Old Church Slavonic (extinct) Bulgarian Macedonian Church Slavonic Western Group Serbo-Croatian Bosnian Serbian Croatian Montenegrin Bunjevac Slovenian (10:03 / 2013-08-08)
Microsoft Word - Dokument1 - Lengalova_BAthesis_Kanturek.pdf | add more | perma
.Kantůrekwillbeshownintheroleofacommentator whoisonthe samelevelasthereader.Hisspecialnoteswillbeperceivedasthe meansofaddressing thereader.Kantůrekwilldiscussinthemthenotionsofsocietyandunclearrefere nces thatPratchettinsertedintothetext.Therewillalsobeothertypesofs pecialnotes concerninghistory,creativetranslations,andforeignwordsinthetext.Themost specificnotesofthistypewillbeclassifiedaspurecomments.  Inthiswork,acloserlookwillbetakenonthegroupsofnotesontranslation andspecialnotes,becausetheirfunctionisdifferentfromthefunctionofother notes. Eachexamplefromthebookswillbeanalysedinthelatersectionsandconclusi onswill 8 bedrawn.Itwillbedemonstratedthatinhistranslations,Kantůrekexcee dsthe conventionsoftranslatingbymovingtheroleofthetranslatorfromtheillusiona rynon> existententitytoapartnerinadialoguewiththereader. (09:51 / 2013-08-08)
Macedonian Why Learn Macedonian? 8 Good Reasons... | add more | perma
Macedonian and Bulgarian are the only analytic Slav languages which means that you'll be spared of all the time it is needed to master the case system (09:33 / 2013-08-08)
3. You'll enter the world of Balkan politics and be a witness to the development of a semi-chaotic society... Actually, this not a plus. :) The plus is that you'll get to know many nice people with rich history and tradition. (09:33 / 2013-08-08)
Why Czech isn't as hard to learn as you think - Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips — Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips | add more | perma
Sorry Czech, but your cases don’t scare me in the least. (08:48 / 2013-08-08)
I always have a phrasebook in my pocket. Anytime I am waiting anywhere I take it out and learn some words from the dictionary at the back, which is small enough to get through a whole letter of the alphabet in a 10 minute wait for the tram, while still being big enough to cover most of the essential words (08:46 / 2013-08-08)
Neologisms in translating Terry Pratchett’s books - Artykuły metodyczne - Wydawnictwo The Teacher | add more | perma
Piotr W. Cholewa , one of the best Polish translators of Terry Pratchett’s books (08:42 / 2013-08-08)
Hogfather => Wiedźmikołaj (08:40 / 2013-08-08)
▶ 에프엑스_HOT SUMMER_MUSIC VIDEO - YouTube | add more | perma
에프엑스 (08:28 / 2013-08-08)
Five hundred new fairytales discovered in Germany | Books | | add more | perma
Eichenseer says the fairytales are not for children alone. "Their main purpose was to help young adults on their path to adulthood, showing them that dangers and challenges can be overcome through virtue, prudence and courage." (08:10 / 2013-08-08)
James Hopkin's top 10 Polish books | Books | | add more | perma
'Even the Crows Say Krakow'. His debut novel, Winter Under Water, set in several cities across Europe (08:09 / 2013-08-08)
Tales of Galicia by Andrzej Stasiuk (08:07 / 2013-08-08)
A Minor Apocalypse by Tadeusz Konwicki (08:07 / 2013-08-08)
Nike prize in Poland (08:07 / 2013-08-08)
Wrocław - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Pronounced VRuh-tswaf. (07:38 / 2013-08-08)
Don't Start Learning Polish with the Grammar! | LinguaTrek | add more | perma
'piją' puts me in mind of Nausicaa. Pejite. (13:42 / 2013-08-07)
I know its correct to say, "dużo Polaków pije herbatę". No question, I know it. But when speaking, I almost always say, "dużo Polaków piją herbatę" ("piją" instead of "pije"). (13:22 / 2013-08-07)
Names | add more | perma
wRoclaw. Heliand. Cyberiad. Alexiad. Mongoliad. (13:34 / 2013-08-07)
Angel beats (20:22 / 2012-07-18)
Angel beats. Wolfen spice. Battlehawk. (06:39 / 2012-05-31)
What makes learning Polish so easy? - Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips — Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips | add more | perma
Present simple – I read everyday. Present continuous – I am reading right now. Present perfect – I have read this book before. Present perfect continuous – I have been reading this book for two hours. Future perfect continuous – At 5 o’clock I will have been reading this book for four hours. Past simple – I read all day yesterday. Past continuous – I was reading yesterday. (13:19 / 2013-08-07)
Drought during Month | add more | perma
The drought of the mid 30s and 50s are really visible. Why was Nevada apparently singled out for drought during the late 20s? (09:00 / 2013-08-07)
For Example | add more | perma
Cartographically speaking, Antarctica is special for two reasons: it crosses the antimeridian and it encompasses a pole. However, these special qualifications are only present in the normal aspect. If you rotate the sphere along longitude and latitude, suddenly any land mass can present this same challenge! [Try this now by touching the above map.] Thus if we ignore the problem of antimeridian cutting, then as soon as we rotate the globe then polygons can cross from one side to the other, causing these horrible artifacts. If you ever wondered why the normal aspect is so entrenched in cartography, it’s not just cultural imperialism—it’s a tricky math problem! (08:23 / 2013-08-07)
Incredible. Incredible. (08:18 / 2013-08-07)
I initially conceived this talk as an excuse to show all my examples. But with more than 600, I’d have only 4.5 seconds per slide. A bit overwhelming. So instead I’ve picked a few favorites that I hope you’ll enjoy. You should find this talk entertaining, even if it fails to be insightful. (08:06 / 2013-08-07)
Let’s Make a Map | add more | perma
The -where argument implies a filter: only features whose adm0_a3 property equals "GBR" or "IRL" will be in the output GeoJSON. Here, adm0 refers to Admin-0, the highest level administrative boundaries, and a3 refers to ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country codes. Despite mapping only the United Kingdom, we need all of Ireland to portray land accurately; otherwise, we might give the mistaken impression that Northern Ireland is an island unto itself! (08:17 / 2013-08-07)
WeoGeo - Map Data. On Demand. | add more | perma
Old Maps Online | add more | perma
1205.4251.pdf | add more | perma
This anecdote suggests that some degree of publishing productivity is essential to get into the pool of competitive candidates but, after that, other fac tors are more important for getting the job . (13:05 / 2013-08-06)
If replication were essential for every new phenomenon, then researchers might be disinclined to pursue new and challenging ideas to ensure pub lishability of what they produce . (08:06 / 2013-08-06)
We can agree that the truth will win eventually , b ut we are not content to wait (08:03 / 2013-08-06)
W e do believe t hat self - correction occurs. Our problem is with the word “eventually.” The myth of self - correction is recognition that once published there is no systemic ethic of confirming or disconfirming the validity of an effect . False effects can remain for decad es, slowly fading or continuing to inspire and influence new research (Prinz et al., 2011) . F urther, even when it becomes known that an effect is false , retraction of the original result is very rare (08:03 / 2013-08-06)
Investing hundreds of thousands of dollars on a new treatment that is ineff ective is a waste of resources and an enormous burden to patients in experimental trials . B y c ontrast, for academic researchers there are few consequences for being wrong. If replication s get done and the original result is irreproducible nothing happens . (08:01 / 2013-08-06)
The disinterest in replication is striking given its centrality to science. (15:02 / 2013-08-05)
Publishing a result does not make it true. Many published results have uncertain truth value. Dismissing a direct replication as “we already knew that” is misleading; th e actual criticism is “someone has already claimed that.” The former indicates that the truth value is known, the latter indicates that someone has had the idea and perhaps provided some evidence . Replication is a means of increasing the confidence in the truth value of a claim. (14:17 / 2013-08-05)
Instead, we might remember the gist of what the study was and what we found (14:16 / 2013-08-05)
even if we resist those reasonin g biases in the moment, a fter a few months, we might simply forget the details (14:15 / 2013-08-05)
Once we obtain an unexpected result, we are l ikely to reconstruct our histories and perceive the outcome as something that we could have, even did, anticipate all along – converting a discovery into a confirmatory result (14:15 / 2013-08-05)
M otivated reasoning can occur without intention . We are more likely to be convinced that our hypothesis is true, a ccepting uncritically when it is confirmed and scrutiniz ing heavily when it is not (14:15 / 2013-08-05)
We have enough faith in our values to believe that we would rather fail than fake our way to success. Less simple to put aside are ordinary practices that can increase the likelihood of publishing false results, particularly those practices that are common, accepted, and even appropriate in some circumstances. (14:14 / 2013-08-05)
he incentives for publishable results can be at odds with the incentives for accurate results. (14:08 / 2013-08-05)
Our immediate react ion was “ why the # & @! did we do a direct replication? ” Our failure to replicate is not definitive that the original effect is false , but it raises enough doubt to make reviewers recommend against publishing . Any temptation to ignore the replication and publish the original only was squashed by the fact that our lab mates knew we ran a replication. (14:08 / 2013-08-05)
Atlas of World History | add more | perma
Generative Models - Church Wiki | add more | perma
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (14:08 / 2013-08-05)
Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science « Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science | add more | perma
I just want to say one word to you. Just one word. Stan. (13:51 / 2013-08-05)
Probabilistic Models of Cognition - Church Wiki | add more | perma
Hierarchical Models Mixture Models (12:58 / 2013-08-05)
ZeroMQ instead of HTTP, for internal services (August Lilleaas' blog) | add more | perma
for RPC to internal services in systems composed of many small parts, you're probably better off using ZeroMQ (12:42 / 2013-08-05)
Vǫluspá 1/3 (Deutsch, English, Norsk, Dansk, Svenska, Føroyskt) - YouTube | add more | perma
Völuspá by Sveinbjörn Beinteinsson - YouTube | add more | perma
This is the opening poem of the Poetic Edda, chanted in a style influenced by rímur tradition by Sveinbjörn Beinteinsson, allsherjargoði (very roughly translated as "high priest") of Iceland's Ásatrúarfélagið (Æsir Faith Fellowship) from 1972-1993. Völuspá (Prophecy of the Seeress) is one of the major sources for Norse mythology. It tells of the creation of the world, of the wars of the Norse gods, of the creation of humanity and the destruction of the world at Ragnarök (Doom of the Powers). (16:40 / 2013-07-29)
G.O.D (Grumantra of Dalhalla) | Facebook | add more | perma
G.O.D is the First Indonesian tabletop gaming that brings Local Asian concept to an Epic Fantasy (12:48 / 2013-07-29)
Specter by *omupied on deviantART | add more | perma
Painter IX (12:30 / 2013-07-29)
The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Children Of Odin, by Padraic Colum. | add more | perma
The Gods turned their thoughts from the hoarding of gold, and they built up their City, and they made themselves strong. (08:01 / 2013-07-29)
LibriVox » Volsungasaga by Magnusson and Morris | add more | perma
Völsungasaga by Eiríkr Magnússon (1833-1913) and William Morris (1834-1896) The 13th century Icelandic Völsungasaga is usually read by people studying the Poetic Edda or Wagner’s Ring – which obscures the fact it is a much better story than practically everything derived from it. A riddle-telling dragon, a broken sword, a hooded mysterious wanderer – cannibalism, incest, mutilation, and sensitive hearts. This is R-rated Tolkien – and the unashamedly archaic Magnússon-Morris translation is up for the adventure. Passages spoken in Old Norse are taken from the edition of Sophus Bugge, Berlin, 1891. (07:53 / 2013-07-29)
LibriVox » Viking Tales by Jennie Hall | add more | perma
Viking Tales by Jennie Hall (1875-1921) Viking tales are tales from Iceland, featuring the king Halfdan and his son Harald (07:53 / 2013-07-29)
Vorkosigan Saga - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
a future where humans have colonized several new worlds, but continue to embrace all the bad habits that made life so fractious on Earth (20:58 / 2013-07-28)
The Project Gutenberg eBook of Space Viking, by H. Beam Piper. | add more | perma
Space Viking Vengeance is a strange human motivation— it can drive a man to do things which he neither would nor could achieve without it ... and because of that it lies behind some of the greatest sagas of human literature! (20:57 / 2013-07-28)
Alliance-Union universe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
It encompasses both books for which Cherryh won the Hugo Award for Best Novel, Downbelow Station and Cyteen (20:57 / 2013-07-28)
LibriVox » The Children of Odin by Padraic Colum | add more | perma
Master storyteller Padraic Colum's rich, musical voice captures all the magic and majesty of the Norse sagas in his retellings of the adventures of the gods and goddesses who lived in the Northern paradise of Asgard before the dawn of history. Here are the matchless tales of All-Father Odin, who crosses the Rainbow Bridge to walk among men in Midgard and sacrifices his right eye to drink from the Well of Wisdom; of Thor, whose mighty hammer defends Asgard; of Loki, whose mischievous cunning leads him to treachery against the gods; of giants, dragons, dwarfs and Valkyries; and of the terrible last battle that destroyed their world. (Summary from Project Gutenberg) (15:38 / 2013-07-28)
Balkan worlds : the first and last Europe - JH Libraries | add more | perma
Ethnogenesis. Sclaviniae and Mixobarbara (08:23 / 2013-07-28)
Between East and West : the Balkan and Mediterranean worlds - JH Libraries | add more | perma
v. 1. Economies and societies : land, lords, states and middlemen (08:23 / 2013-07-28)
Antibiotic resistance: The last resort : Nature News & Comment | add more | perma
the rapid advance of resistance and the consequent need to use these drugs sparingly has convinced pharmaceutical companies that antibiotics are not worth the investment. (17:30 / 2013-07-27)
Hospitals in Israel now practise 'active surveillance', meaning that if a new patient has been to any other health-care institution in the past six months they are checked for CREs (17:10 / 2013-07-27)
bacteria carrying the enzyme were present in sewage and municipal water in south Asia6 (17:10 / 2013-07-27)
But rather than using KPC, the bacterium dismantled the antibiotics with a different enzyme, a metallo-β-lactamase (17:09 / 2013-07-27)
Most clinical microbiology labs no longer painstakingly culture bacteria over days to determine which drugs they are susceptible to: instead, automated systems, which expose bacteria to graduated dilutions of drugs, can give a result in hours. But these tests, Quale and his collaborators realized, were giving misleading results and were causing physicians to give patients doses or drugs that would not work (17:07 / 2013-07-27)
Prudent use, researchers thought, would keep the remaining last-resort drugs such as the carbapenems effective for decades. The North Carolinan strain of Klebsiella turned that idea on its head. It produced an enzyme, dubbed KPC (for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase), that broke down carbapenems. What's more, the gene that encoded the enzyme sat on a plasmid, a piece of DNA that can move easily from one bacterium to another. Carbapenem resistance had arrived (17:03 / 2013-07-27) | add more | perma
SuperMemo 2: Algorithm | add more | perma
Algorithm SM-2 used in the computer-based variant of the SuperMemo method and involving the calculation of easiness factors for particular items: Split the knowledge into smallest possible items. With all items associate an E-Factor equal to 2.5. Repeat items using the following intervals: I(1):=1 I(2):=6 for n>2: I(n):=I(n-1)*EF where: I(n) - inter-repetition interval after the n-th repetition (in days), EF - E-Factor of a given item If interval is a fraction, round it up to the nearest integer. After each repetition assess the quality of repetition response in 0-5 grade scale: (06:02 / 2013-07-27)
Down the VR rabbit hole: Fixing judder | Valve | add more | perma
being part of a project like Windows NT or Quake is a remarkable experience, one I badly miss whenever I’m working on something more mundane or a project that doesn’t turn out as I had hoped. Happily, I’m becoming steadily more confident that my current project, VR, is going to be one of the game-changers (22:56 / 2013-07-26)
Why Can’t Female Tech Founders Get Funding? ⚙ Co.Labs ⚙ code + community | add more | perma
This is a generalization of course--but girls are often more interested in machines and technical systems when they are placed in a larger context, where there’s a problem to be solved or an obvious benefit to society. It’s no coincidence that women study medicine in much higher numbers than engineering, even though both tracks are technical; It’s obvious that doctors help people. (22:26 / 2013-07-26)
“Most construction and engineering kits, which are touted as ‘technical and numerical toys,’ don’t include the storytelling that appeals to many girls,” (22:24 / 2013-07-26)
Men, and I say this fully aware of being one, will oversell anything. Women undersell (22:22 / 2013-07-26)
Spacing and repetition effects in human memory: application of the SAM model - Raaijmakers - 2010 - Cognitive Science - Wiley Online Library | add more | perma
t1 represents the interpresentation or spacing interval, tp equals the presentation time of an item, and t2 is the retention interval. The basic spacing effect refers to the finding that when the retention interval is reasonably long the probability of recalling B increases with the length of the spacing interval is kept constant). Such an increase is remarkable since a simple model in which each of the two presentations would be stored separately would predict a decrease in the probability of recall (21:22 / 2013-07-26)
Spacing and repetition effects in human memory: application of the SAM model (21:20 / 2013-07-26)
R Data Analysis Examples: Logit Regression | add more | perma
Probit regression. Probit analysis will produce results similar logistic regression. The choice of probit versus logit depends largely on individual preferences. (22:00 / 2013-07-25)
Bayesian Methods for Hackers | add more | perma
this text should be sufficient and entertaining (13:14 / 2013-07-25)
the disconnect between Bayesian mathematics and probabilistic programming (13:13 / 2013-07-25)
computation/understanding-first, mathematics-second point of view (13:13 / 2013-07-25)
Review: Geocart 3 (Kelso) « Kelso’s Corner | add more | perma
Tip: When georeferencing an image, maximize both the map and the placed image to fit the window (Map > Scale to Window). Then adjust your Geocart map to use the same boundaries as the placed map image (make an educated guess). Then cycle thru the projections until the vector lines (graticule and country boundaries, etc) begin to match. Mercator and Robinson are common for world maps, a conic like Albers or Lambert is common for country and state maps. Then adjust the projection parameters and fine tune the boundaries and nominal scale and map resolution till everything fits exactly. Finally, export the placed image to database format. (12:19 / 2013-07-25)
VanDerGrinten | add more | perma
PROJ.4 Organization +proj=vandg +lon_0=Longitude at projection center +x_0=False Easting +y_0=False Northing (12:12 / 2013-07-25)
PROJ.4 - Frequently Asked Questions | add more | perma
Where can I find the list of projections and their arguments? There is no simple single location to find all the required information (11:14 / 2013-07-25)
Kuala Lumpur | add more | perma
Publisher: Kuala Lumpur: Survey Dept., Federation of Malaya Medium: Image Date: 1962 (10:53 / 2013-07-25)
Why we're doing things that don't scale by Jason Fried of 37signals | add more | perma
There’s nothing quite like seeing or hearing the person you’re pitching. It’s never just a demo – it always leads to a little conversation (10:02 / 2013-07-25)
ScapeToad - cartogram software by the Choros laboratory | add more | perma
The software puts a regular grid over all layers (usually defined according to topographic metrics)... computes the density for each grid point... ...and applies the Gastner/Newman algorithm while respecting shape constraints. Map-areas now reflect user-defined variables. (09:55 / 2013-07-25)
Global Spaces of Food Production | Views of the World | add more | perma
These are the croplands, which represent a total area of 15 million square km: (click for larger version) And here are the pastures, which represent an area of 28 million square km: (09:41 / 2013-07-25)
Views of the World | worldmapping beyond mere description | add more | perma
The following gridded population cartogram generated over the whole surface of Earth could be such a contemporary depiction of the world. It divides the world into equal spaces of population realigning the map view to show the human planet in a similar way as mappae mundi showed the world centuries ago (09:37 / 2013-07-25) - The population of the world as you've never seen it before | add more | perma
Population atlas: map of the world showing population density in each country - Telegraph | add more | perma
"China shows a sea of humanity bubbled up into a thousand cities in the Eastern part of the country," says Mr Hennig (09:28 / 2013-07-25)
mapping population density: some interesting models. | sperg lord | add more | perma
Very intriguing maps, fascinatingly grotesque. Megaregions highlighted: Cascadia, Northern and Southern California, Front Range, Arizona Sun Corridor, Texas Triangle, Great Lakes, Gulf Coast, Piedmont Atlantic, Florida, the Northeast. (09:23 / 2013-07-25)
By 2025 they predict that 75% of Americans will live in these megaregions (09:22 / 2013-07-25)
Futile MarketingThe Saint | add more | perma
Organic virality is word-of-mouth demand for a product that happens naturally because the product is just great. It isn’t forced our automated by say… sending nagging social messages or rewarding people with game items to market for the game. Retail products absolutely have organic virality BUT it is very hard to measure AND the nature of the retail business model adds so much friction to a physical products natural virality that it is nearly impossible to overcome without massive marketing spending to kick off viral demand… thus making it hard to tell how much demand for a retail product was actually “organic”. People have to be “marketed” to buy a retail product because they are not given the opportunity to discover it or get addicted to it in advance of paying for it. In the retail market there are very few examples of “hit” products that didn’t have a massive initial marketing budget behind them which would have drowned out the ability to measure the products organic virality. (07:40 / 2013-07-25)
forcing engaged players to buy a game before they can play kills most of a games organic virality, leaving only the pushed traffic to generate sales. This”classical” view of game marketing and brands in which marketing is almost completely responsible for all game revenues is a major reason that the marketing myth persists so strongly in the online and mobile world where it has lost much of its relevance (07:39 / 2013-07-25)
When you push traffic to a Free-To-Play game all you do is accelerate the consumption of un-exposed audience which the game then churns through faster.  If the game has any virality at all, virality is also amplified further accelerating the consumption of unexposed audience.  But these parameters have NO impact on the games monetization parameters (12:52 / 2013-07-23)
20 rules of formulating knowledge in learning | add more | perma
Learning poems is an example of learning enumerations (all words and sentences have to be uttered in a predefined sequence); however, due to strong semantic connections, the rhyme and the rhythm, it may often be possible to effectively remember poems without using cloze deletion and without the frustration of forgetting small subcomponents again and again. However, once you notice you stumble with your poem, you should dismember it using cloze deletion and thus make sure that the learning is fast, easy, effective and pleasurable (19:31 / 2013-07-24)
Memorizing a programming language using spaced repetition software | Derek Sivers | add more | perma
I'm learning to code by building 180 websites in 180 days. Today is day 115 | Hacker News | add more | perma
The ceramics teacher announced on opening day that he was dividing the class into two groups. All those on the left side of the studio, he said, would be graded solely on the quantity of work they produced, all those on the right solely on its quality. His procedure was simple: on the final day of class he would bring in his bathroom scales and weigh the work of the “quantity” group: 50 pounds of pots rated an “A”, 40 pounds a “B”, and so on. Those being graded on “quality”, however, needed to produce only one pot — albeit a perfect one — to get an “A”. Well, came grading time and a curious fact emerged: the works of highest quality were all produced by the group being graded for quantity. It seems that while the “quantity” group was busily churning out piles of work-and learning from their mistakes — the “quality” group had sat theorizing about perfection, and in the end had little more to show for their efforts than grandiose theories and a pile of dead clay. (14:33 / 2013-07-24)
The Architecture of Open Source Applications: LLVM | add more | perma
Libraries and abstract capabilities are great, but they don't actually solve problems. (12:24 / 2013-07-24)
Beyond being implemented as a language, LLVM IR is actually defined in three isomorphic forms: the textual format above, an in-memory data structure inspected and modified by optimizations themselves, and an efficient and dense on-disk binary "bitcode" format (12:18 / 2013-07-24)
The optimizer is responsible for doing a broad variety of transformations to try to improve the code's running time, such as eliminating redundant computations, and is usually more or less independent of language and target. The back end (also known as the code generator) then maps the code onto the target instruction set. In addition to making correct code, it is responsible for generating good code that takes advantage of unusual features of the supported architecture. Common parts of a compiler back end include instruction selection, register allocation, and instruction scheduling (12:11 / 2013-07-24)
strongly polarized: an implementation usually provided either a traditional static compiler like GCC, Free Pascal, and FreeBASIC, or it provided a runtime compiler in the form of an interpreter or Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler. It was very uncommon to see language implementation that supported both, and if they did, there was usually very little sharing of code. (12:10 / 2013-07-24)
IR is better than assembly — Idea of the day | add more | perma
option -march=avx,sse41, but with this option turned on it becomes: multiply_four: vpmulld %xmm1, %xmm0, %xmm0 ret (12:06 / 2013-07-24)
This generates: square_unsigned: imull %edi, %edi movl %edi, %eax ret Fancy x86 32 bit assembler? Nothing simpler: $ llc-3.0 -O3 sample.ll -march=x86 -o sample-x86.s square_unsigned: movl 4(%esp), %eax imull %eax, %eax ret How about ARM? $ llc-3.0 -O3 sample.ll -march=arm -o sample-arm.s square_unsigned: mov r1, r0 mul r0, r1, r1 mov pc, lr (11:53 / 2013-07-24)
Unlike most RISC instruction sets, LLVM is strongly typed with a simple type system and some details of the machine are abstracted away. For example, the calling convention is abstracted through call and ret instructions and explicit arguments. Another significant difference from machine code is that the LLVM IR doesn't use a fixed set of named registers, it uses an infinite set of temporaries named with a % character. IR code is usually generated by the frontend, but nothing stops us from writing it by hand. Let's do it! (11:52 / 2013-07-24)
AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s Manual, Volume 4: 128-Bit and 256-Bit Media Instructions - 26568_APM_v4.pdf | add more | perma
Multiplies four packed 32-bit signe d integers in the first source operand by the corresponding values in the second source operand and writ es bits [31:0] of each 64-bit pr oduct to the corresponding 32-bit element of the destination. (12:06 / 2013-07-24)
Multiplies four packed 32-bit signe d integers in the first source operand by the corresponding values in the second source operand and writ es bits [31:0] of each 64-bit pr oduct to the corresponding 32-bit element of the destination. (12:06 / 2013-07-24)
PMULLD VPMULLD Packed Multiply and Store Low Signed Doubleword (12:05 / 2013-07-24)
The Heimskringla: Or, Chronicle of the Kings of Norway - Snorri Sturluson - Google Books | add more | perma
The Heimskringla: Or, Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, Volume 3  By Snorri Sturluson (11:24 / 2013-07-24)
A pilgrimage to the saga-steads of Iceland, by W.G. ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library | add more | perma
A pilgrimage to the saga-steads of Iceland, by W.G. ... . Collingwood, W. G. (William Gershom), 1854-1932. (11:06 / 2013-07-24)
Translating Life: Studies in Transpositional Aesthetics - Google Books | add more | perma
Morris and sagasteads (11:03 / 2013-07-24)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-steads of Iceland - William Gershom Collingwood, Jón Stefánsson - Google Books | add more | perma
William Gershom Collingwood, Jón Stefánsson (10:58 / 2013-07-24)
World Classics - Heimskringla - Heimskringla, Saga of Harald Hardrade | add more | perma
Magnusson's translation doesn't include this bit about being Bulgaria's conqueror. (10:50 / 2013-07-24)
At Haug the fire-sparks from his shield Flew round the king's head on the field, As blow for blow, for Olaf's sake, His sword and shield would give and take. Bulgaria's conqueror, I ween, Had scarcely fifteen winters seen, When from his murdered brother's side His unhelmed head he had to hide (10:42 / 2013-07-24)
Was America’s Economic Prosperity Just a Historical Accident? | add more | perma
Obama-ism: The renewed skepticism about capitalism, the urgency of the problem of inequality, the artisanal turn away from modernity, the rapid decline of American exceptionalism (09:31 / 2013-07-24)
We think of the desire to be American as a form of idealism, and sometimes it is. But it also has something to do with economic growth. We are a nation of immigrants to the extent that we can make immigrants rich (09:30 / 2013-07-24)
In 2007, Mexicans stopped emigrating to the United States. The change was not very big at first, and so for a few years it seemed like it might be a blip. But it wasn’t. In 2000, 770,000 Mexicans had come across the Rio Grande, but by 2007 less than 300,000 did, and by 2010, even though violence in Mexico seemed ceaseless, there were fewer than 150,000 migrants. (09:28 / 2013-07-24)
How much do we owe, culturally and politically, to this singular experience of economic growth, and what will happen if it goes away? (09:24 / 2013-07-24)
The math is punishing. The American population is far larger than it was in 1870, and far wealthier to begin with, which means that the innovations will need to be more transformative to have the same economic effect (07:39 / 2013-07-23)
Paul Krugman’s description of his kitchen: The modern kitchen, absent a few surface improvements, is the same one that existed half a century ago. But go back half a century before that, and you are talking about no refrigeration, just huge blocks of ice in a box, and no gas-fired stove, just piles of wood. If you take this perspective, it is no wonder that the productivity gains have diminished since the early seventies (07:38 / 2013-07-23)
All of the wars, literature, love affairs, and religious schisms, the schemes for empire-making and ocean-crossing and simple profit and freedom, the entire human theater of ambition and deceit and redemption (07:34 / 2013-07-23)
Atul Gawande: How Do Good Ideas Spread? : The New Yorker | add more | perma
Since then, the nurse had developed her own way of explaining why newborns needed to be warmed skin to skin. She said that she now tells families, “Inside the uterus, the baby is very warm. So when the baby comes out it should be kept very warm. The mother’s skin does this.” (05:34 / 2013-07-24)
“It wasn’t like talking to someone who was trying to find mistakes,” she said. “It was like talking to a friend.” (05:34 / 2013-07-24)
In their blood-slick, viscera-encrusted black coats, surgeons had seen themselves as warriors doing hemorrhagic battle with little more than their bare hands. A few pioneering Germans, however, seized on the idea of the surgeon as scientist. They traded in their black coats for pristine laboratory whites (04:50 / 2013-07-24)
Use of oral rehydration therapy skyrocketed. The knowledge became self-propagating (04:49 / 2013-07-24)
The effort was, inevitably, imperfect. But, by going door to door through more than seventy-five thousand villages, they showed twelve million families how to save their children (04:49 / 2013-07-24)
If cholera victims were alert, able to drink, and supplied with enough of it, they could almost always save their own lives. (04:48 / 2013-07-24)
Eventually, the team hit upon using finger measures: a fistful of raw sugar plus a three-finger pinch of salt mixed in half a “seer” of water—a pint measure commonly used by villagers when buying milk and oil. Tests showed that mothers could make this with sufficient accuracy. (04:48 / 2013-07-24)
It attacked the problem in a way that is routinely dismissed as impractical and inefficient: by going door to door, person by person, and just talking. (04:47 / 2013-07-24)
In 1980, however, a Bangladeshi nonprofit organization called brac decided to try to get oral rehydration therapy adopted nationwide. The campaign required reaching a mostly illiterate population. The most recent public-health campaign—to teach family planning—had been deeply unpopular. The messages the campaign needed to spread were complicated. Nonetheless, the campaign proved remarkably successful (04:46 / 2013-07-24)
Throw the salt concentration off by a couple of teaspoons and the electrolyte imbalance could be dangerous. The child must also keep drinking the stuff even after she feels better, for as long as the diarrhea lasts, which is up to five days. Nurses routinely got these steps wrong. Why would villagers do any better? (04:46 / 2013-07-24)
I once asked a pharmaceutical rep how he persuaded doctors—who are notoriously stubborn—to adopt a new medicine. Evidence is not remotely enough, he said, however strong a case you may have. You must also apply “the rule of seven touches.” Personally “touch” the doctors seven times, and they will come to know you; if they know you, they might trust you; and, if they trust you, they will change. That’s why he stocked doctors’ closets with free drug samples in person. Then he could poke his head around the corner and ask, “So how did your daughter Debbie’s soccer game go?” Eventually, this can become “Have you seen this study on our new drug? How about giving it a try?” As the rep had recognized, human interaction is the key force in overcoming resistance and speeding change. (04:44 / 2013-07-24)
People and institutions can feel messy and anachronistic (04:43 / 2013-07-24)
To many people, that doesn’t sound like much of a solution. It would require broad mobilization, substantial expense, and perhaps even the development of a new profession. But, to combat the many antisepsis-like problems in the world, that’s exactly what has worked. Think about the creation of anesthesiology: it meant doubling the number of doctors in every operation, and we went ahead and did so. (04:42 / 2013-07-24)
neither penalties nor incentives achieve what we’re really after: a system and a culture where X is what people do, day in and day out, even when no one is watching. “You must” rewards mere compliance. Getting to “X is what we do” means establishing X as the norm. And that’s what we want: for skin-to-skin warming, hand washing, and all the other lifesaving practices of childbirth to be, quite simply, the norm (04:41 / 2013-07-24)
In the United States, according to Ringer, more than half of newborns needing intensive care arrive hypothermic. Preventing hypothermia is a perfect example of an unsexy task: it demands painstaking effort without immediate reward. Getting hospitals and birth attendants to carry out even a few of the tasks required for safer childbirth would save hundreds of thousands of lives (04:40 / 2013-07-24)
From the nurse’s point of view, she’d helped bring another life into the world. If four per cent of the newborns later died at home, what could that possibly have to do with how she wrapped the mother and child? Or whether she washed her hands before putting on gloves? Or whether the blade with which she cut the umbilical cord was sterilized? (04:40 / 2013-07-24)
Everything about the life the nurse leads—the hours she puts in, the circumstances she endures, the satisfaction she takes in her abilities—shows that she cares. But hypothermia, like the germs that Lister wanted surgeons to battle, is invisible to her. We picture a blue child, suffering right before our eyes. That is not what hypothermia looks like. It is a child who is just a few degrees too cold, too sluggish, too slow to feed. (22:06 / 2013-07-23)
Simple, lifesaving solutions have been known for decades. They just haven’t spread. (21:49 / 2013-07-23)
This has been the pattern of many important but stalled ideas. They attack problems that are big but, to most people, invisible; and making them work can be tedious, if not outright painful (21:47 / 2013-07-23)
Poor MicrosoftThe Saint | add more | perma
he would be tempted to say something pompous in public just to get the media back to expressing respectful hatred for the company (12:41 / 2013-07-23)
OpenGL vs D3D (the dirty laundry) | The SaintThe Saint | add more | perma
As a Microsoft employee I also couldn’t make the point to them that having the Microsoft OpenGL team WIN the argument over standards would only result in them getting ZERO support for games from Microsoft because the OpenGL team just wanted DirectX to go away, they had no interest in being distracted by consumer gaming nonsense… Direct3D would never have been born if they had been willing to support games in the first place. (12:38 / 2013-07-23)
Why there is India -China boundary conflict ? | add more | perma
the map referenced in Lecture 1 on Boston neighbourhood certainties. Imagine if we were trying to carve out countries from the neighbourhoods - it would be quite a challenge because people's perceptions of what constituted a certain neighbourhood varied so much (10:05 / 2013-07-23)
HISTORY OF TRANSYLVANIA - Volume I. From the Beginnings to 1606 | add more | perma
HISTORY OF TRANSYLVANIA Volume I. From the Beginnings to 1606 (08:02 / 2013-07-23)
Eurasian Avars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
there is sparse knowledge about the Avar language (07:53 / 2013-07-23)
The Wars of the Balkan Peninsula: Their Medieval Origins - Alexandru Madgearu - Google Books | add more | perma
“The spectator could be impressed by the anonyous noise of the popular demonstrations, by the fervent yells of the fanatic patriots, by the speculations of the sensational newspapers. He will be instead satisfied by the study of history, which shows that similar facts already happened and that they were resolved in a way that would guarantee that they arise again.” (Nicolae Iorga, Romanian historian and statesman, 1913.) --- An apt reaction to Robert Gordon. (07:52 / 2013-07-23)
From Shapefile to GeoJSON - Jim Vallandingham | add more | perma
Below is the minimum amount of code I used to display this GeoJSON file using D3 and coffeescript (04:25 / 2013-07-23)
Geomapping - Interactive Data Visualization for the Web - OFPS - O'Reilly Media | add more | perma
So-called shapefiles pre-date the current explosion of online mapping and visualization. These are documents that essentially contain the same kind of information you could store in GeoJSON — boundaries of geographic areas, and points within those areas — but their contains are not plain text and, therefore, are very hard to read. The shapefile format grew out of the community of geographers, cartographers, and scientists using Geographic Information Systems software. If you have easy access to expensive GIS software, then shapefiles are your best friend. But that’s a small group of people, and web browsers can’t make heads or tails of shapefiles, in any case (14:30 / 2013-07-22)
ArcGIS for Home Use Program | ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced for Personal Use | add more | perma
For a $100 annual fee, the ArcGIS for Home Use 12-month term license includes full versions of the following software: ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced (ArcInfo) Version 10.1 ArcGIS 3D Analyst (13:32 / 2013-07-22)
OpenCV vs. Armadillo vs. Eigen vs. more! Round 3: pseudoinverse test | Nghia Ho | add more | perma
Ranking from best to worse Armadillo + OpenBLAS Eigen Armadillo + Atlas (no multi-core support out of the box???) OpenCV GSL (12:45 / 2013-07-22)
Large Scale Machine Learning and Other Animals | add more | perma
You won’t be able to fall in love with new stuff. Things are cushy where you are (12:43 / 2013-07-22)
you’ll work a 9-to-5. It’s probably more like an 11-to-3 in terms of hard work. They’ll pay well. It’s relaxing. But what they are actually doing is paying you to accept a much lower intellectual growth rate (12:43 / 2013-07-22)
Armadillo: C++ linear algebra library | add more | perma
Armadillo is a C++ linear algebra library (matrix maths) aiming towards a good balance between speed and ease of use   The syntax (API) is deliberately similar to Matlab   Integer, floating point and complex numbers are supported, as well as a subset of trigonometric and statistics functions   Various matrix decompositions are provided through optional integration with LAPACK, or one of its high performance drop-in replacements (such as the multi-threaded Intel MKL, or AMD ACML, or OpenBLAS libraries) (12:08 / 2013-07-22)
blaze-lib - A high performance C++ math library - Google Project Hosting | add more | perma
The Blaze library offers ... ... high performance through the integration of BLAS libraries and manually tuned HPC math kernels ... the intuitive and easy to use API of a domain specific language ... unified arithmetic with dense and sparse vectors and matrices ... thoroughly tested matrix and vector arithmetic ... completely portable, high quality C++ source code (12:08 / 2013-07-22)
Hauling New Treasure Along the Silk Road - | add more | perma
“They were all highly interested,” Mr. Kleijwegt of H.P. said, “but wanted to see someone else prove it.” (09:37 / 2013-07-22)
he remembered from his early boyhood in eastern Kazakhstan how camel caravans, a fixture on the Silk Road for two millenniums, had still traveled to mountain villages. “They were used to go places you couldn’t reach in a car,” he recalled. “In the old days, people used them for caravans, but now they’re just kept for the wool, the meat and the milk.” (09:36 / 2013-07-22)
Kazakhstan looks a bit like North Dakota; both grow a lot of wheat. But Kazakhstan is slightly larger than the United States east of the Mississippi River, with fewer people than Florida (09:35 / 2013-07-22)
China’s previous system allowed clerks to choose only an adjacent country in Asia as the final destination for rail shipments, Mr. Kleijwegt said, because no one had envisioned that exports in sealed rail cars might be sent nearly 7,000 miles to destinations in Europe (09:34 / 2013-07-22)
the Dzungarian Gate, a low, wide valley through the snow-capped mountain ranges that separates China and Kazakhstan (09:33 / 2013-07-22)
The effort to move more cargo from China to Europe by rail received considerable help from a development so obscure that few outside the transport sector initially noticed it. Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus created a customs union that took full effect in January 2012, eliminating lengthy inspections at their borders with one another (09:32 / 2013-07-22)
Trucking goods from inland factories to the ports of Shenzhen or Shanghai on the coast and then sending the goods by ship around India and through the Suez Canal takes five weeks. The Silk Road train cuts the shipping time from western China to retail distribution centers in western Europe to three weeks. The sea route is still about 25 percent cheaper than sending goods by train, but the cost of the added time by sea is considerable. (09:30 / 2013-07-22)
Riding the New Silk Road - Interactive Feature - | add more | perma
Leaving Dostyk, the Hewlett-Packard train travels across the Kazakh steppes at the base of mountains across the border in China. (09:24 / 2013-07-22)
The network of routes known as the Silk Road connected Asia and Europe for centuries before fading in importance in the 1400s. Now, Hewlett-Packard has revived the route as a faster, overland alternative to shipping electronics from China to European markets by sea. A look at one section of the modern-day route, now more commonly traveled by train instead of by camel (09:21 / 2013-07-22)
Hacking with a Hacker « Symbo1ics Ideas | add more | perma
disdain for "salami science", where scientific and mathematical papers present the thinnest possible "slice" or result possible. (09:13 / 2013-07-22)
Interviewing in Silicon Valley « Symbo1ics Ideas | add more | perma
let the interviewee propose a question for the interviewer (09:13 / 2013-07-22)
Playlist: Jul/18/13 « WBJC | add more | perma
5:12 PM Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — Violin Sonata No. 1 Key: G Gil Shaham, violin Orli Shaham,piano canary, 1 (04:45 / 2013-07-22)
Making Maps with R | The Molecular Ecologist | add more | perma
A shapefile contains a layer of data that can be in the form of polygons, lines, or points, e.g. land zones, roads, or cities, respectively.  (If you work with trees, the USGS has a great source of species ranges here (04:43 / 2013-07-22)
The lost art of pickpocketing: Why has the crime become so rare in the United States? - Slate Magazine | add more | perma
People carry less cash today, and thanks to enhanced security features, it's harder for thieves to use stolen credit or debit cards than it was in the past. And perhaps most important, the centuries-old apprenticeship system underpinning organized pickpocketing has been disrupted (14:18 / 2013-07-18)
Home | | add more | perma
FunkyBacon reports on how the G/C War Zone has become a fertile ground for fights. (11:24 / 2013-07-18)
A massive battle took place this morning in 9-VO0Q between the CFC, Black Legion, and TEST/N3/NCdot over the outpost's final timer; the CFC took the station. (11:24 / 2013-07-18)
About The Mittani DOT COM | | add more | perma
gloriously skewed propagandising (11:23 / 2013-07-18)
If there is one thing that we have learned from Noam Chomsky, it’s that there is real money to be made from blaming America for everything. But if there is a second thing that we have learned, it is that every news source has an agenda and is shaded by the biases of its owners and staff. We are aware of this. We already have writers from Pandemic Legion and The Initiative. signed up to provide alternative views (11:22 / 2013-07-18)
Complicating this is the fact that the best forums for information are also extremely lightly unmoderated as a matter of policy, which can make finding specific information even more challenging amidst the catty in-jokes and the gloriously skewed propagandising (11:22 / 2013-07-18)
Faction Warfare: Black Rise and Placid Aflame | | add more | perma
One thing is certain: In June, not even Fountain (35,328 kills) saw more ship destruction than Black Rise and Placid (46,575 kills). The fighting shows no sign of slowing down, even if system captures do. The Gallente and Caldari will continue their blood feud, and the local pirate population as well as the various passers by looking for trouble will continue to find it. (11:20 / 2013-07-18)
For one week in June, the Caldari absolutely owned nearly all the space their fleets touched. Morale was soaring, fleets were larger than most of us have ever seen, and they engaged all comers with reckless abandon to great result. Then something happened, and the whole thing came to a screeching halt. (11:19 / 2013-07-18)
Faction Warfare: Black Rise and Placid Aflame | | add more | perma
and even after taking out Gallente logistics, the Caldari were losing ships at a much higher rate and had to retreat from the field. (11:16 / 2013-07-18)
Eve Online - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The storylines from both the graphic novel and the television series will be based on actual player-driven events that happened in the game (10:07 / 2013-07-18)
Players are expected to make financial decisions based (among other factors) on the possibility of other players' fiduciary malfeasance, much as in real-life economics. (10:01 / 2013-07-18)
The code base between Serenity (serving China) and Tranquility (serving the rest of the world) is synchronised, so that software development is distributed to both server clusters, although the game worlds are not connected (09:55 / 2013-07-18)
Into the Wormhole: An afternoon with EVE Online's least understood demographic | TechHive | add more | perma
Null can keep its Huge battles; High can keep its grinding Missions; And well Low can crawl back in to the depths of hell where it came from Live in a Wormhole Die in a Wormhole Just to come flying back in :D (09:36 / 2013-07-18)
Regardless of how amiable they might be, the wormhole players are still EVE capsuleers—they're villains, rascals and cut-throat brigands. As I watch the unfolding chaos, the stern-faced logistics officer offers a final observation: “Nothing was ever really known about the wormholes. The developers didn't tell us that the wormholes were mass-dependent—they just told us that there are these wormholes, go figure them out. It's like real-life Wild West pioneering. They didn't tell us the rules of the game, so we just had to figure it out ourselves." (09:24 / 2013-07-18)
How Bazaar: Stunned by Go | add more | perma
Fraud: engaging in a contract without the intention to live up to it. (09:13 / 2013-07-18)
American Summer: Before Air-Conditioning : The New Yorker | add more | perma
There were still elevated trains then, along Second, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Avenues, and many of the cars were wooden, with windows that opened. (09:06 / 2013-07-18)
Microsoft Word - 1_Tsioukas_et_al_editedOK___ - Tsioukas_et_al.pdf | add more | perma
e-Perimetron , Vol. 7, No. 4, 2012 [163-169] | ISSN 1790-3769 [163] Vassilis Tsioukas  , Alexandra Koussoulakou  , Maria Pazarli  , Nopi Ploutoglou  , Miltiadis Daniil  , Ioanna Stergiopoulou  Scanning or digitizing in libraries? A test on the efficiency of dedicated book-scanning devices in digitizing bound atlases and maps . Keywords: Atlas digitizing; map scanning; book scanning ; 3D digitizing; hist orical maps; bound maps. (08:41 / 2013-07-18)
Innovation: the History of a Category - IntellectualNo1.pdf | add more | perma
classical rhetoric, invention was the first of five divisions of the rhetorical art. Invention is com posed of guidelines to help speakers find an d elaborate language. (07:45 / 2013-07-18)
(Foucault, 1 969: 39-40) that is, under what conditions does a word come to mean what it signifies for us today? (06:57 / 2013-06-18)
start – Machine Learning with Torch7 | add more | perma
These tutorials should be read/done in order. Tutorial 1: Setup / Basics / Getting Started Tutorial 2: Supervised Learning Tutorial 3: Unsupervised Learning Tutorial 4: Graphical Models Tutorial 5: Creating New Modules Tutorial 6: Using CUDA (07:40 / 2013-07-18)
Microsoft Word - Evil _2_.doc - IntellectualNo6.pdf | add more | perma
‘Meddle Not With Them That Are Given to Change’: Innovation as Evil Benoît Godin (07:37 / 2013-07-18)
innovation had a pejorative connotation for centuries. (07:02 / 2013-06-18)
Setting up a lab in your agency | Feature | .net magazine | add more | perma
When you are working on client work, time constraints and client constraints often send you back to well worn grooves. When you are pressed for time we tend to look into our “toolbox’ for a solution to the problem. But when did we take time to expand the toolbox? (14:05 / 2013-07-17)
Teehan+Lax Labs - Hyperlapse | add more | perma
yper-lapse photography – a technique combining time-lapse and sweeping camera movements typically focused on a point-of-interest – has been a growing trend on video sites. It’s not hard to find stunning examples on Vimeo (13:56 / 2013-07-17)
Development | JSNetworkX | add more | perma
The new drawing API will introduce a proper inheritance model which will simplify extension to support different visualization methods, such as WebGL (which is being worked upon as well, with three.js). It also allows to changes to to visualization (layout, style) after it was created. Important design goals for the new API and implementations are: Works "out of the box". Visualizations should be highly customizable, i.e. the should allow access to the underlying technology (SVG, WebGL) if desired. The interface should be as homogeneous as possible across different implementations/technologies. (13:52 / 2013-07-17)
canviz - JavaScript library for drawing Graphviz graphs to a web browser canvas - Google Project Hosting | add more | perma
Canviz is a JavaScript library for drawing Graphviz graphs to a web browser canvas. More technically, Canviz is a JavaScript xdot renderer. It works in most modern browsers. (12:35 / 2013-07-17)
ArcGIS - ESRI_Population_World | add more | perma
Mathfail (10:14 / 2013-07-17)
per square mile (per every 1.609 kilometers square). (22:25 / 2013-07-16)
Rosemary Sutcliff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Eagle of the Ninth series[edit] The series is linked by the Aquila family dolphin ring and listed here in fictional chronological order. The Eagle of the Ninth (1954), illus. C. Walter Hodges ‡ The Silver Branch (1957), illus. Charles Keeping ‡ Frontier Wolf (1980) The Lantern Bearers (1959), illus. Charles Keeping ‡ Sword at Sunset (1963); "officially for adults"[1] Dawn Wind (1961), illus. Charles Keeping Sword Song (1997, posthumous) The Shield Ring (1956), illus. C. Walter Hodges (09:09 / 2013-07-17)
Pennsylvania Ecological Communities | add more | perma
Diabase and Conglomerate Uplands (64b) Stony, wooded steep ridges and hills formed from highly resistant igneous (diabase), heat-altered sedimentary or sedimentary rock characterizes an irregular string along the Blue Ridge and Ridge and Valley front, toward a larger pool in southern Berks County. Elevations are usually from 300 to 1,150 feet but can reach as high as 1,300 feet; local relief varies from 50 to 650 feet. The region was formed when Triassic conglomerates and reddish sandstone was intruded by Triassic and Jurassic diabase along a set of linear dikes and sills, which heated the sediments and turned them into denser, hard and less porous material - an example of which is Cemetery Ridge at Gettysburg. Because Triassic diabase has more open joints than shales or sandstones, it yields more water and the groundwater from diabase tends to be softer than those from wells in shale or sandstone. Shallow, fine-textured and alkaline clayey soils formed over the diabase. These are more difficult to till and consequently are most often used for pasture or forest (Appalachian Oak). Acid-loving plants are absent on soils derived from diabase intrusions, resulting in distinctive regional flora. Woodland remains common, especially on steeper surfaces or areas covered by rocks and boulders. Where diabase is not an issue, the land is more suitable to agriculture. (21:51 / 2013-07-16)
Western Ecology Division | US EPA | add more | perma
Ecoregions of EPA Region 3: Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia (21:31 / 2013-07-16)
Unfolding the Earth: Myriahedral Projections | add more | perma
By changing priorities, one can obtain maps where most cuts are through oceans or continents. (20:34 / 2013-07-16)
GNIS Search Results | add more | perma
Willow Run Farms 2727845 Locale Centre PA 404827N 0774011W 1250 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Willow Falls Farm 2727847 Locale Centre PA 404748N 0774514W 1191 State College - 20-NOV-2012 Twin Fir Farm 2727838 Locale Centre PA 405030N 0773856W 1224 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Tusseyridge Farm 2727835 Locale Centre PA 404735N 0773920W 1319 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Stonefence Farm 2727834 Locale Centre PA 404655N 0774003W 1266 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Oaks Spring Farm 2727841 Locale Centre PA 405156N 0773751W 1253 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Mount Nittany Vineyard and Winery 2727850 Building Centre PA 404832N 0774616W 1411 State College - 20-NOV-2012 Mount Nittany Vineyard and Winery 2727849 Building Centre PA 404832N 0774616W 1411 State College - 20-NOV-2012 Kradel Acres Farm 2727829 Locale Centre PA 405019N 0775238W 1188 Julian - 20-NOV-2012 Holly Hill Nurseries 2727827 Building Centre PA 405016N 0774936W 1017 State College - 20-NOV-2012 Hess Farm 2727825 Locale Centre PA 404541N 0774953W 1145 State College - 20-NOV-2012 Harner Farms 2727823 Locale Centre PA 404541N 0775254W 1263 Julian - 20-NOV-2012 Guiser Farms 2727820 Locale Centre PA 404629N 0775421W 1237 Julian - 20-NOV-2012 Goodhart Ridge Farm 2727843 Locale Centre PA 404835N 0773843W 1266 Centre Hall - 20-NOV-2012 Focht Farm 2727817 Locale (20:32 / 2013-07-16)
Wiki - The Changing Nature of Place | Maps and the Geospatial Revolution | add more | perma
The example here by Andy Woodruff and Tim Wallace at shows how people in Boston conceive of their city’s neighborhoods. It’s pretty blobby and imprecise, and parts of the map are empty. This is a much more faithful representation of what we can actually know about these types of places than the neat and tidy borders we can define for legal boundaries. (20:30 / 2013-07-16)
Hussman Funds - Weekly Market Comment | add more | perma
This is as Orwellian as one can get. (09:21 / 2013-07-16)
the Fed calls the interest on the bonds it holds “profits”, which are returned to the Treasury, while the Fed calls its losses a “deferred asset.” In Bernanke’s words, the losses of the Fed are an “asset” in the sense that they result in a reduction in the amount of future payments of interest handed back to the Treasury (and the public) (09:21 / 2013-07-16)
The Recomputation Manifesto | Software Sustainability Institute | add more | perma
5. The only way to ensure recomputability is to provide virtual machines (08:20 / 2013-07-16)
When you have a nail in your eye, everything looks like a nail | Robert Heaton | add more | perma
If you are an interested and easily intrigued person, it takes an enormous amount of energy to keep myself focussed on the product in front of the technology. This energy is precious and very hard to come by. It can come from blind belief, future-customer-driven belief, or the fact that your code is being used or at least acknowledged by real people and so has become a product first and foremost whether you like it or not (08:03 / 2013-07-16)
What is a Windows Handle? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
I can now start seeing the advantage of having getter and setter methods to a class instead of structs (loose bags of data). It helps answer questions like, who all is using this struct's .event member? Not just a matter of uniform API, but just for maintenance reasons, seeing all callers (getters) gives you an idea of how deeply complected something is. (13:36 / 2013-07-15)
the user code must have access to the header file that defines the Widget struct the user code could potentially modify internal parts of the returned Widget struct Both of these consequences may be undesirable. (12:00 / 2013-07-15)
Off the Grid: Cars and iPhones Are Tools, Not Life Solutions for These Modern Homesteaders | Raw File | | add more | perma
I increasingly believe that so many modern conveniences are huge detriments to the human race, mostly through their overuse (11:54 / 2013-07-15)
The difference I think is that we understand that these are tools and don’t mistake them for solutions (11:54 / 2013-07-15)
The Internet Archive Rescues Bitcoiners From Banking Oblivion | Wired Enterprise | | add more | perma
From the comments: 'Banks: "I don't care if it's a crime. Can I profit enough of it for it to be worth of my time?"' I don't think that's quite true, replace "a crime" with "a good idea for any reason". (11:51 / 2013-07-15)
About Us « Internet Credit Union | add more | perma
IAFCU was founded on the credit union philosophy of People Helping People. As a not-for-profit organization, volunteers play important roles in our success (11:45 / 2013-07-15)
Rules for Using Pointers (Windows) | add more | perma
Note that HANDLE is defined as a void* (11:23 / 2013-07-15)
Do not cast your pointers to the types ULONG, LONG, INT, UINT, or DWORD. (11:23 / 2013-07-15) - Blog | add more | perma
The Scandinavian children film industry seems quite rich! Will have to look into this some more, if just to get a feel for the sound of the languages. (08:37 / 2013-07-15)
We've also made special sections for TV-series and movies for children, which you can easily access through the top menu (08:36 / 2013-07-15)
Do Things that Don't Scale | add more | perma
the unscalable things you have to do to get started are not merely a necessary evil, but change the company permanently for the better (07:55 / 2013-07-15)
crowdfunding (or more precisely, preorders) (07:50 / 2013-07-15)
Making a better mousetrap is not an atomic operation (07:46 / 2013-07-15)
now seems like an unstoppable juggernaut, but early on it was so fragile that about 30 days of going out and engaging in person with users made the difference between success and failure (07:40 / 2013-07-15)
Do Things that Don't Scale | add more | perma
Your user model almost couldn't be perfectly accurate, because users' needs often change in response to what you build for them. Build them a microcomputer, and suddenly they need to run spreadsheets on it, because the arrival of your new microcomputer causes someone to invent the spreadsheet (07:47 / 2013-07-15)
Do Things that Don't Scale | add more | perma
They want so much to seem big that they imitate even the flaws of big companies, like indifference to individual users. This seems to them more "professional." (07:45 / 2013-07-15)
Do Things that Don't Scale | add more | perma
It tipped from being this boulder we had to push to being a train car that in fact had its own momentum (07:40 / 2013-07-15)
All newest Emacs versions, always : Damien Cassou | add more | perma
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cassou/emacs $ sudo apt-get update Then, for emacs-snapshot: $ sudo apt-get install emacs-snapshot-el emacs-snapshot-gtk emacs-snapshot *Or*, for emacs24: $ sudo apt-get install emacs24 emacs24-el emacs24-common-non-dfsg (16:36 / 2013-07-14)
Clang: Defending C++ from Murphy's Million Monkeys | GoingNative 2012 | Channel 9 | add more | perma
CLang is primarily supported by Apple and Google and they don't seem too interested in Windows support/compatibility: they welcome it, and the developers will help, but they won't lead it. (15:21 / 2013-07-14)
linux - How to access share folder in virtualbox. Host Win7, Guest Fedora 16? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
sudo mount -t vboxsf myFileName ~/destination (14:22 / 2013-07-14)
Rum Millet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Rūm millet (millet-i Rûm), or “Roman nation” was the name of the Orthodox Christian community into the Ottoman Empire. In fact, the Christians were conquered by Islam, but enjoyed a certain internal autonomy.[1] (11:43 / 2013-07-14)
The nine centuries of Kerubin (Worlds edition): Slavko Janevski: 9789989302244: Books | add more | perma
The nine centuries of Kerubin (Worlds edition) [Unknown Binding] Slavko Janevski (Author) (06:46 / 2013-07-14)
Macedonian literature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The standardization of the Macedonian language in the 20 c. provided good ground for further development of the modern Macedonian literature and this period is the richest one in the history of the literature itself. (06:44 / 2013-07-14)
Astrophysics: Time for an Arab astronomy renaissance : Nature : Nature Publishing Group | add more | perma
The Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarqand, Uzbekistan, completed in the fifteenth century, was used by several famous Islamic astronomers. (22:44 / 2013-07-13)
A History of the Later Roman Empire, AD 284-641: The Transformation of the Ancient World: Stephen Mitchell: 9781405108560: Books | add more | perma
How ahistorical! How unWattsian! How terrible a view of what history means!!! (10:57 / 2013-07-13)
to develop an effective scheme to organize and analyze those sources based on some sort of unifying theory or theme. That is the difference between a compilation of events and a history. (09:05 / 2013-07-13)
MegaTexture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Id has presented a more advanced technique that builds upon the MegaTexture idea and virtualizes both the geometry and the textures to obtain unique geometry down to the equivalent of the texel: the Sparse Voxel Octree (SVO) (09:42 / 2013-07-13)
Installation/LowMemorySystems - Community Ubuntu Documentation | add more | perma
Install IceWM (09:42 / 2013-07-13)
[cling][llvm][clang][bash] building cling on ubuntu 12.04 amd64 | add more | perma
sudo apt-get install libtool dejagnu subversion python-all-dev expect texinfo \ perl autoconf automake make gcc g++ libstdc++6-4.6-dev libffi-dev \ bzip2 gzip tar sed grep binutils coreutils findutils zip unzip \ doxygen cmake ruby (06:22 / 2013-07-13)
Choosing a scripting language - Wolfire Games Blog | add more | perma
Because it is so popular, it has specialized libraries like Luabind which make it easy to embed in C++ programs (21:16 / 2013-07-12)
Basic Graphics | ROOT | add more | perma
Box Plots Color Plots Text Plots Scatter Plots Various Projections Iso Surfaces 3D Functions 3D Function (Shell) 3D Function (Helicoidal) 3D Funtion (Limpet Torus) 3D Function (Real Klein) 3D Funtion (an other Shell) Delaunay Triangles Parallel Coordinates Candle plot 3D box plot Simple 1D function Simple error bars Errors represented as boxes Bent error bars (20:22 / 2013-07-12) The Elements of Computing Systems: Building a Modern Computer from First Principles (9780262640688): Noam Nisan, Shimon Schocken: Books | add more | perma
'VM programs are rarely written by human programmers, but rather by compilers. Therefore, it is instructive to begin each example with a high-level code fragment, then show its equivalent representation using VM code' (20:17 / 2013-07-12)
'any program, written in any programming language, can be translated into an equivalent stack machine program' (16:44 / 2013-07-12)
'compilers for many languages can share the same VM backend, allowing code sharing and language interoperability. For example, one high-level language may be good at scientific calculations, while another may excel in handling the user interface. If both languages compile into a common VM layer, it is rather natural to have routines in one language call routines in the other, using an agreed-upon invocation syntax' (16:43 / 2013-07-12)
Building a Modern Computer from First Principles (16:43 / 2013-07-12)
Wormtalk and Slugspeak | add more | perma
unconsciously adopted the idea that the earlier textual history of Anglo-Saxon texts was like their late textual history: texts sat un-read and un-revised in a monastic library for centuries, only to be copied over in the 10th century, to then be neglected after the Conquest and sit un-read until, after surviving the cataclysms of the Dissolution, the English civil war and the Cotton Fire, they are finally re-discovered in the 18th century (16:33 / 2013-07-12)
in a room with as many computer-scientists as medievalists, everybody is ignorant about lots of stuff (16:30 / 2013-07-12)
“not enough students realize that they really need to go somewhere and listen to oral works in their own cultural situation.” (21:13 / 2012-12-05)
Resize VirtualBox Disk Image - manipulate VDI images with ease! | add more | perma
do a lot of steps that take forever, but not what I want: Resize VirtualBox Disk Image. After flipping through the 10th or so guide, I realized that pretty much all of them were written in 2008… (16:33 / 2013-07-12)
Wormtalk and Slugspeak | add more | perma
Most people worked in agriculture, but the ones we read about were noble and spent most of their time fighting and ruling (16:25 / 2013-07-12)
gcc - Why is the linker terminating on me? when i build CLang - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
I had to bump the virtual RAM up to 1462MB to get a successful build. Also note the recommended disk size of 8GB is not sufficient to build and install both LLVM and Clang under Ubuntu. I'd recommend at least 16GB (16:14 / 2013-07-12)
bunnie's blog | add more | perma
ultimately you need to identify a problem which is ultimately due to a bad decision made by an individual, and nothing more than that. All software APIs are simply constructs of human opinions: nothing more. Asian cultures have a strong focus on guanxi, reputation, and respect for the elders. The West tends to be more rebellious and willing to accept outsiders as champions, and they have less respect for the advice of elders. As a result, I think it’s very culturally difficult in an Asian context to discuss code quality and architectural decisions (10:23 / 2013-07-12)
If your sole value to the consumer is your ability to make stand-alone hardware, and you have no strategic advantage in terms of cost, then you would like to keep your plans secret to try to delay the low-cost copiers for as long as you can (10:19 / 2013-07-12)
even as the world becomes more efficient at logistics, you will never be able to buy a TV as easily as you can download the movies that you watch on the same TV. (10:15 / 2013-07-12)
Simply giving someone a copy of my schematics and drawings doesn’t mean they can make exactly my product. Even injection molding has art to it: if I give the same CAD drawing to two tooling makers, the outcome can be very different depending on where the mold maker decides to place the gates, the ejector pins, the cooling for the mold, the mold cycle time, temperature, etc (10:15 / 2013-07-12)
Open Hardware is more of a philosophy. The success or failure of a product is largely disconnected with whether the hardware is open or closed. Closing hardware doesn’t stop people from cloning or copying, and opening hardware doesn’t mean that bad ideas will be copied simply because they are open (10:11 / 2013-07-12)
the million-unit blockbusters for things like smartphones and coffee makers (10:10 / 2013-07-12)
Allan Savory: How to green the world's deserts and reverse climate change - YouTube | add more | perma
Update on Our Laptop (aka Novena) « bunnie's blog | add more | perma
of the screws on the top are decorative. I wanted to buck the design trend of mysterious black monoliths and playing hide-the-screws. Instead, the screws are featured front-and-center, inviting the user to twist them and open things up. “There is no magic in this box. Open me and you shall understand.” (09:26 / 2013-07-12)
Getting started | add more | perma
in computer science, the index of the first index is 0, as opposed to the convention in mathematics that the first index is 1. (13:55 / 2013-07-11)
Visual Studio - Eigen | add more | perma
Configuring your project for optimal performance Open the project properties page (Project | Properties), in the C/C++ folder open the Code Generation page. Under Enable Enhanced Instruction Set, switch to Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (/arch:SSE2) Open the project properties page (Project | Properties), in the C/C++ folder open the Language page. Under Open MP Support, switch to Yes (/openmp). In case you are on a 64 bit machine, open the configuration manager (Project | Properties | Configuration Manager...). From here, select <New...> under Active solution platform:. Next, choose x64 and confirm the dialog with OK. Once you are back in the main window, switch from Win32 to x64 in order to create 64 bit builds of your program. (13:41 / 2013-07-11)
metalua: The other facet of Metalua: making IDEs smarter | add more | perma
Java IDEs have transformed the expectations of many developers; we now expect lot of intelligence and assistance from and IDE, and it requires a deep static understanding of the programs being written. This is very tricky with dynamic languages such as Lua: with Java, you spend tremendous amounts of time making your program intelligible to the type system, with declarations, adapters, interface implementations etc. All this tedious bookkeeping is reused by the IDE to understand your programs. Dynamic languages free you from all this, but that leaves the IDE mostly clueless. So without statically checked types, either your IDE can know and do very little about your programs, or it has to make wild guesses based on heuristics (09:11 / 2013-07-11)
matplotlib lessons learned - Boom! | add more | perma
Even though matplotlib is on the "old" paradigm of running on a server (or a local desktop), the advantage of that approach is that we control the whole stack and can optimize the heck out of the places that need to be optimized. Browsers are much more of a black box in that regard (08:03 / 2013-07-11)
matplotlib has some very sophisticated designs to make working working with large data sets zippy and interactive (specifically path simplification, blitting of markers, dynamic down sampling of images) all of which are just really hard to implement efficiently in a browser. D3's Javascript demos feel very zippy and efficient, until you realize how canned they are, or how much they rely on very specific means to shuttle reduced data and from the browser (08:03 / 2013-07-11)
DEF CON® Hacking Conference - The Hacker Community's Foremost Social Network. | add more | perma
BT - Skylarking BT - 13 Angles on My Broken WindowSill (07:32 / 2013-07-11)
Fancy promotional-speak doesn't do him justice. We're just going to list off factoids from his resume and call it a day (07:32 / 2013-07-11)
Too Many Cops Are Told They’re Soldiers Fighting a War. How Did We Get Here? | American Civil Liberties Union | add more | perma
Cops today tend to be isolated from the communities they serve, both physically (by their patrol cars) and psychologically, by an us and them mentality that sees the public not as citizens police officers are to serve and protect, but as a collection of potential threats (07:22 / 2013-07-11)
re-builder: the Interactive regexp builder | Mastering Emacs | add more | perma
Emacs’s re-builder lets you interactively build a regular expression and see what it matches on the screen. It’ll even uniquely color capturing groups so you can tell them apart. (20:13 / 2013-07-10)
EmacsWiki: Regular Expression | add more | perma
You can see the current [[syntax_table?]] by typing C-h s. The syntax table depends on the current mode (19:58 / 2013-07-10)
windows - How can I identify what application is using a given file? - Super User | add more | perma
This is what I always used for Windows XP. For Windows 7 I just use the built-in Resource Monitor (CPU tab, Associated Handles, Search Handles). (11:40 / 2013-07-10)
Header arguments and result types in Org Babel | add more | perma
This may be useful to e.g., have all Python code blocks in a file use the same session. The following file-local-variable syntax should be used, placing the customization at the end of the Org-mode file. (10:49 / 2013-07-10)
ANN Merge of new export framework on Wednesday | add more | perma
When exported, the last line will be displayed as: ╭──── │ Look at item 1! It happens after table 2. ╰──── It doesn’t depend on the back-end used. It also references footnotes, headlines, LaTeX environments… (09:27 / 2013-07-10)
Awesome Emacs Plugins: CTags - Matt Briggs | add more | perma
M-* vs M-. (REMEMBER THE FORMER ALREADY!) (09:24 / 2013-07-10)
(defun build-ctags () (interactive) This part means “Make an elisp function called build-ctags, and mark it as interactive so that it can be invoked via m-x” (08:15 / 2013-05-10)
Ctags and Taglist: Convert Vim Editor to Beautiful Source Code Browser for Any Programming Language | add more | perma
ctags -R -e --c-kinds=cdefglmnpstuvx (09:02 / 2013-07-10)
git - Version control for prose - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
Note that git diff --word-diff should at least partially work around the problem of comparing versions. (08:21 / 2013-07-10)
dev: Wrap commands in cmd shell on win32 · 98de54b · isaacs/npm-www | add more | perma
+  // windows is kind of a jerk sometimes. (07:33 / 2013-07-10)
Anti-Access Area-Denial (A2AD) in Military Domains and in Cyberspace - CTOvision | add more | perma
Years ago when I worked at one of DoD’s teleports, we scoffed at the idea of using HF to communicate; it was just too small a pipe for any meaningful communications. Now we are reexamining how HF might play in an A2AD environment. The Navy is using a program called the Battle Force Tactical Network (BFTN) to develop a capability to use the HF and UHF radio spectrum to provide line of sight and beyond line of sight network capability in a SATCOM deprived scenario (20:43 / 2013-07-09) | add more | perma
Python >>> response = py.plot(x1,y1,x2,y2) >>> print response.url R > response <- p$plotly(x1,y1,x2,y2) > response$url MATLAB >> response = plotly(x1,y1,x2,y2); >> disp(response.url) (20:18 / 2013-07-09)
Why mobile web apps are slow | Sealed Abstract | add more | perma
memory management is hard on mobile.  iOS has formed a culture around doing most things manually and trying to make the compiler do some of the easy parts.  Android has formed a culture around improving a garbage collector that they try very hard not to use in practice.  But either way, everybody spends a lot of time thinking about memory management when they write mobile applications.  There’s just no substitute for thinking about memory.  Like, a lot. When JavaScript people or Ruby people or Python people hear “garbage collector”, they understand it to mean “silver bullet garbage collector.”  They mean “garbage collector that frees me from thinking about managing memory.”  But there’s no silver bullet on mobile devices. Everybody thinks about memory on mobile, whether they have a garbage collector or not.  The only way to get “silver bullet” memory management is the same way we do it on the desktop–by having 10x more memory than your program really needs (19:59 / 2013-07-09)
the Lea allocator (19:45 / 2013-07-09)
Python Shell in Emacs 24? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
M-x-run-python (14:43 / 2013-07-09)
M-x-run-python (13:18 / 2013-05-16)
Easy Templates - The Org Manual | add more | perma
To insert a structural element, type a ‘<’, followed by a template selector and <TAB>. Completion takes effect only when the above keystrokes are typed on a line by itself. The following template selectors are currently supported. s #+BEGIN_SRC ... #+END_SRC e #+BEGIN_EXAMPLE ... #+END_EXAMPLE q #+BEGIN_QUOTE ... #+END_QUOTE v #+BEGIN_VERSE ... #+END_VERSE c #+BEGIN_CENTER ... #+END_CENTER l #+BEGIN_LaTeX ... #+END_LaTeX L #+LaTeX: h #+BEGIN_HTML ... #+END_HTML H #+HTML: a #+BEGIN_ASCII ... #+END_ASCII A #+ASCII: i #+INDEX: line I #+INCLUDE: line (13:51 / 2013-07-09)
Emacs + org-mode + python in reproducible research; SciPy 2013 Presentation - YouTube | add more | perma
Emacs + org-mode + python in reproducible research; SciPy 2013 Presentation (13:24 / 2013-07-09)
The Online Guitar Tuner / Bass Tuner / Whatever Tuner - | add more | perma
The most common is standard tuning E-A-D-G-B-e. Your lowest string, usually referred to as the "Sixth" string, is tuned to E and so forth up to your highest ("First") string, which is also tuned to E but two octaves higher than the sixth string. (13:21 / 2013-07-09)
How to identify MacBook Pro models | add more | perma
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Mid 2010) MacBookPro7,1 (21:39 / 2013-07-08)
Sir Patrick describing that domestic violence should never happen. - Imgur | add more | perma
Sir Patrick describing that domestic violence should never happen. (20:56 / 2013-07-08)
K1.pdf | add more | perma
Nonlinearity is not an inherent attribute of a physical system, but rather is heavily dependent upon our mathematical description of the system’s geometry, kinematics, and evolution dynamics. With fixed physical model assumptions, an infinity of coordinate choices is typically possible (13:11 / 2013-07-08)
Hákonarmál - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The poem is preserved in its entirety and is widely considered to be of great beauty. These are the last three stanzas. Góðu dœgri verðr sá gramr of borinn, es sér getr slíkan sefa. Hans aldar mun æ vesa at góðu getit. (11:31 / 2013-07-08)
Kenning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
grennir gunn-más “feeder of war-gull” = “feeder of raven” = “warrior” (Þorbjörn hornklofi: Glymdrápa 6); eyðendr arnar hungrs “destroyers of eagle’s hunger” = “feeders of eagle” = “warrior” (Þorbjörn Þakkaskáld: Erlingsdrápa 1) (11:26 / 2013-07-08)
5 Reasons Why you Should Learn Emacs Lisp Today - The Journal of Joel McCracken | add more | perma
since this language is dynamically bound, its variables are referenced from where it gets called. So, the function add2 sets the variable num_to_add, and when adder is called, it is able to reference it (10:22 / 2013-07-08)
When programming in Emacs Lisp, you get real work done with a system that is our modern day equivalent of the stuff of legends. Bonus: this system isn’t just some intellectual exercise. It is practical, awesome, and immediately useful. (10:18 / 2013-07-08)
Heim - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
In Norwegian place names, the Old Norse word heimr is often weakened to just -um, -eim, -im, or even just -m. See for instance Bærum, Elverum, Modum, Sørum, Bjerkreim, Askim and Sem. (08:25 / 2013-07-08)
000_Uyg1_11 - EngYakDwy2010_Uyg1full_11.pdf | add more | perma
      (20:11 / 2013-07-07)
         ! Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur (20:10 / 2013-07-07)
Metanarrative - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
grand narrative (19:15 / 2013-07-07)
Organization Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
It controls the more than 70 million party personnel assignments throughout the national system,[2] and compiles detailed and confidential reports on future potential leaders of the Party (19:15 / 2013-07-07)
A few words on Doug Engelbart | add more | perma
Our hypertext is not the same as Engelbart's hypertext, because it does not serve the same purpose. Our video conferencing is not the same as Engelbart's video conferencing, because it does not serve the same purpose. They may look similar superficially, but they have different meanings. They are homophones, if you will. (15:38 / 2013-07-07)
Almost any time you interpret the past as "the present, but cruder", you end up missing the point. (15:38 / 2013-07-07)
The problem with saying that Engelbart "invented hypertext", or "invented video conferencing", is that you are attempting to make sense of the past using references to the present. "Hypertext" is a word that has a particular meaning for us today. By saying that Engelbart invented hypertext, you ascribe that meaning to Engelbart's work. (15:38 / 2013-07-07)
When I read tech writers' interviews with Engelbart, I imagine these writers interviewing George Orwell, asking in-depth probing questions about his typewriter (15:38 / 2013-07-07)
James Holmes – The Naval Diplomat | The Diplomat | add more | perma
the Pocomoke River, a middling-sized stream that meanders about seventy miles southward from Delaware through Maryland. The Pocomoke ultimately empties into the Chesapeake Bay, where its final stretch forms part of the Maryland-Virginia border. Spindly pine trees line its shores. Water lilies jut above the brown waters (06:54 / 2013-07-07)
Data Deluge: Richard Edes Harrison - working methods | add more | perma
The article described Harrison's process - the six steps are summarised below.  (06:27 / 2013-07-07)
Literate programming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
the "tangled" code, and another for viewing as formatted documentation, which is said to be "woven" from the literate source (20:51 / 2013-07-06)
Infinite Loops - GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual | add more | perma
When a program loops infinitely and fails to return, your first problem is to stop the loop. On most operating systems, you can do this with C-g, which causes a quit (13:51 / 2013-07-06)
elisp - How do I get emacs to insert text into an arbitrary file? - Super User | add more | perma
(append-to-file string nil filename) (12:16 / 2013-07-06)
append-to-file (00:12 / 2013-07-05)
Rearrangement - GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual | add more | perma
If you wish to make a sorted copy without destroying the original, copy it first with copy-sequence and then sort. (23:56 / 2013-07-04)
Simple Match Data - GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual | add more | perma
match-string-no-properties (23:24 / 2013-07-04)
emacs - in elisp's let, how do you reference a variable bound in the same let while binding another variable? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
Emacs Lisp Function Frequency | add more | perma
Just for fun, you might walk down the list and see which is the first one you don't recognize. That might be a fun way to judge your lisp expertise and challenge friends. 1 setq 54152 2 if 46340 3 defun 34491 4 let 25186 5 and 22555 6 car 19730 7 or 17592 8 not 15833 9 eq 15524 10 when 14187 11 point 14087 12 cdr 14034 13 list 12909 14 nth 12770 15 defvar 11574 16 goto-char 10905 17 while 10767 18 interactive 10514 19 define-key 9828 20 concat 8805 (08:56 / 2013-07-04)
Modernization of Emacs (Simple Changes Emacs Should Adopt) | add more | perma
This is the wrong tree to bark up, IMO. (08:51 / 2013-07-04)
20 years ago, efficiency for expert users may out weight the ease of use for majority of average users. But in today computing era, computers are standard tools in every household, efficiency and ease of use for general users is as important for professional users (21:16 / 2013-07-03)
Help Mode - GNU Emacs Manual | add more | perma
help-go-forward is C-c C-f. (08:48 / 2013-07-04)
C-c C-b Go back to the previous help topic (help-go-back). (08:47 / 2013-07-04)
Lisp Eval - GNU Emacs Manual | add more | perma
M-: Read a single Emacs Lisp expression in the minibuffer, evaluate it, and print the value in the echo area (eval-expression). (08:27 / 2013-07-04)
Emacs Lisp | add more | perma
(defun tell-input (a) "Inserts the argument" (interactive "nGimme a number fool: ") (insert (message "Your argument was %d" a))) (15:07 / 2013-07-03)
Lockdown – | add more | perma
That world formed the web’s foundations — without that world to build on, Google, Facebook, and Twitter couldn’t exist. But they’ve now grown so large that everything from that web-native world is now a threat to them (09:23 / 2013-07-03)
Bug #767421 “mumamo-do-fontify when editing” : Bugs : nXhtml | add more | perma
After that I activated whitespace-mode with M-x global-whitespace-mode and find-file'd a PHP file. The error occured. When I changed the order (emacs -Q, load nxhtml, M-x find-file, M-x whitespace-mode) everything works just ok until I M-x revert-buffer the buffer. (15:00 / 2013-07-02)
Templates | add more | perma
To render a code block with syntax highlighting, surround your code as follows: {% highlight ruby %} def foo puts 'foo' end {% endhighlight %} (14:40 / 2013-07-02)
workaround-mumamo-buffer-file-name-warnings.el | add more | perma
;; Workaround the annoying warnings: ;; Warning (mumamo-per-buffer-local-vars): ;; Already 'permanent-local t: buffer-file-name (when (and (equal emacs-major-version 24) (equal emacs-minor-version 2)) (eval-after-load "mumamo" '(setq mumamo-per-buffer-local-vars (delq 'buffer-file-name mumamo-per-buffer-local-vars)))) (14:37 / 2013-07-02)
Kizil Caves - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
View of caves Donor figures Mural in diamond-shaped blocks characteristic of Kizil Caves. Fragments of painting Head of Mahakasyapa Donor figures, cave 8 An apsara playing pipa. Tang Dynasty. Dance of princess Chandraprabha, cave 83 (07:29 / 2013-07-02)
Visiting Tashkurgan, the Stone City and Khunjerab in Xinjiang | add more | perma
Probably one of the most famous and fascinating destinations in Tashkurgan is the ancient Stone Castle, also referred to as the Stone Fort. This area has a 2,000 year history as a major caravan stop along the Silk Road and was the capital of various kingdoms. During this time it served to control these caravan routes and provide refuge for the merchants. Now, for a mere 20 RMB, tourist can climb up the fort and view the beautiful scenery from one of the four watchtowers. From here you’ll be amazed by the breathtaking views of the mountains and grasslands that stretch out as far as the eye can see. (07:23 / 2013-07-02)
Populated primarily by about 30,000 Tajik ethnic people, the town is situated high in the Pamir mountains along the border crossing between China and Pakistan. What used to be traveled by a few brave Silk Road merchants thousands of years ago is now traveled by only a few brave adventurers. (07:14 / 2013-07-02)
The last days of old Kashgar | Ogle Earth | add more | perma
Kashgar can attest, the alleys do not divulge much by way of opulence. The public-facing walls of the old town’s homes are bare — made of mud- or baked yellow brick rising 2-3 stories. A wooden door, if open, reveals a curtain preserving the privacy of a shady courtyard inside (07:17 / 2013-07-02)
FarWestChina Interview | add more | perma
My goal with FarWestChina is to communicate my passion for Xinjiang and the Uyghur people in a way that will help people understand their beauty and incredible culture (07:04 / 2013-07-02)
teaching English. This can be a difficult field to breakout from, especially because the glut of talented and creative people is surprisingly thick (07:03 / 2013-07-02)
Sweetner Conversion Calculators | add more | perma
1 cup of Honey = 2 cups Sugar (20:36 / 2013-07-01)
NumPy for Matlab Users - | add more | perma
linalg.matrix_rank(a) (14:14 / 2013-07-01)
Simple Made Easy | add more | perma
I just slammed into this idea that list comprehensions aren't simple, they're compound: debugging why `[some expression for x in range(3)]` was wrongly building a list of arrays instead of scalars is much easier if you replace the list comprehension with a map. I'd always thought this roughness with list comprehensions was due to language or IDE or repl support. I can feel the tonic of simple doing me good already! (13:41 / 2013-07-01)
Parph.: it’d be great if we could go back to what these words really mean (instead of what they’re commonly understood to mean), *especially for software*. We want to adopt older usages of something, like words, in order to help us think better about something new, like software, that didn’t exist back when we’re returning to. Central point of this talk: being able to think about whether some software is braided together, folded together. Why would simple and easy ever be interchangeable. To me, Maxwell’s equations are simple. But they’re not easy to apply and use. “Easy” ~ “lie near”. The opposite of easy, “dangerous sense” (a la C.S. Lewis), is “hard” which has nothing to do with being far away. (“Hard” would imply “strong”.) “One braid” is about interleaving, folding, in terms of objective: *not* cardinality, not number, not e.g., “one operation”. Easy as near physical; and preexisting notion, familiarity. We’re fixated on this? There’s a third slant: within one’s capability, which is very uncomfortable for most to talk about. When I say “I like this technology, it’s simple”, I mean “easy.” Some very harsh things said in “Contstruct vs Artifact” slide. As programmers, we make constructs, the code we write, but what we deliver to our users are artifacts—they run the code, they don’t look at it. Yet we’re apparently very focused on the experience of the use of construct, e.g., programmer convenience, e.g., no semicolons, which don’t matter to the user. And this badness is compounded because our employers share our infatuation to the construct: if there’s a second programmer to whom your code is “easy”, familiar, in that the language and tools are familiar with them, then you’re replaceable. Caring about the artifact would apparently imply correctness, quality, maintenance, performance. The employer doesn’t care, he explicitly says, about the third aspect of “easy”, i.e., whether your code is easy for someone to *understand*, they just care about getting a replacement programmer into your seat and commanding them to type. I can’t believe he just slammed business owners in general like that. We must base our assessment of constructs based on artifacts, not on the experience of using the construct, of typing it in. - Reliable things require us to understand them. - Intertwined things must be considered together. - Complexity undermines understanding. What’s true about all bugs? They got written :P, but no: they compiled and the passed tests. Very funny delivery of his “guardrail programming” notion of being able to change things because the tests will tell me if I break something. (Or, how to change code without thinking: use tests?) Very interesting chart that illustrates the notion that if you focus on easy, you will be able to move fast in the beginning but you’ll stop moving at all soon. If you focus on simple, you’ll start slow and speed up. Worst: easy and complex. The user doesn’t look at out software (code) and *doesn’t care how good a time we had when writing it.* Knitted castle versus Lego castle: changing them. It’s in our hands: we install (change location), we learn. But we can’t get smarter :(). Another surprising shocking thing. And it’s not like some super-smart person can do all these great things because it’s juggling: juggling skill is thin-tailed, average juggler can do three, the best can maybe do twelve; none can do a thousand. We are *all* bad at understanding complex things. CL/Scheme DO braid parens: overloaded for calls, grouping, data structs. We look for benefits, as programmers, without ever asking for the cost. “complect” is an archaic word but we can use it of course. Very interesting diagram of knots: you start with four cords and you end with a complex knot. The underlying material is the same! You’re doing this all the time: you can write the same program multiple ways and in some ways, you see the four cords right away because they’re not intertwined, they haven’t been complected. You use a different language or system or construct and suddenly you get a braided knot. Complect braid simple things together. Compose place them together. Modularity is *not* the key: you can write all kinds of software that are modular: “they might not call each other but they are completely—complected!” Partitioning and stratification (code organization) can be done by complex or simple. State complects value and time: you can’t get a value independent of time if at all. State is easy though—this complexity is so easy. Methods and modules or encapsulation don’t hide it. State is when you call a function or method with the same arguments and get a different result out: “it’s like poison”. Rich Hickey is very angry in this talk. He has a very interesting slide around 44min that talks about the simplicity toolkit and how to get them in whatever language you’re using. “Data. Please. We’re programmers. We’re supposed to write data processing programs. There’s so many programs that don’t have any data in them.” “There are maps, there are sets, there are linear sequential things.” Apparently polmorphism a la carte are amazing. Look into Clojure protocols. Rules (Prolog) are better than conditionals. Declarative logic. Paraph.: please, start using maps and sets now, don’t feel like you have to write a class because you have a new piece of information. Artifacts, not authoring. Simplifying isn’t about counting! You might get more things, more threads hanging straight down, than fewer threads all entertwined. “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication” (LdV). (10:12 / 2013-07-01)
Simple Made Easy Recorded at: by Rich Hickey on Oct 20, 2011 (08:27 / 2013-07-01)
AT&T Archives: The UNIX Operating System - YouTube | add more | perma
“There aren't likely to be any final answers, both because the problems are hard and because as we find solutions we try even more ambitions objectives.” “There a continual demand for changes, enhancements, new features that people find necessary once they get used to a system. In other words, we put the system out there, people get used to it, their jobs change, they come back with more demands for different sorts of features.” “(On modules.) What we should be doing in the computing business is trying to raise the level at which we work, so that a programmer can write a few lines of code that turn into many many instructions in the machine. That way when changes need to be made, one just changes a few lines of code.” “Many many operating systems seem to spend substantial fractions of their time and effort, not in helping you but in impeding you, in making your job more difficult, providing obstacles to overcome.” When Unix people talk about modularity, of course they mean what they say. But it’s unclear why Java or C++ isn’t modular: of course their creators wanted modularity and their users strive for it also. (08:16 / 2013-07-01)
AT&T Archives: The UNIX Operating System (07:50 / 2013-07-01)
Geophysical Inverse Theory: Robert L. Parker: 9780691036342: Books | add more | perma
"We are of course discussing the meaning of the *resolution* of our observations, their ability to 'see' small features in the Earth. We shall show that the regularized model may be interpreted as the result of smoothing the real structure using a family of narrowly peaked functions, the resolving functions." ... "a $\delta$ function at some position. Then, by solving the linear forward problem, we generate the data values associated with it. Next we invert those "data" and thereby exhibit the smallest-scale single feature allowed to appear in any model based upon the regularization. The image of the $\delta$ function after inversion will be called the *resolving function*." (07:21 / 2013-07-01)
'Statistical assumptions about the model present a powerful means of introducing subtle constraints in a way quite different from any we have seen so far. ... The fundamental assumption of the statistical theories is that the model we seek is but a single realization of a random process whose general behavior we know more or less completely. This extra knowledge, when combined with the observations, goes a long way toward reducing uncertainty in estimates of desired properties.' (08:17 / 2013-06-18)
lynaghk/cljx | add more | perma
(defn ^:clj sin [x] (Math/sin x)) (defn ^:cljs sin [x] (.sin js/Math x)) (22:07 / 2013-06-29)
Montgomery Parks: Parks Facilities Directory Search | add more | perma
By Proximity: Choose your proximity by either zipcodes or city below. (15:47 / 2013-06-29)
Innovation.doc - Innovation.pdf | add more | perma
"The lesson is to put out your small technology nugget, not typing too much, and wait to see whether the environment changes so it has an interesting new use for your nugget and then change your product to take advantage of it and how it’s used." --- I think he's being tongue-in-cheek. I think this simple prescription is very hard, because at any given time, there's several things that you can interpret as an important environmental change that now renders your product valuable---or that could, if you added a twist. You produce your nugget and you *hope* the environment is changing or changed recently, or you can convince enough people that it's changed, as you put it out. "There is no evidence that a lineage that starts away from the left wall demonstrates any directional bias (neither in size nor in complexity)" From "Natural selection preserved the basic structure for their original (found) purposes—cooling and memory, attractiveness to mates, signs of health" Wow: "Therefore, the myths business holds conspire to execute the theory of technology acceptance" (12:23 / 2013-06-29)
I recommend Eight Little Piggies by Stephen Jay Gould (1993) for those interested. In other words, natural selection provides very little incremental improve- ment. Rather, almost all dramatic change occurs because the environment changes and makes the worthless invaluable. (13:30 / 2013-06-27)
Only things that are relatively worthless change rapidly and dramatically. These worthless things provide variety, and someday an environmental change can make one of those changes or a related group of them important to survival. Then that one or that group will join the ranks of the natural-selection protected, and perhaps some formerly static parts may no longer be essential and can begin to change. (13:29 / 2013-06-27)
Natural selection is a mechanism to reject changes not to establish them. In fact, natural selection is used to slow down changes in the areas that matter—if a particular wing structure works, you don’t want to try changing it. Therefore, those parts of an organism most central to its survival mutate over time the most slowly (13:29 / 2013-06-27)
The mammals had something that enabled them to survive, and almost certainly it was something marginal or irrelevant until the catastrophic event (13:29 / 2013-06-27)
The free market means improvement for the consumers, but at the slowest possible rate, and companies that try to go faster than that rate are almost always hammered down or killed. On top of these factors is the feedback loop in the free market. We’ve seen some reasons that it makes business sense to make small improvements rather than large ones. Because companies use these techniques, the pattern is established that the free market goes slowly. Given that, consumers now act in accordance with the free market. For example, because consumers rarely see radical innovation—it’s too expensive, so companies don’t do it, and a series of incremental improvements seldom if ever amounts to a radical innova- tion—they suspects its value. You might say that consumers are conditioned by the free market against radical innovation. (13:22 / 2013-06-27)
To some it might seem that there is value to users in adding lots of fea- tures, but there is, in fact, more value in adding a simple, small piece of technology with evolvable value. The goal of a software enterprise is to make it into the mainstream, and being in the mainstream does not mean selling to a particular set of corporations. It means selling to customers with particular characteristics. One of the key characteristics of the mainstream customer is conservatism. (13:20 / 2013-06-27)
t seems like the idea is inten- tionally to put out an inferior product and then hope that things go well. This isn’t the case (13:18 / 2013-06-27)
it has no compelling systems written in it that people want to use and could use in such a way to see and appreciate the advantages of Modula-3. This last point can be understood by thinking about how much more likely it would be for people to use Basic English or Esperanto if there were a com- pelling piece of literature written in it (13:17 / 2013-06-27)
It would seem that the players would keep their positions of roughly equal amounts of pennies. But in mathematical terms, this is an event of measure 0—it will never happen. The probability is essentially 1 that one player will lose all his or her pennies. (13:15 / 2013-06-27)
There is a tendency to think that somehow the free market is fair and that all seemingly fairly matched competitors will survive. If there is some aspect of a business that involves consumable resources used in competition, that business is subject to gambler’s ruin. (13:15 / 2013-06-27)
Calvin's | virtualenv with numpy and scipy on Mac OSX | add more | perma
Getting numpy, scipy and associated libraries and their corresponding C/C++ libraries installed correctly on virtualenv (with the help of virtualenv wrapper), Mac OSX can be a little troublesome. Here’s a step-by-step as a reference for my colleagues and fellow pythonista peers… (12:22 / 2013-06-29)
Maxima - Wikibooks, open books for an open world | add more | perma
A . B; /* matrix multiplication */ A ^^ s; /* matrix exponentiation (including inverse) */ (15:04 / 2013-06-28)
A: matrix([a, b, c], [d, e, f], [g, h, i]); /* (3x3) matrix */ u: matrix([x, y, z]); /* row vector */ v: transpose(matrix([r, s, t])); /* column vector */ (15:04 / 2013-06-28) | add more | perma
And an interesting analysis, which I'm sure I'll soon see everywhere, of "the thing being built is a collaborator in its own design and construction". (12:52 / 2013-06-27)
This contains a good and relatively brief self-contained analysis of Taleb on chance and payoff. And a great story about the Dome of Florence and Brunelleschi. "Two factors combine to manufacture this love of heroes: a failure to perceive the effects of randomness on real life and a need for stories. A name and story are less abstract than an intertwined trail of ideas and designs that leads to a monument." (12:51 / 2013-06-27)
It’s as if King didn’t even read his own book (12:46 / 2013-06-27)
Keep Disquiet - Blog | add more | perma
If your answer is no to any of these, then I think you aren't doing research; you are doing a development or engineering project or maybe you are simply working. (12:12 / 2013-06-27)
A colleague of mine at Sun Labs years ago told me a story about doing research. The Lab director, Glenn Edens, was walking by and asked what my colleague was doing. He happened to be reading a biology text—because our project was to try to use biologically inspired mechanisms to improve the robustness of software systems. After my colleague answered that he was reading, Glenn Edens told him “we don't pay you to read, we pay you to do research." Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook) says that one of his company's mottoes is “move fast and break things." Other places I've worked had a similar view. I was thinking about joining a project at a company I worked for, and I asked the head of the project for an appointment to talk about what he wanted me to do. His reply was that his project had intensely tight deadlines and that he didn't have time for such a discussion, and neither should I. I should plan on just jumping in, spending 60+ hours a week, and just do it. I agree that it's important to have (some of) your work turn into real things that benefit humanity, but there is more to research than coding, doing, and building (12:12 / 2013-06-27)
GabrielDefamiliarization.pdf | add more | perma
I was thinking about something related yesterday: literary criticism and close reading imposes a structure on a work from without. Rather, we could start reading works by understanding and commenting on the act of creation, by looking at the writer, rather than the work. (12:04 / 2013-06-27)
n the drafts that follow, I listen to what has made it to the page. Invariably, things have arrived that I did not invite, and they are often the most interesting things in the story. By refusing to fully know the world, I hope to discover unusual formations in the landscape, and strange desires in the characters. By declining to analyze the story, I hope to keep it open to surprise. Each new draft revises the world but does not explain or define it. I work through many drafts, progressively abandoning the familiar. What I can see is always dwarfed by what I cannot know. What the characters come to understand never surpasses that which they cannot grasp. The world remains half-known. ... There can be no discovery in a world where everything is known. A cru - cial part of the writing endeavor is to practice remaining in the dark. (12:02 / 2013-06-27)
focus on the characters with - out trying to attach significance to their actions. I do not look for symbols. For as long as I can, I remain purposefully blind to the machinery of the story and only par - tially cognizant of the world my story cre - ates. I work from a kind of half-knowledge. (12:02 / 2013-06-27) | add more | perma
One thing that amazes me is that we could have noticed the paradigm shift from programming systems to programming languages right when it happened—using incommensurabil - ity as the theoretical basis and “this looks like nonsense” as the instrument. (11:50 / 2013-06-27)
my intuition that programming systems versus programming languages represents a micro-paradigm shift might just be a difference of material set-up or more precisely a difference between the kinds of “machines” the two camps use to observe and manipulate the realm of programming in order to manufacture scientific facts about it (11:48 / 2013-06-27)
Bracha & Cook and Cannon are perfectly capable of un - derstanding everything about each others’ material set-ups and conceptual frameworks, but they don’t want to, because they are in the mangle of their own practice (11:47 / 2013-06-27)
A programming system consists of an executing software system, tools for examining and altering that system (typically but not necessarily executing as part of that same system), and a mechanism for people to express changes to that system. That mechanism of expression typically looks like program source text. The machine or material set-up is the executing system, its tools, and program source text; and the conceptual framework is how the program source text describes or specifies acts of examination or mutation. A programming language consists of a set of program source texts, an empty & idle computer, and a semantics that states what computation the computer would perform when executing the semantics specified by a syntactically legal program source text. The machine or material set-up is the computer and the program source text; and the conceptual framework is the semantics. Just like the two quark experiments, these two material set-ups and conceptual frameworks are similar, and using them similarly leads to different conclusions. For one thing, programming systems exhibit behavior which can be observed or modified while programming languages are for specifying computations. (11:46 / 2013-06-27)
programming languages versus programming systems— these terms each package both the machines or material set- ups as well as the conceptual frameworks that go with them (11:44 / 2013-06-27)
what counted as evidence for one was something that needed to be explained away for the other. And yet, this divergence did not quite fit the Kuhnian mould. Kuhn’s basic idea was that incom - mensurability arises from differences in paradigms, which set people up to perceive the world and pay attention to it differently. I could not see any split between Fairbank and Morpurgo in that sense. The relevant difference was rather that they had arrived at different material set-ups, and that Fairbank’s ap - paratus really did provide evidence for free quarks while Morpurgo’s apparatus really did provide evi - dence against their existence. It was as simple as that. –Andrew Pickering, Reading the Structure, 200 (11:43 / 2013-06-27)
what counted as evidence for one was something that needed to be explained away for the other. (11:42 / 2013-06-27)
Read especially Feynman’s comment in the section labeled “Millikan’s experiment as an example of psychological effects in scientific methodology (11:40 / 2013-06-27)
A number of scientists and philosophers have concluded that incommensurability is nonsense. The central reason for this conclusion is the belief that reality is real, the truth is the truth, and scientists are moving toward perfect understand - ing slowly but surely. In this they are claiming implicitly that unlike biological evolution, the evolution of scientific theories has a fitness function directing it toward a definite goal: the truth that underlies the real universe (11:38 / 2013-06-27)
their stories are different (11:34 / 2013-06-27)
Sometimes the world after a paradigm shift is radically different. (11:34 / 2013-06-27)
The difficulty is the narrative. Kuhn realized that it wasn’t simply a matter of defining technical words from one para - digm into terms familiar in another—a good deal of the entire theory surrounding the technical terms needs to be explained in order to understand how the terms interact and play out. Recall the description of the phlogiston theory of combus - tion I gave before. I couldn’t have simply defined phlogiston in isolation. If I had said phlogiston was... ... a substance contained in all combustible bodies, released during combustion ... would think me mad because you would be interpreting this statement in the paradigm of thermodynamics. Instead, I wove a story about how this “substance” did its thing, and thereby you came to understand—I hope—that it was a sen - sible theory that happened to be wrong or perhaps not as ac - curate as the caloric theory and, later, thermodynamics, but when it was in force, it was used to do useful and accurate computations about physical phenomena (11:33 / 2013-06-27)
Incommensurability is a notion that for me emerged from attempts to understand apparently nonsensical passages encountered in old scientific texts. Ordinar - ily they have been taken as evidence of the author’s confused or mistaken beliefs. My experiences led me to suggest, instead, that those passages were being misread: the appearance of nonsense could be removed by recovering older meanings for some of the terms involved, meanings different from those subsequent - ly current. –Thomas Kuhn, The Road Since Structure [25] (11:32 / 2013-06-27)
This is one of the confusions I found while reading the Bracha & Cook paper. It is an example of incommensurabil - ity in which those authors were befuddled by the technical details of an earlier paradigm (11:27 / 2013-06-27)
"CLOS is decidedly a system designed to create and manipulate executing systems. Here’s how you know: CLOS defines a protocol for updating class objects and instances, while retaining identity, when a class is redefined. Were CLOS a programming language, no protocol would be needed because the programmer would simply recompile and rebuild the program—such a change is a text editing chore, not a system update: CLOS describes how the affected objects in the running system should be updated and how the programmer can determine how best to do this in the context of the system’s domain" (11:22 / 2013-06-27)
When working with a system one must explicitly attend to careful design, good organization, and modular thinking. In Lisp, the underlying system is designed to help you. And your design thinking is effected by altering the living, run - ning system right in front of you (11:21 / 2013-06-27)
t while the System and Language paradigms were of essentially equal prominence before 1990, after , the System Paradigm disappeared almost completely until the mid-2000s (11:21 / 2013-06-27)
yntax—a hallmark in the Language paradigm—is relatively unimportant for Lisp. Lisp is about execution because you can “feel the bits between your toes” [21]. Alan Perlis said it most eloquently, I believe, when he wrote the following: Pascal is for building pyramids—imposing, breath - taking, static structures built by armies pushing heavy blocks into place. Lisp is for building organisms.... –Alan Perlis (11:20 / 2013-06-27)
systems are about things happening, and languages are about conveying meaning. As we’ve seen in quotes from Moon and Cannon, for sys - tems, good design by a human designer is essential, and though the system can go only so far to help you, it should go some distance. Today, one of the goals of programming language designers is to make some kinds of bad or poor design ungrammatical, thereby cutting them off. (11:19 / 2013-06-27)
But: how fascinating! —That incommensurability could be real. I had lived through this micro-paradigm shift, and my realization came as a surprise because it explained so much while remaining hidden from me all these years. (11:16 / 2013-06-27)
A paradigm shift is not a clean demarcation between past and future— paradigms co-exist. The Newtonian paradigm is still used for many com - mon calculations (11:15 / 2013-06-27)
Cannon’s community of practice, good design was important, and the set of available tools and underlying mechanisms needed to be flexible enough to express such a design when it came along. Moreover, a good design can live on many programming substrates using conventions if they are adaptable enough— “ structs with an attitude” was usually enough to support OOP. (11:10 / 2013-06-27)
Bracha & Cook were studying the reality created by Birger Møller-Pedersen, Kristen Nygaard, Howard Can - non, David Moon, Danny Bobrow, and the designers of CLOS. From this (engineering) reality, Bracha & Cook came up with a theory of mixin-based inheritance, creating a new (scientific) reality. Engineers and scientists understand these two realities differently, using different vocabularies and more than that, different language. (11:04 / 2013-06-27)
Skilled manual labor entails a systematic encounter with the material world, precisely the kind of encoun - ter that gives rise to natural science. From its earliest practice, craft knowledge has entailed knowledge of the “ways” of one’s materials—that is, knowledge of their nature, acquired through disciplined perception. –Matthew B. Crawford, Shop Class as Soulcraft [6] One good example is the steam engine. Engineers began its development while scientists were making their way from the phlogiston theory of combustion to the caloric theory of heat, both today considered hilarious. (10:54 / 2013-06-27)
Oil drop experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Why didn't they discover the new number was higher right away? It's a thing that scientists are ashamed of - this history - because it's apparent that people did things like this: When they got a number that was too high above Millikan's, they thought something must be wrong - and they would look for and find a reason why something might be wrong. When they got a number close to Millikan's value they didn't look so hard. And so they eliminated the numbers that were too far off, and did other things like that...[7][8] (11:48 / 2013-06-27) | add more | perma
Vietnamese of Ho Xuan Huong (10:53 / 2013-06-27)
Te c h n o l o g y, a r t , p o p u l a r media including network TV, and just about every aspect of our lives and probably life itself follows a disappointing pattern: worse is better, the good drives out the excellent, and the most popular is least good. (10:53 / 2013-06-27)
Remote Agent Executive for Deep Space 1 | add more | perma
1999 Co-Winner of NASA's Software of the Year Award (10:45 / 2013-06-27)
multi-threaded COMMON LISP (10:45 / 2013-06-27)
What is in a name? « Ken’s Blog | add more | perma
One of my first encounters with Russian names was the time I read Dostoevsky’s great last novel The Brothers Karamazov. It’s an amazing book, full of powerful ideas, larger than life characters and intense emotions, spiritual struggles and debates about belief and the limits of free will. It took a while for me to get through the whole thing. I remember that one weekend I was reading it while alternately watching successive films in the Hellraiser series, where some cable station was running them back to back in a marathon. I can’t really explain why, but the two experiences went together extremely well. (07:58 / 2013-06-27)
Structure and Interpretation of Classical Mechanics | add more | perma
Mechanics, as invented by Newton and others of his era, describes the motion of a system in terms of the positions, velocities, and accelerations of each of the particles in the system. In contrast to the Newtonian formulation of mechanics, the variational formulation of mechanics describes the motion of a system in terms of aggregate quantities that are associated with the motion of the system as a whole. (07:53 / 2013-06-27)
I don't it's remarkable that after centuries of people describing natural phenomena, a language has arisen that describes them well---a language we call mathematics. Today in colleges, this word might denote the language only of formal systems, but that's not historically accurate from a linguistics perspective. (07:48 / 2013-06-27)
That mathematics can be used to describe natural phenomena is a remarkable fact. (07:44 / 2013-06-27)
Help on Absolute Recall™ | add more | perma
The Leitner System Leitner System The Leitner System was proposed by Sebastien Leitner as a method of organizing flashcards for maximal recall. Flashcards are sorted into different boxes based on how well you know them. Every flashcard starts out in the first box, and every time it's answered correctly, it moves into the next box. Flashcards which aren't answered correctly are moved back into the first box. Flashcards in the first boxes are reviewed more frequently, whereas flashcards in later boxes are reviewed far less often. As a result, easy words quickly disappear into the later boxes (and infrequent reminders), but hard words keep on showing up until they're memorized. (07:43 / 2013-06-27)
Structure and Interpretation of Classical Mechanics | add more | perma Structure and Interpretation of Classical Mechanics (9780262194556): Gerald Jay Sussman, Jack Wisdom: Books | add more | perma
The authors write that they prefer using functional notation to traditional mathematical notation because, "In functional notation mathematical expressions are unambiguous and self-contained." This statement is, in fact, the best description of the entire book. (07:14 / 2013-06-27)
Twitter / psnively: @ID_AA_Carmack I recommend ... | add more | perma
I recommend following up w/Structure & Interpretation of Classical Mechanics, then Functional Differential Geometry (07:11 / 2013-06-27) | add more | perma
An Argument Against the Cascade - On Programming | add more | perma
Scripting languages are meant for making your program extensible or for rapid prototyping. Once you move beyond that programmers need to ditch their fear of pointers and move onto C/C++ (13:43 / 2013-06-26)
The CADT Model | add more | perma
there is no incentive for people to do the parts of programming that aren't fun. Fixing bugs isn't fun; going through the bug list isn't fun; but rewriting everything from scratch is fun (because "this time it will be done right", ha ha) and so that's what happens, over and over again. (13:42 / 2013-06-26)
The Law of Leaky Abstractions - Joel on Software | add more | perma
Ten years ago, we might have imagined that new programming paradigms would have made programming easier by now. Indeed, the abstractions we've created over the years do allow us to deal with new orders of complexity in software development that we didn't have to deal with ten or fifteen years ago, like GUI programming and network programming. And while these great tools, like modern OO forms-based languages, let us get a lot of work done incredibly quickly, suddenly one day we need to figure out a problem where the abstraction leaked, and it takes 2 weeks (11:09 / 2013-06-26)
The law of leaky abstractions means that whenever somebody comes up with a wizzy new code-generation tool that is supposed to make us all ever-so-efficient, you hear a lot of people saying "learn how to do it manually first, then use the wizzy tool to save time." Code generation tools which pretend to abstract out something, like all abstractions, leak, and the only way to deal with the leaks competently is to learn about how the abstractions work and what they are abstracting. So the abstractions save us time working, but they don't save us time learning. (11:08 / 2013-06-26)
One reason the law of leaky abstractions is problematic is that it means that abstractions do not really simplify our lives as much as they were meant to. When I'm training someone to be a C++ programmer, it would be nice if I never had to teach them about char*'s and pointer arithmetic. It would be nice if I could go straight to STL strings. But one day they'll write the code "foo" + "bar", and truly bizarre things will happen, and then I'll have to stop and teach them all about char*'s anyway (11:07 / 2013-06-26)
Back to Basics - Joel on Software | add more | perma
Do you know how malloc works? The nature of malloc is that it has a long linked list of available blocks of memory called the free chain. When you call malloc, it walks the linked list looking for a block of memory that is big enough for your request. Then it cuts that block into two blocks -- one the size you asked for, the other with the extra bytes, and gives you the block you asked for, and puts the leftover block (if any) back into the linked list. When you call free, it adds the block you freed onto the free chain. Eventually, the free chain gets chopped up into little pieces and you ask for a big piece and there are no big pieces available the size you want. So malloc calls a timeout and starts rummaging around the free chain, sorting things out, and merging adjacent small free blocks into larger blocks. This takes 3 1/2 days. The end result of all this mess is that the performance characteristic of malloc is that it's never very fast (it always walks the free chain), and sometimes, unpredictably, it's shockingly slow while it cleans up. (This is, incidentally, the same performance characteristic of garbage collected systems, surprise surprise, so all the claims people make about how garbage collection imposes a performance penalty are not entirely true, since typical malloc implementations had the same kind of performance penalty, albeit milder.) (11:02 / 2013-06-26)
fab13n/metalua | add more | perma
compiler-writing specialized languages (and which has nothing to do with string regular expressions BTW) (10:45 / 2013-06-26)
How to go back and forth in visual studio 2010 - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
Use Control-minus (Ctrl- "-"). (10:29 / 2013-06-26)
EmacsWiki: Search At Point | add more | perma
(global-set-key (kbd "C-*") 'evil-search-symbol-forward) (global-set-key (kbd "C-#") 'evil-search-symbol-backward) (09:07 / 2013-06-26)
How to Change size of split screen emacs windows? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
C-x + (balance-windows) will make windows the same heights and widths. (09:06 / 2013-06-26)
How to get information about current buffer/file in emacs? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
C-X C-B opens Buffer List, which includes path and size info. (21:11 / 2013-06-25)
Generate HTML from a JSON Without any Template but HTML and Javascript - BeeBole | add more | perma
Our wish list for a template engine was as follows: it should only be based on JavaScript and HTML/CSS. Nothing else! it should provide the 4 key templating functionalities: assign values, include templates within templates, iterative and conditional statements it should be totally unobtrusive (no % tags of any kind) it should compile the templates in JS for fast rendering and bandwidth savings After some more research, we didn’t find anything like that. So we turned our wish list into a reality by building PURE, standing for PURE Unobtrusive Rendering Engine. Past the excitement of finding such a nice acronym, we discovered that it was a totally new way of building web pages. The main surprise is that there are no real templates anymore. And no template language either. (20:36 / 2013-06-25)
Tanoshii Youchien - choo choo train | Flickr - Photo Sharing! | add more | perma
Tanoshii Youchien - choo choo train 1 2 Prev Next This one folds out to about 18" wide. (20:24 / 2013-06-25)
The Fall of Arthur: J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien: 9780544115897: Books | add more | perma
Thus Arthur in arms | eastward journeyed, and war awoke | in the wild regions. Let their fanes be felled | and their fast places bare and broken, | burned their havens Greatest was Gawain, | whose glory waxes as times darkened, | true and dauntless (15:10 / 2013-06-25)
Online Etymology Dictionary | add more | perma
fell (adj.) "cruel," late 13c., from Old French fel "cruel, fierce, vicious," from Medieval Latin fello "villain" (see felon). Phrase at one fell swoop is from "Macbeth." fell (n.2) "skin or hide of an animal," Old English fel, from Proto-Germanic *fellom- (cf. Old Frisian fel, Old Saxon fel, Dutch vel, Old High German fel, German fell, Old Norse fiall, Gothic fill), from PIE *pello- (see film (n.)). fell (v.2) Old English feoll; past tense of fall (v.). fell (n.1) "rocky hill," c.1300, from Old Norse fiall "mountain," from Proto-Germanic *felzam- "rock" (cf. German Fels "stone, rock"), from PIE root *pel(i)s- "rock, cliff." (15:02 / 2013-06-25)
WikiMiniAtlas - Meta | add more | perma
Dragging around Texas for size comparison (14:25 / 2013-06-25)
Recipe for Disaster: The Formula That Killed Wall Street | add more | perma
the quants, who should have been more aware of the copula's weaknesses, weren't the ones making the big asset-allocation decisions. Their managers, who made the actual calls, lacked the math skills to understand what the models were doing or how they worked. They could, however, understand something as simple as a single correlation number (14:05 / 2013-06-25)
Why didn't rating agencies build in some cushion for this sensitivity to a house-price-depreciation scenario? Because if they had, they would have never rated a single mortgage-backed CDO (14:04 / 2013-06-25)
Li wrote a model that used price rather than real-world default data as a shortcut (making an implicit assumption that financial markets in general, and CDS markets in particular, can price default risk correctly). (14:01 / 2013-06-25)
Li's breakthrough was that instead of waiting to assemble enough historical data about actual defaults, which are rare in the real world, he used historical prices from the CDS market (14:01 / 2013-06-25)
If you're an investor, you have a choice these days: You can either lend directly to borrowers or sell investors credit default swaps, insurance against those same borrowers defaulting. Either way, you get a regular income stream—interest payments or insurance payments—and either way, if the borrower defaults, you lose a lot of money. The returns on both strategies are nearly identical, but because an unlimited number of credit default swaps can be sold against each borrower, the supply of swaps isn't constrained the way the supply of bonds is (14:00 / 2013-06-25)
joepy: Statistics in Python: Reproducing Research | add more | perma
What I found most striking was not the presentation as a notebook, although that makes it easy to read, instead it was: pandas, patsy and statsmodels, and no R in sight. We have come a long way with Statistics in Python since I started to get involved in it five years ago. (13:52 / 2013-06-25)
File:OrteliusWorldMap1570.jpg - Wikimedia Commons | add more | perma
This 1570 Latin map is really cool, in terms of how many modern names it has: Biafar, Benin, Mozambique, C. Bone Spei, Calecut, Orixa, Goa, Delli, Guzarate, Candahar, Corasan, Tucheltan, Xibuar, Turfun, Cantan, Zaiton, Miaco... truly delicious. (07:26 / 2013-06-25)
15 years of Ars: Individuals who redefined gaming, music, and tech policy | Ars Technica | add more | perma
“I always felt that we had a strong moral high ground; there is no moral ambiguity when you are fighting demons and zombies. I did have some qualms when I saw Grand Theft Auto, saying that I would never insinuate that it 'should not' be available to people but it wasn't something that I felt really good about. Rage—we had people in it, which was something jarring. But I liked it better when we were shooting nothing but demons and zombies." (07:20 / 2013-06-25)
Carmack thinks the innovations that he and his team put into titles like Doom were inevitable. It's the Vint Cerf conundrum all over again—a person many view as an ultimate innovator insists that someone else, in due time, could have done it just the same. In Carmack's view, the tech back then was just less approachable. “I'm not a key historical person on this," Carmack insisted. "While I was the first to do a lot of things, I have little doubt that other people would have come up with them. There's a tech determination—when things are easy and possible, people will do it. It's fair to say that we did some things earlier maybe than they would have been. (07:19 / 2013-06-25)
“The people that do the charming and fun things in the games are the designers and the artists,” Carmack said (07:18 / 2013-06-25)
Lua for Python Programmers | add more | perma
in Lua there is a unique string concatenation operator. This means that in Lua there is no type ambiguity to be checked for when performing addition and concatenation between numbers and strings. The ‘+’ operator always performs addition, and the ‘..’ operator always performs concatenation (05:55 / 2013-06-25)
Lua, like Python, is dynamically typed, so variables do not have types but values do. For dynamically typed scripting languages, type checking is done at run time. Python is strongly typed, meaning that all type errors are detected (05:54 / 2013-06-25)
Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam: William F. McCants: 9780691151489: Books | add more | perma
"Muslim authors of the awa'il lists were initially reluctant to recognize the contribution of ancient foreign civilizations to their culture. Indeed, some authors in the ninth century wrote awa'il lists that studiously ignored foreign influences, emphasizing only the Arab and Abrahamic character of the empire at a time when it was rapidly turning towards Iran. ... Muslims who wrote lists of Arab cultural achievements were modest in their own way, claiming only parochial firsts for the Arabs. But this could also be exploited by the conquered, as when Iranian authors supplemented lists of underwhelming Arab accomplishments with the universal achievements of ancient Iranian kings, such as their invention of statecraft. Iranians did the same in early postconquest histories of Iranian civilization. Although they wrote them in Arabic and retained the biblical and Qur'anic narrative of events and personalities, they also emphasized the secular achievements of the first Iranian kings." (17:10 / 2013-06-24)
"The Arabs were politically dominant for only a century following the conquests. As their dominance faded, scholars in Iraq began compiling lists of cultural 'firsts' (/awa'il/) attributed to biblical and Arab heroes." (11:52 / 2013-06-23)
'What we know today as Islamic culture is the product of a contested process of self-legitimation in the first three centuries of the Islamic era---a process reflected in the mythmaking of the period and whose protagonists drew heavily on the lore of non-Arab and pagan antiquity.' (05:19 / 2013-06-17)
From the dawn of writing in Sumer to the sunset of the Islamic empire (05:17 / 2013-06-17)
Do you have a zombie survival plan? Me neither. - Chicago Tribune | add more | perma
Sci-fi is never about robot revolts or a society where combat veterans are the only ones who become citizens and vote. It's about the politics. (14:03 / 2013-06-24)
An Apology to my European IT Team | Fred Lybrand | add more | perma
My colleague, who grew up under Communism and had lived through the Velvet Revolution in 1989 replied, “On one hand I’m glad you have grown up in an environment where you’re able to trust your government so much, and on the other I’m sorry to tell you that governments can change.” (13:46 / 2013-06-24)
Don Knuth and the Art of Computer Programming: The Interview | add more | perma
The main idea is to match the user's intuition as well as possible. There are many kinds of users, and many kinds of application areas, so we need many kinds of languages (13:42 / 2013-06-24)
If you were to start over and design TeX today, would the advances in computing or your understanding change the design in dramatic ways or would it turn out mostly the same? DK: I'm not sure if anybody can still write such a program today, without paying a fortune to license patented ideas (13:36 / 2013-06-24)
most problems do not have a simple solution; thus they figure there's no reason to spend any time looking further. If we start with the assumption that a simple solution does exist, we're much more likely to find one (13:34 / 2013-06-24)
Perfect Forward Secrecy can block the NSA from secure web pages, but no one uses it | Computerworld Blogs | add more | perma
ECDHE_RSA stands for elliptic curve, ephemeral Diffie-Hellman, signed by an RSA key (13:29 / 2013-06-24)
Adam's Apples: More than the Spice of Life | add more | perma
but a product that was bred for color and size and not for taste (12:06 / 2013-06-24)
Since its discovery more than a century ago, Red Delicious (originally "Hawkeye") has been mercilessly tweaked by breeders, growers, and market forces to produce the elongated bright red fruit we know today. These are beautiful, indestructible, shippable, commercial, and tasteless. And, we love them. Or did. (12:05 / 2013-06-24)
node-ffi/example/factorial/factorial.c at master · rbranson/node-ffi | add more | perma
EXPORT uint64_t factorial(int max) {   int i = max;   uint64_t result = 1;   while (i >= 2) {     result *= i--;   }   return result; } (11:29 / 2013-06-24)
Understanding the Past: Reading, Re-enacting, Performing | American Orchard | add more | perma
he told me that he used to participate in history roundtables, where people got together to discuss books. But he finally concluded that “you don’t learn history in books, you learn it in your bones,” dropped out of the roundtable and took up re-enacting. When I asked him to explain this heresy he replied, “Well, when you sleep on the ground, you learn the ground is hard.” (11:21 / 2013-06-24)
Wikipedia | add more | perma
WILCUME on þā Engliscan Wikipǣdie! Hēr mōt man findan cȳþþu ymbe manig þing þisse worulde and ofer þisse worulde, gewriten on þāra ealdena Engliscena gereorde, þe hāteþ Englisc. (11:09 / 2013-06-24)
I'm Laszlo Montgomery, creator of The China History Podcast. Ask Me Anything : history | add more | perma
many Americans and Chinese, I noticed, like to see videos of each other doing repulsive or uncouth things... It allows each side to rest assured they are superior to the other. (10:29 / 2013-06-24)
as an American I assure them it's lonely near the top and China is now an easy target of criticism (10:25 / 2013-06-24)
There was often this frustration with many China friends that not enough people were aware of how unfairly China was treated when they were down on their luck as a nation. This is especially so in today's world in the context of a lot of nations pointing fingers at China and criticizing some policies. A lot of Chinese would like to ask, "Hey where were you guys in the 1840's, 50's and 60's when everyone was ganging up on us?" (10:23 / 2013-06-24)
Mao is starting to make a comeback. A lot of people who haven't gotten a piece of the China Dream or who have little or not chance of getting their piece are turning to Mao. Mao is still a sacred cow in China and although his mistakes are well-known, you have to be careful how far you go in either promoting him or trashing him. (10:17 / 2013-06-24)
Where you are in China society more or less determines your viewpoint of Mao. He never went away. (10:17 / 2013-06-24)
The one cost engineers and product managers don't consider | add more | perma
onsider DSLs, abstractions and the attraction to being the one to build a framework that gets leveraged for years. This drives us to introduce huge complexity debt we defend with statements like "it makes it so easy once you understand" and "it will save us so much coding." Writing the lines of code is rarely the big cost in engineering: it's the understanding, the communication and the maintenance. (00:30 / 2013-06-24)
You might think you've found a way to get complexity for free by making these hidden or advanced features, but you're fooling yourself. (00:28 / 2013-06-24)
The work of implementing a feature initially is often a tiny fraction of the work to support that feature over the lifetime of a product, and yes, we can "just" code any logic someone dreams up. What might take two weeks right now adds a marginal cost to every engineering project we'll take on in this product in the future. In fact, I'd argue that the initial time spent implementing a feature is one of the least interesting data points to consider when weighing the cost and benefit of a feature. (00:26 / 2013-06-24)
Books | Buddha made unforgettable | add more | perma
The novel is a heady mix of fact, history, legend and fiction that brings ancient India to life. (22:25 / 2013-06-23)
Old English and its Closest Relatives: A Survey of the Earliest Germanic Languages: Orrin W. Robinson: 9780415104067: Books | add more | perma
"Although the Parable of the Sower and the Seed is found in many of our languages, it can hardly be called a typical text for most of them. I have therefore tried to balance it with other texts more representative of those found in the dialects in question. For example, for Old Norse I have picked one of the shorter episodes from Snorri's Edda, which has the additional virtue of being entertaining." (21:19 / 2013-06-23)
‘Whereas the corresponding words in English and German are usually everyday words, of the sort that ordinary people use all the time, the words English has borrowed from French show a peculiar pattern: almost all of them deal with government, affairs of state, criminal justice, official functions, religion, fashion, high cuisine, and other aspects of the upper-class culture that the Norman conquest most affected. They do not, in general, deal with the pedestrian concerns of the common people.’ (20:55 / 2012-10-15)
Wright's Gothic Glossary | add more | perma
af-dráusjan, wv. I, to cast down. af-drugkja, wm. drunkard, 355. af-dumbnan, wv. IV, to hold one's peace, be silent or still, 331 (20:47 / 2013-06-23)
aba, wm. man, husband, 206, 208 note, 353. O.Icel. afe. abraba, av. strongly, excessively, very, very much. abrs, aj. strong, violent, great, mighty. O.Icel. afar. af, prep. c. dat. of, from, by, away from, out of, 88, 350. OE. æf, of, OHG. aba, ab. af-aikan, sv. VII, to deny, to deny vehemently, 313, 402 af-airzjan, wv. I, to deceive, lead astray; see airzeis, airzjan. afar, prep. c. acc. and dat., av. after, according to, 350 OHG. avar, afar. afardags, sm. the next day, 356 afargaggan, sv. VII, to follow, go after, 313 note 1, 403. afar-láistjan, wv. I, to follow after, follow, 403 (20:47 / 2013-06-23)
Daily Glimpses Of Japan: Turtle - Kame 亀 | add more | perma
In Japanese, "turtle" is kame 亀. We can almost see it depicted in its kanji. Turtle symbolizes longevity and good luck. It appears in the legend of Urashima Tarou. (20:18 / 2013-06-23)
Bibracte - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Plan of the oppidum of Bibracte (20:18 / 2013-06-23)
Manga Bookshelf | Fanservice Friday: A Girl’s (G)Fantasy | add more | perma
She fills the pages of Pandora Hearts with long, tousled bangs and oversized shirt and coat sleeves (05:14 / 2013-06-23)
Pop-Tarts of Darkness - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
for an overwhelming majority of manga and light novels and other original properties, the rights to those properties are held by their individual creators. Or their agents. Either way, they're in charge of who gets to handle their properties, for how long, and so forth. As I explained earlier, though, they don't often get to exercise any sort of creative control over their anime adaptations - and most of the time they simply don't have the time nor the inclination to do so - but the rights to the property are theirs (21:46 / 2013-06-22)
One of the great appeals that manga held for Westerners was that manga could be about ANYTHING, and often were. The range of story-types and target demographics was HUMONGOUS compared to the American market (09:39 / 2012-07-29)
it's all just the differences between the audiences and their expectations. There's also the way that manga is read differently, and I'm not talking about right to left. According to a study from McGill University, if I remember correctly from a couple of decades back, Japanese and English text are processed by different parts of the brain. While English is processed by the same part that parses our spoken language, while written Japanese is processed by that part the parses visual stimuli, and this is why manga is usually paced differently than western comics. With this is mind, you can see why tropes that work for one, don't work for the other (09:38 / 2012-07-29)
The important thing to note about Case Closed is that in Japan, it's a family show. It airs on YTV, one of the bigger Japanese networks. It airs in prime-time; a rarity for anime shows. The yearly Detective Conan films often rank among the highest-grossing films in the Japanese box office, bested only by Hollywood blockbusters like Batman and Spider-man. The show is an often bizarre marriage of the saccharine and the sadistic; gruesome murders and twisted tales solved by cute, bug-eyed kids with kooky gadgets. Kids tune in for the wacky antics, while their parents tune in to play along and try to crack the case along with Conan. Replicating that broad, four-quadrant success in America was always going to be tricky - Americans never seem to enjoy realistic violence in their cartoons unless it's played for laughs, and the people who flock to crime dramas certainly aren't going to waste their time watching some cartoon show. But the show is such a cash cow for Tokyo Movie Shinsha that they've tried and tried to bring the show around to Western audiences (09:21 / 2012-07-29)
Manga - market_info_manga.pdf | add more | perma
T o t a l 5 0 2 .3 (21:43 / 2013-06-22)
M a n g a [ Ex p o r t A mo u n t ] A p p r o x i m a t el y 12 b i l l i o n y e n ( est i mat e) (21:43 / 2013-06-22)
Licentious Licensing - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
Essentially, the call to end Bandai Ent. came from a higher power than you or I. It came from the secret boardroom of Namco Bandai's Strategic Business Unit, who were ultimately uninterested with the meager profits one can make by tailoring anime DVDs and Blu Rays for the North American market. They were not swayed by unsold Haruhi DVDs. Nor by stacks of unsold Gundam manga. (Well, I'm sure they might've been a little.) Namco Bandai is a Japanese conglomerate with a lot of fingers in a lot of pies, and their primary motivation is profit, pure and simple. This is a company that makes hundreds of millions of dollars on Power Rangers toys and video games - if there's a specific limb of the company that's not pulling the same weight, they cut it off. (21:41 / 2013-06-22)
Translation Mitigation - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
The major problem is, there's no distinct Japanese counterpart to Kickstarter. It's a purely Western concept that is not at all analogous to them, and with no frame of reference, it's no surprise that Japanese producers haven't warmed to the idea (21:24 / 2013-06-22)
Know Your Copyrights - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
During that time period, I met and fell in love with the Macross franchise. As far as I'm concerned, space operas don't get much better than Macross, unless you count Gurren Lagann as a space opera. After I watched The Superdimensional Fortress Macross, I was instantly hooked on sci-fi anime and anime music for that matter. Whenever 80's anime is mentioned, you won't hear much praise coming from me unless it's in the direction of Macross, Akira, or Miyazaki films, so it was fairly unlikely that a series aired from 1982 to 1983 would win my affection (21:23 / 2013-06-22)
Hey, Answerman! (May 15th 2010) - Anime News Network | add more | perma
Small-scale on-demand publishing is a burgeoning industry; it's only a matter of time before a group of devoted fans, or a malicious pirating agency, offer to provide physical paper books that rival manga tankobon. (21:18 / 2013-06-22)
Lastly, even though the domestic manga market is flooded, there's still a ton of unlicensed manga (21:17 / 2013-06-22)
A Life in Lists - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
You, sir, are the poster child of someone I would like to highlight to the rest of the anime fan community at large: the guy who supports the industry in their own way. Someone who maybe doesn't feel like they need to buy every single thing on DVD, but has found a product produced by this industry that they enjoy and connect with, and then support it with their hard-earned dollars. That's super rad (21:13 / 2013-06-22)
when any of these properties are pitched out and planned as an animated TV series, you bet your bottom dollar that merchandising is one of the absolute key factors that determines a green light. (21:13 / 2013-06-22)
All those figurines and stuff that you're buying, those are practically the sole reason any of those shows are produced in the first place. It's short of outright impossible to produce an anime series in Japan these days without having a slate of PVC figurines and other collectibles to place on Japanese hobby stores alongside the TV broadcast and DVD sales. That's where the actual, factual profit is to be made on a TV anime series. TV broadcasts are suffering from dwindling ratings and declining ad sales. The margin to be made on a DVD release is constantly threatened by piracy and other digital alternatives. But, if you can produce a limited run of 12,000 figures that cost - and this is just a ballpark generalization - maybe fifteen dollars to produce and sell them exclusively to hardcore fans at an eighty-dollar markup, you're looking at a healthy bottom line at the end of the day. (21:13 / 2013-06-22)
Sun Kil Sailor Moon - Hey, Answerman! - Anime News Network | add more | perma
Going back decades, most anime has been based on manga. And manga, traditionally, has been published a chapter a week, or per month, so the individual chapters are rarely self-contained. The eventual anime picks up on that and runs with it, because ostensibly, the audience is tuning in to watch their favorite manga on TV, and they expect it. After so many years - and so many successful, influential anime series using that formula - it permeates outward, even to original series. Mobile Suit Gundam is very much structured in that same way, even though it's not based on a manga. (21:10 / 2013-06-22)
the process of getting the information about their upcoming shows out to potentially interested buyers is far more streamlined and more effective than its ever been - and yet, none of that care or consideration actually goes in to the planning process of any of these shows. That has its positives and negatives, I guess. (21:07 / 2013-06-22)
these days, there is an understanding that selling their titles outside of Japan is typically a good thing, albeit far from their core focus. That, obviously, remains in keeping their hardcore domestic fanbase mobilized and happy. (21:06 / 2013-06-22)
Lisp in Summer Projects - LearningLisp | add more | perma
Lisp is incredibly easy to learn, little kids quickly pick up the lispy graphics language Logo. (08:33 / 2013-06-22)
IEEE Xplore Download | add more | perma
If there’s a secret ingredient here, it’s simplicity. Calling simplicity a secret might sound paradoxical. But it often seems the software industry is trying to kill complexity by clubbing it over the head with more complexity (thus completely defeating the purpose). (20:18 / 2013-06-21)
Lua 5.1 Reference Manual | add more | perma
stat ::= varlist `=´ explist varlist ::= var {`,´ var} explist ::= exp {`,´ exp} (19:51 / 2013-06-21)
Tables, functions, threads, and (full) userdata values are objects: variables do not actually contain these values, only references to them. Assignment, parameter passing, and function returns always manipulate references to such values; these operations do not imply any kind of copy. (19:37 / 2013-06-21)
in which everything is ephemeral - Technomancy | add more | perma
But in order to make this work we had to set things up so that no one operated in isolation. We had our daily stand-ups, but more important was spending the bulk of the time paired with another hacker over SSH and VoIP. And even when not paired, there was the understanding that you could easily grab someone to get a real-time review of whatever you were writing. (15:44 / 2013-06-21)
in which a turtle moves things forward - Technomancy | add more | perma
one of the most rewarding parts is watching his problem-solving abilities develop. Papert talks about how children are often afraid to try things for fear of failure, but Scratch teaches that debugging is a normal part of making things work. Rather than "does it work", the question becomes "how can we make it work?" (15:39 / 2013-06-21)
In the book Mindstorms, Seymour Papert describes the shift from concrete reasoning to formal reasoning as one of the main transitions children undergo as they learn to think like adults. One of the design goals of the Logo system he created was to provide transitional concepts to bridge the gap between the two. (15:38 / 2013-06-21)
If I'm working solo or on a team of seasoned hackers, I'll definitely be most effective with Clojure. If my primary goal is to interact with the widest group of programmers possible, I would use Ruby as it's the most commonly-used language I can bring myself to use. But if I want to reach out to people who don't already spend all day thinking about functions and data structures, well that's another thing entirely. (15:38 / 2013-06-21)
American Apparel’s Ryan Holiday: Modern media is often wrong, vapid, and easy to manipulate - The Next Web | add more | perma
it is important for people to understand that it has never been easier for someone to get attention and make something from nothing. But, at the same time, it’s also easier for malicious or false information to be spread (11:44 / 2013-06-21)
LÖVE - Free 2D Game Engine | add more | perma
Hi there! LÖVE is an *awesome* framework you can use to make 2D games in Lua. It's free, open-source, and works on Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. (11:41 / 2013-06-21)
Luvit | add more | perma (11:41 / 2013-06-21)
Lua 5.2: Lua4Windows | add more | perma
lua4windows includes a bunch of 3rd party libraries; some (most) of them are not supported anymore (11:37 / 2013-06-21)
Using GSL routines with the Eigen Library • KDE Community Forums | add more | perma
We declare the matrix with RowMajor mode Eigen::Matrix<double,30,30,Eigen::RowMajor> A; and we declare the GSL matrix: gsl_matrix_view Agsl = gsl_matrix_view_array (, 30, 30); (10:18 / 2013-06-21)
Quick tour | add more | perma
Lua syntax successfully tries not to be scary, but it offers all the power you might wish from a modern language, including real function closures, coroutines, introspection, runtime metaprogramming, error handling, sandboxing (09:59 / 2013-06-21)
Integration with C is taken very seriously: I'm not aware of any language which integrates as smoothly as Lua with C, without being itself a superset of C. (09:58 / 2013-06-21)
Why I'm Trying Literate Programming | add more | perma
Literate programming linearizes a code base. More than that it linearizes the code to be understandable (09:41 / 2013-06-21)
Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary - Linus Torvalds, David Diamond - Google Books | add more | perma
fork, execute, open, close, read, write: the six system calls that Unix is built on. "you don't need to have complex interfaces to build up something complex. You can build up any amount of complexity from the interactions of simple things." This is I think the same in biology. (09:27 / 2013-06-21)
Planet Emacsen | add more | perma
lis describes Emacsy as an embeddable Emacs-like library for non-text applications: Emacs OS without the text editor. The idea is to bring the Emacs way of doing things to other applications. Emacsy will be built on top of Guile Scheme, which is already embeddable in C and C++ applications. (09:13 / 2013-06-21) | add more | perma
This is my webpage This is the story of my life. Yes I now i'm a squirrel, weird huh I have a picture when I was in sky diving to prove i'm a squirrel do you want to see great aunt mama buty? Well there she is.One's she had to go to the emergency tree I like doing stuff in nature and nature My familly's names are, mom= cocoanut, dad= peanut-butter, brother= wall nut, brother= peanut, brother= acorne. Poor grandma Jalapeno she got arested for turning into superman. One of my friends is named Montreal,she is fun to play with (13:43 / 2013-06-20)
The principle that changed my life | add more | perma
I would deliberately pace myself so I that I spent only 80% of my mental energy throughout the day. There’s not really a good way of describing how I determine whether or not I’m at 80%. It’s a state of being mindful. I try not to overstimulate my brain: I pick 2-3 big things to accomplish a day. After that, I focus on little things that don’t require as much energy. (13:43 / 2013-06-20)
National Geographic Found | add more | perma
Guardian of the Collection William Bonner curates our extensive photography archive in the basement of our headquarters in Washington, D.C. Even after years of digging through the shelves of the archive, he still continues to find new stories and inspiring images that increase his appreciation for the collection. (13:26 / 2013-06-20)
FOUND is a curated collection of photography from the National Geographic archives. In honor of our 125th anniversary, we are showcasing photographs that reveal cultures and moments of the past. Many of these photos have never been published and are rarely seen by the public. (13:25 / 2013-06-20) 海街diary(うみまちダイアリー)5 群青 (flowers コミックス): 吉田 秋生: 本 | add more | perma
海街diary(うみまちダイアリー)5 群青 (flowers コミックス) [コミック] (12:00 / 2013-06-20)
Nelson's Weblog: 2011-07 | add more | perma
Reading this screed helped me better understand the violent Muslim equivalent, the rhetoric around a new caliphate and the establishment of pure Islamic states governed by Sharia. Those Middle Eastern concepts sounded foreign to me but Breivik's similar ideas are comfortably English and Christian and European. And just as hideous. (11:23 / 2013-06-20)
NelsonMinar/vector-river-map | add more | perma
This project contains everything you need from start to finish to make a vector based web map of American rivers in the contiguous 48 states. This demonstration map is neither particularly beautiful nor complex (11:14 / 2013-06-20)
Never Give Stores Your Zip Code. Here's Why - Forbes | add more | perma
simply capture name from the credit card swipe and request a customer’s ZIP code during the transaction. GeoCapture matches the collected information to a comprehensive consumer database to return an address.” (10:14 / 2013-06-20)
Neo · Babar - A little language with Speech Acts | add more | perma
Since the language is aimed at communincating with machines. It is only natural that I use it to talk to the AR Drone. (10:10 / 2013-06-20)
The rise of Dz-manga in Algeria: glocalization and the emergence of a new transnational voice - 21504857.2013.784203 | add more | perma
'El Watan’s call relays none of the fears of ‘manga invasion’ and cultural dissolution that were prevalent in the west when manga first appeared' (compare with Pokemon ban in Saudi) 'the comics created in a large-scale process in industrialized countries (America, Japan, Europe) that tend to be conceived for and read by a ‘globalized’ audience' --- not sure, 99% of Japanese manga is for Japanese. 'This argument highlights the agency of historically dominated subjects, while entirely avoiding narratives of victimization.' 'we should see it as the reflection of a society first pulled into – and now actively participating in – a global cultural marketplace. Dz-manga represents a fascinating artefact: the combined result of global cultural trends, local Algerian strategies of indigenization, and the particular fluidity of manga as a medium.' --- Only if you insist. 'Allen Douglas and Fedwa Malti-Douglas (1994, 175), in particular, have noted that the predominance of French in Algerian comics could transform such works into a ‘linguistic battlefield’ and the ideological stronghold of Francophonia.' 'graphic artists and scriptwriters now take frequent discursive liberties, mixing French with Darija (Algerian Arabic), Modern Standard Arabic and even Tifinagh in drawings and speech balloons. Similarly, Algerian art now explores aesthetics beyond those derived from the ex-colonizer – including, but not limited to, manga' 'The unique role that manga has been able to adopt is due as much to the nature of manga as a medium as it is to the geopolitical implications of its use.' --- what about the specifics of the products in that medium? (20:34 / 2013-06-19)
Considering the network of effects produced by such transcultural exchanges, Arjun Appadurai (1996, 198) notably argued that, rather than leading to global cultural homogenization, foreign influences are adopted and mixed with local elements through a process of ‘indigenization’ (11:32 / 2013-06-19)
Renowned bédéiste Slim, for example, argued for manga (and similar projects), saying that the time was right for young artists to distance themselves from cultural forms imported from France. (11:29 / 2013-06-19)
La nouvelle manga in France (11:24 / 2013-06-19)
he largest of these, the ‘Festival International de la Bande Dessinée à Alger’ (FIBDA) occurs each autumn in Algiers. Although not specifically focused on manga, peripheral activities accompanying it serve to foreground the medium. Notable recent events have included Cosplay contests organized by Editions Z-link and projections of anime, such as FIBDA’s 2011 showcasing of Shinkai Makoto’s Kumo no muk ̄ o, yakusoku no basho sponsored by the Centre algérien du cinéma (CAC) and the Japan Foundation. (10:33 / 2013-06-19)
Zerdani, Fella and Brahimi, as well as Bennediouni and Sabaou all support the mar- ket for Algerian manga by using it to serve existing cultural projects or to echo popular demands for societal reforms. At the same time, cultural authorities in the government also encourage manga as part of their commitment to strengthen local cultural production. (10:32 / 2013-06-19)
‘Psycho Antar’, drawn by Natsu (2011) (10:26 / 2013-06-19)
the style of Le voyage de la Mouette: au coeur de l’aventure (Zerdani 2011b) is consciously heterogeneous. The volume centres around the story of Rym, the niece of the Dey (the ruler of Algiers during the Ottoman empire) as she is kidnapped by a band of pirates modelled after the group in Oda Eiichir ̄ o’s famous Japanese manga series One Piece (1997–present). Although each chapter narrates a particular episode that is part of an overarching plotline, the separate sections are designed by various artists and convey multiple parts of the story in entirely different styles (10:26 / 2013-06-19)
Street politics mix casually with religious topics. Specific traits borrowed from Japanese manga pair with styles and themes characteristic of comics and Franco-Belgian style BD (10:25 / 2013-06-19)
Published for the Ahaggar Arts International Festival, celebrating the cultural heritage of this Saharan region, Nahla et les Touareg pro- vides an extremely effective – didactic yet fashionable – mode of transmission of Targui culture to urbanized Algerian youth. (10:23 / 2013-06-19)
manga has not yet established an identity internally within the Algerian cultural landscape. This lack of tradition is compounded by the nature of manga itself: its relative newness, its constitutive topical heterogeneity, and its com- plete independence from French-Algerian postcolonial rhetoric make manga a free agent, without a well-defined market or tradition. Recognizing this, producers of manga have attempted to graft their art onto other causes and traditions in order to expend Dz-manga’s appeal and insinuate it into broader Algerian culture (10:22 / 2013-06-19)
Editions Z-Link and Kaza Editions both pride themselves on ‘horizontal integration’ of their in-house management, where the artists are given full control over all steps of the pub- lication of their product – from creation, to editing, publishing, and distribution. Editions Z-Link goes even further, working to foster new talent until it can gain a truly public fol- lowing: traditional calls for submission are supplemented by scouting of unpublished works on blogs, Facebook pages and other collective platforms used by fan communities online (10:20 / 2013-06-19)
Among these, the most notable is Editions Z-Link: with a specific focus on developing new artists and bringing them to the market, Z-Link predominantly publishes small-format, paperback, black-and-white manga books with a small Dz-manga icon in the bottom-left corner of their jackets. These run either as independent volumes or, on rare occasions, as instalments in a small series ( Victory Road ). They are printed on low-quality paper, allowing locally published vol- umes to remain affordable. This combination of publication strategies has enabled Algerian manga to circumvent the financial barrier to access the young Algerian consumer face with imported manga and even local bande dessinée albums. 6 Easy to serialize, Z-Link’s low- cost medium has also helped artists to compete – at least on a local level – with foreign manga that admittedly are more intricate and include higher-quality graphics. (10:19 / 2013-06-19)
More recently, the rise of the Internet age further enhanced the spread of manga in Algeria: video-sharing technologies have made a wide selection of anime available at little or no cost, and Algerian otakus ’ blogs have brought together the community of manga enthusiasts, encouraging the development and exchange of fan-made productions and ‘scanlations’ (amateur captionings of foreign comics) (10:19 / 2013-06-19)
These programmes were largely an oddity: at a time when mass media explic- itly aimed to differentiate Algerian national identity from western influences, the RTA was pressured by the Ministry of Information and Culture to favour local productions and shows from the Arab world. 2 The RTA, however, was often unable to answer this growing demand (Amin 1996; Rugh 2004); following the example of nearby Arab coun- tries, it chose Japanese animation as an economical and culturally accessible alternative to American animation. As a result, anime such as Grendizer or Captain Majed 3 made an indelible mark on youth growing up in the 1980s, leading Yacine Haddad – a rising star in the Algerian manga community – to dub this generation ‘la génération otaku’ (10:14 / 2013-06-19)
Editions Z-Link’s publications follow the emerging inter- est of Algerian readers in cultural models outside of Europe. 1 Works in this spirit strictly follow the aesthetic formalisms of Japanese manga, including right-to-left pagination, stereotyped facial features such as oversized doe-eyes, caricatured facial emotions and expressive dialogue bubble (10:14 / 2013-06-19)
I approached the festival believing that the history of Algerian literature was so intertwined with Algeria’s colonial history and fight for independence that all works of interest generally reference, in one way or another, the complex relationship between Algeria and its ex-colonial metropolis, France. (10:13 / 2013-06-19)
Pistachio Brainstorming » Passing variables from Lua 5.2 to C++ (and vice-versa) | add more | perma
temp[2]="See you space cowboy!" return true,temp,21,"I am a mushroom" (13:46 / 2013-06-19)
hare commentary on ronson april 17 2012.pdf | add more | perma
Most of these options involve the judicious use of common sense and caution, not always easy or feasible to carry out . (12:26 / 2013-06-19)
Variational Bayesian Inference for Gaussian Mixture Model - File Exchange - MATLAB Central | add more | perma
This is the variational Bayesian procedure (also called mean field) for inference of Gaussian mixture model. This is the Bayesian treatment of Gaussian mixture model. Unlike the EM algorithm (Maximum likelihood estimation), it can automatically determine the number of the mixture components k. Example code: load data; label=vbgm(x,10); spread(x,label); The data set is of 3 Gaussian. You only need set a number (say 10) which is larger than the intrinsic number of components. The algorithm will automatically find the right k. Detail description of the algorithm can be found in the reference. Reference: Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning by Christopher M. Bishop (P.474) (07:11 / 2013-06-19)
Get video information with ffmpeg | | add more | perma
ffmpeg -i filename.flv (20:14 / 2013-06-18)
mkv - Handbrake --stop-at parameter not working as intended - Super User | add more | perma
handbrakeCLI.exe -i SourceFile.mkv -o OutputFile.mkv --stop-at duration:120 (16:33 / 2013-06-18)
Project MUSE - Mechademia - Under the Ruffles: Shōjo and the Morphology of Power | add more | perma
Shōjo is a complex, multilayered, transnational compendium of commodities that circulate in the realms of advertising and packaging, illustration and art, toys and girls' accessories, clothing and luggage. Virtually anything that might appeal to especially young women may be marked by this aesthetic that refers back to the shōjo of Japanese anime and manga. This proliferation of commodities is so pervasive, so uniquely adaptable to global cultures and subjects, that it has saturated global markets (14:17 / 2013-06-18)
Project MUSE - Mechademia - Giant Robots and Superheroes: Manifestations of Divine Power, East and West: An Interview with Crispin Freeman | add more | perma
7. Sokyo Ono, Shinto: The Kami Way (Rutland, Vt.: Tuttle, 1979), 103. (14:06 / 2013-06-18)
Stack Exchange English Language & Usage Blog | add more | perma
Chaucer had a stroke of luck when William Caxton, the first English printer, came to print Chaucer’s works. Because of the proliferation of dialects, Caxton was unsure which to use in his printed books, so he just chose the one he was most familiar with, his own. This happened to be Chaucer’s as well, so the combination of a great writer and the first printer determined the course of English ever after. This particular dialect, which was to become the basis of what we now know as Standard English, was not chosen because it had some particular linguistic merit that other dialects lacked. Any other dialect would have served just as well. (21:50 / 2013-06-17)
JAVAhurt - JAVAhurt.pdf | add more | perma
Forced to choose between speed and safety, most people choose speed. This is the only conclusion consistent with what happens on our highways. Even people who distrust Our Government ( for no apparent reason ) trust the accuracy of computer arithmetic, so they too choose speed above all else (20:08 / 2013-06-17)
Vendors prefer that software users accept aberrations due to roundoff as Acts of God instead of errors induced by historically accidental language defects (09:50 / 2013-06-13)
Error-analysts like Hirondo Kuki who warned about the new architectures’ impact upon floating-point were not heeded until too late (09:49 / 2013-06-13)
The speed-accuracy trade-off is so tricky we would all be better off if the choice of precision could be automated, but that would require error-analysis to be automated, which is provably impossible in general. (09:48 / 2013-06-13)
Error-analysis is always tedious, often fruitless; without it programmers who despair of choosing precision well, but have to choose it somehow, are tempted to opt for speed because they know benchmarks offer no reward for accuracy. (09:48 / 2013-06-13)
Precision is to accuracy as intent is to accomplishmen (11:59 / 2013-06-12)
To expose the fallacy in this argument we must first cleanse some of the words in it of mud that has accreted after decades of careless use. (11:56 / 2013-06-12)
Quite often a drastic departure of intermediate results ( like LN(Z) above ) from what would have been computed in the absence of roundoff is no harbinger of disaster to follow. Such is the case for matrix computations like inversion and eigensystems too; they can be perfectly accurate even though, at some point in the computation, no intermediate results resemble closely what would have been computed without roundoff. What matters instead is how closely a web of mathematical relationships can be maintained in the face of roundoff, and whether that web connects the program’s output strongly enough to its input no matter how far the web sags in between (11:56 / 2013-06-12)
By now 95% of readers should be aware that there is more to floating-point than is taught in school. Moreover, much of what is taught in school about floating-point error-analysis is wrong. Because they are enshrined in textbooks, ancient rules of thumb dating from the era of slide-rules and mechanical desk-top calculators continue to be taught in an era when numbers reside in computers for a billionth as long as it would take for a human mind to notice that those ancient rules don’t always work. They never worked reliably. 13 Prevalent Misconceptions about Floating-Point Arithmetic : 1• Floating–point numbers are all at least slightly uncertain. 2• In floating–point arithmetic, every number is a “ Stand–In ” for all numbers that differ from it in digits beyond the last digit stored, so “ 3 ” and “ 3.0 E0 ” and “ 3.0 D0 ” are all slightly different. 3• Arithmetic much more precise than the data it operates upon is needless, and wasteful. 4• In floating–point arithmetic nothing is ever exactly 0 ; but if it is, no useful purpose is served by distinguishing +0 from -0 . ( We have already seen on pp. 13 - 15 why this might be wrong.) 5• Subtractive cancellation always causes numerical inaccuracy, or is the only cause of it. 6• A singularity always degrades accuracy when data approach it, so “ Ill–Conditioned ” data or problems deserve inaccurate results. 7• Classical formulas taught in school and found in handbooks and software must have passed the Test of Time, not merely withstood it. 8• Progress is inevitable: When better formulas are found, they supplant the worse. 9• Modern “ Backward Error-Analysis ” explains all error, or excuses it. 10• Algorithms known to be “ Numerically Unstable ” should never be used. 11• Bad results are the fault of bad data or bad programmers, never bad programming language design. 12• Most features of IEEE Floating-Point Standard 754 are too arcane to matter to most programmers. 13• “ ‘ Beauty is truth, truth beauty.’ — that is all ye know on earth, and all ye need to know .” ... from Keats’ Ode on a Grecian Urn . ( In other words, you needn’t sweat over ugly details.) (10:29 / 2013-06-12)
Footnote: “ Validate ” a programming language’s design? The thought appalls people who think such design is a Black Art . Many people still think Floating-Point is a Black Art . They are wrong too (10:27 / 2013-06-12)
Omg, Firefox with its Javascript pdf renderer plays nice with the DOM and works with InstAldebrn! (10:25 / 2013-06-12)
Why such plots malfunction , and a very simple way to correct them, were explained long ago i (10:19 / 2013-06-12)
December « 2012 « Ken’s Blog | add more | perma
It’s astonishing how much you can get done over the course of time if you devote several hours each day to something. (19:53 / 2013-06-17)
Zeerust - Television Tropes & Idioms | add more | perma
The principal reason for the 'unintentionally prophetic' nature of Neuromancer is that people have read it, gone 'Cool!' at something in it, and proceeded to build it. Also, a good part of the reason some things look so weird is Gibson himself knew almost nothing about real computers when he wrote it on his (manual) typewriter. (13:40 / 2013-06-17)
Ken’s Blog | add more | perma
Rather than faithfully portray Fitzgerald’s Jazz era, each film maker must recreate that era in ways that will resonate with his or her own current audience. It is easy to look at a movie which aims to portray events of its own time, and see the markers of the particular slice of time in the culture when that film was made. But in a way it is far more interesting to do this with a period film. The choices are still there, but they have moved largely to an unconscious level. Seeing “Ivanhoe” now (the Richard Thorpe version) is a lesson in the aesthetics of the early 1950s, even though it is based on a novel about the 12th century that was published in 1820. And seeing “The Scarlet Pimpernel” (the Harold Young version) tells us far more about the aesthetics of 1934 than I suspect the filmmakers had ever intended. (12:28 / 2013-06-17)
The Perlin noise math FAQ | add more | perma
How do you generate Perlin noise? I've seen implementations on the internet that take non-coherent noise, as shown above, and smooth it (with something like a blur function) so it becomes coherent noise, but that can end up being more computationally expensive than the function I'll present here (11:39 / 2013-06-17)
gpgpu - CUDA, OpenCL, PGI, etc.... but what happened to GLSL and Cg? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
CUDA and OpenCL also offer features (e.g. shared memory) that are simply not available in GLSL or Cg but are crucial for getting good performance in many algorithms (e.g. matrix transpose). (08:44 / 2013-06-17)
null program « null program | add more | perma
When I find bugs in apps I have no way to fix them myself – something I have taken for granted with Debian and Emacs. These app stores are not made for technical people or power users. (08:27 / 2013-06-17)
even the tutorials that are using the right pipeline still do a poor job. They skip over the fundamentals and dive right into 3D graphics. This is a mistake. I’m a firm believer that mastery lies in having a solid grip on the fundamentals. The programmable pipeline has little built-in support for 3D graphics. This is because OpenGL is at its essence a 2D API (12:21 / 2013-06-12)
Good gameplay is all about a long series of interesting decisions. Choosing right or left when exploring a map is generally not an interesting decision, because there’s really no differentiating them. Auto-exploration is a useful way to quickly get the player to the next interesting decision. In my game, you generally only need to press a directional navigation key when you’re engaged in combat (12:06 / 2013-05-06)
Online Etymology Dictionary | add more | perma
Johnson's dictionary also has busiless "At leisure; without business; unemployed." (07:47 / 2013-06-17)
The Law - thelaw.pdf | add more | perma
"many falsely derive all justice from law" (03:15 / 2013-06-17)
It is so much in the nature of law to support justice that in the minds of the masses they are one and the same (20:28 / 2013-06-16)
Bastiat: Economic Harmonies, Chapter 1 | Library of Economics and Liberty | add more | perma
The social planners, therefore, lack the force to subject humanity to their experiments. Even though they should win over to their cause the Czar of Russia, the Shah of Persia, and the Khan of the Tartars, and all the rulers who hold absolute power over their subjects, they still would not have sufficient force to distribute mankind into groups and categories*17 and abolish the general laws of property, exchange, heredity and family, for even in Russia, even in Persia and Tartary, men must to some extent be taken into account. If the Czar of Russia took it into his head to alter the moral and physical nature of his subjects, he probably would soon have a successor, and the successor would not be tempted to continue the experiment. (20:26 / 2013-06-16)
do not the social planners realize that this principle, inherent in man's very nature, will follow them into their new orders, and that, once there, it will wreak more serious havoc than in our natural order, in which one individual's excessive claims and self-interest are at least held in bounds (20:19 / 2013-06-16)
the political theorists to whom I refer, while enthusiastically and perhaps exaggeratedly proclaiming the perfectibility of mankind, fall into the strange contradiction of saying that society is constantly deteriorating (20:18 / 2013-06-16)
Heaven forbid that I should raise my voice against intentions so manifestly philanthropic and pure! (20:17 / 2013-06-16)
they have risen up against the nature of things; and, in a word, they have proposed to organize society according to a new plan in which injustice, suffering, and error could have no place (20:17 / 2013-06-16)
for a great number of human beings, the sum of unmerited sufferings far exceeded the sum of enjoyments. 1.28 Faced with this fact, many sincere and generous-hearted men have lost faith in the mechanism itself (20:17 / 2013-06-16)
They are also the motive forces, for the source of the power is in them. They are more than that, for they are the ultimate object and raison d'être of the mechanism, since in the last analysis the problems of its operation must be solved in terms of their individual pain or pleasure (20:16 / 2013-06-16)
In our day people talk a great deal about inventing a new order (20:15 / 2013-06-16)
So ingenious, so powerful, then, is the social mechanism that every man, even the humblest, obtains in one day more satisfactions than he could produce for himself in several centuries. (20:01 / 2013-06-16)
If we examine matters closely, we perceive that our cabinetmaker has paid in services for all the services he has received. He has, in fact, received nothing that he did not pay for out of his modest industry (19:52 / 2013-06-16)
Quantitative Artisan | add more | perma
One of the things that I discovered while patching Clatrix is that implementing clojure.lang.ISeq interface in your custom data structure unlocks the magic of Lisp composition. By enabling primative operators such as first, next, more, cons, higher-level operations such as map and reduce would just work when operating on your data structure. I find it fascinating that a native Fortran matrix object (through jBLAS) can be made clojury with a few magic operations implemented (12:43 / 2013-06-16)
Spent: Sex, Evolution, and Consumer Behavior | Psych Central | add more | perma
We humans have already spent millions of years evolving awesomely effective ways to display our mental and moral traits to one another through natural social behaviors such as language, art, music, generosity, creativity, and ideology. We can all do so without credentials, careers, credit ratings, or crateloads of product… Runaway consumerism leaves us feeling superficial and empty, because we project ourselves outward to observers too promiscuously and desperately. (09:09 / 2013-06-16)
The most desirable traits are not wealth, status, and taste – these are just vague pseudo-traits… Rather, the most desirable traits are universal, stable, heritable traits closely related to biological fitness – traits like physical attractiveness, physical health, mental health, intelligence, and personality… Consumerism’s dirty little secret is that we do a rather good job of assessing such traits through ordinary human conversation, such that the trait-displaying goods and services we work so hard to buy are largely redundant, and sometimes counterproductive. (09:09 / 2013-06-16) Spent: Sex, Evolution, and Consumer Behavior (9780143117230): Geoffrey Miller: Books | add more | perma
"We take wondrously adaptive capacities for human self-display—language, intelligence, kindness, creativity, and beauty—and then forget how to use them in making friends, attracting mates, and gaining pres- tige. Instead we rely on goods and services acquired through educa- tion, work, and consumption to advertise our personal traits to others. These costly signals are mostly redundant or misleading, so others usually ignore them. They prefer to judge us through natural face-to- face interaction. We think our gilding dazzles them, though we ignore their own gilding when choosing our own friends and mates." "drives for status, respect, prestige, sexual attractiveness, and social popularity" (09:08 / 2013-06-16)
"In the global long run, it doesn't much matter how the United States or U.K. change their consumption patterns, because their pop- ulations and economies are such a small and shrinking proportion of the entire world's." <-- Not true. The Roman culture influenced the Byzantine and European cultures for a thousand years after it passed. X "have seen both the social and cultural costs of runaway consumerism". Wtf? (09:03 / 2013-06-16)
"Investment and charity could be made more salient in everyday life as signals of one's personal traits. ... More matter, energy, time, and skill would be invested in the long-term infrastructure of civilization, and less in burning through short-term displays of conspicuous waste, precision, and reputation. ... Civilizations change most dramatically when their status-signaling systems change. Marx overlooked an important truth: the means of display, not just the means of production, are crucial factors in economic and social revolutions. Signaling systems show strong lock-in effects: once a signaling convention such as runaway consumerism gets established, it can be very hard for a population to shift to another set of conventions. The signaling conventions start to look like an inevitable outcome of cosmic evolution, rather than a system of historically defined cultural norms. Conspicuous consumerism is neither natural nor inevitable, but just one possible mode of human trait display." Paraphrasing that last line: X is neither natural nor inevitable, but just one possible mode. One could insert all kinds of things for X about our government and society. (05:43 / 2013-06-16)
"We might even consider arranging economic incentives so we can enjoy built environments that age gracefully through hundreds of years, like Umbrian villas or Oxford rectories. It's the least we can do for future generations" (00:06 / 2013-06-16)
Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science (Fully Revised and Updated): Charles Wheelan, Burton G. Malkiel: 9780393337648: Books | add more | perma
"Good government makes a market economy possible." --- Well, that's a little more palatable than 'government makes a market economy'. 'he has found that foreigners often envy us for our ... hold on to your latte here ... our Washington bureaucrats; "that is, our institutions, our courts, our bureaucracy, our military, and our regulatory agencies—the SEC, the Federal Reserve, the FAA, the FDA, the FBI, the EPA, the IRS,the INS, the U.S. Patent Office and the Federal Emergency Management Agency.' Stephen King and "The Plant" versus Kickstarter. "Economics does not provide the tools for answering philosophical questions" "Indeed, some evidence suggests that our sense of well-being is determined at least as much by our relative wealth as it is by our absolute level of wealth" --- not some, all the evidence, I gather. (17:24 / 2013-06-15)
William Langland's The vision of Piers Plowman | add more | perma
In a somer seson, whan softe was the sonne, P.1 I shoop me into shroudes as I a sheep were, P.2 In habite as an heremite unholy of werkes, P.3 Wente wide in this world wondres to here. P.4 Ac on a May morwenynge on Malverne hilles P.5 Me bifel a ferly, of Fairye me thoghte. P (15:55 / 2013-06-15)
Isochrony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
Finnish, Icelandic, Cantonese Chinese, French, Welsh,[4] Italian and Spanish are commonly quoted as examples of syllable-timed languages. This type of rhythm was originally metaphorically referred to as machine-gun rhythm because each underlying rhythmical unit is of the same duration, similar to the transient bullet noise of a machine-gun. (11:33 / 2013-06-15)
Three alternative ways in which a language can divide time are postulated: The duration of every syllable is equal (syllable-timed); The duration of every mora is equal (mora-timed). The temporal duration between two stressed syllables is equal (stress-timed); (21:42 / 2013-06-14)
Alliterative verse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
A feir feld full of folk || fond I þer bitwene, Of alle maner of men, || þe mene and þe riche, Worchinge and wandringe || as þe world askeþ. (21:33 / 2013-06-14)
Among them I found a fair field full of people All manner of men, the poor and the rich Working and wandering as the world requires. (21:33 / 2013-06-14)
linguistics - Is it true that iambic pentameter is "natural" to English? If so, why? - English Language & Usage Stack Exchange | add more | perma
English is a stress-timed language, not a syllable-timed language or a mora-timed language. Accentual verse matches the patterns of stress-timing more naturally. (21:30 / 2013-06-14)
[R] to use LAPACK instead of LINPACK | add more | perma
Before trying to change very tricky Fortran code you owe it to yourself to check that the potential gains would be. (15:16 / 2013-06-14)
Overview (jblas) | add more | perma
There exist only two-dimensional matrices. Vectors are matrices whose columns or rows are 0. This has turned out to be much more convenient thatn having separated classes. (15:07 / 2013-06-14)
there are so many cores | Just another site | add more | perma
Lua makes sense as a dynamic scripting language for the CPU. Chai makes sense as an array programming language for the GPU (13:03 / 2013-06-14)
It’s become clear to me that Chai is really like Lua – a lightweight embeddable managed language. As Lua is used for dynamic scripting, Chai could be used for game physics and signal processing. (13:03 / 2013-06-14)
Developers of Scientific Python | add more | perma
it's easy for programmers to decide to avoid GCD if they want to use multiprocessing. But it's not so easy for them to decide to avoid BLAS (12:58 / 2013-06-14)
SVD computation complexity (m^2 n + n^3) | add more | perma
O(k m^2 n + k' n^3) (k and k' are constants which are 4 and 22 for an algorithm called R-SVD. You can get by with just O(mn^2) if you need only the set of singular values and not the U and V matrices. (10:28 / 2013-06-14)
lectures.dvi - qr.pdf | add more | perma
Summary cost for dense A • method 1 (Cholesky factorization): mn 2 + (1 / 3) n 3 flops • method 2 (QR factorization): 2 mn 2 flops • method 1 is always faster (twice as fast if m ≫ n ) cost for large sparse A • method 1: we can form A T A fast, and use a sparse Cholesky factorization (cost ≪ mn 2 + (1 / 3) n 3 ) • method 2: exploiting sparsity in QR factorization is more di fficult numerical stability : method 2 is more accurate in practice : method 2 is preferred; method 1 is often used when A is very large and sparse (10:19 / 2013-06-14)
NAVY TO DROP ALL-CAPS COMMUNICATIONS - Washington Wire - WSJ | add more | perma
How to undo a git merge with conflicts - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
git merge --abort (14:03 / 2013-06-13)
git-cherry-pick(1) | add more | perma
GIST_Body_of_Knowledge.pdf | add more | perma
Knowledge Area: Analytical Methods (AM) Unit AM1 Academic and analytical origins Unit AM2 Query operations and query languages Unit AM3 Geometric measures Unit AM4 Basic analytical operations Unit AM5 Basic analytical methods Unit AM6 Analysis of surfaces Unit AM7 Spatial statistics Unit AM8 Geostatistics Unit AM9 Spatial regression and econometrics Unit AM10 Data mining Unit AM11 Network analysis Unit AM12 Optimization and location-allocation modeling Knowledge Area: Conceptual Foundations (CF) Unit CF1 Philosophical foundations Unit CF2 Cognitive and social foundations Unit CF3 Domains of geographic information Unit CF4 Elements of geographic information Unit CF5 Relationships Unit CF6 Imperfections in geographic information Knowledge Area: Cartography and Visualization (CV) Unit CV1 History and trends Unit CV2 Data considerations Unit CV3 Principles of map design Unit CV4 Graphic representation techniques Unit CV5 Map production Unit CV6 Map use and evaluation Knowledge Area: Design Aspects (DA) Unit DA1 The scope of GIS&T system design Unit DA2 Project definition Unit DA3 Resource planning Unit DA4 Database design Unit DA5 Analysis design Unit DA6 Application design Unit DA7 System implementation Knowledge Area: Data Modeling (DM) Unit DM1 Basic storage and retrieval structures Unit DM2 Database management systems Unit DM3 Tessellation data models Unit DM4 Vector and object data models Unit DM5 Modeling 3D, temporal, and uncertain phenomena Knowledge Area: Data Manipulation (DN) Unit DN1 Representation transformation Unit DN2 Generalization and aggregation Unit DN3 Transaction management of geospatial data Knowledge Area: Geocomputation (GC) Unit GC1 Emergence of geocomputation Unit GC2 Computational aspects and neurocomputing Unit GC3 Cellular Automata (CA) models Unit GC4 Heuristics Unit GC5 Genetic algorithms (GA) Unit GC6 Agent-based models Unit GC7 Simulation modeling Unit GC8 Uncertainty Unit GC9 Fuzzy sets Knowledge Area: Geospatial Data (GD) Unit GD1 Earth geometry Unit GD2 Land partitioning systems Unit GD3 Georeferencing systems Unit GD4 Datums Unit GD5 Map projections Unit GD6 Data quality Unit GD7 Land surveying and GPS Unit GD8 Digitizing Unit GD9 Field data collection Unit GD10 Aerial imaging and photogrammetry Unit GD11 Satellite and shipboard remote sensing Unit GD12 Metadata, standards, and infrastructures Knowledge Area: GIS&T and Society (GS) Unit GS1 Legal aspects Unit GS2 Economic aspects Unit GS3 Use of geospatial information in the public sector Unit GS4 Geospatial information as property Unit GS5 Dissemination of geospatial information Unit GS6 Ethical aspects of geospatial information and technology Unit GS7 Critical GIS Knowledge Area: Organizational and Institutional Aspects (OI) Unit OI1 Origins of GIS&T Unit O2 Managing GIS operations and infrastructure Unit OI3 Organizational structures and procedures Unit OI4 GIS&T workforce themes Unit OI5 Institutional and inter-institutional aspects Unit OI6 Coordinating organizations (national and interna- tional) (09:38 / 2013-06-13)
linux - We have to use C "for performance reasons" - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
"Nothing but C is fast [enough]" is an early optimisation and wrong for all the reasons that early optimisations are wrong. If your system has enough complexity that something other than C is desirable, then there will be parts of the system that must be "fast enough" and parts with lighter constraints (08:44 / 2013-06-13)
fix for when lein-javac is not found · Issue #774 · technomancy/leiningen · GitHub | add more | perma
prepend this C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_05\bin to PATH environment variable (done via System Properties) (08:26 / 2013-06-13)
Missing Libraries · mikiobraun/jblas Wiki · GitHub | add more | perma
For 64 bit windows, you need to install the packages mingw64-x86_64-gcc-core mingw64-x86_64-gfortran and then add the directory /usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/sys-root/mingw/bin to your path. (08:25 / 2013-06-13)
cds/articles/ecosystem/ at master · clojuredocs/cds · GitHub | add more | perma
This short guide covers how to create your own typical pure Clojure library and distribute it to the community via Clojars (22:52 / 2013-06-12)
Colin Steele's Blog, Against the Grain: How We Built the Next Generation Online Travel Agency using Amazon, Clojure, and a Comically Small Team | add more | perma
They asked for justification why we wouldn’t be using Java. They wondered where we’d ever be able to find enough programmers to work on such a fringy language. They couldn’t understand what Solr was, much less why we used it. Their collective eyes glazed over at discussions at the genetic algorithms we used to optimize Solr weights. They disputed my assertions about our ability to test the system. (19:46 / 2013-06-12)
Ruby makes smart, intense, SEAL-team-dangerous developers happy. It’s a great big chainsaw kitana of object deliciousness. It gets out of your way (19:41 / 2013-06-12)
“Why spend money on computes and bandwidth to render HTML? We let the browser do that for us.” (19:39 / 2013-06-12)
Folks who can’t help but code (19:37 / 2013-06-12)
Incidental and unwarranted complexity overwhelmed the existing architecture. You may be aghast that this was the case, but in the 15 years or so that I’ve been working with startups, I can tell you that this state of affairs was absolutely normal. Par for the course. (19:35 / 2013-06-12)
BrianScheme « null program | add more | perma
The C component of BrianScheme will merely exist for the purposes of bootstrapping the full system. During initialization, just about everything will be redefined in BrianScheme, with the original C definitions only living long enough to load what's needed. This includes reimplementing the reader itself in BrianScheme, which enables all sorts of possibilities (12:15 / 2013-06-12)
Resolution Bumping in Photoshop | add more | perma
could produce interesting, or even practical, results (08:32 / 2013-06-12)
Two copies of a GTOPO30 file are used, one high resolution and the other downsampled to a lower resolution, these can then be blended together by a proportional amount controlled by the user. This yields a new grayscale "DEM" that, if merged in the right proportions, combines the readability of the downsampled data with all the detail one expects to find in mountainous terrain—without the graphical noise. Resolution bumping in effect "bumps" or etches a suggestion of topographical detail onto generalized topographic surfaces (08:30 / 2013-06-12)
Vertical exaggeration, which is a graphical necessity when making small-scale landscape depictions, exacerbates the choppiness. Especially problematic are glaciated northern mountains comprised of tightly packed ridges and valleys—for example, the Coast Ranges of British Columbia and the Alps, which often appear as an irregular texture rather than as recognizable topography. Solitary high peaks with small surface area, such as Mount Shasta or the Matterhorn, spike upwards like the Eiffel Tower. Topographic detail, vertical exaggeration, and small-scale presentation used in combination are the enemies of legible mountain depiction. (08:29 / 2013-06-12)
About our Company | Pelican Mapping - The 3D Mapping People | add more | perma
Walk-ins: 10332 Main St #276, Fairfax VA, 22030, USA. (21:44 / 2013-06-11)
ReadyMap WebGL | add more | perma
Elevation scale: (20:33 / 2013-06-11)
WebGL Lesson 11 – spheres, rotation matrices, and mouse events | Learning WebGL | add more | perma
You’ll see a white sphere for a few moments while the texture loads, and then once that’s done you should see the moon, with lighting coming from above, to the right, and towards you (20:22 / 2013-06-11)
CS307: Camera API | add more | perma
In the shot on the left, the FOVY=90 and camera is at z=2 and the image plane (the top of the frustum) is at z=1. The camera is 1 unit from the top of the frustum. The camera is 1.5 units from the near face of the cube and 2.5 units from the far face, so the projection of the far face is 3/5ths the size of the projection of the near face. In the shot on the right, the camera has been pulled back to be 3 units from the top of the frustum. The frustum has been left at z=1. Therefore, the FOVY=37 degrees. The top of the frustum is the same size and the same distance from the cube. However, the picture looks quite different. (20:04 / 2013-06-11)
The human eye's FOV is approximately 90. A 50mm lens has a roughly 90 degree FOV, which is why photographers often choose that lens for natural scenes. TW's camera setup uses a FOV of 90, and puts the camera very close to the scene. The result is that the image is big, but we get extreme perspective. A zoom lens can also make the image big, but "flattens" the scene much more. A zoom lens has a small FOVY. A wide-angle lens captures a lot of the scene, but makes everything small (so it'll fit). A wide-angle lens has a big FOVY. (20:04 / 2013-06-11)
Cameras - Keyhole Markup Language — Google Developers | add more | perma
Where is the camera located in space? Position the camera at the point specified by <longitude>, <latitude>, <altitude>, and <altitudeMode>. In general, it is a poor choice to put a camera on the ground. Is the camera oriented so that North is at the top of the view? If Yes, use the default <heading> value of 0. If No, rotate the camera from >0 to 360°, according to points of the compass. Is the camera looking straight down at the Earth? If Yes, use the default <tilt> value of 0. If No, rotate the camera from 0 to 180° to specify the angle of rotation around the X axis. (Negative values for <tilt> are allowed, but these result in a view that is upside down.) Is the camera level as it views the scene? If Yes, use the default <roll> value of 0. Note: the value for <roll> when it is used as a child of <Camera> is usually 0. You can specify a value between −180 and +180°, but this usage is rare. (19:11 / 2013-06-11)
Camera Control - Google Earth API — Google Developers | add more | perma
Zooming in and out is controlled by the range attribute for a LookAt, and the altitude attribute for a Camera. (14:47 / 2013-06-11)
Google Earth API Developer's Guide - Google Earth API — Google Developers | add more | perma
Complete example (14:46 / 2013-06-11)
Lisp Quotes | add more | perma
"Lisp isn't a language, it's a building material." (09:30 / 2013-06-11)
What is a Craftsman? | 8th Light | add more | perma
Marketing is about illuminating truths specific to solving someone’s needs. If you put forward a message specifically to solve a personal need, and you can’t do it, you’re really nothing more than a scam artist. (08:57 / 2013-06-11)
lapack/double | add more | perma
file dgelsd.f dgelsd.f plus dependencies prec double for Computes the least squares solution to an over-determined system , of linear equations, A X=B or A**H X=B, or the minimum norm , solution of an under-determined system, using a divide and conquer , method, where A is a general rectangular matrix of full rank, , using a QR or LQ factorization of A. (08:44 / 2013-06-11)
gsl: gsl-1.15/eigen/symmv.c Source File - doxygen documentation | Fossies Dox | add more | perma
182 /* apply QR reduction with implicit deflation to the 183 unreduced block */ 184 185 qrstep (n_block, d_block, sd_block, gc, gs); 186 187 /* Apply Givens rotation Gij(c,s) to matrix Q, Q <- Q G */ (08:22 / 2013-06-11)
160 /* Find the largest unreduced block (a,b) starting from b 161 and working backwards */ (08:22 / 2013-06-11)
148 /* Progressively reduce the matrix until it is diagonal */ (08:22 / 2013-06-11)
143 /* Make an initial pass through the tridiagonal decomposition 144 to remove off-diagonal elements which are effectively zero */ (08:22 / 2013-06-11)
132 /* use sd as the temporary workspace for the decomposition when 133 computing eigenvectors */ (08:22 / 2013-06-11)
Naming Scheme | add more | perma
standard Fortran 77 6-character names (07:39 / 2013-06-11)
LAPACK FAQ | add more | perma
LAPACK routines are written so that as much as possible of the computation is performed by calls to the Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms (BLAS). While LINPACK and EISPACK are based on the vector operation kernels of the Level 1 BLAS, LAPACK was designed at the outset to exploit the Level 3 BLAS  (07:31 / 2013-06-11)
[1201.6035] How Accurate is inv(A)*b? | add more | perma
Virtually all other textbooks on numerical analysis and numerical linear algebra advise against using computed inverses without stating whether this is accurate or not. In fact, under reasonable assumptions on how the inverse is computed, x = inv(A)*b is as accurate as the solution computed by the best backward-stable solvers. This fact is not new, but obviously obscure (07:00 / 2013-06-11)
4. 2 Basic verb forms - ~dictionary、~ます | | add more | perma
~dictionary、~ます There are many ways to conjugate verbs, but here we will focus on two present tense forms: "dictionary form" (also known as "plain form") and " ~masu form" (also known as "polite form") (18:21 / 2013-06-10)
Linear Algebra (scipy.linalg) — SciPy v0.12 Reference Guide (DRAFT) | add more | perma
scipy.linalg contains all the functions in numpy.linalg. plus some other more advanced ones not contained in numpy.linalg (09:05 / 2013-06-10)
in SciPy independent algorithms are used to find QR and SVD decompositions. The command for QR decomposition is linalg.qr (08:15 / 2013-06-06)
Cholesky decomposition is a special case of LU decomposition applicable to Hermitian positive definite matrices (08:15 / 2013-06-06)
Because \mathbf{L} is lower-triangular, the equation can be solved for \mathbf{U}\mathbf{x}_{i} and finally \mathbf{x}_{i} very rapidly using forward- and back-substitution. An initial time spent factoring \mathbf{A} allows for very rapid solution of similar systems of equations in the future (08:15 / 2013-06-06)
Computational Linear Algebra | add more | perma
Common numerical methods used to solve linear algebraic equations are briefly discussed in this section: • Gaussian Elimination • LU Decomposition • SV Decomposition • QR Decomposition (12:07 / 2013-06-06)
Talk:QR decomposition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
The R is an obvious name for a right triangular matrix (more often referred to as an upper triangular matrix these days, it seems). (10:03 / 2013-06-06)
Solving linear equation systems | add more | perma
Though the QR decomposition has an operation count of $ 2n^3 + 3n^2$ (which is about six times more than the LU decomposition) it has its advantages. The QR factorization method is said to be unconditional stable and more accurate. Also it can be used to obtain the minimum-norm (or least square) solution of under-determined equation systems (07:05 / 2013-06-06)
Armadillo Aerospace - Frequently Asked Questions | add more | perma
Building new vehicles is how you evolve, and we would be doing it whether we crashed or not (13:57 / 2013-06-05)
We have an explicit plan at Armadillo -- accepting and planning for occasional failure allows drastically faster development progress. We make up for it with inexpensive vehicles and redundancy (13:57 / 2013-06-05)
While not exactly a law of nature, in an immature R&D system, you can generally expect that a system that isn't used regularly won't work when it is called upon (13:56 / 2013-06-05)
We approach rocket design much like software design – build many different incremental designs that we can test constantly and work out all the kinks as we go. Build, test, fix, then test again. Following a typical Big Aerospace design approach would be like programming a software design for months or years without ever being able to compile and test your code. And then getting only one chance to let 'er rip, crossing your fingers and hoping all your mountains of paper studies will pay off and nothing will go wrong the first time out. NASA has shown that such an approach can work, but at such great cost and time that a great many of its projects never move beyond the paper study stage. We'd rather actually fly everything we design, and see in the real world what works and what doesn't (13:53 / 2013-06-05)
Disentangling Gaussians | bit-player | add more | perma
If two mixed distributions can be distinguished at all, then they can be distinguished by examining their first six moments, and those moments characterize the component Gaussians. Calculating the moments requires only a polynomial number of samples (11:26 / 2013-06-05)
The process called for solving a ninth-degree polynomial, which was a heroic feat in 1893 (11:24 / 2013-06-05)
indefatigable statisticians W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson. In 1892 Weldon spent a summer on the Bay of Naples, measuring various features on the carapaces of crabs (11:23 / 2013-06-05)
no mixed distribution can be decomposed into two or more different sets of normal distributions, just as no composite whole number can be formed as the product of two or more distinct sets of primes (11:23 / 2013-06-05)
Stevey's Blog Rants: Emergency Elisp | add more | perma
Emacs Lisp is like any other language – you get used to it eventually (13:12 / 2013-06-04)
Introducing IPython — IPython 0.13.2 documentation | add more | perma
Marginally Interesting by Mikio L. Braun | add more | perma
when you talk to people in Germany about your business, they quickly get defensive and start to question the merit of your whole approach. “Hasn’t that been done before” or “I think I still don’t understand what’s so great about that” are the kinder things friends of you would say. In contrast, people in the Valley seemed much more open as if there’s a general understanding that it doesn’t hurt to try (10:48 / 2013-06-04)
virtualenv without the wrapper : milkbox | add more | perma
So I rely on virtualenv to keep my system Python directory clean and to allow me different package setups for different projects (07:32 / 2013-06-04)
CLIGuide – HandBrake | add more | perma
for i in `seq 97 150`;do HandBrakeCLI --subtitle-burned 1 -s 1 -Z "iPhone & iPod touch" -i *$i* -o ~/Videos/$i.m4v; done (19:47 / 2013-06-03)
$ for i in `jot 76 2`; do HandBrakeCLI -t $i -i /Volumes/SLAMNATION -o slam$i.mp4 --preset="iPad"; done (07:14 / 2013-03-17)
To use a preset, type, for example: ./HandBrakeCLI -i /Volumes/DVD -o movie.mp4 --preset="iPhone & iPod Touch" (07:13 / 2013-03-17)
Reinventing Business: A Mind-Expanding Trip Through Europe | add more | perma
Many people would tell me in person that they read my blog, but those people -- the ones I really wanted to have a conversation with -- never left comments (12:04 / 2013-06-03)
The user group culture in Stockholm is several levels above anything you’ve ever seen. Indeed, there are so many user group meetings going on every night, all the time, that it’s like a constantly-running conference. These are held in good-sized halls and they require pre-registration and they fill up (12:02 / 2013-06-03)
I suspect you’ve had the experience when you can feel new neural pathways being formed, albeit begrudgingly. They really don’t want to make the effort so the effect is a weird, somewhat unpleasant discomfort in your head. But it is this very feeling we must pursue in order to expand our mental capabilities (or else begin losing them). (12:01 / 2013-06-03)
Decorators I: Introduction to Python Decorators | add more | perma
This amazing feature appeared in the language almost apologetically and with concern that it might not be that useful. (11:36 / 2013-06-03)
The reason I think decorators will have such a big impact is because this little bit of syntax sugar changes the way you think about programming. Indeed, it brings the idea of "applying code to other code" (i.e.: macros) into mainstream thinking by formalizing it as a language construct. (11:36 / 2013-06-03)
The dialect of the southern counties of Scotlan... | add more | perma
by James Augustus Henry Murray The Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland: Its Pronunciation, Grammar ... Published 1873 by published for the Philogical Society by Asher & Co . (08:42 / 2013-06-03)
A Collection Of Curious Travels & Voyages: In Two Tomes. Containing Leonhart ... - John Ray - Google Books | add more | perma
A Collection Of Curious Travels & Voyages: In Two Tomes. Containing Leonhart ...  By John Ray (08:41 / 2013-06-03)
A New English Dictionary on Historical Principl... | add more | perma
Cabaan. Cabal. Awesome quotations. (08:21 / 2013-06-03)
a collection of curious travels and voyages : rev. john ray, f.r.s . : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive | add more | perma
a collection of curious travels and voyages (1738) (08:15 / 2013-06-03)
How To Get Great Ratings For Your Mac App | add more | perma
This guy makes software for non-developers, and that's the second time in as many days that this invisible ocean of computer users has crossed my netpath: I had read some of their plaintive pleas to Apple about this Mountain Lion upgrade killing their laptops' battery life. Living one's entire life around tool-makers (programmers, makers, writers, nerds) makes one forget about this vast majority of non-makers. (20:36 / 2013-06-01)
Because even if you wouldn't pay the asking price, even if you think it's currently just a 3-star app, there are people out there who need your software's functionality, are more than willing to pay for it, and would love to build a relationship with a developer who's actively working on their problems (12:39 / 2013-05-31)
a small issue for a paying customer might be a huge issue for a non-customer. (12:38 / 2013-05-31)
My theory is that Pro users want to feel special and that their Pro Dollars are hard at work delivering new features only for elite Pro users such as themselves (12:37 / 2013-05-31)
That's why I personally will never sell another app for less than $50 if I can help it. For example, many people will download a $20 app having barely read the product description. Go out and read customer reviews of apps that sell for $19.99 if you don't believe me. Heck, read the Magic Maps reviews. If you sell software for under $30, people will look at a screenshot, read one sentence, and then fabricate a fictitious app description in their heads and assume they are buying the nonexistent software that they just imagined. If you're going to sell software for under $30, your app had better be so incredibly simple that it's absolutely impossible to misunderstand what it does (12:35 / 2013-05-31)
The Nuclear Age by Tim O'Brien - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists | add more | perma
Now I know what it feels like to be a guy and try to read Twilight. (20:28 / 2013-06-01)
Game Theory: A Regulator, A Mathematician, And A Psychologist Walk Into A Casino... | The Economy | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
the losing bettors. As is usually the case, we find that people bet more when they are wrong than when they are right. This is the basic insight that gave birth to the field of financial risk management. When people decide how much to risk by judgment, even the most experienced risk-takers generally do a worse than random job. That is, they would be better off risking the same amount each time than varying bet amounts by how good a gamble they think something is (16:02 / 2013-05-31)
Whodunit? Part III: The Murder | Editors Pick | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
If the regulatory changes work, or if market forces prevail despite regulations, I predict we will see smaller, simpler financial businesses replace the gigantic global institutions created in the late 1990s, which have never enjoyed two successive years without a major crisis. These institutions will have to manage risk in the quant sense, or they will blow up and disappear from the gene pool. The benefits to the economy of efficient, effective, innovative, honest, and risk-controlled financial institutions are immeasurable (15:54 / 2013-05-31)
A regulator thinks large companies with many risk-taking businesses need less capital than the same businesses considered as stand-alone entities because the individual business lines are not likely to all fail at the same time. (15:51 / 2013-05-31)
From a quant perspective, you want each individual business to make the right risk decisions. If no individual business has a disaster, the institution will be fine. Businesses will be run the same way whether they are independent or part of large organizations. This situation generally favors smaller companies because you save the layers of management above the day-to-day decisions (15:51 / 2013-05-31)
they induce moral hazard on the part of the business. If the government is willing to stick successful businesses with some of your losses, you can take risks in which you get the profits while losses are paid by others. This creates the need for the government to limit the amount of risk you take. One simple way to do that is to demand minimum capital levels, and liquidate businesses that fall below the minimum when there are still enough assets to pay all creditors in full (15:49 / 2013-05-31)
Before going any farther, note that the government concern is legitimate, although largely self-created. In a free market, potential suppliers and employees will consider the business' prospects and either go elsewhere or demand terms that compensate them for the risks. If a business fails, the losses are allocated among people who took on the risks willingly. Of course, we don’t have a completely free market. The government likes to help voters (15:49 / 2013-05-31)
How much capital does it take to support a new business idea? Clearly there are a variety of answers. With minimal capital, an innovator might build a prototype by hand in his or her garage on weekends, then use it to get a single customer to order ten units, for which production could be outsourced. Initial growth of the business would be slow, but over time profits from each stage could fund the next stage. Alternatively, a big company or venture fund might pour a large amount of money into the same idea, helping it to grow more quickly. It might build a factory and begin aggressive marketing, spending tens of millions of dollars before the first dollar of revenue is generated. Now suppose a quant comes in and models the process to determine an optimal schedule to supply capital to this business. Too little capital guarantees failure because at each stage the business must succeed in order to generate capital for the next stage. An unbroken run of successes is virtually impossible, even if you start with a great idea. The business needs to be able to survive setbacks, and possibly to run at a loss for a period, both of which require capital. However some businesses with inadequate capital will have substantial runs of success. These will be flashes in the pan, overnight sensations followed by spectacular busts. Too much capital can insulate a business from the selection pressure needed to evolve and, in any event, will be wasted. So in principle—and I believe in practice—it is possible for a quant to come up with an optimal schedule for supplying capital to a business venture. The government has a different perspective on the problem. It doesn’t like companies failing and leaving unpaid liabilities. It might decide business ideas must be funded by a minimum amount of capital so that suppliers and employees (not to mention taxes) are paid in full if the idea doesn’t work. We could imagine regulators seizing on the calculations done by quants, and insisting businesses have equity capital at least equal to the optimal level (15:44 / 2013-05-31)
The Grammar of Graphics (Statistics and Computing): Leland Wilkinson, D. Wills, D. Rope, A. Norton, R. Dubbs: 9780387245447: Books | add more | perma
"If we learn how to make a pie, we can create almost any statistical graphic." (13:11 / 2013-05-31)
Why I Program In Erlang | add more | perma
In Erlang, each function is passed all the information it needs, and you get a compiler warning if it was passed any information it doesn't need. In some sense, refactoring is integrated into development; it is not a distinct activity requiring bountiful test coverage and several pots of coffee. Refactoring Java or Objective-C code usually becomes necessary because too many instance methods have been added to a class, and the developer must spend time figuring out which methods require which instance variables and how to best cut the carriage in half. This is simply not a concern in functional programming (12:28 / 2013-05-31)
'The Physics Of Wall Street': The Most Arrogant Book In The World? Part 16 | Markets | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
But his physics PhD qualifies him in his mind to write books on mathematical reasoning in any field where practitioners are unlikely to take him seriously (10:39 / 2013-05-31)
'The Physics Of Wall Street': The Most Arrogant Book In The World? Part 16 | Markets | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
Physicists sometimes do something grander. They build an entirely new thing based on extensive theoretical calculation — an atomic bomb, a collider, a superconductor. These do involve real mathematics. But the practical implementation still takes a huge amount of arithmetic, trial and error, and scaling up of pilot implementations. Lots of engineers, technicians, machinists, and other skilled staff are necessary (09:47 / 2013-05-31)
It takes sophisticated, fragile predictions that compile long-term track records of success and encourage excessive reliance to generate Black Swans. Black Swans do not come from nature; they are an unintended product of human engineering. Another key point Weatherall apparently misunderstands is that Black Swanness is not a property of an event -- it is a relation of an event to a person. The 9/11 attacks were not a Black Swan to the hijackers; it had extreme impact, but they expected it. It was not a Black Swan to most of the people in the world. They did not expect it, but it did not have an extreme impact on them. It was a Black Swan to US policymakers and many other groups, but not to everyone (09:45 / 2013-05-31)
After disasters, people like Weatherall rush in to explain why the event should have been predicted, and to propose fixes. It usually turns out that people had already been taking more sophisticated precautions than the newcomers recommend, and in any case, more precautions may make the situation worse (09:44 / 2013-05-31)
Nassim Taleb labeled extreme events that happen because they are unexpected “Black Swans,” and argued that long-term results are dominated by them. Attempts to predict them or protect against them may make them less common, but only at the expense of making them bigger and more anomalous (09:44 / 2013-05-31)
Edwin Chen's Blog | add more | perma
for this competition my kit consisted of: Scala, for code that needed to be fast (e.g., extracting features) or that I was going to run repeatedly (e.g., scoring my validation set). Python, for my machine learning models, because scikit-learn is awesome. Ruby, for quick one-off scripts. R, for some data analysis and simple plotting. Coffeescript and d3, for the interactive visualizations. (09:37 / 2013-05-31)
Statistical Formulas For Programmers | add more | perma
Formulas For Comparing Distributions If you want to test whether groups of observations come from the same (unknown) distribution, or if a single group of observations comes from a known distribution, you'll need a Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (09:29 / 2013-05-31)
So You Think You Have a Power Law — Well Isn't That Special? | add more | perma
A lot of the time, we think, all that's genuine important is that the tail is heavy, and it doesn't really matter whether it decays linearly in the log of the variable (power law) or quadratically (log-normal) or something else. (09:22 / 2013-05-31)
Whodunit? Part I: Rocket Scientists On Wall Street | Markets | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
Strategies with positive expected return less than their variance (or standard deviation squared) of return are guaranteed to blow up eventually. In practice, they produce tremendous profits for a period, but eventually they all fail. Their expected value is high, but volatility drag gets them all in the end. People who analyze them after-the-fact see boom-and-bust strategies, asset bubbles followed by crashes when the bubbles pop. But careful quantitative analysis reveals it is the tiny day-to-day losses that are toxic, not high volatility or greed or irresponsibility or any other macro-level characteristic that only appears in hindsight. (08:39 / 2013-05-31)
How can 100 trades, each with an expected profit of 0.2%, lead to the expectation of a 26% loss? The answer is a bit subtle (08:37 / 2013-05-31)
If I had to pick a mathematical error that was responsible for the global financial crisis, I’d name a different candidate. It was confusion among mathematicians and economists over the meaning of the word “capital” a quarter century ago that encouraged the creation of huge global institutions with business models guaranteed to blow up. (08:36 / 2013-05-31)
Yes, There Is Such A Thing As A Rational Bubble -- We're In One Now | Editors Pick | Minyanville's Wall Street | add more | perma
calling something a “delusion” or “the madness of crowds” is not helpful for prediction or explanation. While bubble investors as a group seem to be irrational, individually they can hope to sell at an even more inflated price than they buy, and in fact many people do make money investing in bubbles (08:32 / 2013-05-31)
Learning From Los Gatos — The Peer Society — Medium | add more | perma
companies have been going public or selling out for generations without creating tens of thousands of millionaires along the way. The defining difference between Silicon Valley companies and almost every other industry in the U.S. is the virtually universal practice among tech companies of distributing meaningful equity (usually in the form of stock options) to ordinary employees. Before companies like Fairchild and Hewlett-Packard began the practice fifty years ago, distributing stock options to anyone other than top management was virtually unheard of. But the engineering tradition that spawned Silicon Valley was much more egalitarian than traditional corporate culture. (08:06 / 2013-05-31)
ccmath – Freecode | add more | perma
POSIX Linux (07:27 / 2013-05-31)
CCMATH is a mathematics library, coded in C, that contains functions for linear algebra, numerical integration, geometry and trigonometry, curve fitting, roots and optimization, Fourier analysis, simulation generation, statistics, special functions, sorts and searches, time series models, complex arithmetic, and high precision computations (07:27 / 2013-05-31)
std::lgamma - | add more | perma
Computes the natural logarithm of the absolute value of the gamma function of arg. (07:22 / 2013-05-31)
Why you shouldn't use the Lesser GPL for your next library - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF) | add more | perma
Using the ordinary GPL for a library gives free software developers an advantage over proprietary developers: a library that they can use, while proprietary developers cannot use it. (07:07 / 2013-05-31)
FAQ - | add more | perma
SciPy is targeted at engineers, scientists, financial analysts, and others who consider programming a necessary evil (06:57 / 2013-05-31) - Python | add more | perma
Also: reader macros for Matlab array slicing DSL in Common Lisp. SBCL requires another Common Lisp to build. Smalltalk runs inside its own images: people get Smalltalk by getting someone else's image; there's no longer any documented way of building a Smalltalk image from scratch? (12:47 / 2013-05-30)
Just got done having a very long and educational chat with Chris Wellons about Emscripten, asm.js, emacs, Clojure, Java... he revealed to me that this site basically compiled the Python source code from C to annotated Javascript and is running the entire Python shell in my local Javascript engine. Incredible. (12:40 / 2013-05-30)
[GCC 4.2.1 (LLVM, Emscripten 1.5, Empythoned)] on linux2 (12:39 / 2013-05-30)
Node.js is a toy – for big boys. | Maurice's Blog - Mo Knowledge, Mo problems... | add more | perma
Cookies provides a simple wrapper around the getting and setting HTTP(S) cookie headers, and can be used in conjunction with Keygrip to provide additional security by signing the cookie to prevent tampering (09:49 / 2013-05-30)
Bcrypt – The only way to store passwords If you are doing anything with passwords or any other sensitive data (09:49 / 2013-05-30)
9.7. itertools — Functions creating iterators for efficient looping — Python v2.7.5 documentation | add more | perma
itertools.product(*iterables[, repeat]) Cartesian product of input iterables (09:06 / 2013-05-30)
How to take the top N items from a generator or list in Python? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
result = tuple(generator) (09:06 / 2013-05-30)
The Power of English Learning | DipNote | add more | perma
Why was this observation never reversed, turned inwards? Why not encourage Americans to learn foreign languages? For the majority of the world population, an educated person is tri-lingual: their mother tongue, their nation's official language, and English. Only the Anglophone world gets away without the burden of multilingualism and no doubt pays severely for that choice. (21:32 / 2013-05-29)
Throughout my travels as an Under Secretary, I have been constantly reminded of the magnetism of English language learning. (20:08 / 2013-05-29)
Vivek Haldar | add more | perma
Of all the design axes of a hypermedia system, only two ended up mattering: simplicity, and scalability. (21:18 / 2013-05-29)
cli | add more | perma
Command Line Interface childProcess = require 'child_process' fs = require 'fs' path = require 'path' glob = require 'glob' optimist = require 'optimist' CLIHelpers = require './utils/cli_helpers' Logger = require './utils/logger' PACKAGE_INFO = require './package_info' Project = require './project' styles = require './styles' Utils = require './utils' Readable command line output is just as important as readable documentation! It is the first interaction that a developer will have with a tool like this, so we want to leave a good impression with nicely formatted and readable command line output. (21:18 / 2013-05-29)
Matplotlib and the Future of Visualization in Python | add more | perma
Though Bokeh is young and still missing a lot of features, I think it’s well-poised to address the challenges mentioned above. In particular, it’s explicitly built around the ideas of Grammar of Graphics. It is being designed toward a client-side, in-browser javascript backend to enable the sharing of interactive graphics, a la D3 and Protovis. And comparing to matplotlib’s success story, Bokeh displays many parallels: Just as matplotlib achieves cross-platform ubiquity using the old model of multiple backends, Bokeh achieves cross-platform ubiquity through IPython’s new model of in-browser, client-side rendering. Just as matplotlib uses a syntax familiar to MatLab users, Bokeh uses a syntax familiar to R/ggplot users Just as matplotlib had a coherent vision of focusing on 2D cross-platform graphics, Bokeh has a coherent vision of building a ggplot-inspired, in-browser interactive visualization tool Just as matplotlib found institutional support from STScI and JPL, Bokeh has institutional support from Continuum Analytics and the recent $3 million DARPA XDATA grant. Just as matplotlib had John Hunter’s vision and enthusiastic advocacy, Bokeh has the same from Peter Wang. Anyone who has met Peter will know that once you get him talking about projects he’s excited about, it’s hard to make him stop! (08:53 / 2013-05-29)
In this talk, John outlined the reasons he thinks matplotlib succeeded in outlasting the dozens of competing packages: it could be used on any operating system via its array of backends it had a familiar interface: one similar to MatLab it had a coherent vision: to do 2D graphics, and do them well it found early institutional support, from astronomers at STScI and JPL it had an outspoken advocate in Hunter himself, who enthusiastically promoted the project within the Python world (08:47 / 2013-05-29)
“We didn’t try to be the best in the beginning, we just tried to be there...” and fill-in the features as needed (08:47 / 2013-05-29)
Messy Mind » Making matplotlib look like ggplot | add more | perma
When I first started using matplotlib, the output looked very crisp and polished compared to excel, however after seeing ggplot2, I realized that matplotlib’s default presentation settings leave a lot to be desired (08:52 / 2013-05-29)
python - plot a circle with pyplot - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
you're "drawing" a circle, rather than plotting. Though plotting would have been my first instinct too (08:42 / 2013-05-29) | add more | perma
C This file contains AS6 and the enhanced version ASR44. See AS7 also. C C SUBROUTINE CHOL (A,N,NN,U,NULLTY,IFAULT) C C Algorithm AS6, Applied Statistics, vol.17, (1968) C C Given a symmetric matrix order n as lower triangle in a( ) C calculates an upper triangle, u( ), such that uprime * u = a. C a must be positive semi-definite. eta is set to multiplying C factor determining effective zero for pivot. C C arguments:- C a() = input, a +ve definite matrix stored in lower-triangula C form. C n = input, the order of a C nn = input, the size of the a and u arrays n*(n+1)/2 C u() = output, a lower triangular matrix such that u*u' = a. C a & u may occupy the same locations. C nullty = output, the rank deficiency of a. C ifault = output, error indicator C = 1 if n < 1 C = 2 if a is not +ve semi-definite C = 3 if nn < n*(n+1)/2 C = 0 otherwise (07:54 / 2013-05-29)
How to jump back to the last position of the cursor in emacs? - Super User | add more | perma
pop-global-mark, usually bound to C-x C-@ and C-x C-SPC (09:56 / 2013-05-28)
The American Scholar: Solitude and Leadership - William Deresiewicz | add more | perma
Will you have the courage to do what’s right? Will you even know what the right thing is? (08:21 / 2013-05-28)
So solitude can mean introspection, it can mean the concentration of focused work, and it can mean sustained reading (08:20 / 2013-05-28)
most books are old. This is not a disadvantage: this is precisely what makes them valuable. They stand against the conventional wisdom of today simply because they’re not from today (08:19 / 2013-05-28)
So why is reading books any better than reading tweets or wall posts? Well, sometimes it isn’t. Sometimes, you need to put down your book, if only to think about what you’re reading, what you think about what you’re reading. But a book has two advantages over a tweet. First, the person who wrote it thought about it a lot more carefully. The book is the result of his solitude, his attempt to think for himself. (08:18 / 2013-05-28)
I find for myself that my first thought is never my best thought. My first thought is always someone else’s; it’s always what I’ve already heard about the subject, always the conventional wisdom. It’s only by concentrating, sticking to the question, being patient, letting all the parts of my mind come into play, that I arrive at an original idea. By giving my brain a chance to make associations, draw connections, take me by surprise. And often even that idea doesn’t turn out to be very good. I need time to think about it, too, to make mistakes and recognize them, to make false starts and correct them, to outlast my impulses, to defeat my desire to declare the job done and move on to the next thing. (08:13 / 2013-05-28)
Multitasking, in short, is not only not thinking, it impairs your ability to think. Thinking means concentrating on one thing long enough to develop an idea about it. Not learning other people’s ideas, or memorizing a body of information, however much those may sometimes be useful. Developing your own ideas (08:12 / 2013-05-28)
When he was running Mosul in 2003 as commander of the 101st Airborne and developing the strategy he would later formulate in the Counterinsurgency Field Manual and then ultimately apply throughout Iraq, he pissed a lot of people off. He was way ahead of the leadership in Baghdad and Washington, and bureaucracies don’t like that sort of thing. Here he was, just another two-star, and he was saying, implicitly but loudly, that the leadership was wrong about the way it was running the war (08:10 / 2013-05-28)
the changing nature of warfare means that officers, including junior officers, are required more than ever to be able to think independently, creatively, flexibly. To deploy a whole range of skills in a fluid and complex situation. Lieutenant colonels who are essentially functioning as provincial governors in Iraq, or captains who find themselves in charge of a remote town somewhere in Afghanistan. People who know how to do more than follow orders and execute routines. (08:08 / 2013-05-28)
To quote Colonel Scott Krawczyk, your course director, in a lecture he gave last year to English 102: From the very earliest days of this country, the model for our officers, which was built on the model of the citizenry and reflective of democratic ideals, was to be different. They were to be possessed of a democratic spirit marked by independent judgment, the freedom to measure action and to express disagreement, and the crucial responsibility never to tolerate tyranny. (08:07 / 2013-05-28)
What we don’t have, in other words, are thinkers (08:06 / 2013-05-28)
We have a crisis of leadership in America because our overwhelming power and wealth, earned under earlier generations of leaders, made us complacent, and for too long we have been training leaders who only know how to keep the routine going. Who can answer questions, but don’t know how to ask them. Who can fulfill goals, but don’t know how to set them. Who think about how to get things done, but not whether they’re worth doing in the first place. What we have now are the greatest technocrats the world has ever seen, people who have been trained to be incredibly good at one specific thing, but who have no interest in anything beyond their area of exper­tise. What we don’t have are leaders (08:06 / 2013-05-28)
That’s really the great mystery about bureaucracies. Why is it so often that the best people are stuck in the middle and the people who are running things—the leaders—are the mediocrities? Because excellence isn’t usually what gets you up the greasy pole. What gets you up is a talent for maneuvering (08:05 / 2013-05-28)
The Company, after all, is just that: a company, with rules and procedures and ranks and people in power and people scrambling for power, just like any other bureaucracy. Just like a big law firm or a governmental department or, for that matter, a university. Just like—and here’s why I’m telling you all this—just like the bureaucracy you are about to join (08:01 / 2013-05-28)
what I saw around me were great kids who had been trained to be world-class hoop jumpers. Any goal you set them, they could achieve. Any test you gave them, they could pass with flying colors. They were, as one of them put it herself, “excellent sheep.” I had no doubt that they would continue to jump through hoops and ace tests and go on to Harvard Business School, or Michigan Law School, or Johns Hopkins Medical School, or Goldman Sachs, or McKinsey consulting, or whatever. And this approach would indeed take them far in life. They would come back for their 25th reunion as a partner at White & Case, or an attending physician at Mass General, or an assistant secretary in the Department of State. (08:00 / 2013-05-28)
Vivek Haldar : Productivity isn't | add more | perma
capitalism (tempered to various degrees by local taste) (07:55 / 2013-05-28)
Vivek Haldar : Advice to (prospective) grad students | add more | perma
Television, by obviating the need to learn how to make use of one’s lack of occupation, precludes one from ever discovering how to enjoy it. In fact, it renders that condition fearsome, its prospect intolerable. You are terrified of being bored (07:45 / 2013-05-28)
Vivek Haldar : Size is the best predictor of code quality | add more | perma
This is related to Paul Graham's "You weren't meant to have a boss" argument about leaves and nodes. (07:43 / 2013-05-28)
A long paper trail of software engineering studies has shown that many internal code metrics (such as methods per class, depth of inheritance tree, coupling among classes etc.) are correlated with external attributes, the most important of which is bugs. What the authors of this paper show is that when they introduce a second variable, namely, the total size of the program, into the statistical analysis and control for it, the correlation between all these code metrics and bugs disappears. (07:41 / 2013-05-28)
The Right Size for an Editor | add more | perma
The vastness of Emacs, on the other hand, did not originate under Unix, but was invented by Richard M. Stallman within a very different culture that flourished at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab in the 1970s. The MIT AI lab was one of the wealthiest corners of computer-science academia; people learned to treat computing resources as cheap, anticipating an attitude that would not be viable elsewhere until fifteen years later. Stallman was unconcerned with minimalism; he sought the maximum power and scope for his code. The central tension in the Unix tradition has always been between doing more with less and doing more with more. It recurs in a lot of different contexts, often as a struggle between designs that have the quality of clean minimalism and others that choose expressive range and power even at the cost of high complexity. For both sides, the arguments for or against Emacs have exemplified this tension since it was first ported to Unix in the early 1980s. Programs that are both as useful and as large as Emacs make Unix programmers uncomfortable precisely because they force us to face the tension. They suggest that old-school Unix minimalism is valuable as a discipline, but that we may have fallen into the error of dogmatism. There are two ways Unix programmers can address this problem. One is to deny that large is actually large. The other is to develop a way of thinking about complexity that is not a dogma. (07:39 / 2013-05-28)
Vivek Haldar : The levels of Emacs proficiency | add more | perma
using regular expressions, registers, dired, tramp, and the intricacies of various modes for the programming languages you edit regularly (07:35 / 2013-05-28)
“There is a better way! Why are they still doing this?” you wonder to yourself. This feeling only gets worse as you continue climbing up the Emacs curve. (07:35 / 2013-05-28)
[Michael Barkun on] Old Conspiracies, New Beliefs :: Daniel Pipes | add more | perma
I found it wonderfully meta: the millenarian nature of this warning against millenarianism. (20:22 / 2013-05-27)
Mr. Barkun, who reads widely in this backstairs literature, argues that in recent years "ideas once limited to fringe audiences became commonplace in mass media" and this has inaugurated a period of "unrivaled" millenarian activity in the United States (20:21 / 2013-05-27)
the author who worries about the Secret Service taking orders from the Illuminati is old school; the one who worries about a "joint Reptilian-Bavarian Illuminati" takeover is at the cutting edge of the new synthesis. These bizarre notions constitute what the late Michael Kelly termed "fusion paranoia," a promiscuous absorption of fears from any source whatsoever. (20:20 / 2013-05-27)
not just an erosion in the divisions between these two groups, but their joining forces with occultists, persons bored by rationalism (20:19 / 2013-05-27)
Such themes enjoy enormous popularity (a year 2000 poll found 43% of Americans believing in UFOs) but carry no political agenda (20:18 / 2013-05-27)
Their theories imply a political agenda but lack much of a following (20:18 / 2013-05-27)
Conspiracy theories grew in importance from then until World War II, when two arch-conspiracy theorists, Hitler and Stalin, faced off against each other, causing the greatest bloodletting in human history. This hideous spectacle sobered Americans, who in subsequent decades relegated conspiracy theories to the fringe, where mainly two groups promoted such ideas. (20:18 / 2013-05-27)
A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
writer and political blogger Daniel Pipes wrote: "Some people believe in the lost continent of Atlantis and in unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Others worry about an 18th-century secret society called the Bavarian Illuminati or a mythical Zionist-Occupied Government secretly running the United States. What if these disparate elements shared beliefs, joined forces, won a much larger audience, broke out of their intellectual and political ghetto, and became capable of challenging the premises of public life in the United States? (20:16 / 2013-05-27) - The Website of Political Research Associates | add more | perma
On a local level, Herman Sinaiko observes, “The most decent and modest communities have people in their midst who are prone to scapegoating and who see the world as run by conspiracies. A healthy community is organized in a way that controls them and suppresses their tendencies.”5 (20:14 / 2013-05-27)
Simplicity Ain't Easy - Stuart Halloway - YouTube | add more | perma
"One of the things that falls out of being simple is that you need to be a little bit more patient" (20:09 / 2013-05-27)
"This is the pain of living on a platform where lots of things happen." (JVM is not simple.) (20:01 / 2013-05-27)
CS Lewis' "Studies in Words" and on verbicide: users of English are more interested in expressing approval or disapproval of things than describing it, so words tend to mutate, as trees, into generic positives and/or negatives. Simple, clean, technical, etc. The ancestor meanings of words are still there (word evolution isn't mutagenic but branching). (19:42 / 2013-05-27)
"If I'm going to pick a hobby that I'm going to spend a few hours on, it would be really nice if that was easy to learn. It's not really a basis for building a career." (07:40 / 2013-05-24)
GDC: Making Indie Games Ain't Easy | add more | perma
“Personally, I don’t think I can ever follow up Minecraft and I don’t need to,” said Persson. “I still want to make games, but it is a bit scary to think that maybe I’ve already made my magnum opus.” (13:30 / 2013-03-13)
Project raster dataset using the satellite projection? - Google Groups | add more | perma
I used a PROJ.4 specification (in a separate .prj file) for that. I believe it was something like:   +proj=tpers +azi=19 +tilt=30 +lon_0=-109.5 +lat_0=23 +h=1274199.4  I’ll save you a few hours of tinkering by explaining the options. The "tpers" projection is cryptic for "tilted perspective", another name for a satellite projection. The +lon_0, +lat_0 and +azi arguments correspond to the three-axis rotation. The +tilt argument is simply the tilt angle in degrees. Lastly, the +h option is the height argument above the surface of the Earth, measured in meters relative to the Earth’s radius (6,378,100). D3’s satellite projection uses a distance property, measured from the center of the sphere, as a multiple of the radius. So 1274199.4 = 0.2 * 6378100, which corresponds to a distance property of 1.2. (07:26 / 2013-05-27)
JSTOR: Imago Mundi, Vol. 50 (1998), pp. 174-188 | add more | perma
"Willkie spoke of men and women from different parts of the world as if they were his hometown neighbours. He crossed racial, ethnic and national lines in order to impress on Americans the dangers of nationalism in a world so tightly woven together." (21:30 / 2013-05-26)
"Most of the exhibits which you call maps are not maps at all. A map must have coordinates, that is, the parallels and meridians must be shown. A map should be drawn on a projection and scale which will further its purpose. In most cases a map needs to be so designed that its north-south dimension is parallel to the longitudinal direction of the page. Any deviation from this idea confuses most readers. There are many things which cannot be shown on maps or at least cannot be shown under our present knowledge of cartography. To be effective maps need to be agreeable in color especially in their gradations within a color. Most of your maps have not met these basic considerations. Many of your maps, moreover, have been messy in appearance and confused in detail." Wow! (21:28 / 2013-05-26)
The use of a polar route to connect Japan to Alaska effectively transformed the Pacific Ocean from a massive body of water protecting the United States into a smallish lake. The shrunken ocean connects, rather than separates, the American nations to Asia, linking the eastern with the western hemisphere. (19:45 / 2013-05-26)
"Harrison's use of the oblique orthographic angle instantly reminded the user that the world was round and that aviation had created new realities of travel and movement (Fig. 6). Harrison had turned the viewer into a pilot floating above the horizon and, by portraying mountains instead of relying on the more traditional method of hachuring, he made these maps seem even more like a photograph of the Earth from the air, thus helping Americans recognize the real effects of the air age." (19:43 / 2013-05-26)
My goodness, the "Three Approaches to the US... from Berlin, from Tokyo, from Caracas" are startling because of the great circle directions. (19:37 / 2013-05-26)
First, he simply sketched the desired region from a globe to help the magazine editors envisage the illustrative potential of the map. He then photographed that particular angle of vision on a large physical globe, using the photograph to check his proportions and guide the addition of proper terrain in a second sketch. ... While Harrison's techniques were unremark- able, his real artistry lay in his choice of angle and perspective. The daring appearance of his maps set Harrison's work apart from that of the large map companies, and in many ways his style owes more to the persuasive look of contemporary advertising than to cartography (19:33 / 2013-05-26)
Just as engaging as the polar projection were Harrison's signature perspective maps, which he used to highlight spatial relationships among cities, nations and continents made relevant by the war. These maps, resembling a photograph of a globe from a distance, brought home the world's spheri- city by moving the viewer out to a fixed point above the Earth. In this way, the maps created a new vantage point that Harrison judged to be the 'missing link' between globe and map, valuable for its ability to translate three-dimensional relation- ships into a two-dimensional realm. Harrison's editors at Fortune quickly realized the popularity of these maps and continued to print them in the magazine throughout the war.7 The public's recog- nition of the maps was furthered by Fortune's decision to publish eleven of them as an 'Atlas for the U.S. Citizen' in its September 1940 issue. The aerial view offered by these maps pulled the reader into the actual theatres of conflict, and at a moment of impending American involvement, their vantage point carried an internationalist message (19:32 / 2013-05-26)
"Having mastered the mysteries of their craft, they never felt it necessary to explain them in simple language to the layman. Perhaps there is a little of that tendency, common also among doctors and lawyers, to impress the yokels with a mumbo-jumbo terminology . . . the established mapmakers were left at the post, and the burden of explanation was assumed by rank outsiders-the magazines and daily papers" (18:56 / 2013-05-26)
he grew to disdain the label 'cartographer' and chose instead to see himself as an artist free from the conventions and confines of a profession. Despising what he considered the 'outmoded and utterly antiquated geography' learned by most Americans, Harrison blamed professional geographers and cartographers who were mired in 'a static condition bordering on senility'. The orthodoxy that dominated commer- cial cartography, Harrison argued, was entrenched further by the long-standing devotion among the military, naval and teaching professions to the Mercator projection. Richard Edes Harrison and the Challenge to American Cartography Susan Schulten Imago Mundi Vol. 50, (1998), pp. 174-188 (17:53 / 2013-05-26)
Taylor & Francis Online :: Advertisements for issue 43(7) - Journal of Geography - Volume 43, Issue 7 | add more | perma
"Our Air-Age World, a textbook for Global Geography" (19:34 / 2013-05-26)
FORTUNE MAGAZINE - Maps, Richard Edes Harrison | add more | perma
EUROPE'S OIL IS IN DANGER 1951 OTTAWA November 1940 b/w (birds' eye view) GERMANY 1 September 1939 PERU January 1938 VENEZUELA C1939 (16:42 / 2013-05-26)
Europe 1680 « Springer Cartographics LLC | add more | perma
Truly amazing map. I love Germania's named individual principalities. I love the mountains and rivers. I would love to see something like this combined with a 3D satellite render, per Harrison's maps in "Look At The World: The Fortune Atlas For world Strategy". (16:37 / 2013-05-26)
From Quicksilver (Part 1 of The Baroque Cycle) by Neal Stephenson (16:33 / 2013-05-26)
Eiji Yoshikawa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
新書太閣記 (Shinsho Taiko ki) – paperback Life of the Taiko (21:05 / 2013-05-25)
宮本武蔵 (Miyamoto Musashi) (21:04 / 2013-05-25)
鳴門秘帖 (Naruto Hitcho) – Secret Record of Naruto (21:04 / 2013-05-25)
Princess Zelda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | add more | perma
At the end of the story, Zelda has become queen, and Link is head of the Royal Guard and the Knights of Hyrule. This success is bittersweet, as their duties keep them apart, even though they were once so close, sharing an adventure and even coming together in dreams. Stories from several Zelda games have also been converted to manga format in Japan. These publications greatly expand parts of each game's back-story. (22:37 / 2013-05-24)
Security Now 233 | TWiT.TV | add more | perma
Steve explains how computers work by designing one from first principles (10:41 / 2013-05-24)
Linking R and Julia? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
some patience may be needed. I started to look at R around 1996 or 1997 when Fritz Leisch made the first announcements on the comp.os.linux.announce newsgroup. And R had rather limited facilities then (but the full promise of the S language, of course, si we knew we had a winner). And a few years later I was ready to make it my primary modeling language. At that time CRAN had still way less than 100 packages... (07:00 / 2013-05-24) | add more | perma
If you find a midden pile, you can get a good idea of what the ants have been eating and whether or not the ants are sick or at war with other ants. You’ll probably discover bits of seeds and insect head capsules stuffed in with dead ants. When tremendous numbers of dead ants litter the piles, it’s likely the colony is sick or warring with other ants. (20:53 / 2013-05-23)
The good news is that for each of the most common ant empires in backyards, major discoveries are still possible. This is what I wish I knew as a kid. I wish I knew that instead of (or simply before) heading away to tropical forests to make new discoveries, I could have made them in my own backyard. (19:24 / 2013-05-23)
Stevey's Blog Rants: Execution in the Kingdom of Nouns | add more | perma
On the other side of the world is a sparsely inhabited region in whose kingdoms Verbs are the citizens of eminence. These are the Functional Kingdoms, including Haskellia, Ocamlica, Schemeria, and several others. Their citizens rarely cross paths with the kingdoms near Javaland. Because there are few other kingdoms nearby, the Functional Kingdoms must look with disdain upon each other, and make mutual war when they have nothing better to do. (20:39 / 2013-05-23)
Revisiting "Tricky When You Least Expect It" | add more | perma
But, maybe surprisingly, this function can be written in two lines: angle_diff(Begin, End) -> (End - Begin + 540) rem 360 - 180. The key is to shift the difference into the range -180 to 180 before the modulo operation. The "- 180" at the end adjusts it back. One quirk of Erlang is that the modulo operator (rem) gives a negative result if the first value is negative. That's easily fixed by adding 360 to the difference (180 + 360 = 540) to ensure that it's always positive. (Remember that adding 360 to an angle gives the same angle.) (13:56 / 2013-05-22)
Setting up Emacs daemon on OS X | add more | perma
/Applications/ -c (20:18 / 2013-05-21)
/Applications/ --daemon (20:18 / 2013-05-21)
javascript - What is node.js? - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
When considering node, keep in mind that your choice of JS libraries will DEFINE your experience. Most people use at least 2, an async pattern helper (Step, Futures, Async), and a JS sugar module (Underscore). Helper / JS Sugar: Underscore - Use this. just do it. It makes your code nice and readable with stuff like _.isString(), and _.isArray(). I'm not really sure how you could write safe code otherwise. Also, for enhanced command-line-fu, check out my own Underscore-CLI. Async Pattern Modules: Step - very elegant way to express combinations of serial and parallel actions. My personal reccomendation. See my post on what Step code looks like. Futures - much more flexible (is that really a good thing?) way to express ordering through requirements. Can express things like "start a, b, c in parallel. when A, and B finish, start AB. when A, and C finish, start AC." Such flexibility requires more care to avoid bugs in your workflow (like never calling the callback, or calling it multiple times). See Raynos's post on using futures (this is the post that made me "get" futures). Async - more traditional library with one method for each pattern. I started with this before my religious conversion to step and subsequent realization that all patterns in Async could be expressed in Step with a single more readable paradigm. TameJS - Written by OKCupid, it's a precompiler that adds a new language primative "await" for elegantly writing serial and parallel workflows. The pattern looks amazing, but it does require pre-compilation. I'm still making up my mind on this one. StreamlineJS - competitor to TameJS. I'm leaning toward Tame, but you can make up your own mind. (17:46 / 2013-05-21)
Skewer -- Emacs Live Browser Interaction « null program | add more | perma
unlike any Lisp I’ve used so far, I had a canvas to draw on with my live code. That’s a satisfying tool to have. (14:08 / 2013-05-21)
Stevey's Blog Rants: js2-mode: a new JavaScript mode for Emacs | add more | perma
it's not perfect (no solution so elegant could ever be (13:50 / 2013-05-21)
27k lines of Lisp code? (Meaning it would be, like, five times that much Java?) (13:47 / 2013-05-21)
I switched to asynchronous parsing. Actually, first I went around to my Eclipse- and IntelliJ-using friends, and I forced them to give me live demonstrations of Java editing on large files. (13:44 / 2013-05-21)
Emacs | add more | perma
(eval `(shell-command ,explicit-shell-file-name nil nil nil ,@explicit-sh.exe-args "ls")) (13:32 / 2013-05-21)
Running Shells in Emacs: An Overview | Mastering Emacs | add more | perma
you’re looking for a faithful emulator, then ansi-term is the choice for you; if you are more interested in a dumb terminal that behaves like an Emacs buffer then use shell; if you want something fancier that you can tweak and customize like Emacs itself, eshell may be the right shell for you. (13:25 / 2013-05-21)
Chapter summary and practice | Learn Japanese | add more | perma
いただきます - used before eating a meal (lit: I humbly receive) ごちそうさまでした - used after finishing a meal (lit: It was a feast) いってきます - used when leaving home (lit: I'm going and coming back) (11:21 / 2013-05-21)
Edit this Fiddle - jsFiddle | add more | perma
plotTable($("#freq"), freq); plotTable($("#signal"), signal); plotTable($("#signal2"), signal2); (07:46 / 2013-05-21)
audio - How to create a sine wave generator that can smoothly transition between frequencies - Signal Processing Stack Exchange | add more | perma
maintain a phase accumulator which is used as an index into a waveform lookup table (07:28 / 2013-05-21)
One of the best ways to create a sine wave is to use a complex phasor with recursive updating. I.e. z[n+1] = z[n]*W where z[n] is the phasor, W = exp(j*w), with being w the angular frequency (07:28 / 2013-05-21)
Numerically Controlled Oscillator (NCO) or a Direct Digital Synthesizer (DDS). (07:27 / 2013-05-21)
The Node Beginner Book » A comprehensive Node.js tutorial | add more | perma
note that this asynchronous, single-threaded, event-driven execution model isn't an infinitely scalable performance unicorn with silver bullets attached. It is just one of several models, and it has its limitations, one being that as of now, Node.js is just one single process, and it can run on only one single CPU core (20:22 / 2013-05-20)
The first line requires the http module that ships with Node.js and makes it accessible through the variable http. (20:13 / 2013-05-20)
Live Coding in Python v2 - YouTube | add more | perma
Live Coding in Python v2 (21:57 / 2013-05-19)
Jorgen’s Weblog: Words Matter | add more | perma
The enjoyment of sexist humor directly correlates with sexist attitudes of the people using them (20:26 / 2013-05-19)
Journo & Literate CoffeeScript | add more | perma
when the topic of Literate Programming arises, someone will become apopleptic because this particular version doesn't encourage you to shuffle and reorder your source code into a different ordering for the reader than the one you pass to the compiler — as Knuth's original implementation did. While reordering your source code was essential for older languages with strict compile-order-dependencies, in the modern world of dynamic languages, mutable classes and prototypes, dynamic linking and lazy loading, there's really no need for it. In fact, I think that the emphasis on shuffling your source is one of the reasons why Literate Programming found it so hard to gain a toehold in the first place. (12:41 / 2013-05-19)
I started out with a document that was a simple bulleted list of the features I wanted it to have, took each feature one at a time and fleshed it out into a paragraph, and then picked out paragraphs to implement inline. A bit of rewriting, and when the document was done, the blog worked. (12:06 / 2013-05-19)
A Seedable JavaScript PRNG « null program | add more | perma
Provided probability distributions: Uniform Normal Exponential Poisson Gamma (12:33 / 2013-05-19)
Alan Kay: Doing with Images Makes Symbols Pt 1 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive | add more | perma
Map Projections | add more | perma
latitude (phi) ; longitude(lambda) (23:19 / 2013-05-17)
Conformal (i.e., angles are preserved) Equal Area (i.e., areas are in constant proportion) Equidistant (i.e., distances are in constant proportion) An Important Mathematical Result: A single projection can not be both conformal and equal area (23:18 / 2013-05-17)
Europe From the East. (drawn by) Richard Edes Harrison. 1943. (to accompany) Look At The World: The Fortune Atlas For world Strategy. By Richard Edes Harrison. Text by Editor of Fortune. New York: Alfred A. Knopf 1944. (on verso) Copyright 1944 by Time Incorporated. - David Rumsey Historical Map Collection | add more | perma | add more | perma
long gvnspfor(lon, lat, x, y) double lon; /* (I) Longitude */ double lat; /* (I) Latitude */ double *x; /* (O) X projection coordinate */ double *y; /* (O) Y projection coordinate */ { (22:43 / 2013-05-17)
Perspective Matrix » | add more | perma
Artists greatly contributed to education of others in the mathematical basis of perspective drawing through books that they would write and illustrate themselves. A notable example is "The Painter's Manual" published by Albrecht Dürer in 1538 (22:41 / 2013-05-17)
Don't Let Architecture Astronauts Scare You - Joel on Software | add more | perma
Suddenly you have peer-to-peer conferences, peer-to-peer venture capital funds, and even peer-to-peer backlash with the imbecile business journalists dripping with glee as they copy each other's stories: "Peer To Peer: Dead!" (22:22 / 2013-05-17)
Architecture Astronauts. It's very hard to get them to write code or design programs, because they won't stop thinking about Architecture. They're astronauts because they are above the oxygen level, I don't know how they're breathing. They tend to work for really big companies that can afford to have lots of unproductive people with really advanced degrees that don't contribute to the bottom line. (22:20 / 2013-05-17)
Mod Lang - Automatic Coding | add more | perma
What is Java but a traduction of Smalltalk with C-like syntax bolted on? What is JavaScript but a traduction of Scheme with Java-like syntax bolted on (21:16 / 2013-05-17)
C is a beautiful language, which does what it’s designed for very well: it interacts with von Neumann-architecture machines at a level appreciably higher than assembly language, whilst being highly performant, small, well-specified, and clear (21:15 / 2013-05-17)
Sometimes this visual clarity is bought at the expense of semantic clarity, though, and the CoffeeScript compiler can bite you if you’re too laissez-faire. Also, how to ‘phrase’ your code becomes an additional, and possibly unwelcome, decision. Rubyists have long faced these issues, and adherence to the language’s idioms is now nearly as important as correct syntax (21:13 / 2013-05-17)
XMLHttpRequest - Web API reference | MDN | add more | perma
Projects | add more | perma
Emacs and/or browser kanji game: "You know N kanji on this buffer/page, can you identify them all?" Elisp and Javascript. Ikango: combine Anki and Memrise for just Heisig kanji learning. (21:05 / 2013-05-17)
Not (yet) a project for me but an interesting idea. We know that wireless devices try to have isotropic antennas (if not in $4 \pi$ steradians in 3D then at least $2 \pi$ radians in a 2D plane). What if a device had a few different antenna modes and a way to detect where the receiver/transmitter was, and then directed the beam towards it. Then it could get much further range (same power with a directed beam) or it could save power (same range with directed beam). (Thoughts upon playing with a video infant monitor.) (09:09 / 2012-11-06)
Spent a few hours yesterday discovering that Python had pretty bad support for audio I/O, and shortly after getting PyAudio and PyGame to import I gave up (temporarily) on investigating sonar. I tried the experiment in Matlab on Windows and got some where: I broadcasted and chirp and recorded data, and correlated it to see the peaks, very noisy though. The idea would be to build a little 10+10 2D sonar array around a camera to aid in 3D reconstruction of a book surface when taking a picture of it, for DIY book scanning. (07:51 / 2012-10-08)
A corporate "trouble ticket" information-sharing system as a public alternative to email (suggested in Vineet Nayar's "Employees First, Customers Second") (16:22 / 2012-05-18)
1. Cartography and mapping and label placement. 2. NUFFT library and C/Java interop. 3. Org mode bookblog and content. 4. Clojure/Racket Lisping applied math/data analysis tools (including browser-based graphing). 5. Hold off several of these till I do TECS and learn compilers/linkers/etc. (11:34 / 2012-05-18)
javascript - JS equivalent of curl -X PUT -d 'data={"keyname":"keyvalue"}' - Stack Overflow | add more | perma
var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();"GET", "", false); xhr.send(); xhr.responseText; x=JSON.parse(xhr.response); x['sha'] (21:05 / 2013-05-17)
Enough Rope to Shoot Yourself in the Foot: Rules for C and C++ Programming (Unix/ C S): Allen I. Holub: 9780070296893: Books | add more | perma
"It's this sort of thing that gives computers a bad name" (p 69.) (07:21 / 2013-05-17)
'The excuse "I didn't have time to add in the comments" is really saying "I didn't design the code before I wrote it and don't have time to reverse engineer it." If the original programmer can't do this reverse engineering, who can?' (14:44 / 2013-05-03)
"The first step of writing any program, then, is to write out what the program does and how it does it. ... I'm convinced that analytical thinking of the sort needed in computer programming is closely tied to language skills. I don't think that it's an accident that many of the best programmers that I know have degrees in history, English literature, and the like. It's also not an accident that some of the worst programs I've seen have been written by engineers, physicists, and mathematicians who had devoted a lot of energy in school to staying as far away from English composition classes as possible. As a matter of fact, skills in mathematics serve almost no purpose in computer programming. The sort of organizational skills and analytic ability needed for programming come entirely from the humanities. ... The process used to design and write a computer program is almost identical to the process used to compose and write a book. The process of programming has no connection at all to the process used for solving mathematical equations. ... Programming requires organizational abilities and language skills..." (14:43 / 2013-05-03)
Ned Batchelder: Blog | add more | perma
Thinking about how long it took to find the type, set the type, adjust the type, print the type, and then clean up and put away the type, I am amazed anew that books, newspapers, and even encyclopedias ever got printed. This was very labor-intensive, dirty work. A few hours in a letterpress shop, and it is clearly industry (20:06 / 2013-05-16)
[Lisp] mouse number scaling mode - | add more | perma
(defvar foo-mode-map (make-sparse-keymap))   (define-minor-mode foo-mode   "Scales numbers when they are right-click dragged over."   :keymap foo-mode-map   :lighter " foo")   (define-key foo-mode-map (kbd "<down-mouse-3>") 'foo-mouse-scale)   (defun* foo-find-number (&optional (point (point)))   "Return the region for the number around POINT."   (save-excursion     (goto-char point)     (let ((num "[^-0-9.]"))       (re-search-backward num)       (forward-char 1)       (let ((start (point)))         (re-search-forward num)         (list start (1- (point)))))))   (defun foo-mouse-scale (event)   (interactive "e")   (flet ((x (event) (car (posn-x-y (second event)))))     (save-excursion       (destructuring-bind (start end)           (foo-find-number (posn-point (second event)))         (let* ((start-x (x event))                (base (string-to-number (buffer-substring start end))))           (track-mouse             (loop for movement = (read-event)                   while (mouse-movement-p movement)                   for value = (+ base (- (x movement) start-x))                   for value-str = (number-to-string value)                   do (progn                        (delete-region start end)                        (setf end (+ start (length value-str)))                        (goto-char start)                        (insert value-str)))))))))) (14:19 / 2013-05-16)
Ruby and The Principle of Unwelcome Surprise - ceaude | add more | perma
I know, and some might accuse me of nit-picking here. As is common knowledge these days, worse is better. But if you have the chance try to learn some programming languages that have a deeper notion of consistency and elegance. It will be a refreshing experience for your special-case burdened brain, I promise! (10:10 / 2013-05-16)
Live coding in Lua with ZeroBrane Studio - ZeroBrane | add more | perma
I was working on a lightweight Lua IDE for those who want to learn programming when I came across Bret Victor's Inventing On Principle and Kill Math projects. If you haven't seen them before, I recommend you spend a bit of time listening to his ideas about interactive design. Just don't close this page and come back when you're done as I'll show you how you can do some of it with Lua scripts today. The core part of the message is that designers need an immediate connection to their creations and even a short update-run-use loop may be too long to explore a variety of different options, parameters, and their interactions. Sometimes the relations or dependencies between variables become more obvious when you not only have a way to interact with the object, but also control the interaction. The live coding feature I am going to present gives you that ability. The video shows how you can use live coding with different scripts running in ZeroBrane Studio (09:54 / 2013-05-16)
I was working on a lightweight Lua IDE for those who want to learn programming when I came across Bret Victor's Inventing On Principle and Kill Math projects. If you haven't seen them before, I recommend you spend a bit of time listening to his ideas about interactive design. Just don't close this page and come back when you're done as I'll show you how you can do some of it with Lua scripts today. (14:54 / 2013-05-14)
Kill Math | add more | perma
William Thurston: On proof and progress in mathematics When a significant theorem is proved, it often (but not always) happens that the solution can be communicated in a matter of minutes from one person to another within the subfield. The same proof would be communicated and generally understood in an hour talk to members of the subfield. It would be the subject of a 15- or 20-page paper, which could be read and understood in a few hours or perhaps days by members of the subfield. Why is there such a big expansion from the informal discussion to the talk to the paper? One-on-one, people use wide channels of communication that go far beyond formal mathematical language. They use gestures, they draw pictures and diagrams, they make sound effects and use body language. Communication is more likely to be two-way, so that people can concentrate on what needs the most attention. With these channels of communication, they are in a much better position to convey what's going on, not just in their logical and linguistic facilities, but in their other mental facilities as well. In talks, people are more inhibited and more formal. Mathematical audiences are often not very good at asking the questions that are on most people's minds, and speakers often have an unrealistic preset outline that inhibits them from addressing questions even when they are asked. In papers, people are still more formal. Writers translate their ideas into symbols and logic, and readers try to translate back. (09:51 / 2013-05-16)
Which is the premise of this project, of course -- people don't use math. But everyone seems to believe, if only math were taught better, they would use it! (09:46 / 2013-05-16)
If I had to guess why "math reform" is misinterpreted as "math education reform", I would speculate that school is the only contact that most people have had with math. Like school-physics or school-chemistry, math is seen as a subject that is taught, not a tool that is used. People don't actually use math-beyond-arithmetic in their lives, just like they don't use the inverse-square law or the periodic table. (09:46 / 2013-05-16)
Complex numbers provide a similar example. Being able to work with complex numbers (as abstract values) is seen as an essential skill in many scientific fields. Then David Hestenes came along and said, "Hey, you know all your complex numbers and quaternions and Pauli matrices and other abstract funny stuff? If you were working in the right Clifford algebra, all of that would have a concrete geometric interpretation, and you could see it and feel it and taste it." Taste it with your monkey-mouth! Nobody actually beli